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The Conchologist's Companion; comprising the Instincts loose stones and sand, to the very edge of the sea; parti
and Constructions of Testaceous Animals. By the Au cularly in such places as are screened from the agitation of thor of “ Select Female Biography,” &c. London:
the waves. The sheltered recesses of bays and harbours
are therefore often filled with abundance of lofty manG. and W. B. Whittaker, 1824.
groves, which grow up from the shallow bottom, and preONE of the great improvements of the present age sent the beautiful appearance of marine forests, conse
quently many of the branches either dip into the waves, is the facilitating the acquirement of knowledge. What
or grow beneath them; and to these the parasitic oysters was once within the grasp of none but the more scien frequently attach themselves in such numbers, that a tific, is now made familiar to the professedly unlearned. branch when cut off, is too heavy for one individual to The principles and leading facts of the whole circle of
carry. The loaded branch is then washed, and brought to
table; where it constitutes a favourite appendage at the sciences, are now thrown into popular forns, and con
banquets of the rich, for the glowing tints, which nature stitute not merely a source of valuable knowledge, but
so liberally scatters over the birds and flowers of the tropiat the same time of useful entertainment. The volume cal regions, extend even to the unassuming oyster. Many before us belongs to this class. It is a series of letters, of the species are beautifully shaded, and the shells of such
as inhabit the Red Sea are tinted with the vivid colours of and contains the result of much reading and observa.
| the rainbow. The animal inhabitants of the Ostreæ, are tion. It is vot to be expected that they siould fulfil apparently some of the most insignificant of created beings; all the conditions of a purely scientific work, or should these feeble creatures, though formerly supposed inform a complete treatise. They touch only upon those
capable of voluntary motion, and little superior to vege
tables, are conscious of their existence, and conscious also shells which come most frequently under general ob
that something exists exterior to themselves. They choose, servation, and handle them in the most popular way. ||
reject, and vary their operations with judgment; defend As a specimen we will give some extracts from the || themselves by adequate and complicated means; repair bicgraphy of our old friend the oyster :
their losses, and occasionally assume new habits. They
possess, when young, the faculty of swimming rapidly, by 66 Eighty species are assigned by naturalists w the genus || means of an undulatory motion of the banchiæ, but when Ostrea ; a well-known branch of the numerois family of arrived at full growth this faculty or inclination ceases; Multivalve, whose habitats and instincts are lesigned to and while their active relatives are darting round them, form the subject of this letter. They present onsiderable they remain contentedly fixed in their places of abode, variety in form and beauty, and are divided into seven Il surrounded by a numerous and co
increasing classes, or divisions, which are again subdivded. The | progeny. For the motions of this clumsy animal, if such
second comprise the numerous varigies of es- | they may be termed, merely consist in turning from one scallop, or scallop shells; and are distinguished from each side to the other; which they accomplish more by sagaother by the proportions of their ears. The surfaces are city, tban by any natural agility or inherent strength. usually adorned with divergent ribs, variouslydiversified They contrive to bolster up one side, by a gradual deposiwith beautiful colourg and delicate chequer-vork, and tion of soft mud, till they stand nearly upright; then, are usually covered with undulated and transverse striæ, availing themselves of the flowing or ebbing of the tide, not unfrequently assuming the appearance o elevated they open their shells, and are, tumbled over by the presscales, as in the 0. imbricata, or Imbricated Cyster, and gure of the water. In this respect they differ materially 0. dubia. The animal inhabitants possess the faculty of from shell-fish in general. But leaping to a considerable distance, by suddenly orning and closing their valves, and though inclosed in floiting cita
Nature, all her children viewing, dels of considerable weight and thickness, can sim upon
