Page images
PDF

were twenty Phidiases): but let him not touch and tamper | was awarded to him for an essay, establishing a criterion with them.

between purulent and mucaginous expectoration in pulmo" There is one piece of sculpture in the collection at Pet nary complaints, which afforded demonstrative evidence worth that struck me as being exceedingly valuable and both of great industry and great genius. fine. It is a group of Pan and a young Apollo; the latter “On the death of young Darwin, whose body was depowith a set of pipes in his hand, as if learning to play. This sited in my burying ground, at the Chapel of St. Cuthgroup in some respects resembles Annibal Caracci's noble bert's, in the vicinity of Edinburgh, as is recorded in one picture, on a similar subject, called Silenus and Apollo. Il of his father's publications, I was anxious to retain some The graceful aukwardness of the youthful god is very hap I slight token in remembrance of my highly esteemed young pily conceived, and executed with great truth and spirit.” friend; and, for that purpose, I obtained a small portion of

his hair. I applied to Mr. Gilliland, at that time an emi

nent jeweller in Edinburgh, to have it preserved in a A Tribute of Regard to the Memory of Sir Henry Rae

mourning ring. He told me, that one of his present apburn, R.A. Portrait Painter to the King for Scotland; prentices was a young man of great genius, and could pre

I pare for me in hair, a memorial that would demonstrate Read at the Forty-third Anniversary Meeting of the Har

both taste and art. Young Raeburn was immediately calveian Society of Edinburgh. By ANDREW DUNCAN, || led, and proposed to execute, on a small trinket, which Sen. M.D. and P. &c. Longman and Co.

might be hung at a watch, a Muse weeping over an ur,

marked with the initials of Charles Darwin. This trinket Whilst penning our line of respect for that living

was finished by Raeburn, in a manner which, to me, Scottish painter, whom all the world regards, we were afforded manifes: proof of very superior genius, and I still thinking how joyous would have been the greeting in preserve it, as a memorial of the singular and early merit, their native country, with him and another distinguished

both of Darwin and of Raeburn. artist, his esteemed compatriot, had he been spared ; un

" From that period my intimacy with Raeburn had its

commencement. For I derived no small gratification from conscious, that the next moment we should find upon our cherishing the idea, that I might be able to lend my feeble, desk a Tribute of Regard in a printed form, to the but willing aid, in fostering rising genius. memory of the very object of our fond imagination.

“ Before Raeburn's apprenticeship with Mr. Gilliland This Tribute of Regard, was read by Dr. Duncan,

was finished, he had drawn, at bis leisure hours, many

miniature pictures, in water colours, in such a style as at the Harveian Society, of which he was founder, and clearly to demonstrate, that nature bad intended him, not Sir Henry Raeburn, the subject of his oration, a mem for a goldsmith, but for a very excellent portrait painter. ber. We shall pass over the introductory discourse,

And it was amicably agreed between him and his master, which relates to the founding of the society, an insti.

that he should change his profession. Accordingly, self

taught, he became a miniature painter in Edinburgh. tution by the way, the spirit of which reflects credit In this employment, however, he did not long persist: upon the projector and his associates, and proceed at for he had sufficient ambition to think, that, as a portrait once to the memoir :

painter in oil colours, he might imitate the noble example

of Sir Johua Reynolds, whose portraits were, at that time, “ Henry Raeburn was born on the 4th of March, 1756, || viewed with admiration by every discerning Briton. at the village of Stockbridge, in the near neighbourhood of l " Having obtained proper introductions to Sir Joshua the city of Edinburgh. He was the son of Mr. Robert || he went to London, to have his future destiny regulated Raeburn, a respectable manufacturer. He received at the by the advice of that able and liberal-minded judge. grammar school of Edinburgh the classical education in From Sir Joshua he met with that favourable reception which that seminary i

which might have been expected from an enlightened and afford on a very excellent plan; and there he had the hap sincere friend to modest merit. Sir Joshua not only bepiness of gaining to a very high degree, both the esteem 1 stowed high approbation on the specimens of young Rae. and affection of his teachers and his schoolfellows. With burn's abilities, which were presented to him, but strongly some of them, afterwards highly respectable in life, and, || recommended it to him to persist in his intended plan. among others, with the Right Honourable William Adam, For that purpose, he advised Raeburn to put himself under now Lord Chief Commissioner of the Jury Court in Scot- ll the tuition, not of the living, but of the dead. He persuaded land, he formed friendships which continued uninterrupted him immediately to visit Italy, and there to study the till his death.

