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cumstances of public scandal be avoided, it never enters | Sketches of the History, Manners, and Customs of the their heads that their conduct has anything improper in it.

North American Indians. By James BUCHANAN, Esq Every one, male and female bears most Christianly with every other. All this leads to a strange mixture of society,

London: Black, Young and Young, 8vo. 1824. particularly on public occasions.

This is, in many respects, the most interesting vo" This, with the general want of manly and independent | lume which has come before us since the commencefeeling, of which it is merely a modification, is the worst | ment of our labours. It may be questioned whether point in the character of the Viennese; setting aside this

any publication for many years past contains so many unbounded love of pleasure, and the disinclination to rigorouy idustry, either bodily or intellectual, that necessarily Il claims to the attention of the reader.

üll claims to the attention of the reader. It is perfectly accompanies it, they are honest, affectionate, and obliging || new to the larger portion of the public, and abounds people. There is some weakness, however, in their sond in anecdotes and sketches of a character singularly ness for being honoured with high sounding forms of ad

affecting But there is another and higher kind of dress. This disposition may be expected, in some degree or other, in every country where the received forms of so

interest belonging to Mr. Buchanan's work, which ciety and modes of thinking give every thing to rank, and should not be torgotten. It appeals to the best sympanothing to character; but no where is it carried to such an thies of our nature, in behalf of an oppressed but extravagant length as in Vienna, producing even solecisms

magnanimous race of our fellow creatures. in language. Every man who holds any public office,

It details should it be merely that of an under clerk, on a paltry

all their rights to our humanity and our protection, salary of forty younds a year, must be gratified by hearing and amongst these not the least are their long and his title, not his name; and, if you have occasion to write patient sutterings under the most unmitigated severities. to such a person, you must address him, not merely as a

We have contributed too much to their sutferings not clerk, but as Imperial and Royal Clerk,' in such and such an Imperial and Royal Ollice.' Even in speaking of ab

to yield a willing ear to the story of their wrongs, and sent persons, they are generally designated by their othcial afford a helping hand to their relief. Mr. Buchanan titles, however humble and unmeaning these may be. The wishes to awake in their favour a benevolent spirit ladies are not behind in asserting their claims to honorary

akin to that which has laboured so earnt stly and appellations. All over Germany, a wife insists on taking the official title of her husband, with a feminine termina

l efficiently on the part of the unbappy Africans. He tion. There is Madam Generaless, Madam Privy-coun. ll refutes all the calumnies which have been cast upon cilloress, Madam Chief-book-keeperess, and a hundred || the American Indians, not by passionate declamation, others. In Vienna, a shopkeeper's wife will not be well

but by indisputable facts. Nearly throughout the pleased with any thing under Gnadige Frau, Gracious Madam. It is equally common, and still more absurd, for

whole of his volume he speaks from his own expeboth sexes to prefix von (of) the symbol of nobility, to the rience: sirname, as if the latter were the name of an estate. A dealer in pickles or pipe heads, for instance, whose narne

“I confess that I had no other idea of an American Inmay happen to be Mr. Charles, must be called, il you wish to

dian, than that he was the most ferocious of human beings. be polite, Mr. of Charles, and his helpmate Mre. of Charles.

Whenever he became named, his scalping-knile, tomahawk, Kotzebue has ridiculed all this delightfully in his Deutsche

warwhoop, and thirst of blcod, were at once associated in Kleinstadte, the most laughablc of all farces.

my mind; and hence I was led to concur in the almost uni

versal opinion, that he was totally incapable of being renlooseness of morals, so disgraceful to the Austrian l dered subservient to the arts of civilized lite. In the course capital, if not aided, is, at least, very little restrained by of my travels through the United States and Upper Careligion: that happy self-satisfaction under certain ini nada, I met with several Indians, whose external wietchedquities, which only quickens our pace in the career of guilt, ness induced me to make inquiries as to their present conthousb it may not form any part of the doctrines of the Ca dition ; and although many persons to whom I addressed tholic church, is an almost infallible consequence of the myself appeared to be perfectly indiferent on the subject, deceptive nature of many parts of her ritual, and exists as a and spoke of them in the most degrading terms, I was led fact in every country where her hierarchy is dominant, and to seek for further information respecting their character, no extraneous circumstances modify its corrupting in- ll in the pursuit of which I have been engaged for three fluence."