Equal, bounteous, cares for all.' the water or move on land. They are eleganty termed To one she gives the faculty of locomotion; to another the butterflies of the ocean : as, when, darting though the means of safely remaining in its allotted station ; and while sparkling waves, and flitting rapidly from place to place, the Solen Donex and Mytilus frequently migrate to conthey rival the glowing colours of the papilionaceais tribes. I siderable distances from their usual plac In fine weather they congregate together and nount the stationary oyster firmly moore himself to rocks and stones, billows, forming little fleets, with half their shels erected by means of a bundle of small cords, denominated a byssus. to catch the breeze; the other, which contains tie animal, Such are the instincts which nature has assigned to the remaining emerged below. When any foe appars, or a feeblest of her oflspring, for its preservation and defence; sudden squall begins to ruffle the surface of theleep, the but these are not the only proofs which she has given of her shells are instantaneously shut, and the pigmy vesels dis maternal care. What think you of a little lamp, which appear. The remaining divisions of the genus Orea con lights the darkness of its solitary dwelling? An attentive sist of those which, in substance, form, and coloring, are observer recently remarked, on opening an oyster, a shinmore nearly allied to the common, or eatable oystr. The ing matter, or blueish light, resembling a star, about the individuals of this family are generally of an rregular Il centre of the shell, which appeared to proceed from a small form; rough, and plated on the exterior, while te inside | quantity of real phosphorus. On being taken from the of their habitations are smooth and glossy, and smetimes || animal, it extended nearly to half an inch in length; and richly varied with a steel-blue or metallic lusti. The when immersed in water, seemed in every respect the same most remarkable species in the third division i the 0. | as the phosphorus obtained from bones, &c. The oyster malleus, or Hammer Oyster, which resembles a pk-axe ; || itself was perfectfy alive and fresh: consequently the light others that are parasitical present the appearace of a could not proceed from any decomposition of the shell or dried leaf, and thus elude the vigilance of birds f prey. || animal, but must have resulted from some other source. Such is the 0. folium, or Foliated Oyster; andthe . The microscope has been elegantly termed .a portal to arborea, or Tree Oyster, of the Atlantic and Indin seas; things invisible,' as it opens to the naturalist a knowledge where the latter is generally found attached to the rots and of such phenomena in nature as are too minute to be inbranches of the mangrove tree. This curious fact hs been spected by the unassisted eye. On submitting this appadoubted by some naturalists, but admits of an eay solu rent phosphorus to a high magnifier, it was found to contion. In hot countries, a great variety of shrubs ad lofty | Sist of three different sorts of animalcules; one of which trees grow on the margin of the rivers, and everamong || had no less than forty-eight legs, attached to a slender
body; a black spot on the head, which was evidently its || The voyage itself was not distinguished by any upcomonly eye; and the back exactly resembled that of an eel | mon event, except the being fired at by a Portuguese when deprived of its outer coating. The second insect,
ship of war through mistake, and the being attacked Polypheme, had also a solitary eye, and numerous feet; a nose resembling that of a dog, and a body made up of seve by some Malay pirates in the Straits of Banka. From ral rings, The third was very different, having a speckled | the first they escaped by superior sailing, and from the body, a head resembling a foal's, with a tuft of hair on both
latter by “fcrce of arms.". The description of Sumasides. Each of these extraordinary insects was beautifully
tra we must pass over, and come to the first interview luminous, and altogether resembled a blueish star.
with the Cochin-Chinese. Notwithstanding the “tea We shall henceforward feel a tenfold pleasure in
aod sweetmeats" with which they were treated by the swallowing a fine tat Colchester, since we know so
natives at Canjeo, and in spite of the favourable demuch about him. The letters on pearls, snails, and
scriptions of former voyagers, Lieutenant White was corals, are likewise very readable, and indeed the book
" convinced that the Cochin-Chinese were in many altogether deserves high commendation,
respects but little removed from a state of deplorable
barbarism." Certainly the “first blush" was by no L'Ermite du Gange, ou L'Apostat, Conte moral Indien. means in their favour :
Par Marin DE LA Voye. London and Paris : Bossunge “In peron the Cochin Chinese are perhaps somewhat and Co. 1824.
smaller than their neighbours the Malays, and of the sanie
colour, thoigh generally not so well formed: their conThis is a little tale of more than common interest,
stant habit of chewing areka imparts to their mouths a most whilst it contains as much information as many disgusting appearance; and what is very remarkable, they
never wash their faces and hands, or bodies; for in all other octavos, written for purposes of instruction merely.