paintings of the most eminent artists that have yet “But after finishing his grammar-school education, in || lived. place of aiming at a learned profession, he was, by his “ To Rome Raeburn according went, where he met with father's advice, persuaded to make choice of a mechanical || the same flattering reception as in London. At Rome he employment, and was articled as an apprentice to an emi- || remained for upwards of two years, assiduously studying nent Goldsmith. It was in this situation that my first the great works of art with which Rome abounds. Inacquaintance with him commenced, and, that too, on all structed by the study of antient painters, he returned to melancholy occasion. Mr. Charles Darwin, son of the || Britain, and, with a view of following the profession of a justly celebrated Dr. Erasmus Darwin, author of that portrait-painter, he fixed his residence at Edinburgh, in much esteemed Poem, The Botanic Garden, and of other the twenty-second year of his age. works demonstrating great genius, died during the course “ Soon after his return, he married a widow lady, of of his medical studies at Edinburgh. At that time I had | whom he had, for several years, been an admirer. By her the honour, though a very young medical Lecturer, of || he became the possessor of the romantic villa of St. Berranking Darwin among the number of my Pupils. And I || nard's, on the Water of Leith, about a mile from a partneed hardly add, that he was a favourite pupil : for, during I ments which he took for the prosecution of his profession, his studies, he exhibited such uncommon proofs of genius l in one of the principal streets of New Edinburgh. In and industry, as could not fail to gain the esteem and these apartments, however, he remained only for a short atlection of every discerning Teacher. Among other time. To afford more ample accommodation, both for grounds of attachment, I had the happiness of putting | finishing and for exhibiting his pictures, he soon purchased into Charles Darwin's hands the first prize given by this |an area in another new street, York Place, and built upon it Society, for promoting experimental enquiry. That 'prize a large house, which he fitted up with every convenience that a portrait-painter could desire. There his operations || tinction was, on his part, unexpected and unsolicited: and were carried on, and there his pictures were exhibited, till || it was the more honourable, as, at that period, several his lamented death put a final close to his labour's.

promising artists were unsuccessful candidates. " Or his success as a painter, to those who now hear me, • To enter into a detailed account of the many pictures and to whom opportunities are daily afforded, of witnessing which came from the pencil of Raeburn, would be altogether the wonderful efforts of his pencil, I need say nothing. incompatible with the nature of this discourse. It is sufPermit me, however, to observe, that our Harveian Society, ficient to say, that admirable likenesses of many of the most now assembled in this room, were in some degree instru eminent characters in Scotland, for rank, for literature, and mental in giving him a favourable introduction to public for military achievements, are preserved by means of his notice. For, very soon after he settled here, we employed labours. him to draw a picture of one of the original members of th 6. When our justly beloved Sovereign visited Scotland, Institution, the late William Inglis, Esq. the chief restorer the merit of Raeburn could not escape his notice. His of the Ludi Apollinares at Edinburgh, games annually cele Majesty was graciously pleased to confer upon him a mark brated on the Links of Leith, at which there is an admi of royal favour, by raising him to the dignity of Knighthood, rable combination of healthful exercise with social mirth. and thus bestowing upon him the same honourable disSoon afterwards, we employed him, also, to draw a picture | tinction which had marked the talents of Sir Joshua of our second President, the late Alexander Wood, Esq., | Reynolds, and a few other of the first artists that Britain who, as a successful operator in Surgery, and as a most has produced. kind-hearted and liberal practitioner in Medicine.

