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ess perplexity. Sloth makes all things difficul, but industry all easy,' as poor Richard says; and, • he that riseth lale must trot all day, and shall scarco overtake his business at night; while laziness travels so siowly, that poverty soon overtakes him,' as we read ir poor Richard; who adds, • Drive thy business, let not that drive thee;' and,

• Early to bed, and early to rise,

Makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.' “ So what signifies wishing ard hoping for better times? We make these times better if we bestir cur. selves. Industry needs not wish,' as poor Richard says; • He that lives upon hope will die fasting.' • There are nc gains without pains; then heip hands, for I have no lands; or if I have they are sınartly taxed;' and, (as poor Richard likewise observes) • He that hath a trade hath an estate, and he that nath a calling hath an office of profit and honour;' but then the trade must be worked at, and the calling well followed, or neither the estate nor the office will enable us to pay our taxes. If we are industrious we shall never starve; tor, as poor Richard says, • At the working-man's house hunger looks in, but dares not enter. Nor will the bailiff or the consta ble enter; for, . Industry pays debts, but despair in creaseth them,' says poor Ricl:ard. What though you

hare found no ueasure, nor has any rich relation left you a legacy! • Dirigence is the mother of gooo luck, as poor Richard says; and God gives all things to industry: then pluugh deep while sluggards ·· sleep, and you will have corn to sell and to keep, says

Dick.' Work while it is called to-day; for you know not how inuch you may be hindered to-morrow; which makes poor Richard say, 'One to-day is worth two to-morrows; and, farther, . Have you some. what to do to-morrow, do it to-day.'. •If you wero a servant, would you not be ashamed that a good master should catch you idle! Are you then your own inas ter, be ashamed to catch yourself idle,' as pour Dick says. When there is so much to be done for yourseif, your family, and your gracious king, be up by peepo!


duy; •Let not the sun look down, and say, Inglorious here he lies !' Handle your tvols without mittens; ro member, that the cat in gloves catches no mice,' as poor Richard says. It is true, there is much to be be done, and perhaps you are weak-handed; but stick to it steadily, and you will see great effects; for, con tinual dropping wears away stones, and by diligence and patience the mouse ate into the cable; and light strokes fell great oaks,' as poor Richard says ia his Almanac, the year I cannot just now remember

• Methinks I hear some of you say, “must a mar afford himself no leisure ?'-I will tell thee, my friend what poor Richard says: • Employ thy time well, if thou meanest to gain Icisure; and since thou art not sure of a minute, throw not away an hour.' Leisure is time for doing something useful: this leisure the diligent man will obtam, but the lazy man never ; so that, as poor Richard says, ' A life of leisure and a life of laziness arw two things. Do you imagine that sloth will afford you more comfort thian labour ? No; for, as poor Richard says, “Troubles spring from idleness, and grievous toils from needless ease: many without labour would live hy their own wits only; but they break for want of stock.' Whereas indus. try gives comfort, and plenty, and respect. • Fly pleasures, and they'll follow you; the diligent spin. ner has a large shist; and, now I have a sheep and a cow, every body bids me good-morrow;' all which is well said

by poor Richard. “ But with our industry, we must likewise be steady, and settled, and careful, and over see our own affairs with our own eyes, and not trust too nilich to uthers; for, as poor Richard says,

• I never saw an oft-removed tree,
Nor yet an oft-removed family,
That throve so well as one that settled be.

« And, again, .Three removes are as bad as a fire, and again, Keep thy shop, and thy shop will keep tree;' and again, . If you would have your busines June, go; if not, send.' And again,

• He that by the plow would thrive
Himself must either hold or drive'

And again, The eye of the master will do moro work than botir his hands;' and again, Want of care does us more damage than want of knowledge;' and again, Not to oversee workmen is to leave them your purse open.' Trusting too much to others care s the ruin of inany: for, as the Almanac says, “In ne affairs of the wor“, men are saved not by faith but by the want of it;' but a man's own care is pro fitable; for, saith poor Dick, Learning is to the stir' dious, and riches to the careful, as well as power to to the bold, and heaven to the virtuous.' And, far ther, •If you would have a faithful servant, and one that you lika, serve yourself.' And again, he adviseth to circumspection and care, even in the smallest matters, because sometimes, • A little neglect inay breed great mischief;' adding, For want of a nail the shoe was lost; for want of a shoe the horse was bost: and for want of a horse the rider was lost;' being overtaken and slain by the enemy, all for want of care about a liorse-shoe riail.

