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All these natural, unadorned images, of which the may conclude from his description of the lark bidding him bard has constructed his poem, the artist has wrought

good-morrow, into his picture. Compared with the surrounding

Through the sweetbriar, or the vine, compositions, bold in design, and studied in chiaro

Or the twisted cglantine: scuro, form, and colour, this may appear too local in || for it is evident that he meant a sort of honeysuckle by circumstance, and unlearned in effect; but we travel

the eglantine, though that word is commonly used for the

sweetbriar, which he could not mention twice in the same over the scene with the greater delight, because we

couplet.” feel that it is congenial to the sentiment of the poet.

Want of space obliges us to postpone the remainder If it tells not as well in painting as in verse, it is not ||

Il of our notices. the fault of the artist, so much as in the ait: for, in this all is simple fact, nothing is lest for the imagination, as in t]mat.

FINE ARTS. | The celebrily of this beautiful poem is known to all, the circumstances that gave rise to it, are, perhaps,

Views on the Rhine in Belgium and Holland, from Drairknown to few, Milton, after his first marriage, retired to ings, by CAPTAIX BATTy, of the Grenadier Guards, F.R.S. a small village, situated on a pleasant rising ground, London : Jennings, Poultry. about three miles from Oxford, and called Forest Hill, || The military court of our Great Edward the Third because it formerly lay contiguous to a forest, which was famed all over Europe, as the first school of chivalry. has since been cut down. Here, it is be'ieved, he com Hence were sent hither the sons of the nobility from posed several of his early productions. The scene every foreign part, to finish their education in the acfrom Milton's country-house, it appears, afforded the complislıments of knighthood. From the military real imagery of his famed L'Allegro.

institution of that age, as practised in England, may be The traveller's visit thither is thus described by Mr. dated the commencement of that general civilization, Galt:

which by degrees has obliterated the memory of the

then recent barbarism of the goihic ages. " It was neither the proper season of the year, nor time I How it happens that the military youths of our day, of the day, to hear all the rural sounds, and see all the ob- || have none of this knightly spirit left but that, which jects mentioned in this description ; but, by a pleasing con- ll is native, courage, is worthy of philosophic enquiry. currence of circumstances, we were saluted, upon our approach to the village, with the music of the mower and his

It was the pride of the knights of old to be depicted scythe ; we saw the ploughman intent upon his labour, and

with a lance in one hand, and a book in the other. the milkmaid returning from her country employment. Bravery, a cultivated mind, and courteous manners, “As we ascended the hill, the variety of beautiful ob

were indispensably united then, to constitute the jects, the agreeable stillness and natural simplicity of the whole scene, gave us the highest pleasure. We at length

gentleman. reached the spot whence Milton undoubtedly took most of We are not singular in our opinions, that youth his images : it is on the top of the hill, from which there is intended for the military profession, should be taught a most extensive prospect on all sides. The distant moun

to draw. It has long been urged as an acquirement, tains that seemed to support the clouds, the villages, and turrets, partly shader with trees of the finest verdure, and

useful in many points and at the military academies, partly raised above the groves that surrounded them the ll it is considered an indispensable branch of study. dark plains and meadows of a greyish colour, where the On service, the soldier has opportunities of visiting sheep were feeding at large; in short, the view of the remote regions, where the enquiring professor of science streams and rivers--convinces single useless or idle word in the above-mentioned de

dares not set his foot. To many military gentlemen scription, but that it was a most exact and lively represen who have cultivated this useful art, and of whom we tation of nature. Thus will this fine passage, which has shall speak particularly hereafter, the world of taste always been admired for its elegance, receive an additional ||

owe iheir obligations, for a knowledge of much grand, beauty from its exactness. After we had walked, with a kind of poetical enthusiasm, over this encharted ground,

and interesting scenery, which, but for their talent, and we returned to the village.

industrious research, they must for ever have remained "The poet's house is closc to the church; the greatest part || in ignorance? ** of it has been pulled down, and what remains belongs to an