parts of the East, frequent ablutions have been thought so It is the story of a youth of good family, brought up
indispensable to health and purity, that it is enjoined by as a Carmelite Friar, and sent out from France to
their pries's as a religious rite, and most scrupulously adCochin China as a Missionary. He travels through hered to, both from duty and inclination. Persia into India. This personal history is extremely “ The mbit of the higher classes, in permitting their
nails to grav to an enormous length, cannot be supposed to entertaining. It abounds with curious adventures, and
conduce to cleanliness or comfort, and it is remarkable relates to his wanderings as a mendicant, his exploits
with what inwearied pains they cultivate them, as a person as an officer, his loves and sufferings, his apostacy, and bearing ths badge is supposed not to be obliged to perform his solitary life in a hermitage at the foot of the any manual labour; and the longer the nails, the more re
spectabilit do they conter on the wearer. Their garments Cataract of Gangoutra, the souice of the Ganges. The
are seldon taken off by night or by day, after having been author has mixed up with the narrative, much pleasant
first assuned, excepting in cases of ceremony, when they description of Asiatic customs, and his book may be are temporarily superseded by other dresses, till rotten by
time and tlth, when they are permitted to fall off of themread with great advantage, even by those who would
selves. These dirty habits engender vast swarms of verdislike to be considered as still in the age of boyhood.
min, and 'erder their bodies highly offensive to more than The style is neat and correct, and altogether it is a very one sense; and the epithet frowzy, which has been applied creditable production.
to the Cinese, is exemplified in these people in the most emphatic sense. .
" On or approach to the shore, our olfactory nerves A Voyage to Cochin China, By John White, Lieutenant Il were salıted with the rankest compound of villainous in the United States Navy. London: Longman and Co. smells that ever oflended nostril;' and the natives of the
place, consisting principally of men, women, children, swine, 1824.
and many dogs, equally tilthy and miserable in appearance. Half the officers of the American Navy were origi- || lined the nuddy banks of this Stygian stream to welcome nally in the Merchant Service, and now that peace has
our landig. With this escort we proceeded immediately
to the hase of the chief, through several defiles, strewed left them little employment, many have returned to
with rotan fish, old bones, and various other nauseous obtheir old vocation. Such we suspect to be the case
jects, among the fortuitous assemblave of huts, fish-pots, with the author of this volume, which records a com old boats pig-styes, &c. which surrounded us in every dimercial expedition under his command to the coasts
rection and, in order that no circumstance of ceremony
should be omitted, to honour their new guests, a most harof China. From such a person, travelling under such
moniouconcert was immediately struck up by the swarm circumstances, we have no right to expect a very com of littleilthy children, in a state of perfect nudity, (which plete and regular book. There are few Basil Halls in | formed art of our procession,) in which they were joined the Navy of England or America. Still Mr. White by theiparents, and the swine and dogs before mentioned.” has written a very pleasant book-full of information, | Theild mandarin from whom permission was sought and agreeably diversified with personal anecdote. He || to ascad the Don-nai river, as far as the city of apologizes for any deficiencies which habits, the reverse || Saigoo appears to have been a pleasant personage of literary, may have occasioned, and as these deficien | enoug! He hugs the Lieutenant “ with the most un. cies are very few, none will quarrel with him.
yieldir pertinacity' round the neck, and like the Lieutenant White left Salem, in January, 1819, and monký in Gulliver, “ thrust his dirty betel-nut touching at Bahia, Tristan d'Acunha and Batavia, || into my mouth from his own, leaping on me like a arrived at the Bay of Vung-tau, on the 6th of June. dog." The Lieutenant however, like a gallant sailor,
got“ to the windward " and remained there. The || but irascible, and when excited are very sanguinary; their mandarin after drinking copiously of brandy pocketed || natural bias to this revengeful and cruel character is the bottle and glass.
