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santry to give up their arms and return. Notwithstanding ject, and are remarkable for the felicity of their versifitheir long experience of Turkish perfidy, the solemn pledge given by the consuls at length prevailed, and many thou

cation, and the simple elegance of their diction; yet they sands who might have successfully resisted until succours

cannot be regarded as a complete collection, nor even as arrived, were sacrificed: for no sooner did they descend from a fair representative specimen of the ballad poetry of the heights, and give up their arms, than the infidels, to Spain. They are not, we suspect, direct translations tally unmindful of the proffered pardon, put them to death

from the Spanish, and with all their grace and beauty, without mercy. The number of persons of every age and sex who becaine the victims of this perfidious act was esti

they want raciness and nationality. They are imitamated at seven thousand.”

tions and paraphrases rather than translations. Mr. The most afflicting part of this description we for

Bowring's volume is more full and comprehensive in bear from quoting. Let any one read it, and he will

its selections—more national in its style, and altogether not be surprised that the indignant Greeks burned with

a juster representation of Spanish popular poetry. a thirst of vengeance. The third campaign is told

We do not intend to make any remarks on the nawith the same fulness and candour, but we cannot even

ture of this poetry. It is an interesting topic, and allude to its events. Then follow some general remarks

would lead us much beyond the space which we assign on the conduct of the European States in relation to

to reviews. The following passage from Mr. BowGreece on the moral condition of the people the ring's preface sufficiently characterizes the popular poestate of religion-the population and resources some || try of Spain. speculations on the revolution and its consequences, " The popular poetry of Spain is, however, especially and an estimate of the proper policy of England. interesting, because it is truly national. Its influence has, These are instructive, sagacious and able. They do

perhaps, served more than any other circumstance to pre

serve, from age to age, the peculiar characteristics of the credit to the knowledge, and to the feeling of Mr. Bla

Spanish nation. Their language, their habitual thoughts quiere. He is strongly in favor of the Greeks, and and feelings, their very existence, have all borrowed the opposes the opinions of Sir W. Gell with great mode hues of their romantic songs. The immortality of their ration and great success. The only defect we can dis

poets is not alone in the recollections, or the affections, of

the people, but in their every-day pursuits, and enjoyments, cover in the volume, is a want of facts in the latter

and cares. All events have conbined to create this characpart of it. In all other respects it deserves the highest ter. The haughty orientalism of the Mussulmans, and the praise for the fairness of its statements—the manliness rude struggles of ardent and courageous adventurers for of its sentiments—the copiousness of its details, and

freedom, the knight-errantry of the chivalric ages,-the

music of the trobadores,-all in action among high mounthe spirit and vigour of its style.

tains, mighty streams, the surrounding sea, the unclouded heaven, and conveyed through a language singularly poeti

cal and sonorous, have created the love, and the practice, Ancient Poetry and Romances of Spain. Selected and of romantic song, throughout the Peninsula, and stamped,

Translated by JOHN BOWRING. London: Taylor and indelibly, a distinguishing impress upon its universal Hessey, 1824.


" When the very narrow range of these compositions is To few persons is our literature more deeply in

considered, their variety, as well as their simplicity, will debted in the way of translation than to the author of excite admiration. The poet in Spain is no heir of creathe volume before us. Mr. Bowring has not attempted |

tion, calling " the world--the world !” his own. His ento improve or supplant any of the old versions of

thusiasm is fettered by civil and religious despotism: all

the sublimer aspirations of his genius are suppressed. It the Latin and Greek Poets, but has bent his faculties

is strange he should have done so much wben he could do and acquirements to new and untried subjects. He has nothing without fear and awe; and the inquirer asks, made his expedition to the North Pole and succeeded What might he not have done if the highest and noblest much better than Captain Parry. Until the appear. ||

themes of song had not been banned and barred to his imance of “the Russian Anthology," who knew or be

agination ?" lieved that there was any thing poetical in Russia ?

