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thing.- I found a crown in the kennel ; I cleansed it from its filth, and placed it on my head. My safety now became necessary, to preserve that tranquillity so recently restored ; and, hitherto, so satisfactorily preserved, as the leading characters of the nation well know. At the same time, reports were every night brought me' (I think, he said, by General Ryal,) “ that conspiracies were in agita

that meetings were held in particular houses in Paris, and names even were mentioned ; at the same time, no satisfactory proofs could be obtained, and the utmost vigilance and ceaseless pursuit of the Police was evaded. General Moreau, indeed, became suspected, and I was seriously importuned to issue an order for his arrest; but his character was such, his name stood so high, and the estimation of him so great in the public mind, that, as it appeared, to me, he had nothing to gain, and every thing to lose, by becoming a conspirator against me: I, therefore, could not but exonerate him from such a suspicion.-I accordingly refused an order for the proposed arrest, by the following intimation to the Minister of Police. You have named Pichegru, Georges, and Moreau: convince me that the former is in Paris, and I will immediately cause the latter to be arrested'.--Another and a very singular circumstance led to the developement of the plot. One night, as lay agitated and wakeful, I rose from my bed, and examined the list of suspected traitors ; and chance, which rules the world, occasioned my stumbling, as it were, on the name of a surgeon, who had lately returned from an English prison. This man's age, education, and experience in life, induced me to believe, that his conduct must be attributed to any other motive than that of youthful fanaticiem in favour of a Bourbon: as far as circumstances qualified me to judge, money appeared to be his object.-I accordingly gave orders for this man to be arrested; when a summary mock trial was instituted, by which he was found guilty, sentenced to die, and inforned he had but six hours to live. This stratagem had the des sired effect: he was terrified into confession. It was now known that Pichegru had a brother, a monastic Priest, then residing in Paris. I ordered a party of Gens d'Armes to visit this man, and if he had quitted bis house, I conceived there would be good ground for suspicion. The old Monk was secured, and, in the act of his arrest, his fears betrayed what I most wanted to know.Is it,' he exclaimed, ' because I afforded shelter to a brother that I am thus treated.' The object of the plot was to destroy me; and the success of it would, of course, have been my destruction. It emanated from the capital of your country, with the Count d'Artois at the head of it. To the West he sent the Duke de Berri, and to East the Duke D’Enghein. To France your vessels conveyed una derlings of the plot, and Moreau became a convert to the cause, The monient was big with evil: I felt myself on a tottering eminence, and, I resolved to hurl the thunder back upon the Bourbons even in the metropolis of the British empire. My minister vehemently urged the seizure of the Duke though in a neutral territory.

But

But I still hesitated, and Prince Benevento brought the order twice, and urged the measure with all his powers of persuasion : It was not, however, till I was fully convinced of its necessity, that I sanctioned it by my signature. The matter could be easily arranged between me and the Duke of Baden. Why, indeed, should I suffer a man residing on the very confines of my kingdom, to commit a crime which, within the distance of a mile, by the ordinary course of law, Justice herself would condemn to the scaffold. And now answer me ;-Did I do more than adopt the principle of your government, when it ordered the capture of the Danish fleet, which was thought to threaten mischief to your country? It had been urged to me again and again, as a sound political opinion, that the new dynasty could not be secure, while the Bourbons remained. Talleyrand never deviated from this principle : it was a fixed, unchangeable article in his political creed.-But I did not become a ready or a willing convert. I examined the opinion with care and with caution : and the result was a perfect conviction

of its necessity. - The Duke D'Enghein was accessary to the Confederacy; and although the resident of a neutral territory, the urgency of the case, in which my safety and the public tranquillity, to use no stronger expression, were involved, justified the proceeding. I accordingly ordered him to be seized and tried : He was found guilty, and sentenced to be shot.—The sentence was immediately executed; and the same fate would have followed had it been Louis the Eighteenth. For I again declare that I found it necessary to roll the thunder back on the metropolis of England, as from thence, with the Count d'Artois at their head, did the assassins assail

P. 144.

me.'"

