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the Indians, they were the forerunners of their dispersion ; || Indians, the one for his stature, being six feet four inches that they always excitede

always excited enmities and quarrels among Il in height, and the other for his strength and activit them; that they introduced the white people on their | These two meeting together one day in the street (a third lands, by whom they were robbed and plundered of their being present,) the former in a high tone made use of some property; and that the Indians were sure to dwindle and insulting language to the other, which he could not well decrease, and be driven back in proportion to the number put up with : he called him a coward, said he was his of preachers that came among them.

inferior in every respect, and so provoked his anger, that 6. Each nation has its own customs and its own religion. unable any longer to contain himself, the latter instantly The Indians have theirs given to them by the Great Spirit, replied: “You have grossly insulted me; but I will prevent under which they were happy. It was not intended that || you from doing the like again!' and at the same moment | they should embrace the religion of the whites, and be stabbed him through the body with his knife, so that he

destroyed by the attempt to make them think differently | dropped down dead by his side. The alarm being immedi1 on that subject from their fathers.

ately spread through the village, a crowd of Indians as6. It is true these preachers have got the consent of some sembled, and the murderer having seated himself on the of the chiefs to stay and preach among us, but I and my ground by the side of the dead body, coolly awaited his fate, friends know this to be wrong, and that they ought to be which he could not expect to be any other than immediate removed; besides we have been threatened by Mr. Hyde, death, particularly as the cry of the people was "Kill hin! who came among us as a school-master and a teacher of our kill him! But although he placed his body and his head children, but has now become a black-coat, and refused to | in a proper posture to receive the stroke of the tomahawk, teach them any more, that unless we listen to his preaching || no one attempted to lay hands on him; but after removing and become Christians, we will be turned off our lands. | the dead body from where it lay, they left him alone. Not We wish to know from the governor if this is to be so, and meeting here with his expected fate, he rose from this place if he has no right to say so, we think he ought to be turned || for a more public part of the village, and there lay down on off our lands, and not allowed to plažue us any more. We the ground, in the hope of being the sooner despatched; shall never be at peace while he is among us.

but the spectators, after viewing him, all retired again. "• We are afraid too that these preachers, by and by, Sensible that his life was justly forfeited, and anxious to be will become poor, and force us to pay them for living among relieved from a state of suspense, he took the resolution to us, and disturbing us.'

go to the mother of the deceased, an aged widow, whom he This letter is signed by Red Jacket, and witnessed by

addressed in these words: Woman, I have killed thy son;

he had insulted me, it is true; but still he was thine, and “Tom the Infant," _“Blue Sky,'' _" Jemmy Johnson,"

his life was valuable to thee. 1, therefore, now surrender “Big Fire,"—and “Captain Jemmy." Mr. Buchanan myself up to thy will. Direct as thou wilt have it, and alledges that the missionary system as applied to the relieve me speedily from misery.' To which the woman Indians, is radically bad, and has uniformly failed.

answered: “Thou hast, indeed, killed my son, who was

dear to me, and the only supporter I had in my old age. He examines the subject with great fairness, and re

One life is already lost, and to take thine on that account, commends several very palpable improvements. Let cannot be of any service to me, nor better my situation. the Missionary Societies study these suggestions, and I Thou hast, however, a son, whom if thou wilt give me in the result cannot but be beneficial.

the place of my son whom thou hast slain, all shall be

wiped away.' The murderer then replied: Mother, my The chapter containing the Remonstrances of the

son is yet but a child, ten years old, and can be of no serSeneca Indians to the American Government and its vice to thee, but rather a trouble and charge ; but here am replies is very interesting, The simple eloquence I, truly capable of supporting and maintaining thee: if thou of these children of the woods is full of fascination.

wilt receive me as thy son, nothing shall be wanting on my

part to make thee comfortable while thou livest. The Mr. Buchanan gives a tabular view of the dealings in

woman, approving of the proposal, forthwith adopted him buying and selling land, between the United States | as her son, and took the whole family to her house." Government and the Indians. They have purchased nearly 200,000,000 of acres, for which they paid about

