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And Literary Museum:
OR, WEEKLY MISCELLANY OF FINE ARTS, ANTIQUITIES, AND LITERARY CHIT CHAT, No. XXIX.] By Ephraim Hardcastle.
[SIXPENCE. e stamped Edition for Country Circulation, postage free, Price Tenpence.
castle gate, is presenting a letter to her on the point of
his lance. A thousand salutations and tender adieus (Concluded.)
are being wafted from the knights to the ladies, and from them to the knights, who armed and on their
proud chargers, are departing for the field. This being the last day of the present exhibition at || P
Archery, the companion to the above, painted by the this institution, we presume the rooms will be crowded
same artist, is another of these elegant little graphic with amateurs and professors to take a farewell glance
illustrations of the period when the title of knighthood at the collection. We shall feel some disappointment
was thought to adorn the saint. Froissart speaks of if in our next paper, we have not the gratification of ad
“ Chevalier St. John,” These four pictures, like little ding considerably to the list of fortunate candidates
elegant poems, appear to have pleased the more from for public favour; for on a recent visit, we could not
being small. They have attracted all, and seem to but regret to see so many pictures yet undisposed of,
have delighted as generally. Among the strange conwhich we feel assured have sufficient merit to recom
tradictions of the present time, we cannot but smile at mend them to the patrons of art.
the prevailing interest with which the exploits of these The opening of the new society's rooms at Charing
chivalrous days are read, or with which these pictorial cross however, cannot be considered as propitious to
representations are beheld; when, as the great Burke so this object; for the novelty of that exhibition will na
justly observed, the age of chivalry is past,when the turally divert the public attention from this, and its
British youth take the field, and do deeds of arms with commencing its career on the last week of the British
no more respect for beauty than their horses, nor reveInstitution, is an unfavourable circumstance. We wish
rence for chastity than their grooms. it could have been so ordered that the closing of the one had preceded the commencement of the other. In referring to the yellow tickets upon the frames, we A GENERAL VIEW OF THE INTHRONATION OF HIS MAJESTY
KING GEORGE THE FOURTH. PAINTED BY FREDERICK observed as usual that the public taste seems to favour those who paint small pieces; for the great preponde
We know not where we could instance so elaborate rance of the pictures which have been disposed of are
a work, combining so much real talent so injudiciously subjects of small dimensions. Amongst these we may
bestowed, as in this fac-simile of a scene, which in its notice
own nature was replete with interest. As an historical THE SALLY FROM THE CASTLE OF PEROUSE. PAINTED BY
record of a great national event, it will doubtless here. P. P. STEPHANOFF.
after be appreciated; but as a representation of so reThis is an elegant little composition, designed in the
cent a ceremony, it seems to have excited no present romantic spirit of the story.--Quentin Durward.
interest. As an architectural view of the sacred spot it is correct; as a document of local description it is
faithful, and as a work of art it has sufficient claim BY F. P. STEPHANOFF.
| upon our judgment to admit it to be very clever. Yet In each of these there is a gorgeous display of the with all these qualities, it has made no impression upon attributes of chivalry, armoured knights, helmets and the public. plumes, ladies and lances, banners and prancing steeds. We have long been admirers of the superior talent of They are full of splendid bustle, and may be numbered Mr. Nash, and owe it to his well-earned reputation to among the most attractive cabinet subjects in the gal- ll say, that he has produced some of the finest architeclery.
tural drawings that have been made, even in this proud
epoch of taste for such studies. We cannot then with TAKING LEAVE. · PAINTED BY R. T. BONE.
this knowledge of his abilities, but regret the fruitless This is a composition descriptive of the same roman-ll application of his original pencil to the delineation of tic times, when martial enterprise was inspired by the such a scene, wherein there is of necessity such a samegentle sex, and the ferocious character of war was | ness of circumstantial details requisite, without the least softened by the courtesies of chivalry. The incidents scope for deviation, or opportunity for grouping or disin this picture are truly gallant. A mounted knight playing one of the great features of art. We had descrying his beautiful mistress, who shines conspicuous hoped that this was a commission picture, but having amidst a constellation of damsels on a platform at a seen it even to the last without the looked for yellow
BOWENA CROWNING THE DISINHERITED KNIGHTPAINTED
ticket, we doubly lament this misapplication of his in- works of a young artist, whose labours already shew genious talent.