strengthened and rendered more intense by the mistaken The same spirit of appropriation
doctrines of the Roman Catholic religion, as dictated to marked all his actions, and he appears to have possessed them by the designing and interested priests who reside the organ of furtiveness in an eminent degree. The voy among them. The culprit always finds a sanctuary in the agers here remained several days in expectation of per-|
nearest church, till by the payment of some pecuniary
mulct, he satisfies the demands of the priests, obtaine absomission to proceed up the river to Saigon. They were||
lution, appeases the resentment of the relations of the deexposed to the constant depredations and insolence || ceased, and eludes the arm of justice; he grows hardened of the chiefs, and after much disappointment set sail || by impunity, repeats his offences, and again escapes as again round the coast, and thence to the Manillas, iu | order to procure an interpreter through whose means There is a notice of the Philippine company which they hoped to obtain the desired permission. From | contains much that would be useful to commercial the detailed account of the Manillas we cannot afford men, but not very entertaining to the general reader: much extract :
Lieutenant White's description of the manners, cus“A very considerable proportion of the population of toms, amusements, productions and natural history of Manilla is composed of the Mistezas: they are the offspring || these islands is well drawn up, for one who is not a of the intermarriages of the Spaniards with the native wo
professional author. Occasionally he indulges in fine men, and these again forming connections with the whites, or with the native Indians, (the latter, however, less fre
writing, and always fails. The locusts are a great quent) combine in stamping upon their descendants a great scourge here, though their ravages have of late years variety of features and shades of colour; a general resem been checked by the exertions of Government, which blance is, however, to be traced; and waiving colour and
pays a bounty for their destruction. Their voracity is manners, a Misteza could not easily be mistaken for an Indian. This class of the inhabitants is held in nearly the
incredible, and the young sugar canes are to them a same estimation as the whites. They are very cleanly in great luxury :their persons, and neat in their dress, which, among the males, consists generally of a pair of cotton trowsers of va
" An instance of the summary devastation occasioned rious colours, as fancy dictates, and shoes in the European || by these invaders, occurred while I was in Manilla, in manner, a frock or tunic of striped grass manufacture, worn 1819. A Frenchman, who, from various misfortunes in outside the trowsers, in the manner of the Asiatic Arme. Il trade, had lost a large property. retired with the wreck of nians, (but without the sash or girdle) the collars of which his fortune to this island, where he farmed an extensive are tastefully embroidered, and thrown back on their sugar plantation, and put it under immediate cultivation. shoulders; an European hat completes their costume, The season was fine; the young plants had come forward, which is light, cool, and airy; and after a stranger has assumed every appearance of health and vigour, and clothed been a short time accustomed to see what he at first would his grounds with the most lively verdure. These auspicall a perversion of dress, his prejudices subside, and he cious appearances excited in the bosom of the owner the has no hesitation in pronouncing it very proper and grace most pleasing emotions, and gave birth to happy presages, ful. They are remarkably fine-limbed and well-built-the the hope of being enabled to retrieve his fallen fortunes. females especially, who are really models of the most com In this felicitous frame of mind, he was seated at the door plete symmetry; their hair and eyes, which, unlike their of his cottage, with his family around him, enjoying the skins, seldom vary from the original jet black of their na beauties of a fine tropical evening, which was spent in mutive parents, bestow upon them the primary characteristics tual congratulations on the prospects of future independof the brunette. This people, unlike the generality of ence, to which their anticipations gave rise. On the folmixed colours in the human race, have been improved by lowing morning, the astonishment and agony of the unfortheir intermixture: they are more industrious and cleanly tunate planter may be conceived, on finding that not a than the Spaniards, possess more intelligence and polish vestige of vegetation was to be discovered upon his extensive an the Indians, and are less n
grounds: nothing was presented to his view, but a bare and than either. The men are employed mostly as writers, melancholy expanse of brown earth. The locusts had brokers, agents, and overseers; many of them hold lucra poured down in legions upon his defenceless lands, and tive offices under government, and they not unfrequently robbed them of their valuable burden. arrive at wealth and consideration. The women are also “ The year 1819 was peculiarly marked by the visits of industrious, and capable of great intellectual improvement: | these destructive insects. Their appearance is similar to they have a natural grace and ease in their manner, and that of a fall of thick snow in a calm, with the exception, make excellent wives and mothers. This character must however, of difference of colour, which in them is brown, not, however, be taken in an unlimited sense, for we can and direction of motion, which is horizontal. They move not expect this rule to be without its exceptions; and it is in a regular phalanx, with a slow, unvarying, silent protrue that some of these females do degenerate, and copy gress, watching an opportunity to pounce upon the first unafter the manners of the Creoles, or white natives ; but this protected spot which occurs. I have passed for hours unis only the case when by their intercourse with the whites, der swarms of these pests, while riding in the country, and their Indian blood is merged and lost in the European. have not unfrequently, for half an hour at a time, been shelThat part of the population in which is blended the blood tered from the rays of a tropical sun by bodies of them in of the Chinese and Tagalis, is named the Chinese Mis " thick array," the air assuming the appearance of twilight, tezas.