Matrimony. 2,500,000 dollars. These lands they have already sold, || "An aged Indian, who for many years had spent much or will sell, for about 215,000,000 of dollars. This is | of his time among the white people both in Pennsylcertainly a profitable balance sheet to the Americans, // vania and New Jersey, one day about the year 1770 ob

served, that the Indians had not only a much easier way of but we are not exactly certain that it justifies the cen- |

getting a wife than the whites, but were also more certain sures cast upon them by Mr. B. It is the principle uni of getting a good one; ‘For,' (said he in his broken English,) versally adopted in all dealings between civilized and • White man court,-court.-may be one whole year !--may uncivilized man. It was begun by ourselves previous to

be two years before he marry !-well !-may be then got the war of Independence, and has been acted upon by

very good wife—but may be not !--may be very cross

|| Well now, suppose cross ! scold so soon as get awake in the us in all parts of the world. But at any rate it shews morning! scold all day! scold until sleep !--all one; be that the Indians have a strong claim to protection and Il must keep him! White people have law forbidding kindness from the United States. Mr. B. gives a sta

throwing away wife, be he ever so cross! must keep him

always ! Well! how does Indian do?-Indian when he see tistical table of the population and military strength of

industrious Squaw, which he like, he go to him, place his the Indians in North America. It amounts to nearly two forefingers close aside each other, make two look like half a million, and their fighting men are rated at one-look Squaw in the face-see him smile-which is all about 60,000. Then follow some miscellaneous anec

one he says, Yes! so he take hint home-no danger he be

cross! no! no! Squaw know too well what Indian do if he dotes, a few of which we will quote:

cross !--throw him away and take another! Squaw love to

eat meat! no husband ! no meat! Squaw do every thing to Justice.

please husband! he do the same to please Squaw! live “ There were in the village of La Chine, two remarkable | happy!'»

Superstitious Belief.

Il lessness. Some individuals belonging to government, rrbo “The Indian includes all savage beasts within the num

had reason to believe themselves obnoxious, seeing the ber of his enemies. This is by no means a metaphorical or

storm gathering, thought it prudent to conceal themselves, figurative expression, but is used in a literal sense, as will

until the Austrian army should enter and overawe the appear from what I am going to relate.

populace; as few, or none of the Italian troops had remained “A Delaware hunter once shot a huge bear and broke

in the capital, but had retired to Mantua, with the Viceroy its back bone. The animal fell and set up a most plaintive

Eugene. Prina was advised to take similar precautions, cry, something like that of the panther when he is hungry.

but he affected to think too slightly of the Milanese, and The hunter, instead of giving him another sbot, stood up

remained quietly in his palace. At last, the multitude, close to him, and addressed him in these words: Hark ye!

urged, it is said, by some intriguing characters, who had

ill further views of their own, assembled in front of Prina's bear; you are a coward, and no warrior as you pretend to be. Were you a warrior, you would show it by your firm

house, threatening vengeance on the devoted minister. ness, and not cry and whimper like an old woman. You

Prina then thought of escaping, but it was too late. The know, bear, that our tribes are at war with each other, and

incensed populace rushed into his sumptuous apartments,

Well destroying every thing in the house, and throwing the furthat yours was the aggressor. You have found the Indians too powerful for you, and you have gone sneaking about in

niture out of the windows: they did not, however, other any the woods, stealing their hogs; perhaps at this time you

personal violence to any of its inhabitants, but looked into have hog's flesh in your belly. Had you conquered me,

every recess for Prina, whom alone they wanted. They

found him at last concealed in a carret, half undressed, and would have borne it with courage and died like a brave | warrior; but you, bear, sit here and cry, and disgrace your

then the work of vengeance began. The wretched victim tribe by your cowardly conduct.' I was present at the

was made to feel all kinds of abuses and humiliation ; and delivery of this curious invective: when the hunter had l he, who a sew days before saw the whole of Milan trembling despatched the bear, I asked him how he thought the poor

at his feet, who disposed of the properties and liberties of animal could understand what he said to it? • Oh! said

its citizens, was now at the mercy of the meanest of the he in answer, that bear understood me very well; did you

. They dragged him through the streets. General not observe how ashamed he looked while I was upbraiding

Pino came forward to barangue the multitude, and to perhim.""

