Page images
PDF
EPUB

versity at that period. Dr. Brown was not only a well read physician, and an able practitioner of medicine, but a good classical scholar, and indulged his taste for general reading during the whole course of his laborious practice. It is said that he used but few remedies in his practice, and these of a most efficient character.-Letter from Dr. Causin.

Doctors GUSTAVUS Brown and WILLIAM Brown, were nephews of the preceding, and educated at Edinburgh, at nearly the same period. They were both eminent practitioners of medicine, the former of St. Mary's county, Mary. land, and the latter of Alexandria. It is not known that either of these gentlemen left any medical writings behind them, except the inaugural theses which they defended at the time of their graduation.— Ibid.

Doctor PANNHAM, of Charles county, Maryland, was cotemporary with the Drs. Browns, and also educated at Edinburgh. He was a distinguished practitioner of medicine and surgery in his native state.--Ibid.

Doctor James Craik, a respectable Scotch physician, was educated at the University of Edinburgh, and came over to this country with Braddock's army, which landed at Alexandria, in 1755. Having served as military surgeon in Gen. Braddock's campaign in America, he settled at Norfolk, Virginia, where he practised some time with high reputation; but after a few years removed to Winchester, Virginia, and subsequently to Charles county, Maryland. At the commencement of the revolution he was appointed by the commander-in-chief to an important trust in the medical staff of the army, and during the whole of the war enjoyed his personal friendship and confidence. At the close of the revolution he settled in Alexandria. He was the family physician at Mount Vernon, and attended Washington in his last illness. He died at Alexandria in 1814, at the age of 84.Letter from Dr. J. B. Cutting.

Doctor ANDREW ROBERTSON, was a native of Scotland, and received his medical education at the University of Edinburgh. He first served as a military surgeon in the British army in Flanders, and came to America with Braddock's army in 1755. He remained in the country, and settled in Lancaster county, Virginia, where he acquired a high reputation, and for many years enjoyed an extensive practice. He was particularly distinguished for his charity, and attention to the indigent sick. He made several valuable medical communications, which were published in the “ London Medical Inquiries and Observations." He died in 1795.

Dr. William BAYnham, son of Dr. John Baynham, of Caroline county, Virginia, was born in 1749. He studied medicine with Dr. Walker, who at that time was considered one of the most eminent physicians of the state.

After he had finished his studies with Dr. W. he was sent to London, and entered a student at St. Thomas' Hospital. As soon as he had completed his course, he became a partner of Mr. Slater, an eminent surgeon of Margate, and he was subsequently invited by Mr. Else, to assist him in his demonstrations of Anatomy. In 1781, he was admitted a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in London. On his return to his native country, he entered into an extensive practice in Virginia, and was long considered the most eminent surgeon of the Southern States. He was particularly distinguished for his accurate knowledge of anatomy. In the art of injecting, and making anatomical preparations, he is said to have been superior to any anatomist of his time. He died in 1814.- Philadelphia Journal of Med, and Phys. Sciences, iv. 186.

Walter Jones, M. D. one of the most eminent physicians of our country, was born in Virginia, and received his medical education at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated about the year 1770. While at this institution he became a favourite of the school, and enjoyed the particular friendship and esteem of Cullen, and the other professors of that time. On his return to his native country, he settled in Northumberland county, Virginia, where he acquired an extensive practice, and sustained through life the highest standing both as a scholar and physician.

“ He was," says a distinguished gentleman, who for some time enjoyed his acquaintance, “for the variety and extent of his learning, the originality and strength of his mind, the sagacity of his observations, and the captivating powers of his conversation, one of the most extraordinary men I have ever known. He was an accurate observer of nature and of human character, and seemed to possess the faculty of discerning the hidden cause of disease, and of applying, with a promptness and decision peculiar to himself, the appropriate remedies.” For a few years he was returned a member of the national legislature; but he spent the most of his life in the practice of that profession of which he was so distinguished an ornament.

DAVID RAMSAY, M. D. one of the most distinguished scholars and physicians of whom our country can boast, was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in 1749. He graduated at Princeton College, New Jersey, in 1765, being only

sixteen years of age. He spent the two following years as a private instructer in a respectable family in Maryland ; but in 1767, commenced the study of medicine with Dr. T. Bond of Philadelphia, and attended the medical lectures of the College. In 1772 he graduated Bachelor of Medicine, with the highest approbation of his teachers, by whom he was considered a young man of uncommon talents and attaipments. He immediately commenced the practice of his profession in Maryland, but after one year removed to Charleston, South Carolina, where he lived till the time of his death in 1815.

Dr. R. was a short time surgeon in the revolutionary army, and served in that capacity at the siege of Savannah. In 1785, he was elected a member of Congress, and presided over that body for one year in place of John Hancock. Although he entered deeply into the cause of American liberty during the revolution, the most of his life was devoted to the practice of his profession, and to literary and scientific pursuits.

As an historical writer Dr. R. has been pronounced by competent judges to have held the highest rank. As a physician he was eminent, and ever commanded the confidence of his patients, and the admiration and esteem of his professional brethren. His medical writings, though not numerous, have reflected honour upon his country, and have disseminated much valuable information. They are, an Account of the Soil, Climate, Weather, and Diseases of South Carolina;" “A Review of the Improvements. Progress, and State of Medicine in the Eighteenth Century;" "A Medical Register for 1802;" " A Dissertation on the Means of Preserving Health in Charleston;" and “A Eulogium on Dr. Rush."Smith's Continuation of Ramsay's History of the U. States.