“'To the excellent and amiable character of Sir Joshua, live in recollection of all who are now present. A third who may be considered as Raeburn's first patron, that of subject, on which Raeburn, at an early period, employed Sir Henry bore in many respecte a very near resemblance. his pencil, was a portrait of myself, painted for the Royal || For, in both, superiority of genius was by no means contined Public Dispensary, to which I had the happiness of giving ll to painting alone. Both of them lived in habits of intimacy a beginning at Edinburgh. On these three pictures, at the || with the most eminent literary characters in their neighcommencement of his career, I need hardly stop to say that | bourhood, and both of them were highly acceptable guests he bestowed very peculiar attention; and I need hardly || at the social meetings of learned men. Sir Joshua enjoyed add, that, at an early pe an early period, they attracted very consider- ll the instructive conversation of Garrick, Goldsmith

, and able notice in Edinburgh. They were soon followed by Johnson : Sir Henry partook of that of Scott, Mackenzie, three others, with regard to wbich I may also say, Quorum | and Alison, names that will be immortal in the annals of pars magna fui. These were the pictures of three eminent literature and taste. Both of them were associated with men, to whom the Univer

burgh is very much || many learned societies. Sir Joshua was a member of the indebted. Dr. William Robertson, long Principal of the || Royal, the Antiquarian, and other eminent Societies of University of Edinburgh, and author of some of the best || London, and of the Continent. Sir Henry was a member historical works of which the English language can boast;ll of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, of the Imperial AcadeDr. Adam Ferguson, who, as a Professor of Political and my of Florence, and of the Academy of New York, in the Moral Philosophy, has never, perhaps, been excelled at || United States of America, and of several other honourable this place; and Thomas Elder, Esq. to whom, when Lord | institutions of the present period.” Provost of the city of Edinburgh, we are indebted, for having given a commencement to the new and magnificent building for the University, a fabric, both highly honour- || Four Views of Celebrated Places, drawn from Nature, and able and highly advantageous to education at Edinburgh. Ion Stone. By HarriOT GOULDSMITH. London: C. These three pictures now ornament the Senate-Hall of our

| Hulmandel. University, and will convey, to late post

e posterity, exact and favourable resemblances of eminent benefactors : for Rae- || To the superior talent of this lady, as a painter of burn was not more successful in taking a striking likeness, || landscape, we have more than once offered our tributhan in giving to it the most flattering aspect, with all the

tary approbation. There is in all the works which we spirit of the original. And it has been justly said of his pictures, that they were the men themselves, starting from

have seen of her pencil, an original feeling, which is the canvas.

pure from mannerism, or affectedness of style. Indeed, “ His celebrity, as a portrait painter, was by no means the same simplicity of form, light, shadow, and colour, confined to Edinburgh. He sent many different portraits

13 || pervades the scenes which she has chosen as the objects to London. There, in the annual exhibition of paintings at Somerset House, they were brought into comparison with || of her imitation, that are found to exist in nature, and the works of almost every eminent limner in Britain. And || which indeed constitute the most pleasing combinations I am myself a living witness of the distinguished esteem, in lin art. I am myself a living wines which they were there held, by able judges in paint

. indoes in painting :| in the little work before us, we are afforded the For when in London, in 1815, and visiting the exhibition in Somerset House, I saw, among other portraits, that of my | opportunity of judging of this lady's taste in sketching late valuable friend and colleague, Professor Playfair, of || from nature with chalk, and of appreciating her knowthis University, from the pencil of Raeburn. That picture | ledge of effect, without the aid of colour. We are was highly esteemed by able connoisseurs. I was myself,

satisfied with this attempt in the lithographic art. There indeed, I must allow, a very partial and inadequate judge. But I was by no means singular in opinion, in considering

is a looseness and freedom of execution displayed in it as one of the best painted portraits then in the room, these first efforts, which evince a manual perception which, at that time, contained many excellent pictures, by beyond what is usually bestowed on the sex; for there the first London artists. " Or the esteem, however, in which his pictures were

are mechanical difficulties opposed to the drawing on held at London, a still more public and incontestible evi- |stone, that are insurmountable to any hand, but that of dence was afforded, in the compliments which were paid ll a very superior organization. It is one thing to sketch him, by the Royal Academy of Painting, in that city. For, on paper, but far different to perform the same operation in the year 1812, they conferred upon him the rank of an *Associate of the Academy; and three years afterwards

on stone. raised him to that of an Academician. This flattering dig- | These four subjects are topographical, and represent

rural scenes, rendered more interesting by their asso- | Once, and that even vears within memory, it was a ciations.