fuade them to give Prina up to the proper authorities, but

to no purpose; and the general himself was warned to Two dissertations--one on the religion, and the

retire. "The mob increased, but in the confusion Prina conother on the languages of the Indians, follow, together

trived to escape, only to feel the bitterness of death pro

tracted. He took shelter in a shop; thence he passed into with an Appendix, containing extracts from former

an adjoining house; but the people, who were resolved on writers on the state and character of the American his destruction, had already surrounded every avenue. Indians. The dissertations are not very elaborate, They found him out a second tine, as he was disguising although they impart a good deal of information,

himself in a priest's dress, and then mercy sighed fare

well!' They beat him, threw him down, dragged himn by They form an appropriate conclusion to the work. his feet along the pavement, upbraiding him with abuses This, as we have already observed, does great credit to and reproaches, and striking him with the ferrules of their the feelings, industry and abilities of the author.

umbrellas, as several well dressed persons were seen taking part in the dreadful butchery. Night added to the horror of the scene; at last, one more violent, or more mercitul

than the rest, gave him a final blow on the head with a Italy and the Italians in the Nineteenth Century. By | club, and thereby terminated his sufferings. Such was the A. VIEUSSEUX. London: C. Knight, 2 vols, 8vo. 1824.

llend of Prina, a terrible instance of popular revenge! His

house was entirely demolished on ihe same day. I have (Continued from p. 264.)

seen the place where once it stood. Throughout the whole

transaction, revenge, and not pillage, was the object; and FROM Naples our traveller proceeded by sea to Leg-|| the people accomplished their purpose with the most astohorn, and through Pisa to Florence. This city seems

nishing coolnesss and perseverance.' to be an especial favorite with him, and with whom is

The first volume concludes with an historical sketch it not? He speaks fully and warmly of all its wealth

ll of the North of Italy, during the French ascendancy, of nature and art. In speaking of the Italian women,

and under the Austrian's now. It is impartial in its he divides the palm of European beauty between them

spirit, and satisfactory in its details. The following and the English. He vindicates them from much of

anecdote is a fair illustration of Mr. V.'s opinions :the aspersion which some travellers have cast upon their morals-and what he recognises to be just, hell 66 An old Italian gentleman was one day stating the dif. endeavours, and not always without success, to excuse. || ference between the French and Austrian rule:- The The disquisition on Italian women is one of the best | former,' he said, “when they came to Italy, pillagcd us, and most interesting portions of the volumes.

shot our relatives, took our sons away, seduced our women, From the account of Milan, we can only quote the

in short, did us every sort of injury; but, with so good a

grace, that we, the sufferers, were pleased with them story of Count Prina's murder-an incident which at against our better judgment, and forgave them. The latthe time created a great sensation throughout Italy : ter (Austrians) do not do one half of the mischief their " The only instance in which the people of Milan have ll take any pains to please us, or to flatter our prejudices.'

antagonists did, and yet we cannot like them; they do not shewn a mutinous and vindictive spirit, was in the murder of Prina, the minister of finances under Eugene. That ill

Our notice has already extended so far, that we can fated man was a Piedmontese by birth, and he had rendered himself obnoxious, in the time of his power, by acts of seve

say little of the second volume, which is the most rity and oppression. When the Austrians approached entertaining of the two. It contains a complete deMilan, in 1814, the people began to shew symptoms of rest scription of the Sardinian States, Piedmont and Genoa, with an account of the late abortive revolution. From

I believe I be, this my third contribution may, and it be Genoa, Mr. Vieusseux proceeded by sea to Sicily, and

your pleasure, be put into print.

“ I have had a dream-past the wit of man to say what thence to Marseilles, and he has given us a very agree

dream it was : man is but an ass, if he go about to expound able description of the Coasts of the Mediterranean this dream.”-Shakspeare. and Provence, and of the Islands in that sea. The Imagine me, then, sitting at table after eating and drinkvolume closes with a sketch of modern Italian litera

ing according to the maxims of the witty waggish Doctor, (O'Doherty,) and conversing on the

arts, with Mr. Dallature, to which we shall call the reader's attention next

way's book upon the table, cutting out artistical scraps week,

with the fruit knife, and sending them piece-meal, with the written comments of the company, to the printers, directed for Ephraim Hardcastle. Here they follow, with the hints

gathered in my sleep :TO THE

DAVID TENIERS. EDITOR OF THE SOMERSET HOUSE GAZETTE. 66 A Merry Making," painted on the lid of his harpsi

chord, which was an imperfect instrument. He (Teniers) Sir,

observed, “ that though he could not make it a good, he I HAVE been anxiously looking for another letter from

had made it a valuable one."

