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WARFIELD, STEWART, and GAUTH. These gentlemen were educated in foreign schools, and several of them were natives of Europe. They were all eminent practitioners, and did much in forming the medical character of Maryland in the eighteenth century.--Letter from Dr. Charles Worthington.
Thomas Bond, M. D. an eminent physician of Philadelphia, was a native of Maryland, and siudied under the direction of Dr. Hamilton of that state. He afterwards travelled in Europe, and spent some time in Paris, and attended the practice of the Hotel Dieu. He settled in Philadelphia in 1734, and was among the founders of the College, and one of the most active managers of the Pennsylvania Hospital, at its commencement. In 1764 he was selected to give clini. cal lectures in the Pennsylvania Hospital, in connexion with the Medical School, then about to be established. Dr. Bond was at this time an old practitioner. He drew up, about the year 1750, some useful memoirs on medical subjects, which were published in the “ Medical Observations and Inquiries, yol. i. and ii. London.”-Ramsay's Review of Med. 37; IVistar's Eulogy on Shippin.
Dr. Panelas Bond, a younger brother of the preceding, and a native of the same state. After studying medicine some time in Maryland, he visited Europe, and passed a considerable time at the Medical Schools of Leyden, Paris, Edinburgh, and London. On his return to America, he settled in Philadelphia, where he enjoyed a high reputation for many years, as a successful praciitioner of medicine. He was one of the founders of the College, now the University of Pennsylvania.-Wistar's Eulogy on Shippin.
Dr. BENJAMIN Galk, a native of America, and a distinguished practitioner of medicine in Connecticut, published, in 1740, a paper on the inoculation of the small.pox, intended as a prize dissertation, in solution of the problem on this subject, which had been proposed by the Academy of Bourdeaux. It was afterwards published in the Philosophical Transactions, and did him great credit, both in this country and Europe. -Miller, i. 318.
Dr. John CUTLER, long an eminent physician and sur.. geon of Boston, died in 1761, aged 86. He was the preceptor of several of the early physicians of Massachusetts. Allen's Biog. Dic.
Alexander Garden, M. D. a scientific physician of South Carolina. In 1764, he published an account of the medicinal virtues of the pinkroot, and gave a botanical de scription of the plant. He devoted much time to the study of natural history, and particularly to botany, and made
various communications on these subjects to his friends in Europe. In compliment to him the greatest botanist of. the age gave the name of Gardenia to one of the most beau. tiful flowering shrubs in the world. He was elected a member of the Royal Society of Upsal.-Ramsay's Review of Med. 42.
Doctor JACOB OGDEN, of Long-Island, New-York, published in 1764, observations on a species of sore-throat which was then prevalent and mortal. This disease was known among the common people by the name of the putrid sorethroat.---Ramsay's Review of Med. 36.
Doctor Joseph WARREN, the distinguished revolutionary officer who fell at Bunker's Hill, was educated at Harvard College, and graduated in 1759. He studied medicine, and settled in Boston, where he soon raised himself to the head of his profession. He practised medicine for several years with great reputation ; but at the commencement of the revolutionary struggle, other objects claimed his services, and he left the duties of his profession for those of the cabinet and the field. He was an accomplished scholar and physician, an eloquent orator, and an able statesman and general. He published some political papers which did him great credit. At his death he was 35 years of age.-Rush's Eulogium; Warren's History of the War, i. 222, 223.
Hugu MERCER, M. D. a general in the revolutionary war, was a distinguished physician, who, like Warren, fell in the defence of the liberties of his country. He was a native of Scotland, and educated at Edinburgh. He early emigrated to Virginia, and settled at Fredericksburg, where he practised medicine for several years with great reputa. tion. During the revolution he zealously engaged in the support of the liberties of his adopted country, and fell in the battle of Princeton, 1777.-Holmes' Annals, ii. 372; Letter from Chief Justice Marshall, 1825.
Doctor GEORGE GREHAM, a respectable physician of Virginia, who emigrated to this country in the early part of the last century. He was a native of the north of England, and was educated at Edinburgh. When he came to this country he settled at Dumfries in Virginia, where he en.. joyed an extensive practice for many years, and sustained a high reputation.-Letter from Dr. Spence, 1825.
James M'LERG, M. D. a distinguished physician of Virginia, was a native of Scotland, and was educated at Edin. burgh. He graduated in medicine about 1771, and defended an experimental thesis on the bile. This paper was published in London in 1772, and is a work of great originality and
merit. Soon after he graduated he emigrated to America, and settled at Williamsburg, Virginia, and was by common consent placed at the head of the profession. He is said never to have used a grain of jalap in the whole course of his practice, regarding it as too drastic a purgative.--Letter from Chief Justice Marshall, 1825.
James LLOYD, M. Đ. an eminent physician of our country, was for more than half a century a medical practitioner in Boston, Massachusetts. He received his preparatory education at a private school in Connecticut, and, at the age of seventeen, commenced the study of medicine under Dr. Samuel Clark, of Boston. At the age of twenty-two he visited Europe, and spent two years in London, during which time he saw the practice and attended the instructions of Cheselden, Sharp, Warner, William Hunter, and Smellie. He returned to his native country in 1750, and settled in Boston ; where, till the period of his death, he enjoyed an extensive practice, and sustained a high reputation as a practitioner of medicine. To Dr. Lloyd is due the credit of placing the practice of midwifery in New-England, in the hands of phy, sicians, as it is to Dr. William Shippin for effecting the same change in the middle states, though at a later period. Preyious to his time there were no systematic accoucheurs in the country, physicians being called only in cases of great difficulty. The good effects which have attended this change, as exemplified in the small number of females who have died in childbed since this period, compared with the numbers that perished while the practice was confined to females, shows the importance of excluding altogether those who have not been regularly educated to medicine.-New-Eng. Journal, ii. 127.-Bartlett's Discourse, 13, 14.