the good school in which he has studied, and evince a
promise of excellence in those particular qualities to OLD HOUSES AT EXETER. PAINTED BY G. JONES, R. A. l which the rising school, with but few exceptions, are
This admirable little topographical scrap, and the || too regardless, we mean precision in execution and Tower of the Chateau d'Amboise, near Tours, another || careful finishing. . of the same size, are all that Mr. Jones has contributed | Mr. Woodward is a pupil of Mr. Cooper, and the to this year's exhibition ; although his productions are || indefatigable zeal with which he has followed the preso generally esteemed, that we believe none after hav- || cepts and example of his master, have enabled him ing passed the public ordeal in the British Institution || within the practice of less than four years to produce have returned to his own walls. We are happy, how- || these specimens of his talent. ever, to know that his pencil has been employed on | The rat-catcher is obviously a portrait carefully more important works, and that two splendid pictures, I studied from its living prototype---so are the dogs. records of the glories of Waterloo and Vittoria are now Seated at the door of an outhouse, where he has been on the magnificent walls of the Throne Room in St. ll “ plying his useful calling," he is about to throw a James's Palace, recently appropriated to that royal || bone, which he has most carefully picked, to the comapartment, preparatory to the opening of the drawing | panions of his labours. The eagerness with which his room on the 29th of the present month.
two hungry terriers watch the worthless object of the
scramble, is described to the very life. The clearness VIEW OF PARIS FROM MONT MARTRE. PAINTED BY | and finishing of this simple and unaffected piece of G. ARNOLD, A. R. A.
imitation from so common-place a subject, is worthy The shape of a picture, and the size of a picture, if of one of the old Dutch masters. the one be too long or too sguare in its proportions, and the other too large in its dimensions, according to IL THE WAR HORSE AND THE ASS. BY THE SAME. a sort of accepted scheme of judging of these matters, In this well known theme, we have the same truth of will preclude an excellent work from being adopted by Il portraiture. The horse is well drawn, and finished the patrons of art. So it is, and it is of no avail to dis- || with a pencilling scarcely inferior to that of Wouverpute the point. We therefore advise, however we re- || mann's, the ass is equally true to nature. The colouring spect certain independent notions on the part of pain- ll of these pictures is cold, but experience will correct ters, and poets too, who paint and who write with all this deficiency, as practice will embolden him who
desire to live before they die, to consider that || commences thus scrupulously to represent what he sees, it is prudent to consult the public taste before they | to augment his scale of tone, as did Ostade and many plan their works.
other distinguished colourists, whose early works gave We do not affect the prescience of a Lilly, nor are we || no demonstration of that glowing general hue which they to be associated with the “ wiseacre almanac-makers || subsequently attained, by learning to look deeper into of the year before," when we aver that we anticipated || the properties of this fascinating attribute of painting. that the shape and the size of this picture would be likely to prevent its sale; and we fear that we were right in our forebodings. This distant view of Paris HORSES IN A THUNDER STORM. BY THE SAME. from the commanding site in its environs, rendered so | This spirited composition describes three horses in a interesting to Englishmen by the approach of a British || ineadow, alarmed at the loud thunder. The terror of army on the day of victory, we should have thought || the animals is variously expressed, but in each with would have recommended it to some patriotic col- || equal observance to truth. It is a picture of great exlector, notwithstanding those presumed objections, par- | pression, and highly creditable to the improving hand ticularly as superadded to the correctness of the scene, it of this very promising disciple of an unsophisticated is a fine piece of topographical painting. The fore- \l school of art. ground is designed with pictorial feeling, and is masterly in execution, The effect is broad, and the divi.