| This smells of picture craft. Where are we to find auyour correspondent“ N.," who, three weeks ago, promised us a complete remedy for the system of picture smuggling,

thority, hey? I do not dispute the word of Mr. D.---that he that has been so notoriously carried on since the peace of

has quoted correctly, nobody can doubt. But Teniers 1815, to the great detriment of the arts in this country. No

never said any such thing, if he did, may I be nailed like a person can more deplore than I do, the baneful effects of

rat to a granary door. Teniers was a man of sense, a such a system, (having been a considerable sufferer from

modest man, and too sober a painter to swagger thus. Sir

Godfrey Kneller might have crowed thus vain-gloriously, it.) yet at the same time, I cannot conceive how it is possi

or Beau Astley, as you have dubbed him, or that coxcomb ble to remove the evil.

Every

Jervas, whom Pope flattered: but not Teniers. Hoping this may act as a flapper to rouse your mufti from

E his cogitations, and enlighten us on a subject which must

man, woman, or child, barrel, tub, skillet, pail, dish, bench, be interesting to many, who, like myself, have smarted

broom; every hall, kitchen, cot, with all the appurtethrough the deleterious quality of the articles that have

nances thereunto belonging, rise up in judgment against the

calumny. been palmed upon us as genuine.

Look but into his laboratories, every pair of bellows will I remain, Mr. Editor, yours,

blow up the validity of this; every pot, pipkin, crucible, A CONSTANT READER. || jar, phial, yea, the very red herrings, hanging on the plas

tered wall, speak to his sober judgment, modesty and good sense.

The story of the harpsichord, good Sir, is true only inas

much as he painted the lid, and no more, as I hope to be ARTISTICAL SCRAPS.

saved!

Would it were the fashion to paint the lids of your grand pianos now-a-days. Such a fancy would find employ for

many a clever fellow. Harpsichords, and their grand-sires To the Editor of the Somerset House Gazette.

the virginals, such as one virgin queen was wont to exhibit

|| her taper fingers, meandering over the keys upon, before the SIR,

Scot's ambassador, are now no more. Yet, I did love to Every one who reads with a view to improve his English,

hear the chords lingering to the touch, as awakened by the and at the same time to regale his wits, should of necessity

hand of the first Mrs. Sheridan, in recitativo to her divine read Blackwood's Magazine, for two special reasons; one

voice, on that grand, old, duchess-like instrument the being, that it is published in Scotland, and the other, that

harpsichord. its very life and soul are of Irish manufacture. If a third

Do you remember the apartment of Gonzales with his could be added, it would be like a fifth wheel to a carriage,

painted harpsichord ? What a picture was that! By the of no mortal use, for these two reasons, are too sell-evident

way, that was purchased at Mr. Peter Coxe's sale, for Sir to the clear-sighted, (and not many lacking perception take

Gregory Page Turner. Was it sold with his effects, and if in the Somerset House,) to call for question, argument or

so, for what amount ? Pray Mr. Hardcastle enquire, and let explanation. With reference to this Scotch magazine, then,

your readers know. That picture, I verily believe, was the I would ask, what is the reason why the patent recipes for

only bargain the credulous baronet ever got. this high dried originality, savoury wit, and spiced rhodo

I liave seen a series of landscape, oblong, octagon, circular montado, should only cram the monopolizing counter of

and elliptical compositions by the hand of Gaspar Poussin, Mr. Bailey Blackwood ?

painted for the compartments of an organ. Suppose a I laughed at O'Doherty's maxims last night long after I

grand chamber organ, built by Flight, ornamented in comwas in bed, for I was silly enough to eat my salmon with his

partments by all the painters of cabinet sized pictures of sauce, and grinned in the dark, for my lamp went out at

the English school, and set up in one of the state aparthis waggeries and my own foolery. His sauce is pleasant

ments at Carlton-house. What a piece of furniture for a enough, no doubt, when a man has learned to stomach it,

palace! said I in soliloquy, and went to sleep. And being asleep, I dreamed, and dreaming that I was witty as he, I felt as proud as a cardinal, or even his holiness himself.