From the translations themselves our extracts must Snow, Cossacks, bears, and the knout were the only

be very miscellaneous. We will manage to diversify productions in which those frozen regions were sup

them so as to present a specimen of each sort. The posed to be fertile, when all at once our ignorance

ensuing is earnest and forcible enough. was illuminated by some very beautiful irradiations

WOMAN'S JEALOUSY. of pure and splendid poetry. The muse of Holland

Ningun hombre se llame desdichado.” has been dragged forth from her hiding place of fens, “ Talk not to me of all the frowns of fate, and the obscurity of smoke, into a brighter day by this Or adverse fortune; nor offend my ears accomplished and intrepid intellectual explorer. We

With tales of slavery's suffering in Algiers, are now called upon to thank him for a new present

Nor galley's chains, beavy, disconsolate.

Speak not to me of fetter'd manics' woes, similar in nature, but superior in poetical merit to any Nor proud one from his glory tumbled down: of his preceding publications. Our literature hitherto, Dimm'd honour,-friend-abandon'd, -broken crown: (with the exception of Lockhart's Ballads) has pos These may be heavy sorrows; but who knows sessed no considerable collection of Spanish poetry.

To bend his head beneath the storms of life

With holy patience,-he the shock will bear, Mr. Lockhart's translations are beautiful as to the sub And see the thundering clouds disperse away.

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But give to mortal man a jealous wife,

Then misery,---galleys,-fetters,-frowns,--despair,
Loss,-shame,-dishonour,-folly :- What are they?”

Ay! Dios de mi tierra."
The following is remarkable for its ease and sim-

* God of my country! hear me,

And let me hence remove: plicity.

Alas! alas ! this England WHAT WILL THEY SAY OF YOU AND ME.

I can no longer love. " ¿Que de vos y de mi, Senora,

God of the best, the brightest, que de vos y de mi diran ?".

The dearest spot of earth,

Where thou hast loved to scatter 66 What of you and me, my lady, .

Thy gifts of joy and mirth, What will they say of you and me ?

See how in gloom I wander, They will say of you, my gentle lady,

"How mournfully I rove :

Alas! alas! this England
Your heart is love and kindness' throne-
And it becomes you to confer it

I can no longer love.
On him who gave you all his own :-

What sins have I committed, And that as now, both firm and faithful,

What duties left undone, So will you ever, ever be

That they are all recorded, What of you and me, my lady,

And punished every one ? What will they say of you and me?

Did I not leave my country?

And did not Heaven reprove ? They will say of me, my gentle lady,

Alas! alas ! this England
That I for you all else forgot :-

I can no longer love.
And heaven's dark vengeance would have scathed me,
Its darkest vengeance-had I not.

Ah me! that gloomy misery
My love! what envy will pursue us,

With other miseries blends; Thus link'd in softest sympathy

'Tis like a pang infernal What of you and me, my lady,

_That never, never ends : What will they say of you and me?

"Twere better far to perish,

Than conscience' pangs to prove. They will say of you, my gentle lady,

Alas! alas! this England
A thousand things,-in praises sweet-

I can no longer love.
That other maidens may be lovely-
But none so lovely and discreet.

O who can bid the sorrows
T'hey will wreathe for you the crown of beauty,

- That crush the soul depart? And you the queen of love shall be

O who can think of blessings What of you and me my lady,

When curses scathe the heart? What will they say of you and me?

One-one alone petition

God! let me hence remove: They will say of me, my gentle lady,

Alas! alas ! this England
That I have found a prize divine-

I can no longer love."
A prize too bright for toils so trilling,
So trifling as these toils of mine ;

What a fine spirit of patriotism breathes through this And that from heights so proud and lofty,

national song ?" It might have been hymned by the Deeper the fall is wont to be

devoted bands which in the last sad struggle for SpaWhat of vou and me, my lady,

nish freedom poured forth their blood in vain. What will they say of you and me?" We cannot refrain from quoting these two pieces.