or rather that awful, silent, and impressive gloom, which " The natives are not unapt in acquiring knowledge, is occasioned by a total eclipse of the sun. Fortunately neither do they want industry, when efforts are made and this is not the case every year, and many years have someinducements displayed to call their powers into action. times elapsed without an invasion from the locusts. A They are excellent mechanics and artisans, and as horti- || naturalist would probably enter into an elaborate detail of culturists, their superiority over many of the Asiatics is || their specific character, habits, &c. I can only say, that acknowledged. They are polite and aitable to strangers, || they appear to resemble externally our large flying grass
hopper; they possess, however, the advantage of poising Il genuflexions, Kostos, &c. which form so large a portion their bodies for a great length of time upon the wing, which
of Chinese etiquette. Indeed, the necessity of the case the grasshopper cannot do. It has never been satisfactorily ascertained from whence these insects visit the plantations,
destroyed all the merit of the concession, for the sturdy or where the reproduction of the species is effected; whe spirit of the Republican sailors refused to yield an atom ther in the neighbouring continents or islands, or whether | in the way of obeisance. They landed and marched in the mountains and uninhabited parts of Luconia, or
procession-wise through the city, by “streets strewed whether they emerge at once from the chrysalis state near || the places where they first make their appearance. Thell with every species of filth; beset by thousands of latter hypothesis is best supported by the circumstance of yelping mangy curs," and stunned by the vociferatheir simultaneous appearance in places far distant from | tions of the wondering natives, whom they were each other in the island, and their transition never being obliged to repel with their canes, until they arrived at observed remote from the scene of their depredations. || Difficulties, however, occur in this supposition, for if the ||
: | the Palace. The Viceroy received them in state, and larva of these insects is deposited in or near the theatre of gave them permission, after receiving many valuable their ravages, why do sometimes three or four years elapse
presents, to carry on their trading speculations with the without a visit from them? Again, why are not they seen
nation, at the time of emersion from the aurelia ? And further, if they do not migrate, what becomes of these countless my
| Saigon is a large city, containing about 180,000 inriads, when no longer seen? Upon the whole, I conclude, || habitants. It is principally built of wood, the houses with 'deference, that they do migrate, and travel in the || thatched with palm leaves or rice straw, and one story night as well as in the day, of which the beforementioned
in height. The streets are regular, and some of them case of the Frenchman is, I presume, a clear proof.”
spacious, but all very dirty. There is a christian church At the Manilla, Lieutenant White met with another | here, and of the seventy thousand roman catholics in American vessel, whose commander had the same ob. || Cochin China, a considerable number reside at Saigon. ject in view, to trade with Cochin-China. They re- || The naval yard and arsenal are more than respectable, turned in company to Canjeo, and after a deal of and the navy itself by no means insignificant. trouble and dispute, they succeeded in their wishes, and | The account of the barter carried on by the natives, proceeded up the Don-nai. This is a considerable || is not generally interesting. The Saijonites appear to river-crowded with vessels of the country—and run- have been abundantly dishonest. The country is ferning through a charming country. In their course tile in almost every species of natural production, and they experienced a curious natural phenomenon : the climate singularly fine. Lieutenant White's descrip“Our ears were saluted by a variety of sounds, resem
tions are quite enthusiastic. bling the deep bass of an organ, accompanied by the hollow The commerce is not great, compared with the guttural chant of the bull-frog, the heavy chime of a bell, means of the country. The sugar is produced in and the tones which imagination would give to an enormous
less quantities than formerly, owing to the vexatious Jew's harp. This combination produced a thrilling sensation on the nerves, and as we fancied, a tremulous motion