years." Our traveller proceeded from Vienna into Styria

The result of these pursuits is as honourable to the and Carniola, and with the description of these pro

diligence, talent, and feelings of Mr. Buchanan, as vinces his tour ends. To the remarks we have already

we hope it will be serviceable to his unhappy clients. made upon these volumes, it is unnecessary to add

He has with great judgment confined his views to such much. They are beyond all question the most ably

points as illustrate the recent and present state and written of any of the lighter books of travels that we

character of the North American Indians. Of their have read for many years. The author seems to be

remote history he has given no account, nor was it at home on all subjects. His style is very pleasant,

essential to his main object. The second chapter con. and perhaps not the less so from its constant tendency

tains an amusing account of the first arrival of the to sarcasm. The opinions are generally candid, and

Dutch at New York Island, from which we will give always expressed with great manliness. Altogether it

a few extracts. It was taken down from the mouth of is a work which does infinite credit to the author, and

llan intelligent Delaware Indian :warrants a prediction that he will at some future

" A great many years ago, when men with a white skin

had never yet been seen in this land, some Indians who period assume a higher station in the literature of his

were out a fishing at a place where the sea widens, espied country:

at a great distance something remarkably large floating on

the water, and such as they had never seen before. These || be what it might; it was better for one man to die, than Indians immediately returning to the shore, apprized their || that a whole nation should be destroyed. He then took the countrymen of what they had observed, and pressed them | glass, and bidding the assembly a solemn farewell, at once to go out with them, and discover what it might be. They | drank up its whole contents. Every eye was fixed on the burried out together, and saw with astonishment the phe- || resolute chief, to see wbat eflect the unknown liquor would nomenon which now appeared to their sight, but could not || produce. He soon began to stagger, and at last fell prosagree upon what it was : some believed it to be an uncom trate on the ground. His companions now bemoaned his monly large fish or animal, while others were of opinion it fate, he falls into a sound sleep, and they think be bas exmust be a very big house floating on the sea. At length the pired. He wakes again, jumps up, and declares that he has spectators concluded that this wonderful object was moving enjoyed the most delicious sensations, and that he never towards the land, and that it must be an animal or some | before felt bimself so happy as after he had drunk the cup. thing else that had live in it; it would therefore be proper He asks for more, his wish is granted; the whole assembly to inform all the Indians on the inhabited islands of what || then imitate him, and all become intoxicated. they had seen, and put them on their guard. Accordingly they sent off a number of runners and watermen to carry i

"As the whites became daily more familiar with the Inthe news to their scattered chiefs, that they might send off die

| dians, they at last proposed to stay with them, and asked in every direction for the warriors, with a message that

only for so much ground for a garden spot as, they said, the they should come on immediately. These arriving in num

Inice or a bullock would cover or encompass, which hide was bers, and having themselves viewed the strange appear

spread before them. The Indians readily granted this apance, and observing that it was actually moving towards

parently reasonable request ; but the whites then took a the entrance of the river or bay, concluded it to be a re

knise, and beginning at one end of the hide, cut it up to a markably large house in which the Mannitto (the Great or

long rope, not thicker than a child's finger, so that by the Supreme Being) himself was present, and that he probably

time the whole was cut up, it made a great heap; they then was coming to visit them. . . . .

took the rope at one end, and drew it gently alons, carelully

avoiding its breaking. It was drawn out into a circular “ While in this situation, fresh runners arrived declaring

form, and being closed at its end, encompassed a large piece it to be a large house of various colours, and crowded with

of ground. The Indians were surprised at the superior living creatures. It appears now to be certain, that it is

wit of the whites, but did not wish to contend with them the great Mannitto, bringing them some kind of game, such

about a little land, as they had still enough themselves. as he had not given them before ; but other runners soon

The white and red men lived contentedly together for a after arriving, declare that it is positively a house full of

long time, though the former, from time to time, asked for human beings, of quite a different colour from that of the

more land, which was readily obtained, and thus they ura. Indians, and dressed differently from them; that, in parti

dually proceeded higher up the Mabicanittuck, until the cular one of them was dressed entirely in red, who must be