In reading this statement, we are ever to bear in mind that it is the case of the culprit only, unconfronted with his accusers. We know not of the existence of this plot to which Buonaparte alludes, the whole may have been a fabrication to palliaie the murder. We are certain that no plot did exist on the part of Ferdinand VII. and yet he was to be dethroned; and the same principle which would teach him to dethrone an unoffending sovereign, would teach him to murder an innocent prince. Wbile a Bourbon reigned, or a Bourbon lived, Buonaparte was not secure; for he allows that if he could have seized on Louis XVIII. at that time, he would have executed him also. If the conspiracy really existed, why were not the proofs of it, as far as respected the Duke d'Enghein, publicly brought home to him in a public triali The very story which we have given, shew's us that mock uials were resorted to in particular instances, and we believe this to be one of the most flagrant. With all due respect both to Mr. Warden and to Buonaparle, we think the defence both weak in itself, and unsupported by that evidence ubich is so essential to establish its truth; and even if it were

all

all true, the deed would not be the less atrocious: the circumstances under which Buonaparte pretends that he acted, might indeed have justified, as in an extreme case, the seizure of the Duke on a neutral territory, but could never have palliated his dark and mysterious death.

lipon the subject of the poisсning his own troops, he makes out rather a better story; he allows, however, that he did rug. gest to his physician the propriety of administering opiun to secen who were infected with the plarue, and could not otherwise have lived forty eight hours. The physician howerer remonstrated against such a proposition; and as Buonaparte states it, they died in the usual course of things.

The massacre of the prisoners he allows; but he thus palliates its atrocity by the circumstances of the case

« . At the period in question General Desaix was left in Upper Egypt; and Kleber in the vicinity of Damietta. I left Cairo and traversed the Arabian Desart in order to unite my force with that of the latter at El Arish. The town was attacked and a capitulation succeeded. Many of the prisoners were found, on examination, to be natives of the Mountains, and inhabitants of Mount-Tabor, but chiefly from Nazareth. They were immediately released, on their engaging to return quietly to their homes, children and wives: at the same time, they were recommended to acquaint their countrymen the Napolese, that the French were no longer their enemies, unless they were found in arms assisting the Pacha. When this ceremony was concluded the army proceeded on its march towards Jaffa. Gaza surrendered on the route. That city, on the first view of it, bore a formidable appearance, and the garrison was considerable. It was summoned to surrender : when the officer, who bore my flag of truce, no sooner passed the city wall, than his head was inhumanly struck off, instantly fixed upon a pole, and insultingly exposed to the view of the French army. At the sight of this horrid and unexpected object, the indignation of the soldiers knew no bounds: they were perfectly infuriated ; and with the most eager impatience, demanded to be led on to the storm. I did not hesitate, under such circumstances, to command it. The attack was dreadful ; and the carnage exceeded any action I had then witnessed. We carried the place, and it required all my efforts and influence to restrain the fury of the enraged soldiers. At length, I succeeded, and night closed the sanguinary scene. At the

dawn of the following morning, a report was brought me, that five hundred men, chiedy Napolese, who had lately formed a part of the garrison of El Arish, and to whom I had a few days before given liberty, on condition that they should return to their homes, were actually found and recognized amongst the prisoners. On this fact being indubitably ascertained, I ordered the five hundred men to be drawn out and instantly shot.'". P. 161..

We

We cannot say that his denial of the murder of Captain Wright, or of Pichegru has wrought any conviction upon our minds. He endeavours to prove that his interests could not have been advanced by these sanguinary measures; but we nuust agai remember, that we have only his word for the assertion, and we have

very

considerable probabilities against it. Besides, if any one conceives that in the balance of interest, revenge would not have prompted him to so sanguinary a measure, such a inau will form a very erroneous estimate of ibe character of Buonaparte. It will be readily remembered that in his interview with Lord Ebrington at Elba, he took considerable pains to produce an impression of his innocence respecting these charges on the mind of that nobleman; he now selects Mr. Warden as the depository of his defence, but we are sorry to say with very little success. The poisoning of his own troops is the only one of these dreadful charges, from which he appears to have cleared himself with any shew of probability in his favour; upon all the rest he makes a very laborious, but we must confess, a very lame defence.