The work in question, is not of that character howadjacent farm. I am informed that several papers, in Milton's own hand, were found by the gentleman who was last ||

ever; but if it be not composed of scenery very remote in possession of the estate. The tradition of his having from England, it is yet descriptive of regions to the lived there is current among the villages : one of them | lovers of the picturesque, in England, hitherto little showed us a ruinous wall that made part of his chamber, I known and I was much pleased with another, who had forgotten the name of Milton, but recollected him by the title of

“A well engraved series of Views on the Rhine," The Poet.

says the author of this elegant little publication, “a " It must not be omitted, that the groves near this vil- || river abounding, perhaps, in more picturesque beauties lage are famous for nightingales, which are so elegantly de

than any other in Europe, has long been wanting ; and scribed in the Pensieroso. Most of the cottage windows overgrown with sweet-briars, vines, and honeysuckles; and

when combined with views of the remarkable and that Milton's habitation had the same rustic ornament, we | splendid architectural features of the Netherlands, and

the bustling marine and river scencry of Holland, can- || tents of the volume will not be found to justify. Most not fail to form a work of novel and highly varied authors accordingly, in sending forth a work that has character."

any pretensions to novelty, endeavour to conciliate the We agree with Captain Batty in this ; for although || favour of their readers, by acknowledging the rashness we have the ponderous folio of Scenery on the Rhine of the enterprise, and expatiating on the difficulties before us, drawn and partly engraved by the late inde- || which they have encountered in the execution of it. fatigable Vicar of Battersea, assisted by John Hill, the These excuses it is true, are seldom regarded as very aquatinter, now flourishing in America-we have sincere; and perhaps the most prudent plan that a more character, and local identity in the line engra- || writer can pursue, is to submit the results of his labours vings, published in the first number of this octavo || without any preface or apology, leaving the public to work, and become more intimately acquainted with the form their own judgments of its merits." shores of the Rhine, than by wading through a dozen | We agree generally with these sentiments; but had large volumes, like that by the tourist Mr. Gardener. not the author favored his readers with this luminous

Plate 1, Describes the imposing site of Ehrenbreit. || preface, we should have been deprived of the pleasure stein Castle, situated on a rock, as viewed from the City | which we have received from its perusal, and remained of Coblentz, on the left and opposite bank of the || ignorant of much interesting information, upon a subRhine,

ject which every one, desirous of acquiring useful knowPlate 2, Represents part of the Ancient City of|| ledge, might reasonably desire to know. Ghent, with a view of St. Michael's Church.

We were first led to inquire into the nature of this Plate 3, Is a view of the Gate of Ghent, at Bruges. || learned treatise on ancient wines, from accidentally

Plate 4, Is a commanding view of a Sweep of the meeting with some proof impressions of engravings Rhine, looking towards the little City of Bacharach, ll on wood, expressly designed to illustrate certain classic likened from its situation, and manner of building, to customs appertaining to the Historia Vinario Jerusalem.

opened the book, and were imperceptibly led on by the Plate 5, Represents the Cathedral of Mayence. unexpected interest, and extensive research with which

These views have the appearance of being sketched its pages are fraught, until we had given more time to with fidelity, and display a knowledge of linear per- || the subject than convenience could spare-until indeed spective, a quality which is rarely observable in the we were so entirely wrapt in the delight of the past, as topographical drawings of amateur artists-a fault to neglect the duties which imperiously bid us to be which we have had too much reason to reprehend ; || active for the present, whilst the sand runs too fast for for a masterly arrangement of light and shadow are our diligence, affairs of study and cultivated taste, whilst perspective, || To attempt an analysis of a voluminous work, like the very graipmar of topography, is a science of mere | this, in our circumscribed page, would be productive mechanical acquirement : hence ignorance of its prin- || of no advantage to the learned author, to our readers, ciples, with those who emulate the honors appertaining or ourselves, for we profess to be incompetent to the to art, admits of no quarter from the critical censor. | subject. We may say, however, that the divisions of