potion and despotic measures of the government. The king in the vessel. The excitement of great curiosity was visi is an ambitious, cruel, and warlike tyrant.ble on every white face on board, and many were the sage apeculations of the sailors on this occasion. Anxious to " The royal city of Hue, which he makes his constant discover the cause of this gratuitous concert, I went into residence, has been the object of his greatest solicitude for the cabin, where I found the noise, which I soon ascertained || more than twenty years; during which period he has laproceeded from the bottom of the vessel, increased to a full || vished immense sums, and sacrificed the lives of thousands and uninterrupted chorus. The perceptions which occurred || of his subjects, by keeping them at labour, without interto me on this occasion were similar to those produced by || mission, upon its ramparts. It is certainly a stupendous the torpedo, or electric eel, which I had before felt. But ll obiect, and would be esteemed so, even in Eur whether these feelings were caused by the concussion of | situated upon a barred river, accessible to large vessels at sound, or actual vibrations in the body of the vessel, I high water only. It is surrounded by a ditch nine miles in could neither then nor since determine. In a few moments circumference, and about one hundred feet broad; its walls the sounds, which had commenced near the stern of the are of brick, laid in a cement, of which sugar is a principal vessel, became general throughout the whole length of the || ingredient, and are sixty feet high; the pillars of the gates, bottom.
which are of stone, are seventy feet high: over the arches. “Our linguist informed us, that our admiration was || which are of the same materials, are towers from ninety to caused by a shoal of fish of a flat oval form like a flounder, one hundred feet high, to which access is had by a handwhich, by a certain conformation of the mouth, possesses some flight of stairs, on each side of the gateway, inside the the power of adhesion to other objects in a wonderful degree, walls. The fortress is of a quadrilateral form, and built on and that they were peculiar to the Seven Mouths. But the plan of Strasburg in Germany. It has twenty-four whether the noises we heard were produced by any parti bastions, each mounting thirty-six guns, and the distance cular construction of the sonorific organs, or by spasmodic between each bastion is twelve hundred Cochin Chinese vibrations of the body, he was ignorant. Very shortly after | perches, of fifteen feet each; the smallest guns are eigliteen leaving the basin, and entering upon the branch through Il pounders, and the largest are sixty-eight pounders, cast in which our course lay, a sensible diminution was perceived the king's own foundery. The whole number of guns to be in the number of our musical fellow-voyagers, and before we mounted, when the works are completed, is twelve hunhad proceeded a mile, they were no more heard.”
dred. The casemates within the fort are bomb-proof The distance from Canjeo to Saigon, was about 60)
“ One hundred thousand men are constantly employed
upon the works, and it will require, when finished, forty miles. They were graciously received by the governor,
thousand troops to garrison it. It is now nearly comwho dispensed in their behalf with the customary pleted.
“ The king has also a fleet of gallies at Hue, and was of these, we have a short account in the Biography of the building, in 1819. two hundred more. some of which were | Honourable Mr. Horace Walpole, but there are others pierced for fourteen guns. Of this number, about fifty are which have eluded his research, or rather that of Mr. schooner-rigged, and constructed partly in the European George Vertue, from whose papers Mr. Walpole handstyle: their sterns are completely European, while their somely acknowledges he compiled his history. But there bows are a mixture of that and the Onamese model. These are amongst these presentation pictures, enough evidence people have great quickness of perception, and a disposi of art, to lead us to wish to know something of the artists tion to acquire a knowledge of the arts and sciences, and, who painted them, although perhaps, the enquiry would with the exception of their coasting craft, which are decid now be fruitless. edly primitive, they have, under the instruction of the | At the upper end of the hall, are large whole length French, made considerable advances in naval architecture, portraits, in their state robes, of King Charles the Second, according to European ideas; nor have they been inatten and Queen Catherine, painted by Housman. tive to fortification, the art of war in general, and the ma A curious long picture of the Great Fire of 1666, painted nufactures connected with it. These facts prove, beyond a | by old Griffier, from which I think there is an engraving doubt, that there is no physical defect in them; and the | in Pennant's account of London. annals of the country, with the testimony of travellers, A large sea piece by Monamy, who served his appren. show, in respect to moral characteristics, that while they ticeship to a house painter residing on London Bridge, were under a mild and equitable government, they were a although his best pieces are said to be little inferior to kind, hospitable, polite, vivacious, honest, and industrious Vandevelde. people.