ENTRANCE OF THE GREAT CAVERN OF THE PEAK OF DERBYsions of the scene recede in ærial perspective, without
SHIRE, WITH THE CASTLE OF THE PEVERIL OF THE PEAK. the aid of those artificial vapours and meretricious
PAINTED BY T. C. HOFFLAND. gleams which are so commonly studied to seduce the The contributions of this favourite landscape painter, unlearned eye to applaud what may surprise, but what to the present collection, are, two sketches from nature, should never please.
and two boldly finished pictures, three of which are
small, the other barely three feet in height, and the PAINTED BY THOMAS subject in question, which is romantic and picturesque, WOODWARD.
and painted with a masterly execution. There is a 1JERE are three pictures in this gallery which we sequestered effect, judiciously increased by the introhold it a duty to notice favourably, as they are the || duction of a crane on the little stream which waters the cave. Such incidents when thus well appropriated, || ism to follow their example, cannot contemplate their cannot fail to improve the sentiment of a picture. munificent spirit but with respect.
If there be yet too large a proportion of these pic
tures that really possess merit unsold, the circumstance, BOLTON PRIORY BY MOONLIGHT. BY THE SAME.
however it may be deplored, is not attributable in the It has long been a favourite dogma with certain dil least degree to the want of attention in the general letanti, that moonlight pieces are not properly within
arrangement for displaying the collection ; for with the province of pictorial imitation; and then they very few exceptions, we think none but the fastidious quote some poetic moonlight scrap from some moon. can complain of neglect, nor can any in justice mur. struck classic bard. Yet Vanderneer painted moon mur at favouritism or undue preference in the places lights, and Rembrandt, and Reubens, and precious and appointed to each picture.* We cannot lay down luminous, and poetic too were their scenes, lighted by our pen without adding upon the authority of a very atthe mild beam of the moon. Hofland among the liv- tentive observance of some years, that the zeal of Mr. ing artists seems to court the influence of her inspira- || Young is and has been constantly unremitting in his tion most sedulously, and she has not hidden her face | endeavours to befriend the artists and the arts, and that from his devotions. The scene of an ancient city by || to the kind exertions of his official influence, many a moonlight from his pencil, was a picture of imagina rising artist is indebted for his most valuable patron, tion which possessed too obvious a sentiment not to be generally felt and understood. It was grand in com.
We must except Miss Gouldsmith, whose superior position, and solemn in effect. His “ Bolton Abbey," || merits we do think appear not to have been duly apas viewed under her tranquil influence, is a natural, Il preciated, pleasing subject. The introduction of the light of a smithy, casting its red tint upon the tracery of the
EXHIBITION OF THE SOCIETY OF BRITISH gothic windows is one of those picturesque traits, that is sure to make an agreeable appeal to the imagina
ARTISTS, tion, unless too obviously introduced for the purpose
SUPFOLK STREET, PALL MALL. of forcing a contrast, such as we behold in transparencies, and which has been repeated until the custom
WHETHER it be a subject for gratulation, or whether were almost become more honoured in the breach
it should be deplored that the profession of the fine arts than by the observance.
is thus annually adding so many members to its lists,
we pretend not to determine. To diffuse knowledge A VENETIAN PAGE WITH A PARROT. PAINTED BY generally, appears to be the prevailing rage with our F. Y. HURLSTONE.
moralists, our politicians, and our speculatists; with We had nearly neglected to notice this picture by a churchman and sectary, christian and deist; with deep, promising young artist, which had we passed again, thinkers and free-thinkers; in short, with all who apwould have caused us some regret. We are happy || pear to think at all. Never was an opinion upon any however to observe, that its merits have not been over- | moral question of equal importance so universally looked by a nobleman, who being constantly sur. | agreed upon as this, that to diffuse knowledge is a pubrounded by the finest works of the old schools, makes | lic good. the compliment the greater to a student in our own If it be so, and we are not disposed to question the school. The Earl of Grosvenor, in testimony of his || truth of an axiom so generally accepted, then it would approbation of the depth and richness of this picture of || appear that the culture of the highest branches of huMr. Hurlstone's, has munificently purchased the “ Ve man knowledge should in some degree at least keep netian Page," to place in his splendid gallery of the pace with this general system of mental improvement; old masters. We trust that this flattering distinction or that class which can afford to pay for a superior will excite the energies of Mr. Hurlstone, and that the education, and which will need high mental refinement next spring exhibition at the British Gallery will dis to maintain a superiority according to its sphere, will play in some work of his ingenious hand an improve. not find enough of men of science to diffuse to it a ment, that will shew that genius will certainly fructify knowledge of those studies which alone might form a under the genial sun of patronage.