This work will be completed in twelve parts, each || the work appear so well arranged, that every part has a to contain five plates, accompanied by historical and bearing to the general design, and that as far as our descriptive letter-press in English and in French. It is | reading has enabled us to judge, the object proposed handsomely printed, and if continued uniformly with | is completely effective. this specimen, will make a pleasing addenda to the With the more remote history, which traces the prographic library.

cess of the foreign vintage from the earliest ages, The family of this gentleman is particularly identified we were deeply interested. Those passages, which rewith the arts. Dr. Batty, M.D. the father of the captain, || late to the monkish periods of our own country, when long and deservedly esteemed by his own profession, || the vineyard was successfully cultivated by the learned has been equally long known as an amateur artist, priests, the enlightened horticulturists of our olden and encourager of the arts. The fair daughter of the times, could not fail to delight us still more. Predoctor too, eminent for her topographical taste, has || suming that this part of the work will excite the given to the world a series of views, of Italian scenery, || same sensations in the minds of our readers-being illustrative of a tour, wbich she made to those classic | more genial to general modern taste, we shall copy a regions, in an elegant publication, which will perpe- || passage from the Culture of the Vine in England. tuate her fame among the most distinguished of her

“ Towards the middle of the twelfth century, if we may sex.

credit William of Malmesbury, vineyards were no longer

contined to a few spots, as in the time of Bede, but extendThe History of Ancient and Foreign Wines, by DR. HEN- || ed over large tracts of country i producing abundance of exDERSON. London: Baldwin, Cradock and Joy 4to.

| cellent wine. You may behold,'he observes, when des

I ing the fertility of the Valeor Glouster, the paths and pub" EXPECTATIONS are often raised by a title-page," || lic roads fenced with apple trees, which are not planted by says the author of this elegant work, “ which the con- | the hands of man, but grow spontaneously; and such is the

qua

exuberance of the soil, that it teems with the fairest fruits, ll only to parallel, but almost to outrival that of France:' and, which are of excellent flavour, and so durable a nature, that || for some years, the Duke of Norfolk made a considerable many of them will keep a whole year. This district, too, ex quantity of wine from a vineyard at Arundel Castle, which hibits a greater number of vineyards than any other coun according to the report of a writer in the Museum Rustity in England; yielding abundant crops, and of superior cum, excelled much of the Burgundy imported into this

are the wines made here by any means harsh country, though he admits it was not of quite so fine a and ungrateful to the palate ; for, in point of sweetness, flavour as the wines of Beaune.' Between thirty and forty the may almost bear comparison with the growths of France.' years ago, Sir Richard Worsley, in order to give the experiThough this description of the Gloucestershire fruits and ment every chance of success, procured some of the most wines may appear highly coloured, yet it is clear and con hardy species of vines, planted them in a rocky soil, with a sistent, and discovers, in my opinion, nothing to justify the south-eastern exposure, at St. Laurence, in the Isle of interpretation put upon it by Mr. Daines Barrington; who || Wight, and engaged a vine-dresser from France to superendeavours to make out, that the words vinece and vina, in || intend their culture. The result was, that, in one or two the original, signily properly, not vineyards and vines, but || favourable years, a tolerable crop of grapes was obtained : orchards and cider. There is no evidence, that these words | but eventually the cold springs and carly autumns weakenwere at any pericd used in that sense by the monkish wri ed the plants, and blighted the produce, and the scheme ters; and, in the passage under consideration, a marked dis was soon entirely abandoned. It must, however, be actinction is made between the two kinds of produce. In l knowledged, that, notwithstanding the general mildness of Domesday Book, and other ancient records, the term po the climate of the Isle of Wight, the spot chosen by Sir Rimerium occurs, which sufficiently shows, that the names chard was not the best adapted for a vineyard; for it is close were not confounded in the maner alleged, and if any other upon the sea, and consequently much exposed to the cold proof of the true meaning of the expressions were required, I winds which prevail in the Channel, especially at the time it is abundantly supplied by a subsequent passage in the when the vine begins to bud. The endeavours of Mr. Hawork just quoted, where the author not only specifies apple milton, at Painshill, were rather more fortunate in the istrees and vines as different plants, but describes the manner sue. As the account he has given of his operations shows in which the latter grew. Comparing the domain of Thor- ll not only the difficulties with which he had to contend, but ney, in the Isle of Ely, to an earthly Paradise, he says, “ It I also the manner in which he succecded in conquering them, is so fully cultivated, that no portion of the soil is left unoc- ll it may serve as a record of what can be accomplished in this cupied. On the one hand it may be seen thickly studded way, by those who can afford the expense, and have suffici. with apple trees, on the other, covered with vines, which ent perseverance to perfect the experiment. either trail along the ground, or are trained on high, "? The vineyard at Painshill,' he observes, in a commuand supported on poles.' Were all other testimony want nication to Sir E. Barry, is situated on the south side of a ing as to the culture of the vine in those early times, this gentle hill, the soil a gravelly sand. It is planted entirely alone would be decisive of the question.