“ How wretched the fate of the fetter-bound slave!

How green and how holy the patriot's grave!

Let us rush to the field! for the trump from afar

Calls Spaniards to triumph, and heroes to war! 6 Ya no quiero amores."

Our country in tears sends her sons to the plain “ My love, no more to England,

To conquer,-to perish for freedom and Spain !
To England now shall roam, .

O list to the summons! the blood of our sires
For I have a better, sweeter love,

Boils high in our veins, -and 'tis vengeance inspires, Yes! a truer love at home.

Who bows to the yoke? who bends to the blow?
I want no fair-cheek'd damsel there,

No hero will bend, and no Spaniard will bow !
To bind me in love again;

Our country in tears sends her sons to the plain
To seek a cold and distant fair

To conquer,-to perish for freedom and Spain!
Were time employ'd in vain :

My children, farewell! my beloved, adieu!
So then in search of Cupid

My heart's blood shall flow in its torrents for you; l'll not to England roam,

These arms shall be red with the gore of the slain, For I have a better, sweeter love,

Ere they clasp thee, fond wife! to this bosom again! Yes! a truer love at home.

Our country in tears sends her sons to the plain
If I should visit England,

To conquer,-to perish for freedom and Spain !"
I'll hope to find them true:
For a love like mine deserves a wreath,

A single extract more from these beautiful poems,
Green and immortal too..

and we have done. It is a specimen of that fine tone But O they are proud, those English dames,

of morality which is so often found in Spanish balTo all who thither roam;

| lads, and which forms a large part of the national And I have a better, sweeter love, Yes! a truer love at home."



proficient as well as the miscellaneous reader. We will “Del mundo y sus flores.”

quote some parts of an interesting description of “Trust not, man! earth's flowers- but keep the Ourang-Outang, which was exhibited at' ExeterBusy watch they fade, they bow

Change :-
Watch, I say, for thou may'st weep
O'er the things thou smil'st on now.

" At the time we entered the apartment instead of find

| ing a captive in chains, or confined within a cage of latticeMan! thou art a foolish child,

work, or railing, we found the little object of our visit seated Playing for a flying ball

at the tea table holding in one hand a slice of buttered bread, Trifling sports, and fancies wild,

and in the other a large china handle tea-cup: he was in But the earth-worm swallows all. Wherefore in a senseless sleep,

fact just then at his tea,' and this repast he seemed to • Careless dreaming---thoughtless vow--

enjoy, eating the bread and butter, and at intervals sipping

and drinking his tea with much gravity and composure, and Waste existence ? ---Thou wilt weep

with perfect indifference to the number of visitors pressing O'er the days thou smil'st on now.

round him; nor would he relinquish his meal" though Earth---that passes like a shade,

urged by his keeper, the better to exhibit his person to the Vain as lightest shade can be;

company till he had entirely drained the cup of its contents. Soon in dust and darkness laid,

• What a frightful monster! is this,' exclaimed a lady, who Crumbles in obscurity.

with other visitors entered the apartment at the same time Insects of destruction creep

with ourselves; he deigned to cast a look upon the lady, O'er its fairest, greenest bough:

who had so plainly disclosed her mind, as if for a moment Watch, I say, or thou shalt weep

he had been surprised: it was not the expression of his morO'er the flowers thou smil'ston now.

tified pride or of his resentment; it was steadfast, intelliWatch, I say; the dying worm

gent, and mild, and seemed to imply that her exclamation That lifts up its yoice to thee--

of disgust was not misunderstood; and then resuming the Dreads the over-threatening storm--

gravity of his demeanour he continued his repast with comFain in shelter'd port would be.

posure and indifference. To us, disposed perhaps to view

this prodigy with greater kindness, and to regard it as a de Laugh not---scorn not---tempt not---keep Smiling folly from thy brow,

ordained by Nature to occupy a more important station in Lest in misery thou shouldst weep

the scale of the brute creation than we had already seen, his O'er the thoughts thou smil'st on now.