cultivated taste. How far these speculations may be We must now take our leave of this exhibition, after || tenable or not, of this we are certain, that every year having devoted many pages of our paper to the pro produces a great accession of numbers to the roll of motion of its interests. We should have felt a proud professors in every department of the fine arts; what gratification in recording more names on the list of proportion of these shall add to the genuine stock of patrons to this truly national institution. Of those talent, must be proved hereafter. For the present, not noblemen and gentlemen however who have counte only on the walls of this new institution but elsewhere danced these meritorious efforts of our rising school, we see enough to justify the old observation, “ that we may say, that even those who have not the patriot-|| many an aspiring wight mistakes the love of a parti
cular art for a genius for that art, an error upon which || usual, for one of the frigates was dismasted, and the numberless egotists have been shipwrecked, ruined, and l other suffered considerably. lost.”
We must pass over the account of the voyage, which On Monday last, the new Exhibition in Suffolk-street | occupies nearly half the first volume, and come at once was opened to the public. We hear that the apartments to the pith of the expedition. The description of Rio were crowded, and that up to this period the visitors Janeiro, where they disembarked, is very detailed, and have daily been very numerous; but what is still more || not without interest. Avoiding the minuter parts, we gratifying to the members of the Society, and beneficial | will give a few general extracts: to the profession at large, we learn that the sale of the pictures exhibiting has already been considerable. The la;
" If any person, considering that this is a new continent,
El discovered only three centuries ago, should fancy that catalogue records seven hundred and fifty new works!! | nature is here still entirely rude, mighty, and unconquered, We fear that the candidates for public favour increase he would believe, at least here in the capital of Brazil, that in too rapid a ratio for the growth of patronage. It was he was in some other part of the globe; so much has the
U influence of the civilization of ancient and enlightened our intention to have inserted in this Number copious |
Europe effaced the character of an American wilderness in notices of the leading features of the Exhibition, but
this point of the colony, and given it the stamp of higher we must postpone them until our next.
cultivation. The language, manners, architecture, and the influx of the productions of the industry of all parts of the globe, give a European exterior to Rio de Janeiro.
But the traveller is soon reminded that he is in a strange REVIEWS.
quarter of the world, by the varied crowd of negroes and mulattoes, who, as the labouring class, everywhere meet
him, when he sets his foot on shore. To us this sight was Travels in Brazil in the Years 1817-1820, undertaken by less agreeable than it was striking. The degraded, brutish command of His Majesty the King of Bavaria. By nature of these half-naked, unfortunate men, oflends the DR. J. B. Von Spix, and Dr. C. F. P. VON MARTIUS,
feelings of the European, who has but just quitted the seat Knights, &c. &c. 2 cols, 800. London : Longman
of polite manners and agreeable forms." and Co. 1824.
6 It will be readily imagined that with the extensive THERE is at least one point in which the present go- | trade carried on here, the traveller every where meets the vernments of Europe stand cleared from the imputa bustle of active industry. The harbour, the exchange, the tions which have been so prodigally heaped upon them || market-places, and the streets nearest the sea, where the by those who would overthrow all government. We
+ wall principal magazines of European merchandise are situated,
are constantly filled with a throng of merchants, sailors, mean in the encouragement and protection which they |
and negroes. The various languages of the mingled crowd, have so liberally and constantly afforded to the interests of all colours and costumes, crossing each other in every of science. There is scarcely a petty principality on direction, among whom the negroes carry their burden on the continent which has not sent out its little detach
poles; the creaking of a clumsy two-wheeled cart, drawn
by oxen, in which goods are conveyed through the city; ment of perseverance and learning to make some de- || the frequent salutes of the guns of the forts, and of vessels sirable excursion into the haunts of ignorance, or to arriving from all parts of the world; lastly, the crackling of make some discovery in regions hitherto unexplored, or
the rockets with which the inhabitants celebrate religious to satisfy some doubt, or explain some obscurity, in
festivals, almost daily, from an early hour in the morning,
all combine to compose a confused unheard-of discord, which general knowledge or some particular science is
which is perfectly stunning to the stranger." concerned. To such a spirit of patronage are we in debted for the valuable labours before us.