with the two sorts of Burgundy grapes: the auvernat, which * These accumulated proofs, however, strong as they un is the most delicate, but the tenderest; and the miller doubtedly are, by no means warrant the assertion of Dr. | grape, commonly called the black cluster, which is more Plott, that the Britons planted vineyards and made wines || hardy. The first year, I attempted to make red wine, in anciently over all the kingdom ;' by which he probably

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ne grapes. I meant to insinuate, that this country was chiefly supplied || ferment in a vat, till all the huske and impurities formed with wine of its own growth. In the time of Bede, it is a thick crust at the top, the boiling ceased, and the clear clear that vineyards were sew in number; in Domesday | wine was drawn off from the bottom. Book mention is made of them about eight-and-thirty times; “This essay did not answer: the wine was so very barsh and most of those which were planted after the Conquest || and austere, that I despaired of ever making red wine fit to either belonged to the monasteries, or were cultivated by | drink; but through that harshness I perceived a flavour wealthy individuale, for amusement rather than profit. But something like that of some small French white wines, which foreign wine was already in general use; and as it could be

se: and as it could be Il made me hope I should succeed better with white wine. had of much better quality, and probably at less expense, That experiment succeeded far beyond my most sanguine than what was produced in the island, it is not likely that expectations; for the very first year I made white wine, it the supply of the latter was ever sufficient for the consump nearly resembled the flavour of Champagne ; and in two or tion of the country. We find, it is true, that the monks three years more, as the vines grew stronger, to my great of Ely were in the practice of occasionally selling part of the | amazement, my wine had a finer flavour than the best wine and verjuice which they made ; and we are told by || Champagne I ever tasted; the first running was as clear Stowe, that, among the arcbives of the Court of Pleas of || as spirits, the second running was eil de perdrix, orest and Honours at Windso

o be seen the

the ll and both of them sparkled and creamed in the glass yearly account of the charges of the planting of the vines, like Champagne. It would be endless to mention how that in the time of King Richard II. grew in great plenty | many good judges of wine were deceived by my wine, and within the little Park, as also the making of the wine itself, thought it superior to any Champagne they ever drank ; whereof some part was spent in the king's house, and some | even the Duke de Mirepoix preferred it to any other wine; part sold to his profit, the tithes whereof were paid to the || but such is the prejudice of most people against any thing abbot of Waltham, then parson both of the New and Old l of English growth, I generally found it most prudent not to Windlesore.' It was probably, however, only the refuse | declare where it grew, till after they bad passed their verof the vintages which thus came into the market, and | dict upon it. The surest proof I can give of its excellence is, that in no great plenty. It will shortly appear, that, at the that I have sold it to wine merchants for fifty guineas a bogsperiod last mentioned, foreign wines were imported an- | head: and one wine-merchant, to whom I sold five hundred nually to a large mount. As they came into general use, || pounds' worth at one time, assured me, he sold some of the most of the vineyards were naturally suffered to fall into || best of it, from 7s.6d. to 108. 6d. per bottle. decay.