aspect was more extraordinary than displeasing. In those

particulars, in which the similitude to the human frame Our quotations have been so numerous, that it is most observable, the likeness, it must be allowed, was far scarcely necessary for us to say any thing of the man

from flattered : according to our analytical ideas of symmener in which the translations are executed. The reader

try or beauty, the arms were disproportionately much too

|| long, the legs and thighs too short, and the face elongated will perceive that Mr. Bowring has a fine and delicate

| beyond all due proportion; but his eye beamed intelligence, taste, great mastery over language, and no slight ac and spoke the workings of a sagacity endowed with strong quaintance with the art and mystery of versificatiun.

mental powers and penetration. In the features of this in

teresting being the Physiognomist would more easily discoPerhaps there is a deficiency of variety about the spe

ver a resemblance to some gradations of the human race, cimens-not of variety in selection-but in expression. than is found to exist in any other known animal. The The volume however, is full of talent of all sorts, and greatest deficiency in this similitude arose from the extreme

Il depression of the nasal organ which lies nearly flat upon the is a valuable accession to the elegant part of our lite

concavity of the face. With this exception the likeness was rature.

not remote. The features were those of the negro, amal

gamated with certain peculiarities of the Chinese, and unitNaturalist's Repo

Rengetoru of die Natural History Il ing with both a cast of character which reduced it nearer to By E. DONOVAN, F.L.S.W.S., &c. 2 vols. London:

the resemblance of the canine race. A nose of some consiSimpkin and Marshall.

derable prominency would have rendered the likeness hu

man, but in the apparent absence of this organ, owing to its This is, we believe, a monthly publication, of which

flat position in the depression of his face between the eyes two volumes have been submitted to the world. It is and the mouth, the greater length of the forehead, and prodesigned to contain in a commodious form a miscella jection of the muzzle became so conspicuous, as to produce

this greater similitude to the brute creation. In considering neous assemblage of elegantly coloured plates, with

the features of this animal with attention, there was an anappropriate scientific and general descriptions of the

omalous appearance between age and youth: his unwillingmost curious, scarce, and beautiful productions of na ness to part with his cup of tea was testified in the expresture, that have been recently discovered in various

sive glances of an old negro, with the untutored obstinacy of parts of the world. The capabilities of the author are

a rustic boy: he clasped the cup so firmly that it would have

been broken before it could have been disengaged from his unquestionable, having for many years devoted himself

grasp; but no sooner was, the repast finished than he resumed to the pursuits of natural science. Mr. Donovan's his former mildness and composure, and obeyed his keeper Works on Natural History are well known to the

with affectionate obedience. He was accustomed, as we public, and his own collections are of an extensive and

learnt afterwards, to a seat occasionally at the tea table, in

the apartments of Mr. Cross, with himself and family, where valuable kind.

he always behaved with due propriety. An ape or a monkey The plates of the two volumes, now lying before us, would have displayed many mischievous tricks among the are very well executed, and relate to almost every

paraphernalia of the tea table, but Jocko' could be always

trusted. Sometimes, though seated at the table, he would branch of Natural History. The illustrations are both ||

decline the proferred favour of partaking of the meal, but scientific and general, and so managed as to satisfy the || this he always did with good behaviour, turning his head they after chewing it they are induced

the usual habit of

aside and uttering a monotonous feeble sound as a sign of his entertaining as well as instructive. Mr. Donovan by refusal. When he experienced the kindness of any grateful || this publication has put forth another strong claim to present, such as an orange, or other palatable fruit, he would take the hand of the donor and press it to his lips, or those

the praise and gratitude of his countrymen, and we be knew, if required, he would salute upon the cheek with a hope he will receive the most unequivocal and solid kind of kiss; for he had some little muscular motion in the || demonstrations of both. lips, though they were destitute of that pliability which ours possess. Sometimes, after declining to partake of whatever chanced to be upon the table and sitting quietly observing the company with an air of melancholy and mildness, he The Wonders of Elora : or the Narrative of a Journey to would deliberately rise up in his place, survey every object the Temples and Dwellings excavated out of a Mountain round him, and if any thing happened to attract his fancy,

of Granite, and extending upwards of a mile and a quarhe would, by pointing at it testify his wish for it: upon such

ter, at Elora, in the East Indies, by the route of Poona, occasions his only breach of decorum has been, when no