Indians began to believe that they would soon want all their the Mannitto bimself. They are hailed from the vessel in

country, which in the end proved true.” a language they do not understand; yet they shout or yell in return by way of answer, according to the custom of their The Indians are by no means silent with respect to country. Many are for running off to the woods, but are the treatment they have received from the Europeans. pressed by others to stay, in order not to give offence to

They love to repeat their complaints, which they do their visitor, who might find them out and destroy them. The house, some say large canoe, at last stops, and a canoe || with great eloquence and effect. “ Often," says Mr. of a smaller size comes on shore with the red man and some Buchanan, “have I listened to these descriptions of others in it; some stay with his canoe to guard it.

their hard sufferings, until I felt ashamed of being a " The chiefs and wise men, assembled in council, form

white mani." Some of these energetic outpourings he themselves into a large circle, towards which the man in red clothes approaches with two others. He salutes them

gives, and they are full of affecting interest. with a friendly countenance, and they return the salute || That the Indians have great capacity, is manifested after their manner. They are lost in admiration; the || from the specimens of their eloquence which are quoted dress, the manners, the whole appearance of the unknown

by Mr. Buchanan. It is too much our habit to ridicule strangers is to them a subject of wonder; but they are particularly struck with him wbo wore the red coat all glitter the pretensions of Negroes and Indians, but those who ing with gold lace, which they could in no manner account have any experience of these classes of men in their for. He, surely, must be the great Mannitto, but why

native conditions, know that they possess as much should he have a wh ld he have a white skin? Meanwhile, a large hackhack

general capacity as the whites. True, it is at first is brought by one of his servants, from which an unknown substance is poured out into a small cup or glass, and handed somewhat ludicrous to read of the eloquence of “ Red to the supposed Mannitto. He drinks-has the glass filled || Jacket,"_"'Twenty Canoes," – “Wheel Barrow,'' and again, and bands it to the chief standing next to him. The ll

“ Big Kettle,"_but the specimens of that eluquence

Big Kettle"_but the specimene of th chief receives it, but only smells the contents, and passes it

furnished by Mr. Buchanan are twenty thousand times on to the next chief, who does the same. The glass or cup thus passes through the circle, without the liquor being superior in argument, feeling, and passion to nine tasted by any one, and is upon the point of being returned | tenths of the trashy common place which is mouthed to the red-clothed Mannitto, when one of the Indians, a in “ the Grand Council of our Nation." Here is a brave man and a great warrior, suddenly jumps up and

passage full of spirit, reasoning, irony, and truth :harangues the assembly on the impropriety of returning the cup with its contents. It was handed to them, says he, " • My great Father :-Some of your good chiefs, as they by the Mannitto, that they should drink out of it, as he || are called (missionaries), have proposed to send some of himself had done. To follow his example would be pleasing || their good people among us, to change our habits, to make to him; but to return what he had given them might pro- || 48 work and live like the white people. I will not tell a voke his wrath, and bring destruction on them. And since lie-I am going to tell the truth. You love your countrythe orator believed it for the good of the nation that the ll you love your people--you love the manner in which they contents offered them should be drunk, and as no one else || live, and you think your people brave.-I am like you, my would do it, he would drink it himself, let the consequence || Great Father, I love my country- I love my people- I love

the manner in which we live, and think myself and warriors || fits he has bestowed, and therefore that it is their duty to brave. Spare me then, my Father; let me enjoy my coun- || show their thankfulness by worshipping bim, and doing try, and pursue the buffalo, and the beaver, and the other || that which is pleasing in his sight. wild animals of our country, and I will trade their skins with your people. I have grown up, and lived thus long