" • After many years' experience, the best method I found “ In more recent times, several attempts had been made of making and managing it was this :- I let the grapes hang, to revive this species of culture, and to manufacture wines till they bad got all the maturity the season would give from English grapes. Thus Philipott assures us, that at ll them; then they were carefully cut off with scissars, and Godington, in Kent, one Captain Toke hath so industri- || brought home to the wine-barn in small quantities. to preously and elegantly cultivated our English vines, that the vent their heating, or pressing one another; then they were wine pressed and extracted out of their grapes seems not || all picked off the stalks, and all the mouldy, or green ones

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were discarded, before they were put upon the press, where I only in the royal portrait, but in the horse, he has exceeded they were all pressed in a few hours after they were gather. || bimself. We cannot but congratulate this father of English

h would run from them before the press squeezed || historical painting, upon the possession of mental and them, from their own weight upon one another. This run- || bodily energies, at his time of life, equal to the performance ning was as cl ar as water, and sweet as syrup, and all this | of so great a work of art. of the first pressing, and part of the second, countinued This magnificent portrait has been painted for Mr. Sams white; the other pressings grew reddish, and were not of St. James's-street. It is placed on the ground floor of mixed with the best. As fast as the wine ran from the press || his premises, in a space prepared to display it to advantage. into a large receiver, it was put into the hogsheads and The light is so disposed, that the effect of the group is alelosely bunged up. In a few hours one could hear the fer most deceptive. mentation begin, which would soon burst the casks, if not guarded against, by hooping them strongly with iron, and securing them in strong wooden frames, and the heads with

REVIEWS wedges; in the height of the fermentation, I have frequently seen the wine oozing through the pores of the staves.

The Greek Revolution; its Origin and Progress : together •These hoesheads were left all the depth of winter in with some Remarks on the Religion, National Character, the cool barn, to reap the benefit of the frosts. When the &c. in Greece. By EDWARD BLAQUIERE, Esq. Lonfermentation was over, which was easily discovered by the don : G. and W. B. Whittaker, 1824. cessation of noise and oozing; but to be more certain, by

A JOURNAL devoted as ours is to the consideration pegging the cask, when it would be quite clear, then it was racked off into clean hogsheads, and carried to the vaults,

of literature and art, is wisely bound to abstain from before any warmth of weather could raise a second fermen every thing like political discussion. If, however, any tation. In March, the Hogsheads were examined; if any

subject could warrant a departure from this general were not quite tine, they were fined down with common fish glue, in the usual manner: those that were fine of them

restriction, it would be that glorious struggle selves were not fined down, and all were bottled about the which the brave and patriotic Greeks are now making end of March; and in about six weeks more would be in per against their ferocious and malignant oppressors. Who fect order for drinking, and would be in their prime for

can remain silent when the fate of so large a portion above one year; but the second year the flavour and sweetness would abate, and would gradually decline, till at last it

of civilized humanity is in dispute ;—when the ques. lost all flavour and sweetness; and some that I kept sixteen tion is whether the “mother of arts and arms," shall years became so like old Hock, that it might pass for such still remain steeped in disgraceful and afflicting slavery, to one who was not a perfect connoisseur. The only art I

or once more assume her separate and independent ever used to it, was putting three pounds of white sugarcandy to some of the hogsheads, when the wine was first

station amongst the nations of the world? We thank tunned from the press, in order to conform to a rage that Mr. Blaquiere--it is not the only claim he has to the prevailed, to drink none but the very sweet Champagne. gratitude of his countrymen,- for this opportunity of " I am convinced much good wine might be made in

expressing our sympathies in behalf of the young limany parts of the south of England. Many parts are south of Painshill, many soils may yet be fitter for it, and many

berty of Greece. situations must be so; for mine was much exposed to the Mr. Blaquiere, it is known, has lately been travelling south-west wind (the worst of all for vines), and the decli- || in the countries he describes, and has returned thither vity was rather too steep ; yet with these disadvantages it

within a few weeks, bearing some substantial evidences succeeded many years. Indeed the uncertainty of our climate is against it, and many fine crops have been spoiled by

of the kind disposition of the English people towards May frosts and wet summers : but one good year balances | the Greek patriots. Acquainted with all the leaders many disappointments.'”