&c. with some general Observations on the People and thing else upon the table pleased him, to take without per 1 Country. By J. B. SEELY, Capt. &c. London : G. and mission, or the assistance of the tea tongs, a small lump of || W. B. Whittaker. 1824. sugar from the sugar-dish between his thumb and finger. Fruit was the most grateful of his food. When ill he had If we required any evidence of the vast and bebroth, which he would eat out of a basin with a spoon, as he

neficial influence which the better class of reviews had been taught it seems by the boatswain of the . Cæsar,' in his voyage from Java to England. His partiality for raw

exercises over the literature of our country, it could be meat while on board the ship, which Mr. Abel intimates, easily found in the work of Capt. Seely. He tells us was not observable while he remained in the Exeter Change that his publication would never have seen the light, Managery; nor indeed was he singular in this respect, for

but for the recommendatory suggestions of the Edinnone of the Simia race subsist on animal food; if by accident they are presented with a piece of raw meat they throw it burgh and Quarterly Reviews. We are glad to meet away after chewing it a little to extract the juice, and it is with avowals of this sort. They are creditable to both indeed seldom that they are induced to put it in their parties. In the present instance the reviewers may take mouths. Tea, milk, and water, he was in the usual habit of

some pride to themselves for having given birth to a drinking, and Mr. Abel mentions coffee. His predilection for strong liqours was plain from his once taking a bottle of thecap

most interesting and valuable volume. tain's brandy. After his arrival in England, he had no access to The caverned temples hewn out of the mountain such ardent spirits, but beer and ale in particular delighted

of Elora,* are amongst the most stupendous and wonhim: he would drink with his keeper, mug for mug, till his intellectual powers were pretty well overcome, and half tip

| derful monuments of antiquity in the world. They sey Jocko, in such moments, was rather inclined to me

have hitherto been very little known, in consequence ment; not testifying his mirth by any apeish or mischievous | of having been noticed only in the more expensive tricks, but relaxing a little from his usual gravity would works on oriental antiquity. The publication of romp with much good-nature, appearing at such times to

Capt. Seely will supply in a manageable form, that forget he was a captive and seeming to consider himself only among his friends. Sometimes when the keepers of the information which was before wanting. As our busi. Managery were sitting down regaling themselves in his room ness is at present entirely with the monuments themwith a tankard of ale, he would attentively watch all their selves, we shall not stop to ab movements beneath him, seated in his hammock near the

count of the author's journey from Bombay, through ceiling, in the expectation of being invited to partake of his favourite beverage. For awhile he would sit very patiently, the Mahratta country, by Poona to Elora. It is un. and then descending walk up to the table. Ifstill not invited pretendingly written, and sufficiently entertaining. or made welcome, he would perhaps draw a chair to the ta

The first temple is that of Keylas, the general apble and mounting into it gaze round him as if to ascertain the cause of being unnoticed; and then resting his hands upon

| pearance of which he thus describes :the edge of the table would venture to peep into the tankard, and was indeed delighted when he was allowed to drink the

“ Conceive the burst of surprise at suddenly coming upon liquor that chanced to be remaining. Sometimes the keep

a stupendous temple, within a large open court, hewn out ers would intimate that he could not want any ale because

|of the solid rock, with all its parts perfect and beautiful, he had not brought his mug for it; this hint was never lost, ||

standing proudly alone upon its native bed, and detached Jocko would immediately hasten up to a lofty shelf suspend:

|| from the neighbouring mountain by a spacious area all ed near his hammock, where his half pint handle mug was

round, nearly 250 feet deep, and 150 feet broad ; this un

rivalled fane rearing its rocky head to a height of nearly placed, and returning with it in his hand, receive with much