". Their young ambition is then excited by telling them without work-I am in hopes you will suffer me to die with

|| that they were made the superiors of all other creatures, out it. We have plenty of buffalo, beaver, deer, and other

and are to have power over them; great pains are taken to wild animals - we have also an abundance of horses-we

make this feeling take an early root, and it becomes, in have every thing we want-we have plenty of land, if you

fact, their ruling passion through life ; for no pains are will keep your people off of it. My father has a piece on

spared to instil into them, that by following the advice of which he lives (Council Bluffs) and we wish him to enjoy

ll the most admired and extolled hunter, trapper, or warrior, it-we have enough without it-but we wish him to live

| they will at a future day acquire a degree of fame and near us, to give us good counsel-to keep our ears and eyes

reputation, equal to that which he possesses; that by subopen, that we may continue to pursue the right road-the

mitting to the counsels of the aged, the chiefs, the men road to happiness. He settles all differences between us

superior in wisdom, they may also rise to glory, and be and the whites, between the red skins themselves - he

| called Wise men, an honourable title, to which no Indian makes the whites do justice to the red skins, and he makes

| is indifferent. They are finally told that if they respect the the red skins do justice to the whites. He saves the effu

aged and in firm, and are kind and obliging to them, they sion of human blood, and restores peace and happiness on

will be treated in the same manner when their turn comes the land. You have already sent us a father; it is enough

to feel the infirmities of old age. he knows us, and we know him-we have confidence in him

666 When this first and most important lesson is thought -we keep our eye constantly upon him, and since we have

Il to be sufficiently impressed upon children's minds, the heard your words, we will listen more attentively to his..

parents next proceed to make them sensible of the distinc*. It is too soon, my Great Father, to send those good

tion between good and evil; they tell them that there are men among us. We are not starving yet-we wish you to

good actions and bad actions, both equally open to them to permit us to enjoy the chase until the game of onr country

do or commit; that good acts are pleasing to the good is exhausted-until the wild animals become extinct. Let

Spirit which gave them existence, and that on the contrary, us exhaust our present resources before you make us toil |

all that is bad proceeds from the bad spirit who has given and interrupt our happines-let me continue to live as I Il

them nothing, and who cannot give them any thing that is have done, and after I have passed to the Good or Evil Spi

good, because he has it not, and therefore he envies them rit from off the wilderness of my present life, the subsist

that which they have received from the good spirit, who is ence of my children may become so precarious as to need

far superior to the bad one. and embrace the assistance of those good people.''

6. When this instruction is given in the form of precepts, The letter of Cornplanter, (an Indian Chief,) to the

it must not be supposed that it is done in an authoritative or

forbidding tone, but on the contrary, in the gentlest and Governor of Pennsylvania, is a masterly document.

most persuasive manner; nor is the parent's authority ever Its very simplicity is worth all the eloquent “ pieces || supported by harsh or compulsive means; no whips, no justificatifs" that ever were written since the invention punishments, no threats are ever used to enforce commands of diplomacy. Let those who accuse us of extrava

or compel obedience. The child's pride is the feeling to

which an appeal is made, which proves successful in almost gance, read it, at page 55 of Mr. Buchanan's volume.

every instance. A father needs only to say in the preThe oration of Te-cum-seh, the celebrated Shawanese | sence of his children “I want such a thing done; I want warrior, is no doubt familiar to many of our readers, one of my children to go upon such an errand; let me see in the delightful little volume of Mr. Hunter.

| who is the good child that will do it! This word good

| operates, as it were by magic, and the children immediately The moral character of the Indians is infinitely | vie with each other to comply with the wishes of their higher than is generally conceived. Mr. Buchanan || parent. If a father seen an old decrepit man or woman speaks from experience, and not at second hand. pass by, led along by a child, he will draw the attention of Their attachment to their children is singularly intense.

his own children to the object, by saying, "What a good

child that must be, which pays such attention to the aged ! He found it impossible to induce any Indian to part