crowded study for old gables, grey rafters, plaster, The first is a view of the well-known cottage on the brick, and tile; such as old Decker used to paint; but border of the Serpentine River in Hyde Park. This now, these are disappearing, and ere long perchance. picturesque building perhaps has been painted, drawn, we may behold it, if we view it again, metamorphosed or sketched, by every metropolitan landscape painter || to a Cockney town. for the last hundred and fifty years :-long, indeed, Exhilarating were our morning walks along the before that fine oblong sheet of water, ycleped serper- || beach, and long will Hastings be recorded in its pictine, was formed-when, indeed, it was the Deputy || torial garb, by the pencils of Turner, Callcott, Cristall, Ranger's Lodge. Edridge, the portrait painter, who | and others, who have studied their enchanting art upon sketched landscape with great taste, charmed with the the spot. spot, frequently occupied a part of this rural retreat, as We are glad that Mr. Moss has added his topograhis summer residence-certainly the least cockneyfied | phical record of this our favourite haunt, for all hough building within ten times its distance from town. the scenes which he describes with his more humble

2. The Remains of a Palace of Thomas à Becket, at pencil, aspire to no higher character, than that of Tarring, Sussex.

fidelity, yet, that is a quality so indispensable in a work 3 Part of the Old Jew's Harp Tavern, lately standing professing to give us views, that were the ideal substiin Marylebone Park.

tuted for the truth, we would not give a penny for the 4. The Cottage where the learned Selden was born, work. at Salvington, Sussex.

There are fourteen views of the coast, the town, and

its immediate neighbourhood, in this volume, neatly The Arabian Nights Entertainments ; consisting of One | engraved in the line manner, and six of antiquiThousand and One Stories, embellished with One Hun

ties, &c. dred and Fifty Engravings. London : J. Limbird, 1824.

The views represented are chosen from the most pic

turesque stations, and together convey a good general The Preface to this work informs us, that “ Numer.

idea of the place; sufficient indeed, not only to reous as are the editions of the Arabian Nights Entertain

mind those who have visited Hastings of its delightful ments, and frequently as they have received the embel

scenery, but to induce those who have not been there, lishments of the artists; yet an edition was still wanting,

to make choice of it as a pleasant spot, for a week's more easily accessible to the general reader, and which, while it combined economy, should not be deficient in

| lounge by the sea side. elegance and illustration. To supply this chasm in the

THE PLATES DESCRIBE Literature of Romance, is the object of the edition now No. 1. North West View of the Castle. offered to the public ; and it can scarcely be necessary ||

2. View from the Minnis Rock. to observe, that although the engravings are more

3. Entrance from the London Road.

4. View from the Pier Rocks. numerous than in any preceding edition, the vigour and

5. St. Clement's Church. spirit with which they are executed, will recommend

6. Town Hall. them even to the admirers of the arts."

7. View of East-Bourne Street. Credite Posteri! One Thousand and One Tales,

8. View of Pelham Place and Crescent.

9. All Saints Church. One Hundred and Fifty Engravings, and nearly six

10. Remains of the Town Wall. hundred closely printed pages in double columns, for

11. Pelham Place. less than seven shillings! “ Had we not seen these

12. Marine Parade. marvels, with our own eyes," we should have disputed

13. View from the East Wall.

14. View from the White Rocks. the wondrous fact, and have set it down as the Thou- || sand and Second Story, and the last a greater fiction | Of the historical, biographical, and statistical mat. than the whole. Certainly we live in a wondrous age. ter contained in the volume, much of which is very

interesting, we shall offer a notice in our next number. The History and Antiquities of the Town and Port of Hastings. Ilustrated by a Series of Engravings, from

REVIEWS.
Original Drawings. By W. G. Moss, Draughtsman to
His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge. London :)
Simpkin and Marshall.