100 feet-its length about 145 feet, by 62 broad-having expression of pleasure the portion of ale which they thought

well-formed door-ways, windows, staircases to its upper proper to pour into the mug, holding it steadily by the hand

floor, containing fine large rooms of a smooth and polished while they poured it in. His fondness for milk has been

surface, regularly divided by rows of pillars : the whole mentioned: and as a proof of his sagacity: it may be added

bulk of this immense block of isolated excavation being that he could distinguish the footsteps of a girl, who at an

upwards of 500 feet in circumference; and. extraordinary carly hour every morning supplied the milk. She no sooner

as it may appear, having beyond its areas three handsome began to ascend a lofty winding staircase leading to his apartment, than he would start from his bed; and hasten to

figure galleries, or virandas, supported by regular pillars,

with compartments hewn out of the boundary scarp, conthe door with a jug in his hand to receive the milk, and if the door happened to be locked inside, as was sometimes the

taining 42 curious gigantic figures of the Hindoo mytho

logy—the whole three galleries in continuity, enclosing the case, he would turn the key in the lock, and open the door with one hand, while with the other he held forth the jug to

areas, and occupying the almost incredible space of nearly

420 feet of excavated rock; being, upon the average, about receive the milk."

13 feet 2 inches broad all round, in height 14 feet and a The whole of the dissertation on the Simia, is very || balf; while, positively, above these again are excavated fine

large rooms. Within the court, and opposite these gal- || had seven millions of warriors and fighting men ; while leries, or virandas, stands Keylas the Proud, wonderfully l others were daily flocking to their standard. They then towering in the hoary majesty-a mighty fabric of rock, || determined to wage war against their relation Couroo, surpassed by np relic of antiquity in the known world.” ll who, from the length, mildness, and virtues of his reign, Captain Seely accompanies his description with a

was universally beloved by his gubjects. Even those that

had deserted, and had gone over to the five brothers, from plan of the temple, and it certainly appears to be a a mistaken notion of their being deified heroes, by the very marvellous excavation. It is covered with sculp great wonders of the cavern being produced in one night, tures, which represent the deities and events of Hindoo seceded, and joined Couroo, who called together his faithful mythology. The account of these is somewhat too

followers, and found that his fighting men exceeded eleven

millions, eager to repel aggression; but the event of the long, although the author thus fraukly avows bis in.

conflict was disastrous to Couroo, for the brothers had tentions :

found favour with Crishna, (Vishnu) as they had performed " Believe me, I shall be as brief in my recollections of

great and holy works. So much were they favoured, that

Crishna stood before Urzoon while he mounted his charger, these deities or heroes, as is consistent with illustrating our

ll and bade him not fear the hosts of Couroo. Thus were th work ; for much precious time have I, in the zeal and en

caves of Elora excavated :--Visvacarma being the architect thusiasm of my youth, wasted on Hindoo mythology, and legendary lore, and at last rose up as satisfied, and about as

employed by the Pandoos.” much instructed in the early period of Hindoo history as Captain Seely made arrangements to reside in the at my commencement. Truly, with the greatest applica- |temple, in order to pursue his researches to greater tion on the spot, and with native assistants, it is an end | advantage. The treaty between the contracting parties less and unprofitable task: I literally, from intense study, assuining the dress of a native, living on vegetable diet,