The arrival of the King and residence of the court at These travels emanated directly from the King of Ba. || Rio Janeiro, have had the most beneficial effects. An varia. When an archduchess of Austria was espoused to immense increase has taken place in the population, to the Crown Prince of Portugal, the Austrian court having which the numerous emigrations from Europe, and parresolved to send some scientific men to Brazil in the ticularly from Portugal, have mainly contributed. Cisuite of the august bride, the Bavarian monarch made | vilization and luxury, and consequently activity and arrangements for the authors of these volumes to accom- ll industry, have made the most rapid strides on account pany the Austrian expedition with similar views of con- l of the vast accession of new inhabitants. The mo. tributing to the advancement of knowledge. They were || narch himself appears to have greatly aided the adinstructed to direct their chief attention towards enrich- | vances of his people by the encouragement he has ing the two departments of zoology and botany, and at || afforded to intelligent and industrious foreigners. Most the same time to keep in view the other branches of sci- l of our European manufactures are established there with ence. Under these heads, the learned doctors tell us | success. The interests of education and literature have that they managed to comprehend almost every possible | been equally well attended to, and the arts are in a much branch of human science. They were very liberally | more respectable condition than might be fairly exfurnished by the government with all that could minis- pected. ter to their wants, and on the 10th of April, 1817, they It is well known that the harbour of Rio is exceedingly sailed from Trieste. Of course they had a storm, as all || beautiful, and the environs of the city bear a similar young travellers have. But theirs was more violent than character. The description of the adjacent country by our travellers is rich and poetical.' Of one of the en- || delightful prospect over the bay, the verdant islands floating chanting spots near Rio, thus they speak :
in it, the harbour with its crowd of masts and various flags,
and the city stretched out at the foot of the most pleasant bing can be compared to the beauty of this
| hills, the houses and steeples dazzling in the sun, was when the most sultry hours of the day are past, and gentle spread before our eyes. We dwelt long on the magical breezes impregnated with balsamic perfumes from the view of a great European city, rising here amidst the proneighbouring wooded mountains, cool the air. This enjoy fusion of tropical vegetation. We then pursued the road ment continues to increase as the night spreads over the l| along the windings of the aqueduct. The channel is chiefly land and the sea, which shines at a distance, and the city, || built of blocks of granite, but the vaulted covering, within where the noise of business has subsided, is gradually | which the naturalist finds many of the most singular phalighted. He who has not personally experienced the en | langia, is of brick. Between the woody hills there are chantment of tranquil moonlight nights in these happy diversified romantic prospects into the valleys below. latitudes, can never be inspired, even by the most faithful || Sometimes you traverse open spots where
where a stronger light is description, with those feelings which scenes of such won reflected from the flowery ground, or from the shining drous beauty excite in the mind of the beholder. A deli-- leaves of the neighbouring high trees; sometimes you enter cate transparent mist hangs over the country, the moon || a cool shady bower. Here a thick wreath of paulliniæ, shines brightly amidst heavy and singularly grouped || securidacæ, mikanias, passion-flowers, adorned with an clouds, the outlines of the objects which are illuminated by || incredible number of flowers, climb through the crowns of it are clear and well defined, while a magic twilight seems the celtis, the flowery rhexias and melastomas, bauhinias, to remove from the eye those which are in shade. Scarce || delicate mimosas, shining myrtles; there, bushy nighta breath of air is stirring, and the neighbouring mimosas, |
shades, sebastanias, eupatorias, crotons, ægiphilas, and that have folded up their leaves to sleep, stand motionless innumerable other plants, form an impenetrable thicket, beside the dark crowns of the manga, the jaca, and the || amidst which grow immense stems of the silk cotton tree