Journal of a Residence in Ashantee. By JOSETA DUPUIS, HASTINGS of all our little sea ports, erst the most

Esg, late His Britannic Majesty's Envoy and Consul for prominent among the picturesque, certainly owes its ||

ertainly owes tell that Kingdom. London: Colburn, 4to. 1824. celebrity to the landscape painters of our day. Well We are no great politicians, and yet we cannot help remember it a dirty town, like “Brentford smelling || lamenting the money and life which have been lavished strong of fish.” Even now, it has at times a fishy || for many years past upon a few unproductive, troublesavour—but still it is so “growing smart."

some, and ridiculous settlements on the coast of Western Africa. Motives of general humanity have been from accounts of the survivors, that neither party was premixed up with the less estimable motive of commercial

pared for the rencontre. The Ashantees, however, lost no

time in sounding the alarm, rallying their forces, and respeculation, and have served to delude the public into

calling the advanced guard to their assistance, while the a belief of the great importance of these settlements. Fantees, even before the onset, were appalled. In this But the force of fact has at length mastered the ascen state of eventful inactivity, it is said, the main body of the dancy of feeling, and doubts begin to arise whether

Fantees remained passive spectators during a distant skir

mish between their own vanguard and a detachment of the it would not be better to withdraw all the colonists,

enemy. At last the Ashantees advanced with a shout, and break up the establishments on that in hospitable which struck a decided panic in their favour; the Fantees and unhealthy shore. The late unhappy accidents at soon fled outright, and, with some loss, rejoined their comCape Coast, and the frightful ravages of disease at

rades at Emperou. Notwithstanding this check, the inha

bitants, as the Ashantees approached, suffered themselves Sierra Leone, are arguments against which few will

to be led out to battle. The united force of the Fantees is dare to contend, and they are supported in a great stated to have greatly outnumbered their enemies, and a degree by the work now before us. Mr. Dupuis was ll battle of the most sanguinary complexion ensued, at the an envoy to the Court of Ashantee, and appears to be

distance of a mile from the town. The first charge of the

Ashantees was severely checked, and they were driven well acquainted with the character of that people, and

back upon the main body with slaughter. The enemy, of our official people at Cape Coast. To his state however, was too well disciplined to allow the Fantees to ments we would earnestly direct the attention of our improve upon their advantage, and a murderous firing sucGovernment, and of every person of influence in the

ceeded the onset, in which the Ashantees, from superior

celerity, had the advantage. Still, however, the Fantees Empire.

| maintained their ground, with a degree of intrepidity not Mr. Dupuis's volume commences with an introduc- || undeserving of record, as it is perhaps a solitary instance tory chapter, which relates the manner and object of during this war of their valour and resolution. On a sudhis appointment. After the treaty concluded by Go

den, vollies of musquetry announced an attack on their

flank and rear, supported by the king in person. This unvernor Smith and Mr. Bowditch with the King of the

expected charge decided the fortune of the day, for the Ashantees in 1817, Mr. Dupuis volunteered his services Fantees now retreated with precipitation, while their eneas Resident Consul in that country. The offer was mies rushed on, and strewed the forest with indiscriminate accepted, and he proceeded to his destination. This

carnage. Before the retreating army could regain the

town, it was doomed to cut a passage through an opposing first chapter contains a long and uninteresting account

body of the enemy, who were at that critical period in posof the party politics of Cape Coast Castle, and the session of many of the houses; despair assisted their efforts, squabbles of the author with Mr. Smith and his re and their enemies were either cut to pieces or trampled

under foot. The town itself, which was already in fla tainers. Nothing can be more worthless and tiresome.

flames,

attorded no protection against the murderous assaults of After several months delay, Mr. Dupuis set out on his

of their pureuers. In this hopeless state, several of the expedition to Coomassy, the principal town of Ashantee. Caboceers, after destroying their property, their wives, and He tells us that his equipage excited great admiration children, put an end to their own existence; whilst the

people, endeavouring to fly from the scene of carnage, were amongst the Negroes as being something unusually splen

intercepted and butchered, or cast headlong amidst the did. "It was “a palanquin with four bearers," which

burning houses. To sum up the horrors of this barbarous was “a refinement in the luxury of African travel scene, every house was entered with fire and sword, and the ling." About four miles from Cape Coast is the town inhabitants of both sexes destroyed. It is said that, with of Mouree, where the Dutch have a fort ;-it was a

the exception only of about one hundred people, who fled

before the town was assaulted, not a soul escaped from the place of great importance during the vigour of the calamity. These particulars 'were narrated by my two Slave Trade, but its importance has waned with the guides who were in that conflict. destruction of that pernicious traffic. A little further