on this subject is very amusing :with pure water for my beverage, was almost mytholo “Article 1. The great ball of the temple is to be engically mad for upwards of a year; so that I have a feeling | tirely evacuated by the fakeers of all orders, and the porof regard, from my own experience, in not afflicting my | tico at the entrance to be likewise freed of all intruders.reader with any lengthened accounts of those once mighty || Agreed to; but that my servants are on no account or prepersonages, who will shortly pass in review before us, rank | tence to cook meat, or smoke tobacco, within the walls.. and file. Were I simply to state that there are figures, ." Article 2. That free ingress and egress are to be alemblems, &c. without slightly alluding to their history, at | lowed to the devotees at certain hours for the Ling worship tributes, or powers, my narrative would be deemed vague, of Maha Deo, situated in one of the small rooms.-Agreed d myself exceedingly negligent. Did I, on the other to; but the priests and pilgrims are to

but the priests and pilgrims are to proceed down hand, make a parade of what I have acquired on the subject, the hall by the side aisles, and not through the larger or a large book would be the result. A great book is a great centre one.-Agreed to. evil.' I have no ambition of that kind, nor wish unne " Article 3, That one spring of water is solely approcessarily to increase mine. This prefatory obseryation will priated to my purposes, and no other to be polluted in any suffice throughout.”

way whatever by me or my people.-Agreed to. It may be worth while to quote the following fabu

• Article 4. That no fowl, sheep, kid, or other animal,

is to be slaughtered near any of the temples, but one hunlous history of Elora :-

dred yards distant in front of the ground where my tent is Dhrutarass, a blind and holy man, much favoured by || pitched; that the cooking is to tak

pitched; that the cooking is to take place a few yards outBrahma, had a son called Couroo, and a brother named | side the wall of the front entrance.-Agreed to. Pundos, or Pandoo: it was so ordered, that the uncle and

(Signed) SOMEKEE Ram Vystyan, nephew were to govern the world ; but it happened they 1810.

Brahman could not settle about their respective sovereignties. They

Bhumeshearee, Sunassee. were ordered, by a vision, to settle the dispute by playing

Gopal-Dass, Gossein. a certain game of hazard, and Pandoo, the uncle of Couroo,

Indurvirakumee, Voiragee. lost it. To hide his misfortune, and to obliterate from his On my part,

NULLA RAO, mind all ideas of his former power and greatness, he vowed

Brahman and Pundit.” to retreat from the face of mankind, accompanied by his wife Contee. After travelling a great distance they came

| It is wholly impossible for us to follow the author to this part of India: the retirement of the place was con- ll through his minute and elaborate description of the genial to their heavy sorrows, and here they fixed them

temple, its galleries, apartments, sculptures, &c. They selves. In the course of a few years they begat five sons; these were Yudishteer, Bheem, or Bhima, Urjoon, or Ur

are in the highest degree curious, and worthy of attenzuna, Nacool, and Seyhuder. From a pious motive, and to | lion, and we must refer the inquisitive reader to the e the god

god Crishna, they commenced excavating ca- Il volume itself. verns for religious purposes; and, that the undertaking

The next temple of importance is the arched exca. might appear miraculous and wonderful to mankind, they entreated the god for a night that might last one year,

vation of Visvacarma. It is hewn out of the solid rock which request was granted. Bheem, the second son, was | to a depth of 130 feet, exhibiting a spacious temple, the principal assistant, he being amazingly strong, and with a circular roof, and a series of octangular pillars, eating the enormous quantity of one candy and a half of| meat during the day (9001bs.). When the five brothers had

reaching the whole length of the temple.. finished their excavations, day broke forth; the brothers " The name of this temple, or vaulted chapel, is Visva. were then despatched to propagate the wonder; and mil carma, the architect who excavated the whole of these works, lions of people flocked from the farthest parts to behold the under the patronage of Vishnu and the Pandoos. As Visvamighty and savoured family of the Pandoos. Their father, carma, the artificer of the gods, was a workman of great rePundoo, was removed from this world to a better, for his nown in former days, and of which his labours at Elora are piety; the sanctity of the brothers, and their supposed in no very insignificant specimen, a few lines, in elucidation of fluence with the Deity, brought over boundless countries his history, will not be a very censurable disgression. and dominion to their sway: in a short period of time they / Visvacarma, or Biskurma, is the architect of Rama (ano

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