GODFREY SCHALKEN. My noctural visions are apt to be so consistent, moveover, “To give the most natural effect to his candle-light that I am not satisfied to the extent of waking demonstra- 1 pieces, he is said to have adopted the following system: he tion, even now, whether I am asleep or not. You, however, I placed the object he intended to paint, and a candle, in a I am supposing, will be the judge, and if I really am what dark room; and looking through a small aperture, painted

by day-light what he saw in the dark chamber."-Vide | art in every part of the world; all of which have helped to Bryan,

till the commercial coffers of England. Rather breaking in upon the extremities of a bull, Mr. || From the choicest works of this great limner, upwards Bryan, methinks, -I am not fastidious, however. Touching ll of three hundred fine engravings have been executed, by the fact, (as intended) I believe it must be true, by which, 1l our most celebrated engravers, in line, mezzotinto, and dot, for the first time my eyes are opened to account for that by M'Ardell, Smith, Sharp, Bartolozzi, Bond, Ward, obominable redness which is so common in the works of | Jones, Reynolds, Earlom, Green, Young, Say, and a host Mynbeer Schalken. Make the experiment. Look from ll of others, which your long memory can supply, Mr. Editor. the cool light of day into a candle-light chamber, and Average these at five hundred pounds sale, cach, and the alternately on your canvas. Why, the group so illuminated, | amount will be £150.000. What must be the value of the Mr. Editor, will encrease in sury of effect, until each fea- ll pictures which he has left behind

will conture will become red hot.

tinue to multiply from these, like new editions of ShakBy such a process I would essay to paint a salamander, speare. What then do we not owe as a commercial nation but certainly not a candle-light piece. My father,-I am to the transcendent genius of such a painter! dreaming-used to dub this ancient worthy, the protegee || Several papers on the arts are necessarily postponed. of William, the royal spouse of Mary, " Red-hot Schalken." Ergo, the thought is not mine own.-N.B. Schalken is often

(To be continued.) capital in his ettects.

SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS.
Sir Joshua painted his own portrait in different attitudes

DRAMA.
and dresses, and at different periods of his life, thirteen
times; all of which portraits are extant.

Northcote says that they were so numerous as to bid defiance to enumeration. “These are all from his own pencil, King's Theatre.-The opera closes to-night. A word or with the exception of one by C. G. Stuart, an American, two of farewell is naturally to be expected at thus parting one by Zoffanij, and a third by Breda, a Swedish painter." from a friend, with whom we have spent during the last

There were two whole-lengths by Sir Joshua, in the six months, some pleasant hours, and for whom in spite of apartment at Carlton House, each a Duke of Cumberland, many faults, we entertain a great liking. one, the late Duke, uncle of his present majesty, the other, The opera has not equalled the public expectation. This the uncle of our late sovereign, who, saving and excepting was too highly excited by the course of high seasoned prehis gallant relation Prince Louis, brother of the Duke of paratory putting, to which the manager thought proper to Brunswick Wolfenbuttel, was the most magnificent speci resort. Such marvellous things were to be achieved under of royal flesh and blood, in Europe, Asia, and

the direction of “ the Committee of Noblemen,” aided by commonly called the old world. Each of these portraits the genius of il gran Maestro. Something, no doubt, was were represented in the grand costume of the order of the done, but nothing very marvellous. The utmost utility garter. The last duke was perhaps the finest picture for rendered by Rossini, was an improvement of the choruses. colour, that paint even from the palette of Reynolds bad || As to every thing else, matters would have been as they ever produced. The flesh was wrought to perfection. The are, had he remained beyond the Apennines. In the way complexion of his Royal Highness, was beyond the reach of new pieces, there have been three-Zelmira, Romeo et of any skill but his, and he hit it off with marvellous imita Julietta, and Semiramide. The first is a production of tion. This is the picture that was burnt.