Note E.-Page 21. The Medical Professorships of Harvard College were originally founded on the bequests of Dr. E. Hersey, and his widow; Dr. A. Hersey, John Cummings, and William Erving ; all of which amounted to the sum of four thousand pounds sterling. But the institution has since received still greater aid from the munificence of the distinguished phi. lanthropist, Ward Nicholas Boylston, Esq. who, above any other individual of our country, has devoted his wealth and his influence to the promotion of medical science. Soon after the founding of the school he presented to Harvard College an extensive medical library, and made permanent provision for its future enlargement. This library contains

many rare and expensive books and plates, and is one of the most valuable collections of medical works in the United States. It is to the influence of Mr. Boylston, also, that the school is indebted for a valuable cabinet of anatomical preparations, formerly the property of the celebrated Dr. Nichols, of England, by whose 'hand most of them were prepared. This cabinet has been enlarged by the liberality of Mr. E. H. Derby, who some time since presented a collection of wax preparations.

Note F.-Page 26.

Professors of the different Schools.

MEDICAL SCHOOL OF PHILADELPHIA. Until the year 1768, Drs. Shippin and Morgan were the only professors in the school. At this time Dr. Adam Kuhn, who had recently returned from Europe, where he had enjoyed the instructions of Linnæus, was appointed Professor of Botany and Materia Medica,

In June of this year, the first commencement was held for Bachelors of Medicine.

In 1769, Dr. Rush, who had just returned from Europe, was appointed Professor of Chemistry. At the commencement in June 1771, the degree of A. B. was conferred on seven, and the degree of M. D. on four students. The latter were the first Doctors of Medicine formed in America. In 1789, Dr. Morgan died, and Dr. Rush was elected professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic. Dr. Kuhn resigned his chair soon after, and Dr. Griffiths was elected to the chair of Ma. teria Medica and Pharmacy, Dr. Barton to the chair of natural history and botany, and Dr. Wistar to the chairs of chemistry and the institutes of medicine. In 1791, the College and University, which had before been two bodies corporate, were united, and formed one school, under the name of the University. Dr. Hutchinson was appointed to the chair of chemistry, and Dr. Wistar adjunct professor of anatomy. In 1793, Dr. Hutchinson died, and Dr. Carsin was appointed to his place, but died in a few weeks after. Dr. Priestly was then elected professor of chemistry, but declined. In 1795, Dr. Woodhouse was elected to the chair of chemistry. In 1796, Dr. Griffiths resigned the chair of materia medica, and Dr. Barton was appointed to fill the place.

On the union of the two schools, Dr. Kuhn held the chair of the practice, and Dr. Rush that of the theory and institutęs; but in 1797 Dr. Kuhn resigned entirely, and Dr. Rush was appointed to the chair of the practice, in 1805. The

same year Dr. Physick was appointed to the new and separate chair of surgery. In 1807 Dr. Dorsey was appointed adjunct professor of surgery. In 1808 Dr. Shippin died, and Dr. Wistar was appointed professor of anatomy and midwifery. In 1809 Dr. Woodhouse died, and Dr. Coxe was appointed to the chair of chemistry. In 1810 midwifery was separated from the anatomical chair, and Dr. James was appointed the professor of midwifery. In 1813 Dr. Rush died, and Dr. Barton was appointed to the chair of the institutes and practice of medicine, and Dr. Dorsey to the chair of materia medica. In 1815 Dr. Barton died, and Dr. Dorsey was appointed to his chair, and Dr. Chapman to the chair of materia medica. In 1818 Dr. Wistar died, and Dr. Dorsey was appointed professor of anatomy, Dr. Chapman professor of the institutes and practice of medicine, Dr. Coxe to the chair of materia medica, and Dr. Hare to the chair of chemistry. The same year Dr. Dorsey died, and Dr. Physick was appointed in 1819 professor of anatomy, and Dr. Gibson professor of surgery. In 1820 Dr. Horner was appointed adjunct professor of anatomy. -Letter from Professor J. R. Coxe, 1825.

The present faculty :
Philip Sing Physick, M. D., Professor of Anatomy.
John Redman Coxe, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica

and Pharmacy. Nathaniel Chapman, M. D., Professor of the Theory and

Practice of Medicine, and Clinical Practice. Thomas C. James, M. D., Professor of Midwifery. Robert Hare, M. D., Professor of Chemistry. William Gibson, M. D., Professor of Surgery. William E. Horner, M. D., Adjunct Professor of Anatomy. COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS OF NEW-YORK. Wright Post, M. D., Professor of Anatomy. David Hosack, M. D., F. R. S., Professor of the Theory

and Practice of Physic, and Clinical Medicine. Wm. J. M'Nevin, M. D., Professor of Chemistry. Samuel L. Mitchell, M. D., F R. S., Ed., Professor of

Botany, and Materia Medica. Valentine Moti, M. D., Professor of Surgery. John W. Francis, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and the

Diseases of Women and Children. Frederick G. King, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. David L. Rogers, M. D., Demonstrator of Surgery.

« PreviousContinue »