"The walls stood in many places erect, exhibiting the

action of fire which, by vitrifying the clayey composition, on they came to Emperou-now consisting of a few

had preserved the ruins from dissolution. The surface of hovels, but at the time of the first invasion of Fantee, the earth was whitened, in particular spots, with ashes, by the King of Ashantee, a considerable place. It is and bleached human bones and sculls, forming a distressing thus Mr. Dupuis describes its devastation :

portraint of African warfarc. In crossing the opening,

some of the Fantees, by way of diversion, pointed to the “ The order was now given to exterminate the population | relics, saying jocosely, they were Ashantee trophies: the of every town, and raze the houses to their foundations;

Ashantees retorted the jent upon their fellow travellers and in comformity with this resolution a body of troops was

with equal good-humour, and all parties were indifferent detached against Emperou, with orders not to spare an at a retrospection so paralizing to humanity.” inhabitant of either sex. In the meantime the Fantee troops, assisted by the inhabitants and their auxiliaries,

Doonqua about fifteen miles further on, is a village assembled to the number of many thousands, and by vigi- || of some size. The inhabitants amount to upwards of lance succeeded in cutting off some reconnoitring parties two thousand. Here Mr. Dupuis met with some of the enemy. Too much elated by this success, they at ll

Ashantee officers despatched to welcome him. The length determined upon the plan of endeavouring to intercept the communication between the detachment and the

route lay through a country not devoid of striking king's head quarters. They separated their men into two scenery, and our traveller has given as full a descripbodies, one of which being left to guard the town, the other tion of it, as an observation necessarily superficial made a circuitous march to the westward, and fell unexpectedly upon the flank and rear of their adverearies. No ||

would permit. One of the vexations of the journey happy consequences attended the action ; it would appear, ||

| was the ants :

“ The voracity with which they surprise their prey and surrounded by luxurious plantations of plantain trees, assail him at all vulnerable points, exceeds that of locusts, lland maize fields. Kikiwhary is nearly twice'as when they alight in a field of corn; for when once the attack is commenced. no bodily effort of the victim will || large, and is reported to stand on the site of an ancient avail him. Flight is generally impotent, unless it should || city, destroyed many years since by an irruption of lead him to a pool, when a natural instinct occasioned by the Dagomba tribes. At Ansab, another considerable the burning pain, induces him to plunge into the water. I place the embassy was

I place, the embassy was received with great ceremony. This kind of ant, say the Ashantees, is not only the plague 1 of all other animals, but also of every class of their own | The people seem to have been very civil and hospitable species, and of the red ant in particular. If I may be in- | throughout the expedition. A peculiar blessing was dulged in a whimsical comparison, I will suggest a resem supposed to attach to every house which gave shelter blance between these diminutive freebooters and the Arabs,

to a white man. who alike migratory, rove over the surface of the country, and establish a temporary residence where it meets their |Near Coomassy great preparations were made by the views, often to the terror and in defiance of neighbouring King to receive Mr. Dupuis and his cortege in a betowns. Thus the black ants in myriads will trace a parti- ll coming style of mag cular course, and pursue that track in exact and thick em

I following passages make part of the description : bodied file, over an extent, perhaps of miles, until they fix 1 upon a spot to their liking, where they erect little conical “ My palanquin was on a sudden arrested in the main babitations, which may be said figuratively to bear a simi- | avenue by a deputation of Caboceers, who paid a formal litude to the Arabian tent, both in colour and form. The congratulation on behalf of the king. It was Sai's desire. red ants, on the contrary, raise solid mounds of clay, which they added, that I should repair to the market-place until are cemented with a mucilaginous substance that binds the the court assembled. Here, therefore, I alighted under parts together in an indissoluble encrustation, and bids | the shade of some high trees, reposing for a while from the defiance to any violence short of the pick axe. The intru-l scorchins blaze of the sun, now about commencing his sion of the black ants is thug etlectually prevented; but || descent from the meridian. The atmosphere, too, was in a whenever their entrenched prey venture abroad, or are | manner stifled by the pressure of the multitude. A pause observed in repairing and augmenting their habitations, ll of twenty minutes sutliced for the approaching ceremony, which th y do, a chase ensues, and thousands llar