great beauty, but its beauty is a mere compilation from The other duke, who enjoyed his additional fifty thou other works of Rossini. It had only an equivocal success, Hand a-year, for vanquishing the rebels in 1746, was a sub Semiramide is one of his finest compositions, Partaking ject for Reynolds alone. His portrait of this portly prince, freely in his uniform style and manner, it is, nevertheless, is increased in dignity, in the ratio of his super-abundant la vigorous, varied, and splendid opera. Three duets in it carnation. It is a most imperial portrait. This escaped 1 are equal to any thing Rossini has ever composed. At an the flames, if I am not mistaken, by being some time since earlier part of the season it would have had an amazing removed to another apartment.

run. Romeo, is a production of Zingarelli, with some That noble specimen of blue; the painter's difficulty, pretty passages, it is but a third rate opera. So much for which was surprisingly vanguished in the whole-length of the pieces: the performers have been of pretty much the Philip, Duke of Orleans, is blistered and otherways injured same order. Garcia, Curioni, Madame Vestris, the De past recovery. The destruction of these proud achieve Begnis, and Placci have long been known and admired by ments of our native school is an irreparable lose to the the public. The accessions this season were Colbran, arts. As for the whole-length of Louis le Bien Aime, that Il Benetti, Pasta, and Remorini. The first is a fir was so vilely French, that no lover of art would have usee; the second merely tolerable. Remorini is an excelrisked the singeing of his whiskers to save it from the lent artist and worth keeping; and as for Pasta, although flames.

we think her talents greatly overrated, still she is a What a loss, too, was that picture of the Nativity, the singer of the highest merit. Madame Catalani's appearcentre piece for the window, at New College, Oxford, which ances were few, and, so far as attraction was concerned, was burnt at Belvoir Castle, in 1816. A piece as gloriously were failures. The opera has not been upon the whole luminous as the far-famed subject by Corregio. The Duke successful. The pecuniary loss we know is very considerof Rutland purchased this splended Sir Joshua, for the able. At present the funds are completely exhausted. sum of 1600 guineas.

The third instalments of salaries are all unpaid. Mr. The wealth actually created for the public advantage Ebers, who is the security for these salaries, has been by the compositions for the ten compartments of this mag called upon as the responsible person, and if he has not nificent window, must be immense.

yet resorted to the funds placed in his hands under The seven single figures -- the Christian and Cardinal contract with Benelli, it is because he hopes that the Virtues, were sold by public auction, for nearly five thou theatre may find means to pay its performers. The prossand pounds, and the series of engravings, large and small, pect for the next year is gloomy indeed. The Lord Chan

blished from these designs by the late Alderman Boy- ll cellor has made a conditional decision, tl dell, have levied large contributions upon the lovers of with Ebers must be fulfilled, and this will occasion a new

nger

ment.

drain upon the scanty funds of the establishment. Well “Marc Antonio, who by studying Albert Durer's works, hope matters may be so arranged as to enable some one to bad improved the art of engraving, was amongst the first keep the house open, and to gratify the musical and who carried it to Rome, when the genius of the divine fashionable world with this delightful source of amuse Raphael presided over the Roman school. Those who are

conversant in the fine arts know, how much this painter encouraged engraving in Marc Antonio, bis ingenious

; 'upil. Examine that engraver's works, and you will find ENGRAVERS IN ENGLAND.

evident proofs of it; so much does he breathe, in his finest

prints, the spirit of his sublime author. Other painters of (Continued from p. 267.)

the Roman school, as well as Parmigiano, Salvator Rosa, &c. have transmitted to us many fine compositions in this

art. " A considerable time passed before they could make || “The Bolognese school furnisheth more recent examples. any proselytes to their new association. Every artist of || Annibale and Agostino Caracci gave the lead. Agostino, this profession, who had either spirit or abilities, enters || although one of the greatest painters that Italy ever protained the utmost contempt for their proposal : and bad !) duced, exercised the art of engraving in preference to that they not had recourse to the following stratagem, the royal of painting; and has thereby established to himself, and academy must still have remained without engravers.

