The Hygiene of Schools Or Education Mentally and Physically Considered

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Page 25 - ... to the domestic life of genius, accompanied as it must be by many embarrassments for the head and the heart. It was an axiom with Fuessli, the Swiss artist, that the marriage state is incompatible with a high cultivation of the fine arts; and such appears to have been the feeling of most artists. When MICHAEL ANGELO was asked why he did not marry, he replied, " I have espoused my art ; and it occasions me sufficient domestic cares, for my works shall be my children. What would Bartholomeo Ghiberti...
Page 43 - ... congestions of blood to the head, causing headache, bleeding of the nose, and from obstruction of the venous circulation goitre arises. A child to be seated comfortably should be so placed that his back may be rested, and his limbs, being placed at right angles with his body, may be rested also. " Looking at the height of the table and the seat, it will be found that the child slips forward, as it were, on the edge of the seat, that his feet may rest on the ground ; so that, in fact, he is sitting...
Page 43 - ... of the savage, but to curvature of the spine, enfeebled digestion, compression of the chest, and consequently prevents free development of the respiratory organs, congestions of blood to the head, causing headache, bleeding of the nose, and from obstruction of the venous circulation goitre arises. A child to be seated comfortably should be so placed that his back may be rested, and his limbs, being placed at right angles with his body, may be rested also. " Looking at the height of the table...
Page 40 - ... without a library or newspapers can be called a reading room. The teacher who undertakes to conduct a school without proper furniture does not appreciate his responsibilities to the parents of the pupils, as by so doing he may cause deformity, disease and death. What we mean by sitting improperly is that one holds his head aside, another rests upon his arm; a third hides, as it were, his head between his shoulders; some lean upon the forearm ; others kneel. Now to what does all this lead? Certainly...
Page 50 - ... will fall naturally on the table, the arm will fall by the side of the body and be at right angles with the forearm, and this is the best and easiest position." We will insert a table published by Dr. Guillaume, giving the requisite height of seat in proportion to the height of scholar : He further says: " That in no instance ought the distance of the seat from the table to be more than an inch and a half. The seat should be convex to support the loins and slightly concave at the shoulder blades.
Page 11 - ... infrequent accompaniment of fine poetic imagination.* For a clear illustration, however, of the morbid tendency of such irregularities, we must go, not to the comparatively regular life of a Goethe or a Shelley, but to the wild and lawless career of a Rousseau, of whom it was well said by a clever woman, " Quand la Nature forma Rousseau, la sagesse petrit la pate, mais la folie y jeta son levain.
Page 9 - ... tissues at the expense of the body. " Mental work is more fatiguing than that of the body, as the former tends to depress the vital functions, whereas the latter works out its own repairs, by giving an appetite for food which will repair the loss." Velpeau, the great French physician, truly said: " Once destroy the balance between the mental and physical condition, whatever you gain in intellect you pay in tubercles.
Page 38 - Gymnasinm 26.2 Students 60.0 Now, so far as the school room is responsible for this increase of shortsightedness, it is due to bad lights, small print and improper position when seated. " The light should be admitted from left to right, and never in front of the pupils' faces nor behind, as the first dazzles the eyes and is apt to produce fatigue and inflammation, and the last to make the pupil shortsighted, as they sit in their own light. All windows should be fitted with rolling blinds.
Page 18 - Illness is a heritage of the past, whether it comes to us by our own misconduct, or by family influence.

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