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with them in their sincere devotions. We are admitted to their councils. We hear them speak, with cheerful resignation, of privations, afflictions, and
We hear their manly resolutions to meet, and to conquer, the thousand perils, which are among them, and around them. We hear them encourage each other in the faith, that their CREATOR will uphold them in their efforts to secure the blessings of rational liberty. And have not their prayers been heard ? Have not their lofty aspirations been triumphantly realized ? Where, now, is that awful desert; its savage, inflexible inhabitant; and his co-tenants of that dark abode? Who, and what have arisen where they were, in that short term which is measured, by the life of the first born in the new world ; the life of his immediate descendant ; and the years of one, yet living, to whom that descendant was known ! (10)
To whom, on the earth, shall we pour forth the fulness of gratitude, respect and veneration ? To
It is due only to that host of heart and mind, which was here, but which is, on HIGH. Is there nothing of themselves below? We turn, with strong emotion, to those around us, to trace the lines of direct descent from these munificent benefactors. We delight to hear their familiar names among the living. We rejoice to be assured, that their blood now warms the hearts of men, who are worthily conscious of being the lineal representatives of the Pilgrims.
Long may these honorable memorials be borne in this community! Far, far distant, be the day, when the sons of New-England shall cease to regard their visits to the Rock, as their due homage for the greatest good that man has ever gained for man.
1 Page 4. In the Daily Advertiser (Boston) of July 17, 1829, appeared an obituary notice of Samuel Davis, Esq. who held the office of Corresponding Secretary of the Pilgrim Society. It is a just memorial of this gentleman's veneration of the Pilgrim character. It is regretted that the limits of these notes do not permit its transcription, as well from respect to the writer, as to the memory of the deceased.
2 Page 8. "New England's Memorial,' came originally from Nathaniel Morton, Secretary of the Colony, who acknowledges himself to be greatly indebted to the manuscripts of Gov. William Bradford.
The work alluded to in the text, is the fifth edition of Morton's work, edited by the Hon. Joun Davis, Judge of the Massachusetts U.S. District Court, and was published in December, 1826. Under the hand of this able editor, the work has been augmented and enriched by a great number of marginal notes, and a copious appendix, and comes from his hand in the form of an octavo of 481 pages. This work, descending to posterity with the sanction of the author's name, places the origin of the first New England settlement beyond doubt or question, for all future time. The historians, who are hereafter to arise, in the New World, will find this volume among the most precious materials for illustrating truth. And those who are, hereafter to enrich the literature of our country, by poetical fancy; and those who are to give to historical facts the fascination of romance, will prepare themselves, for their labors, by familiar knowledge of the contents of this work.
3 Page 9. The event here alluded to, is the visit of Edward Winslow to Massasoit, who lived at Mount Hope, where Bristol, R. I. now is. This Sachem entered into a treaty of amity with the Pilgrims, soon after their arrival, which he faithfully kept during his life. He was succeeded by King Philip, with whom an exterminating war was kept up, and which ended only with the death of Philip, in the year 1676. Memorial, 425.
In the Spring of 1623 Massasoit sent word to Governor Bradford, that he was ill. Edward Winslow, (who appears to have been the man relied upon, in all difficult enterprises of a civil nature, as Miles Standish was in all those which were of a hostile character,) undertook, in company with the celebrated John Hampden, (distinguished as a member of Parliament in the time of Charles the First,) to visit Massasoit, under the guidance of the faithful Hobomock. Winslow wrote a narrative of this adventure, which will be found in Davis's edition of the Memorial, page 366, &c. In consequence of Winslow's skilful and unwearied attention, Massasoit was rescued from the grave; and in gratitude for this kindness, he disclosed to Hobumock, that a conspiracy had been formed to extirpate the white men. He mentioned the names of the principal conspirators, and advised that they should be surprised, and slain. This dangerous enterprise was undertaken, and accomplished, by the gallant Miles Standish,-and the extinction of the Pilgrims, thereby, averted.
In the 2 Bel. 323-4, is an account of the desperate battle which Standish fought on this occasion. At the close of it Hobomock said, • Yesterday Pecksuot told you, that though you were a great captain, yet you were but a little man; but to-day, I see you are big enough to lay him on the ground.' Memorial, 370.
4 Page 29. The centennial discourse of the Hon. Judge Story, delivered at Salem on the 18th Sept. 1828, is particularly alluded to. In the pages 72, 73, and onwards, of this able and eloquent investigation of the causes and consequences of the emigration, the rights, sufferings, and gradual extinction of the natives, and of the cruel measure of removal, are described in a manner which does just honor to the heart and mind of the author.
The touching memorial of a number of citizens of New York, recently published, and probably drawn forth by the able numbers of William Penn, is also alluded to. Is there no ground to fear that retributive justice visits nations, as well as the individuals who compose them?