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There, throughout the coming ages,

When his sword is rust,
And his deeds in classic pages,

Mindful of her trust,
Shall Virginia, bending lowly,
Still a ceaseless vigil holy

Keep above his dust!


Two armies covered hill and plain,

Where Rappahannock's waters
Ran deeply crimsoned with the stain

Of battle's recent slaughters.
The summer clouds lay pitched like tents

In meads of heavenly azure;
And each dread gun of the elements

Slept in its hid embrasure.
The breeze so softly blew, it made

No forest leaf to quiver,
And the smoke of the random cannonade

Rolled slowly from the river. And now, where circling hills looked down

With cannon grimly planted,
O’er listless camp and silent town

The golden sunset slanted.
When on the fervid air there came

A strain—now rich, now tender;
The music seemed itself aflame

With day's departing splendor.
A Federal band, which, eve and morn,

Played measures brave and nimble,
Had just struck up, with flute and horn

And lively clash of cymbal.
Down flocked the soldiers to the banks,

Till, margined by its pebbles,
One wooded shore was blue with “ Yanks,”

And one was gray with “Rebels."

Then all was still, and then the band,

With movement light and tricksy, Made stream and forest, hill and strand

Reverberate with “Dixie."

The conscious stream with burnished glow

Went proudly o’er its pebbles,
But thrilled throughout its deepest flow

With yelling of the Rebels.
Again a pause, and then again

The trumpets pealed sonorous,
And " Yankee IDoodle” was the strain

To which the shore gave chorus.
The laughing ripple shoreward flew,

To kiss the shining pebbles ; Loud shrieked the swarming Boys in Blue

Defiance to the Rebels.

And yet once more the bugles sang

Above the stormy riot;
No shout upon the evening rang-

There reigned a holy quiet.
The sad, slow stream its noiseless flood

Poured o’er the glistening pebbles ;
All silent now the Yankees stood,

And silent stood the Rebels. No unresponsive soul had heard

That plaintive note's appealing, So deeply “Home Sweet Home" had stirred

The hidden founts of feeling.

Or Blue, or Gray, the soldier sees

As by the wand of fairy,
The cottage 'neath the live-oak trees,

The cabin by the prairie.
Or cold, or warm, his native skies

Bend in their beauty o'er him;
Seen through the tear-mist in his eyes,

His loved ones stand before him,

As fades the iris after rain

In April's tearful weather,
The vision vanished, as the strain

And daylight died together.
But memory, waked by music's art,

Expressed in simplest numbers,
Subdued the sternest Yankee's heart,

Made light the Rebel's slumbers.

And fair the form of music shines,

That bright celestial creature,
Who still, 'mid war's embattled lines,

Gave this one touch of Nature.



DR. Curry was born in Georgia, but his father removed to Alabama in 1838, and he was reared in that State. After graduation at the University of Georgia and at the Harvard Law School, he began the practice of law in Talladega County, Alabama. He served in the State Legislature and in Congress, and in 1861 entered the Confederate Army.

After the war he was ordained to the Baptist ministry and became president of Howard College, Alabama, and later, professor of English, Philosophy, and Law, in Richmond College, Virginia, which latter position he filled for thirteen years.

From 1881 to 1885 he was agent of the Peabody Educational Fund; in 1885 he was appointed minister to Spain, and on his return to America resumed the

agency of the Fund. His wise administration and his well-directed efforts have done much to further the cause of education; and his ability and effectiveness as a speaker and writer have given him national fame.

Constitutional History of Spain.


Southern States of the American Union (just issued, 1895).


(From Gladstone.*) By his frank utterances, expressive of his admiration of the people and the institutions of the United States, he has provoked adverse criticism from a portion of the English press. He thinks the Senate of the United States " the most remarkable of all the inventions of modern politics,” and the American constitution “ the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man,” and that “its exemption from formal change, has certainly proved the sagacity of its constructors and the stubborn strength of the fabric."

In the same essay-Kin Beyond Sea-speaking of our future, he says, “She will probably become what we are now, the head servant in the great household of the world, the employer of all employed ; because her service will be the most and the ablest,” In 1856, when the relations between Great Britain and the United States became considerably strained, in an able speech may be found this sentence : appears to me that the two cardinal aims that we ought to keep in view in the discussion of this question are peace and a thoroughly cordial understanding with America for one, the honor and fame of England for the other.”

In 1884, he wrote : “ The convulsion of that country between 1861 and 1865 was perhaps the most frightful which ever assailed a national existence. The efforts which were made on both sides were marked. The exertions by which alone the movement was put down were not only extraordinary, they were what antecedently would have been called

66 It

*By permission of B, F. Johnson and Co., Richmond, Va,

66 No

impossible ; and they were only rendered possible by the fact that they proceeded from a nation where every capable citizen was enfranchised and had a direct and an energetic interest in the well-being and unity of the State.” hardier republicanism was generated in New England than in the slave States of the South, which produced so many of the great statesmen of America."

In a conversation with Mr. Gladstone in 1887, he referred to the enormous power and responsibilities of the United States, and suggested that a desideratum was a new unity between our two countries. We had that of race and language, but we needed a moral unity of English-speaking people for the success of freedom.

The English or Anglo-Saxon race is essentially the same in its more distinguishing characteristics. Unity of language creates unity of thought, of literature, and largely unity of civilization and of institutions. It facilitates social and commercial intercourse, and must produce still more marked political phenomena. We profit naturally by inventions, by discoveries, by constitutional struggles, by civil and religious achievements, by lessons of traditions, by landmarks of usage and prescription. Magna Charta, Petition of Right, Habeas Corpus, what O'Connell even called the “glorious Revolution of 1688,” are as much American as English.

Enyland claims to have originated the representative system six hundred years ago.

Our ancestors brought to this soil,“ singularly suited for their growth, all that was democratic in the policy of England and all that was Protestant in her religion.” Our revolution, like that of 1688, was in the main a vindication of liberties inherited. In freedom of religion, in local self-government, and somewhat in state autonomy, our forefathers constructed

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