mes a sudden wind arises, and (bombar), of silver-leaved cecropia, thorny Brazil wood the juiceless leaves of the acaju rustle, the richly flowered tree, of the lecythis, with its singular fruit resembling a grumijama and pitanga let drop a fragrant shower of snow- || pitcher, slender stems of the cabbage-palm, and many white blossoms; the crowns of the majestic palms wave | other, in part still unnamed, sovereigns of the woods. The slowly over the silent roof which they overshade, like a || majestic sight, the repose and silence of these woods, intersymbol of peace and tranquillity. Shrill cries of the cicada, rupted only by the buzz of the gay humming birds flutterthe grasshopper, and tree frog, make an incessant hum, || ing from flower to flower, and by the singular notes of unand produce, by their monotony, a pleasing melancholy. known birds and insects, peculiarly affect the mind of the Astream gen
s from the mountains, ll man of sensibility, who feels himself as it were regenerated and the macuc, with its almost human voice, seems to call in the prospect of the glorious country.” for help from a distance. Every quarter of an hour diflerent balsamic odours fill the air, and other flowers alter From Rio de Janeiro they proceeded to San Paulo. nately unfold their leaves to the night, and almost over
| The route was difficult enough in the performance, but power the senses with their perfume; now it is the bowers of paullinias, or the neighbouring orange grove, then the
the authors have made it very pleasant in the descrip thick tufts of the eupatoria, or the bunches of the flowers tion. They appear to have been on almost every subof the palms suddenly bursting, which disclose their blos ject very observant and sagacious, and have happily soms, and thus maintain a constant succession of fragrance.
diversified the details of travelling with accounts of the While the silent vegetable world, illuminated by swarms of fireflies, (Elater phosphoreus noctilucus,) as by a thou
// various botanical riches with which nature has so bounsand moving stars, charins the night by its delicious effluvia, tifully endowed these regions. brilliant lightnings play incessantly in the horizon, and S. Paulo is the oldest city in Brazil, and in an historical elevate the mind in joyful admiration to the stars, which,
which; || view, more interesting than any other. Here the Portu. glowing in solemn silence in the firmanent above the continent and ocean, fill the soul with a presentiment of still l guese established the first seltiement of ecclesiastics in sublimer wonders. In the enjoyment of the peaceful and the interior of Brazil. The Paulistas have always been magic influence of such nights, the newly arrived European | famous for their courage, energy, and independence. remembers with tender longings his native home, till the || Their character stands higher than that of any other luxuriant scenery of the tropics has become to him a second country.”
class of Brazilians. In intellectual proficiency they And again :
outstrip the other cities, and our Germans speak enthu
siastically of the great advance which the Kantean phi" Scarcely were we beyond the streets and the noise or losophy has made amongst them. But this was not the the town, when we stopped, as if enchanted, in the midst on
at I only way in which their high Dutch propensities were of a strange and luxuriant vegetation. Our eyes were attracted, sometimes by gaily coloured birds or splendid | displayed. They set about magnetising the poor butterflies, sometimes by the singular forms of the insects negroes :and the nests of wasps and terinites hanging from the trees, sometimes by the beautiful plants scattered in the narrow 66 The simple inhabitants of this country, had not yet valley, and on the gently sloping hilly. Surrounded by || heard anything of animal magnetism, and listened with lofty airy cassias, broad-leaved, white-stemmed cecropias, some incredulity to our accounts of this mode of cure, thick-crowned myrtles, large-flowered bignonias, climbing which in their opinion, was of a magical nature. If we tufts of the mellifluous paullinias, far-spreading tendrils of had proposed the cure by magnetism, for hysterical women, the passion-flower, and of the richly flowering hatched their husbands would certainly not have been indifferent coronilla, above which rise the waving summits of Macaubu to the execution of this project; but another opportunity palms, we fancied ourselves transported into the gardens of presented itself for making such an experiment. A young the Hesperides. Passing over several streams which were negro slave, who had lost the use of his right arm, by sudturned to good account, and bills covered with young coj denly taking cold, was brought to us by his master, to expice wood, we at length reached the terrace of the eminence || amine the nature of his disease. After we had sufficiently along which the spring water for the city is conducted. A enquired into all the circumstances, we decided that the