Doctor CURRIE, an eminent physician of Richmond, Virginia, practised through his life with great reputation. He seemed to possess, intuitively, the faculty of distinguishing the character of disease and of discovering the remedy. He received his medical education at the University of Edinburgh.-Letter from Chief Justice Marshall, 1825.
Doctor SICCARY, a practitioner of medicine in Virginia, was, it is believed, a Portuguese Jew. It is said by Mr. Jefferson, that we are indebted to him for the introduction of that admirable vegetable the tomato. He was of opinion that a person who should eat a sufficient abundance of these apples would never die. Whether he followed his own prescription is not known; but he certainly attained to a very old age, and particularly for the climate in which he lived. The tomato is raised in abundance in Virginia and the ad
joining states, and is regarded a great luxury, and by some is considered a preservative against bilious diseases.Letter from J. Augustin Smith, Pres. of William and Mary College, Va. 1825.
JOHN JEFFRÍES, M. D. a distinguished physician of Boston, was born in that town, in 1744, graduated at Harvard College in 1763, and immediately after commenced the study of medicine with Dr. Lloyd. In 1766 he commenced practice in his native town. He soon after visited Europe, where he became the pupil of Wm. Saunders, and enjoyed all the advantages of the medical lectures and hospital practice of London, and in 1769 received the degree of Doctor of Physic at Aberdeen. He was soon after appointed a surgeon in the British navy, and for a considerable time held the office of surgeon-major of the British forces in America.. In 1784 he resigned his station in the public service, and returned to England, and commenced the practice of his profession in London, under the most influential patronage. In 1780 he made an aerial tour from London to Kent, and the year following passed over in a balloon with M. Blanchard from England to France, which was the first aerial voyage that had been performed across the British Channel. These experiments were performed for scientific purposes, and originated in an ardent desire to ascertain, experimentally, the correctness of certain preconceived hypotheses relative to atmospheric temperature, &c. These adventures, while they excited the admiration of the public, secured to him the consideration and patronage of many of the most distinguished scientific characters of England and France. After enjoying a lucrative practice in London for ten years, he was induced to return to his native city in America, in 1790, where he held an extensive and elevated practice to the time of his decease in 1819.
Dr. Jeffries was, unquestionably, one of the most eminent physicians and surgeons that our country has produced. He was endowed by nature with a mind of a very superior order, and peculiarly fitted to the profession of medicine. He was a constant and accurate observer of nature, and possessed an acute and discriminating judgment, which seldom permitted him to be misled in the investigation of disease. He possessed one of the best private libraries in the country, and was, through life, a most indefatigable student. Anatomy and physiology were his favourite pursuits, and on these were established all his doctrines of pathology, and appli. cation of remedies. He was one of the earliest advocates of the antiphlogistic treatment of small-pox and other febrile
diseases; and he continued an ardent supporter of this practice through the whole of his professional career.-NewEng. Jour. of Med. and Sur. ix. 63.
HUGH WILLIAMSON, M. D. a distinguished scholar, phy. sician, and patriot, was born at West Nottingham, Pennsylvania, in 1735. He graduated at the College of Philadelphia, at the first commencement of that institution, in 1757. In 1763 he left America to prosecute the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh. After remaining a while in this University, he spent some time in London, and then proceeded to Utrecht, in Holland, where he completed his education, and received the degree of M. D. On his return to his native country he settled in Philadelphia, and practised his profession for several years with reputation and success; but, on account of ill health, was induced to relinquish the duties of the profession, and devote himself wholly to literary and philosophical pursuits. He subsequently resumed the practice of medicine in North Carolina, but after several years retired to New York, where he died in 1819. He published, in 1770, in the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, a paper on the change of climate in America. In 1811, observations on the climate of different parts of America, compared with the climate in corresponding parts of the other continent. In 1812, a History of North Carolina, which contains two important papers on the fevers of North Carolina, as they had prevailed in 1792 on the Roanoke, and in 1794 on the Neuse rivers ; also, a paper on the fascination of serpents, in the Medical Repository, vol. X. p. 341.Hosack's Essays, vol. i.
Doctor HALL JACKSON, an eminent physician and surgeoir of Portsmouth, New-Hampshire, who, about the middle of the last century, stood at the head of the medical profession of that State. He was the first surgeon of this country, it is believed, who introduced the method of healing wounds by the first intention; and if it was not till the practice had been tried in Europe, with him it was entirely original, and the result of experiment and observation. He was a man of great eccentricity, but a bold and intelligent practitioner.
Gustavus R. Brown, M. D. an eminent physician of Charles county, Maryland, received his medical education at Edinburgh, and graduated in Medicine at that University in 1768; at which time he defended a thesis on “Animal Heat.” On his return he settled in his native place, and enjoyed through life an extensive practice. Dr. Rush, who was cotemporary with Dr. Brown at Edinburgh, used to say of him that he was not second to any student of the Unie