of the Revolution, and naturally given to the most To be continued in our next, when we shall notice | indefatigable pursuits, he has been able to accumulate the great merit of the prints, which are drawn and a great quantity of materials on the subject of the state engraved on wood by Mr. Harvey, with so much credit and prospects of Greece. The introductory chapters o his taste and skill.

contain a rapid but complete sketch of the origin of

that spirit, which at length developed itself in the preEQUESTRIAN PORTRAIT OF THE KING. sent revolution. Mr. Blaquiere ascribes much of the

success of the struggle to the wise arrangements of the We have been favoured with the sight of a portrait of his || patriotic society of the Hetæria. , They chose AlexanMajesty, recently painted by James Northcote, Esq. R.A. der Ipsilanti as their leader, and arranged their meawhich we may venture to pronounce a faithful resemblance.

sures for commencing the revolt in 1825:Indeed, certain noblemen and gentlemen who have frequent opportunities of seeing our sovereign, consider it the | 6 The plan of campaign traced out by the Hetærists, and most characteristic portrait that has been taken of late || the calculations on which they proceeded, were as follows:years from the royal person.

No doubt could be entertained of the speedy reduction of His majesty is represented on a dun horse, bearing a the principalities; their possession would afford the means truncheon in his right hand. The position is dignified, and ll of organizing a considerable force, keeping up a communiprincely, and the countenance beams with a noble and be | cation with the rest of Europe, diverting the attention of nignant expression. The horse is grand, and very superior || the Turks, and also a fair chance of embroiling them with in style, and correctness of form, to most of those which we the great northern Potentate, to whom the patriots still behold in large equestrian portraits. Mr. Northcote confidently looked for assistance. A formidable conspiracy has long been known to fame, for his superior talent in the I was set on foot at the same time, in the very capital itself, animal department of painting. In this composition, not the explosion of which would, it was thought, shake the Ot. toman empire to its foundations, and enable Ipsilanti to as- || deeper reasons to hate the Turks, yet be constantly intersume the offensive beyond the Danube, while a spirited || posed to save them from insult and ill treatment when vanproclamation should summon the whole of Greece to arms, quished, and by example as well as precept, endeavoured from Ossa to Tonarus. It was fully expected that on the

expected that on the || to check the excesses inseparable from such a war. If bis first news of the rising, the Servians, instead of remaining efforts were not always crowned with success, there is not tranquil spectators of the contest, would unite their efforts less credit due to the character and motives of Prince Deto those of the Greeks. The plan was unquestionably well metrius. His greatest fault is perhaps, that of not posconcerted, and had all the parts received their full execu

received their full execu- ll sessing sufficient energy, and being too mild for the cirtion, it would probably have been crowned with success." cunstances in which he was placed, and the men with It was intended to begin hostilities in Walachia and

whom he had to act." Moldavia : the condition and character of the inhabi The siege and fall of Tripolizzi ensued, and Mr. tants of these principalities are very impartially though || Blaquiere rescues the Greek character from the foul and severely described. Little aid could the Greeks hope atrocious imputations which had been thrown upon it, from such a people, and indeed, with very few ex- || by its enemies throughout Europe, ceptions, the higher classes were averse to the projects | The congress at Epidaurus was the next event of of the Hetærists. But the simple and hardy peasantry | consequence in the annals of the struggle. They drew were influenced by a different feeling, and ready to up a constitution, and published an address to the coalesce with the Greeks against the Mahometan do. people of Greece. The second campaign began with minion.

one of the most terrific events that the historian of the The revolution began in Moldavia, and was proceed. present age will have to record. The desolation of ing with success, when the manifesto of the Russian Scio, and the massacre of its inhabitants :Emperor, denouncing Ipsilanti as a rebel and incen.