secured to others, a reputation to latest posterity. Guido, • M. Major, a man of acknowledged merit, and to whom Guercino, Simon Cantarini de Pesaro, the Siranis, &c. the art of engraving in this county is greatly indebted, had have all of them left us many elegant prints, which are so for several years enjoyed a place under the government, as many striking proofs of their having cultivated the art of seal engraver to the king. He was, on this occasion, ac

engraving. costed by one of the leaders of the royal academy, who " To see it still in a higher degree of perfection, let us availed himself of his Majesty's name and authority, in

examine it when the school of Rubens presided in Flansuch a way, that M. Major, from his affection to a nume | ders. Here we shall find, that this great painter was no rous and growing family, found himself under the disa less intent upon cultivating this art, than that of painting : greeable necessity of yielding: and, in spite of his natural conscious that, by this means, he not only diffused his reinclination, and the regard he had to the honour of his putation, but secured it to succeeding generations. Bolsprofession, he became a sacrifice to this academy, by being wert, Pontius, Vosterman, &c. were the companions of his, in a manner compelled to fill a place in it, which was cal and of Vandyke's leisure hours. They esteemed one anoculat d solely to deceive the public, and to throw an odium ther; they lived together as friends and equals; and, to on his profession.

use the words of a late ingenious author," sous leurs " Thanks to the spirit and genius of this country, that

heureuses mains le cuivre devient or." Under their hands none but two foreigners could be found, for a considerable ll copper became gold. The works of those engravers, which time, to follow the example. They had both served as

are now sold at the price of pictures, are evident proofs of directors, when the academicians maintained their sway in the honourable state of this art in those days. the society, and were always a dead weight with that lead " What numberless examples too have not Rembrandt, ing faction. One of them had, some years before, applicd Berghem, Ostade, and others of the Dutch masters left us to be made a member of the royal academy at Paris, but of their desire to cultivate engraving ? Have not the was rejected; he became of course, a proper object for works of the former, which are now sold at most amazing the royal academy of London."

prices, transmitted a reputation both to himself and to his We have not space for the continuation of the printed || country, which time can never obliterate? The Bloemarts, letter by Mr. Strange, and shall pass to his account of the || the Vischers, and others were certainly ornaments to the origin of the calcographic art.

age in which they lived "I shall bex leave to conclude this inquiry, by giving the “During the reign of Lewis the Fourteenth, what a numreader a general view of the progress of the art of engray Iber of great artists appeared in this profession, and did ing, bringing it down to the present times.

honour to France? The names of Gerard Audran, Edelink, "When we look back into antiquity, and form to our ima

Poilly, &c. will be lasting ornaments to that kingdom. gination an idea of that perfection, to which the Greeks

That magnificent prince frequently amused himself in and Romans carried the fine arts, we cannot but lament this way, and so charmed was he with the works of the that they were strangers to that of engraving. The re-l ingenious Edelink, that he conferred upon him the honour tinement of their taste, the purity and simplicity of their l of knighthood. It has been owing solely to the honourable conceptions, and the care which they took, by their works, Il rank given to this art, by the royal academy of painting at to transmit their reputations to posterity, leave it beyond | Paris, that it has been cherished and cultivated to such a a doubt, that this art would have met with their encou

| degree of excellence, that, for a century past, Paris has ragement and protection; as it is the most secure deposi- !| been the depositary of the finest productions in this way; tary, for after ages, of whatever is truly great, elegant, orl and these have been the source of incredible riches to beautiful.

France. " It was about the year 1460 that engraving was invented. I shall pass over its early period, which I may have an opportunity of considering, on some future occasion.

LITERARY NOTICE. ** No sooner had this art appeared than it attracted general attention. All the great painters adopted it, with a view of multiplying their works, and of transmitting them with || THE first Number of STUDIES OP WILD ANIMALS, congreater certainty to posterity. Albert Durer and Andrea || sisting of Lions, Tigers, &c., is just published by W. B. Mantegna, two of the greatest painters of that age, prac- || COOKE. To be completed in four numbers, with three plates tised the art of engraving, and have left us a variety of || in each. The present contains elegant compositions. These early productions of the art,

1. Sleeping Lion and Lioness. drew by their novelty and excellence, the admiration of all

2. Sleeping Lion. Italy. "Raphael himself, that prince of painters, was par

! 3. Lion's Head. ticularly charmed with the works of Albert Durer: and, in return for some prints he had received from him, sent || Drawn from nature, etched and finished in mezzotinto, him a present of his own portrait, painted by himself.

by J. F. LEWIS.

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