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ters one of our cabins, we all treat him as I do you ; we dry him if he is wel, we warm him if he is cold, and give hiro meat and drink, that he may allay his thirst and hunger; and we spread soft furs for him to rest and sleep oni: we demand nothing in return. " But if I go into a white man's house at Albany, and ask for victnals and drink, they say, Where is your money! and if I have nonc, they say, Get out, you Indian dog. You see that they have not learned thos Little good things that we need no meetings to be in structed in, because our mothers taught them u when we were children ; and therefore it is impos sible their meetings should be, as they say, for any such purpose, or have any such effect; they are only wo coiitrive the cheating of Indians in the price is beaver."
It is remarkable that, in all ages uad countries, hospitality has haan Howed as the virtue of Ibose, wbom the civilized were please to mall barbarians; the Greeks celebraced the Scythians for it ; tb Baracens possessrd it erainently ; and it is to this day the reigning virtue of the wiid Arabs. St. Paul, too, in the relation of his voyage and ship wreck, on the i«land of Melita, says. The barbarous people showed us ao inttle xivdness; for they kiudled a fire, and received us avery one, becausw of tbe present naio, and because of the cold." This note is taken ton a staall collection of Frank Na's paper, printed ihr Dilly
TO MR. DUBOURG.
CONCERNING THE DISSENTIONS BETWEES ENGLAND
London, October 2, 1770. I ser, with pleasure, that we think pretty much alike on the subjects of English Ainerica. We of the colonies have never insisted that we ought to be exempt from contributing to the common expenses ne. cessary to support the prosperity of the empire. We cnly assert, that having parliaments of our own, and not having representatives in that cf Great Britain, our parliaments are the only judges of what we can and what we ought to contribute in this case; and that the English parliament has no right to take our inoney without our consent. In fact, the British empire is not a single stale; it comprehends many; and though the parliament of Great Britain has arrogated to itself ihe power of taxing the colonies, it has no more right to do so, then it has to tax Hanover. We have the same king, but not the same legislatures.
The dispute between the ‘wo countries has already lost England many millions sterling, which it tas lost in its commerce, and America has in this respect Deen a proportionable gainer. This commerce consisted principally of superfluities; objects of luxury and fashion, which we can well do without; and the resolution we have formed of importing no more till! our grievances are redressed, has enabled many of our infant manufacturers to take root; and it will not be easy to make our people abandon them in fu. ture, even shouid a connexion inore cordial than ever succeed the present troubles.--I have, indeed, no doubt, that the parliament of England will finally abandon its present pretensions, ana leave us to the peaceable enjoynient of our rights and privilnges.
A Comparison of the Conduct of the Ancimi Jews, and of the Antifederalists in the United States of America.
A ZEALOUS advocate for the proposed Federal Cor? stitution in a certain public assembly said, that "the repugnance of great part of mankind to good govern ment was such, that he believed that if an angel from beaven was to bring down a constitution formed there for our use, it would nevertheless meet with violent opposition.”—He was reproved for the suc. posed extravagance of the sentiment; and he did not justify it.- Probably it might not have immediately occurred to him, that the experiment had been tried, and that the event was recorded in the most faithful of all histories, the Holy Bible; otherwise he might as it seems to me, have supported his opinion by that unexceptionable authority.
The Supreme Being had been pleased to nourish up a single family, by continued acts of his attentive providence, until it became a great people : and have ing rescued thein from bondage by many miracles performed by his servant Moses, he personally de. livered to that chosen servant, in presence of the whole nation, a constitution and code of laws for their observance; accompanied and sanctione with promises of great rewards, and threats of severe punishments, as the consequence of their obedience or disobedience.
This constitution, though the Deity himself was to be at its head (and it is therefore called by political : writers a theocracy) could not be carried into execu ion but by means of his ministers: Aaron and his sous were commissioned to be, with Moses, the first established ministry of the new government.
One would have thought, that the appointment of men, who had distinguished them selves in procuring the liberty of their nation, and had hazarded their lives in openly oprosing the will of a powerful mo. narch who wuuid have retained that nation in sla. very, might have been an appointment acceptable to
a grateful people, and that a constitution framed for them by the Deity himself, might on that account have Lero secure of an universal welcome reception Yo there were, in every one of the thirteen triles, some discontented, restless spirits, who were continu. ally exciting them to reject the proposed new govern. ment, and this from various motives.
Many still retained an affection for Egypt, the land of their nativity; and these, whenever they felt any nconvenience or hardship, though the natural and unavoidable effect of their change of situation, ex. claimed against their leaders as the authors of their trouble; and were not only for returning into Egypt, but för stoning their deliverers.* Those inclined to idolatry were displeased that their golden caif was destroyed. Many of the chiefs thought the new constitution might be injurious to their particular interests, that the profitable places would be engrossed by the families and friends of Moses and Aaron, and others equally well born excluded.t-In Josephus, and the Talmud, we learn some particulars, not so fully narrated in the Scripturs. We are there told, " that Korah was ambitious of the priesthood; and offended that it was conferred on Aaron; and this, as he said, by the authority of Moses only, without the consent of the people. He accused Moses of having, by various artificers, fraudulently obtained the government, and deprived the people of their liber. ties; and of conspiring with Aaron to perpetuate the tyranny in their fainily. Thus, though Korah's real motive was the supplanting of Aaron, he persuaded the people that he meant only the public good: and they, moved by his insinuations, began to cry out, Let us maintain the coinmon liberty of our respec. we tribes; we have freed ourselves from the slavery
• Numbers, chap. xiv.
Numbers, chap. xvi. ver. 1. "And they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aeron, and said unto them, Y. take too muab upon you, seeing all the congregation are holy. •very one of them, wherefore then lift je up yourueiros aburo the congregation 3"
imposed upon us by the Egyptians, and shall we vuffer ourselves to be made slaves by Moses? If wo must have a master, it were better to return to Pha. raoh, who at least fed us with bread and onions, than to serve this new tyrant, who by his operations has brought us into danger of famine.' Then they called in question the reality of his conferences with God; and objected to the privacy of the meeting, and the preventing any of the people from being present at the colloquies, or even approaching the place, as grounds of great suspicion. They accused Moses al. so of peculation; as embezzling part of the golden spoons and the silver chargers, that the princes had offered at the dedicaticn of the altar,* and the offer. ings of gold by the common people, as well as most of the poll-tax;t and Aaron they accused of pocketing mucii of the gold of which he pretended to have made a molten calf. Besides peculation, they charg. ed Moses with ambition; to gratify which passion, he had, they said, deceived the people, by promising to bring thein to a land flowing with milk and honey: instead of doing wnich, he had brought them from such a land; and that he thought light of all this mischicf, provided he could make himself an absolute prince. That to support the new dignity with splendour in his family, the partial poll-tax already levied and given to Aaror. I was to be followed by a ge. neralone, ** which would probably be augmented from riine to time, if he were suffered to go on promulgat.ng new laws on pretence of new occasional revela. ions of the Divine will, till their whole fortunes were devoured by that aristocracy.”
• Numbers, chap. vii.
Numbers, chap. iit. and Exodus, chap. 211. | Numbers, chap. xvi. ver. 13. "Is it a small thing that then bast brought us up out of a land fowing with milk and honey, to kill we in this wilder aus, except that thou make, thyself altogether prince over us !"
i Nuraben, shap. iii.
** Esoduo, abap. Ut