“ So much for industry, my friends, and attention to one's own business; but to these we must add frugality, if we would make our industry more cer tainly successful. A man may, if he knows not how to save as he gets keep his nose all his life to the grindstone, an, die noi worth a groat at last.' 'A fat kitchen inakes a lean will,' as poor Richard says; and,

{ Many estates are spent in the getting; Since women for tea forsook spinning and knitting And men for purch forsook hewing and splitting.'

u. If you would be wealthy, (says he, in another Alnranac) think of saving, as well as of getting: the Indies have not made Spain rich, because her out gues are greater than her iucomas

" Away than with your expensive foliies, and you will not have much cause to complain of hard times, heavy taxes, and chargeable faini'ies; for, as poor

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Dick says,

“ Women and wine, game anu Geceit,
Make the wealth small, and the want great.'

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“ And, farther, What maintains one vice, woul ring up two children.' You may think, perhaps that a little tea, or a little punch now and then, dier a little more costly, clothes a little finer, and a lit:bo entertainment now and then, can be no great matter; but reinember what poor Richard says, “Many a little makes a meikle ; and farther, Beware of little expenses; a small leak will smk a great ship ;' and again, • Who dainties love, shall beggars prove;' and, moreover, . Fools make feasts, and wise men eni thein.'

" Here you are all got together at this sale of fineries and nicknacks. You call them goods; but if you do not take care, they will prove evils to some of you. You expect they will be sold cheap, and perhaps they may for less than they cost; but if you have no occasion for them, they must be dear to you. Remember what poor Richard says, ' Buy what thou hast no need of, and ere long thou shalt sell thy ne. cessaries.' And again, · At a great pennyworth pause awhile.' Ha neans, that perhaps the cheapness is apparent only, or not real; or the bargain, by straitening thee in thy business, may do thee more harm than good. For in another place he says, “Many have been ruined by buying goud pennyworths.' Again, as poor Richard says, “It is foolish to lay out inoney in a purchase of repentance;' and yet this folly is practised every day at auctions, for want of minding ihe Almanac. • Wise men (as poor Dick says) Icarn by others harms, fools scarcely by their owní but Felix quam faciunt aliena pericula cautum.'Many a one, for the sake of finery on the back, have gone with a liungry belly, and half starved their fa. milies: • Silk and satins, scarlet and velvetz, (as voor Richard says) put out the kitchen fire.' These

are not the necessaries of life; they can scarcely be called the conveniences; and yet only because they look pretty, how many want to leave thein? 'The ar tificial wants of mankind thus become more numer ous than the natural; and as poor Dick says, . For one poor person there are a hundred indigent.' By these and other extravagances, the gentee' are reduced to poverty, and forced in borrow of those whom they formerly despised, but who, through industry and frugality, have maintained their standing; in whic case, it appears plainly, “A ploughman on his legs higher than a gentleman on his knees,' as poor Rich ard says. Perhaps they have had a smal estate lefi thein, which they knew not the getting of; they think, • It is day, and will never be night; that a little to be spent out of so much, is not worth minding : • A child and a fool (as poor Richard says) imagine twenty shillings and twenty years can never be spent; but always be taking out of the meal-tub, and dever put. ting in, soon coines to the bottom;'then, as poor Dick says, “When the well is dry they know ihe worth of water. But this they might have known befnre, if they had taken his advice: “If you would know the value of money, go and try to borrow some; for he that goes a borrowing goes a sorrowing; and, indeed, so does he that lend to such people, when he goes to get it in again.' Poor Dick fariher advises,

and says,

• Fond pride of dress is sure a very curse : Ere fancy you consult, consult your purse.'

And again, • Pride is as loud a beggar as Want, and a great deal inore saucy.'. When you have bought one fine thing, you must buy ten more, that your appearance may be all of a piece, but poor Dich says, “It is easier to suppress the first desire, than to satisfy all that follow it.' And it is as truly fo!ly for die poor to ape the rich, as the frog to swell, in order wo equal the

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