and we again bent forward in orderly ranks to an angle that become the victims of their opponents, who sometimes force opened into the place of audience, from whence another an entrance even into the nest itself. I was present once salute was fired. A silence, however, like that of the forest, when a hillock was perforated in order to obtain what is I succeeded as the echoes died away; and as the smoke discommonly termed the queen, or mother ant, which is an persed, the view was suddenly animated by assembled unwieldy insect, two inches in length and one in circum- || thousands in full costume, seated upon the ground in the ference, formed in head and shoulders like the common || form of an extensive semicircle, where the chiefs were disant, with a white body like that of a maggot. This insect | tinguished from the commonality by large floating um. esides in a separate cell, at the very foundation of the hile I brellas or canopies, fabricated from cloth of va lock, and is said to be gifted with such inexhaustible fecun- || These othcers, only, were seated upon stools that elevated dity, as to bring forth its myriads in daily and unceasing re- || their beads just above those of their attendants. An arepetition. The act of cutting through the surface was labori- | nue not wider than the footway in the forest, was the space ous; but that effected, the earth crumbled as it usually does. allotted for walking in the line of chiefs, leading to the The celle resembled those of the hornet, and were generally l station where the king was seated. The etiquette was of a in diagonal rows, but without order or regularity. The character corresponding with other ceremonies. labour was ultimately attended with success, in the disco " All the ostentatious trophies of negro splendour were

f the "ó queen mother." During the process the l emblazoned to view. Drums of every size, from five red ants fled in all directions, and vainly endeavoured to six inches in length to the dimensions of as many feet, occarecover their cells, while they were assaulted by a troop of sionally decorated with human relics, abounded in all direeblack ants, who in despite of a vigorous resistance, de tions; and in some (although few instances,) the skulls of youred their prey on the spot, or carried it off between | vanquished foemen, and strings of hun eetb, were their nippers. The black ant, it is said, will fearlessly Il glaringly exposed on the persons of the youthful captains. attack any animal, not exempting mankind; but particu- | Ivory horns, similarly ornamented, reed flutes, calabash larly infants, whom they frequently destroy and devour. rattles, and clanking bits of flat iron, composed the various The panther is not too stroner for them to cope with, the bands in front of the Caboceers. The salutation, as hererat is not too subtile, nor is the squirrel too active; vigi tofore, was accompanied by an impulsive grasp of the hand lance and force are equally unavailing. They will even, as with each Caboceer of rank, and a waving motion afterthe Ashantees report, seek the abodes of serpents, and en- || wards in compliment to his friends, retainers, and slaves. tering their holes, allow the reptile no chance of escaping. || In the act of approaching these peers of the Ashantee The hanging nests of small black ants were also very nume realm, the solemn stillness was invaded at intervals by the rous in the trees, where, it would appear, they choose | || full chorus of each band, beating in rotation the peculiar their abode as a security against attacks of the universal adopted air, whereby each noble is known from his comenemy.”

peer. A number of select young slaves, boys of hiteen or

sixteen years old, stood before the war captains, and other The rats were still more troublesome, for in their

chief officers, in the aspect of a guard of honour, waving “ nocturnal gambols they ran indiscriminately," says short scimiters and knives, which they flourished in a Mr. Dupuis, “over my face and body, and I was com- || thre

threatening attitude. The deportment of the Caboceers pelled to use a stick in defence of my person against

was marked with gravity; not a smile nor a courtly glance

illumined the asperity of their features, and the salutations hundreds of them." At length the embassy reached were uttered in a low affecting tone of voice. The crowd, Prassoo, a clean town of considerable size, where | bowever, did not consider themselves bound to imitate the Mr. D. was much perplexed in managing his tattered

dignified deportment of their lords: they breathed a wel

come in the silent language of the features. apparel so as not to offend the African notions of de

“ In turn the quarters of the Moslems opened to view, cency. It is a town of nine thousand inhabitants, where about three hundred people of that faith (including

« PreviousContinue »