Mr. Warden, in the course of the long conversation which he held with Buonaparte upon these interesting subjects, endeavoured in vain to elicit a declaration of his opinion respecting the merits of his great.conqueror the Duke of Wellington. A dead pause followed the interruption; and after a few moments pause Buonaparte, without even noticing his question, though couched in the most subinissive terms, recurred to the former topics. So much for the magnanimity of this idol of revolutionary worship. Gourgond however is more communicative, and fraukly points out the errors committed in the battle of Waterloo.

“ Napoleon, it seems, was completely ignorant of the movement made from Frasnes, by Count Erelon, (Drouet) on the 16th. For when he appeared near Ligny, Napoleon actually deployed a column of French to oppose him, mistaking his force at the time, for a division of the Prussian army.-Erelon was now made acquainted with the defeat of the Prussians; and, without thinking it necessary to have any communication with Napoleon, as to future operations, returned to his original position. That division of the army, therefore, became totally useless for that day both to the Emperor and to Marshal Ney.-Grouchy, losing sight of Blucher, and taking the circuitous route which he pursued, was represented as having committed a most fatal error.-While the right wing of the French, in the battle of the 18th was engaged, in defeating the flank movement of Bulow, of which they were perfectly apprised, Marshal Ney had orders to engage the attention of the English during this part of the action; but by no means to hazard the loss of his troops, or to exhaust their strength. Ney, it appears, did not obey the order, or met with circumstavces that rendered it impracticable for him to adhere to it. He was stated to have contended for the occupation of a height and thus weakened his corps, so that when the Imperial guards were brought to the charge, he was unable to assist them.--I understood that Napoleon had crossed the Sambre with 111,000 men. In the battles of Ligny and Quartre Bras he lost 10,000 men. Grouchy's division consisted of 30,000 detached to follow Blucher, leaving an effective force, on the morning of the 18th of 71,000. I hope you will comprehend my account, which I think was the purport of General Gourgond's statement to me: Though I do not know any two characters more liable to a small share of perplexity, than a sailor describing a terra firma battle ; and a soldier entering into the particulars of a naval engagement.--But, by way of climax, I was assured that the report of Buonaparte's standing on an elevated wooden frame to obtain a commanding view of the field of battle, is altogether a misrepresentation. It was, on the contrary, a raised mound of earth, where he placed himself with his staff; and the ground being slop py and slippery, he ordered some trusses of straw to be placed under his feet to keep them dry, and prevent his sliding." P. 201.

troops, rere,

This may be all very true, but we apprehend the grand mistake of all was the erroneous estimate which was formed both of the impetuosity and the constancy of English valour. From this little military circle, Mr. Warden learnt the general estimation in which the troops of the allied arinies were held at the head quarters of the enemy. They highly extol the Russian cavalry, but they consider the Cossacks as eavily dispersed. The Prussians they do not highly esteem, but consider them notwith. standing as superior to the Austrians. The charge of our infantry they represent as perfectly tremendous, but they consider our cavalry as too impetuous.

The common stories of Buonaparte since his arrival at St. Helena, his playing monkey tricks with children, &c. are flätly contradicted by Mr. Warden. He appears, however, to be much amoyed by the constant vigilance with which he is guarded, and of the presence of the officer who attends him upon his excursions. Such restraint must be galling doubtless, but when we consider the endless intrigue of the prisoner, and the infinite importance of his detention, we must consider the mcasure both politic and just.

That Buonaparte was not suffered even to touch upon the shores of this country we consider not among the least of the blessings which Providence has showered down upon us

To forego so great a national triumph was the forbearance of no or. dinary minds ; no less for their temperance in success the most brilliant, than for their constancy in the struggles the most se

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