Endymion and Luna, painted by Palmateer. "Cochin China is perhaps, of all the powers in Asia, the Orpheus flaying Pan, painted by Bruhl. best adapted to maritime adventure, from her local situa An upright composition of architecture, painted by tion in respect to other powers, from her facilities towards Trevit. the production of a powerful navy to protect her commerce, A companion, presented by Mr. Thomson, the City from the excellency of her harbours, and from the aquatic Painter, about one hundred and twenty years ago. Query nature of her population on the sea-board, the Onamese | if such an appointment is now held, and whether it was rivalling even the Chinese as sailors."
similar to the office of Serjeant Painter to the crown, still
existing, and once possessed by Hogarth? The sketch of the society, usages, ceremonies, super
A landscape composition, painted by Aggas. stitions, and general character of the Cochin Chinese, | Heraclitus and Democritus, painted by Penn, is very amusing. But our space will not allow us to Studies of Fish and Fowl, by Robinson, make any further extracts. Lieutenant White succeeded
Studies of Birds, by Barlow, who designed an engraved
the celebrated folio edition of Æsop's Fables. in the midst of great difficulties, in procuring a cargo of
Composition of Fruit and Flowers, by Everbrook. sugars, and returned to Salem after an absence of one A picture of architectural ruins, by Griffier. year and eight months.
A Magdalen's head, a cabinet picture in oil, framed and Although Lieutenant White's hook does not indicate Ich Lieutenant White's book does not indicate ll glazed with plate glass. To this piece there is attached a
| little history, which I will endeavour to obtain. Mr.Catton any extraordinary talents for observation, yet it is very
told me the company had been offered four hundred pounds modestly got up, and cannot be read without great en for it. It is a curious piece, with a profusion of hair. tertainment, and considerable instruction.
There are several portraits belonging to the company, and some other pictures, the account of which I will send to you after my next visit. One portrait I must not neglect to mention, it is of William Camden, sometime styled the
British Pausanias, in the costume of Clarencieux King at TO THE
Arms, who was a member of this company.
Mr. Camden gave the Painter Stainers' Company a silver EDITOR OF THE SCMERSET HOUSE GAZETTE.
cup and cover, which they use annually on St. Luke's day at their election; the master drinking to his successor then
elected, out of it. On this cup is inscribed: Gul. CamdeAs you are so indefatigable in your researches in bring
nos Clarenceux filius Sampsoris pictoris Londinensis dono ing to light curiosities in art, I as one of the subscribers to
dedit. your gazette have to thank you, this part of your labour
I will not vouch for the correctness of my catalogue, as I in particular having afforded me amusement and delight.
took no notes, and have assisted my memory by a manuWith this on my mind, I offer you the following contribution,
script, copied from some authority more than a century old, and with it my best services.
in which however is no mention of the Magdalen. In one of your works you have spoken of Painter The pictures are very yellow, from the changing of the Stainers' Hall, in Little Trinity Lane ; your description of
varnish. There is a painted ceiling, and much within the that place excited my curiosity to see it. Your account of
building to repay the curious in these enquiries for a visit Mr. Charles Catton's having presented Sir Joshua Rey-|
to Painters' Hall. nolds with the freedom of that company, on their anniver
X. Y. sary, St. Luke, in 1784, and slightly knowing that great
Windsor. man, as well as Mr. Catton, and also Mr. William Sharpe, who painted the sheet of vellum, which contained the freedom, I lately whilst on a visit to London, went to Trinity Lane, and by favour of Mr. Tomlins, who received
ARTISTICAL SCRAPS. me with great politeness, obtained a sight of the collection in that interesting little hall.
Could I describe what I felt, on looking round upon the To the Editor of the Somerset House Gazette. walls of this venerable hall, covered with the works of so many ingenious artists of our early school, I could furnish ||
SIR, you with an article which I think would' entirely corre-l You have dealt in signs so much of late, that I am wanspond with the kind spirit of your publication. Of some | dering about old London in my sleep, and disturbed by