" This event took place on the 23d of April, when a fleet diary, suddenly checked and dispirited the Greeks. of fifty sail, including tive of the line, anchored in the bay, The Turkish soldiers conducted themselves with the

and immediately began to bombard the town, while several

thousand troops were landed under the guns of the citadel, most unparalleled atrocity, impaling and massacreing

which also opened a heavy fire on the Greeks. It was in their prisoners, and hanging up numbers of little chil vain for the islanders to make any resistance: deserted by dren by the feet, on the trees along the public roads. the Samians, most of whom embarked, and sailed away, The Greeks were defeated at Dragachau. Ipsilanti was

when the Turkish fleet hove in sight, they were easily arrested at Trieste, by order of The Austrian cabinet,

overpowered, and obliged to fly. From this moinent, until

the last direful act, Scio, lately so great an object of admiand confined in the castle of Mongatz in Hungary. ration to strangers, presented one continued scene of hor

The Turkish government at Constantinople, as ror and dismay. Having massacred every soul, whether soon as the news of the rising in Moldavia iras re

men, women, or children, whom they found in the town, ceived, went to work in the old way, and murdered all

the Turks first plundered and then set fire to it, and

watched the flames until not a house was left, except those who bore any affinity to the revolted, either by the

of the foreign consuls. Three days had, however, heen ties of consanguinity or religion. It seemed as if the suffered to pass before the infidels ventured to penetrate total extermination of the Greek people was resolved

into the interior of the island, and even then their excesses upon by the Divan. Mr. Blaquiere details many of

were confined to the low grounds. But there was ample

scope on these for gratifying their thirst for Christian blood. their cruelties, and relates their effects on the minds

An eye-witness, who escaped, as it were, by a miracle, thus and feelings of the people. A distinct and satisfac expressed himself in a letter to a friend, - O God ! what tory typographical description of Greece then follows.

a spectacle did Scio present on this lamentable occasion:

on wbatever side I cast my eyes, nothing but pillaye, murThe recommencement of hostilities, and the successes

der, and confiaxration appeared. While some were occuof the patriots are described in very glowing colours. pied in plundering the villas of rich merchants, and others Demetrius Ipsilanti was chosen leader, and his cha. setting fire to the villages, the air was rent with the mingled racter is thus given.

groans of men, women, and cbildren, who were falling under

the words and dangers of the intidels. The only exception 66 This young man, though not more than twenty-two made during the massacre, was in favour of young women years of age, had held the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the and boys, who were preserved only to be afterwards sold as Russian army, but without having found an opportunity of slaves. Many of the former, whose husbands had been acquiring a knowledge of his profession by active service in butchered, were running to and fro frantic, with torn garthe field. His exterior is rather unfavourable, being of ments and dishevelled hair, pressing their trembling inshort stature, and nearly bald ; and there is an expression fants to their breasts, and seeking death as a relief from the of coldness in his manner, which is apt to repel strangers; still greater calamities that awaited them.' but on a closer acquaintance, this reserve wears away, when “ Above forty thousand of both sexes had already either his excellent qualities appear in their true colours. In fallen victims to the sword, or been selected for sale in the trepid, persevering, and totally indifferent to the allure Bazaars, when it occurred to the Pacha, that no time should ments of pleasure, Ipsilanti has no thought, no wish but be lost in persuading those who had fled to the more inaccesfor the honour and happiness of Greece: and if he desired || sible parts of the island to lay down their arms and submit. to be at the head of the government, it was only that he It being impossible to effect this by force, they had recourse might be able to render her more essential service. Unlike to a favourite expedient with Mussulmen; that of proclaimmany others, he was scrupulous in the means he employed | ing an amnesty. In order that no doubt should be enterto gain even his most favourite ends, and disinterested in tained of their sincerity, the foreign consuls, more partithe extreme, amidst a system of pillage and peculation cularly those of England, France, and Austria, were called which would have followed a similar revolution in the most upon to guarantee the promises of the Turks: they acenlightened country of Europe. Although no man had ) cordingly went forth, and invited the unfortunate pea

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