That child, indeed, looks forward to the time when it will with his child to have it educated in the European || likewise be old !' or he will say, “May the great Spirit, mode. The tenderness they display in their early | who looks upon him, grant this good child a long life! nurture, is only equalled by the care they shew in their

birl"In this manner of bringing up children, the parents,

as I bave already said, are seconded by the whole commuafter education. Honest and virtuous principles are

nity. If a child is sent from his father's dwelling to carry instilled in their infant years, and these are developed || a dish of victuals to an aged person, all in the house will in subsequent life:

join in calling him a good child. They will ask whose child

he is, and on being told, will exclaim, what! has the Tor666 The first step that parents take towards the education | toise, or the Little Bear, (as the father's name may be) got of their children, is to prepare them for future happiness, || such a good child?' If a child is seen passing through the by impressing upon their tender minds, tbat they are in: || streets leading an old decrepit person, the villagers will in debted for their existence to a great, good, and benevolent | his hearing, and to encoura

his hearing, and to encourage all the other children who Spirit, who not only has given them life, but has ordained

may be present to take example from him, call on one anothem for certain great purposes. That he has given them

ther to look on and see what a good child that must be.” a fertile extensive country, well stocked with game of every kind for their subsistence; and that by one of his inferior spirits, he has also sent down to them from above, corn,

Mr. Buchanan's volume contains a long statement pumpkins, squashes, beans, and other vegetables, for their of the various indignities, insults, and cruelties exernourishment; all which blessings their ancestors have eno | cised upon the Indians. They are plundered in every joyed for a great number of ages. That this great Spirit

possible way, and towards them right and wrong looks down upon the Indians, to see whether they are grateful to him, and make him a due return for the many bene

cease to have any moral distinction. The Canadians

are particularly remarkable for their injustice and fe- || hibits very few instances of idiomatic impurity. In rocity against the poor natives. We feel a reluctance || a great many passages it is extremely fervid and eloto cite any instances of their wanton oppression, but || quent. refer the reader to Mr. Buchanan's volume, the further || Mr. Vieusseux's notice of Italy begins with Naples, notice of which will be resumed in our next number. |where he arrived in a vessel from Malta. It was (To be continued.)

during the Carnival, and he touches with great felicity on the curious appearances which the Neapolitan popula.

tion exbibits during that season of gaiety and enjoyItaly and the Italians in the Nineteenth century. By

ment. It is, however, gay and joyous to the Neapo. A. VIEUSSEUX. London: C. Knight, 2 vols, 8vo. 1824. litans only-for, from our own experience we can

MR. VIEUSSEUX is himself an Italian and familiar with pronounce it to be one of the dullest though noisiest all the scenes and persons which are described in these

of all conceivable things. Our traveller's sketches are volumes. It is thus he speaks of himself in the

not reduced to any strict order, but are taken just as preface:

the matters presented themselves. A good part of “Fondly attached to the country where I passed

them are of a transitory nature-such as the critiques my early years,-a' country celebrated for its beauties

on theatres and actors. The general portrait of the and for its misfortunes, I feel a desire to make its

Strada di Toled.is lively enough :inhabitants better known to British readers; and I " The street of Toledo, which runs across the city for think I am placed in a situation rather favourable for three quarters of a mile, is the principal street in Naples, this purpose. Acquainted from my infancy with the

although not exactly in a straight line, nor suitciently

broad in proportion to its length. It begins from a fine language and manners of the Italians-brought up

ought up | semi-circular largo or square, called dello Spirito Santo. under their sky-nursed in their homes-I quitted that and ends at the Largo San Ferdinando, before the King's country before early impressions could ripen into pre palace. This tine street was built by a Spanish viceroy of judices, and at that period of life when the powers of

the same name, who predicted that it would become the

most frequented part of the city, as it bas happened in the mind begin to expand. Circumstances, connected

eflect. It is always crowded to excess with people, carriages, with the atfairs of the time, having induced me to leave horses, donkeys, &c., and being like all other streets destithe continent, I joined what I considered the common tute of foot pavements, is rendered very uncomfortable, cause of mankind, against a system of ruthless and l especially lor pedestrians. The number of retailers sellinis

provisions and goods of every descriplion in the street; gigantic oppression; and, during a period of several

the people working and cooking in front of the shops, years spent in some of the most interesting countries which, for the benefit of the air, are mostly open; the of Europe, a variety of scenes, of manners, and of quantity of curricoli or gigs, drawn by little spirited horses, people, afforded me ample means of comparison.

and driving furiously along; the swarms of vagrants and

beggars infesting the place at all hours;-all these mixed Alter the last peace, I returned to the land of my

with the gay and splendid equipages of the nobility; the childhood; I found every thing altered, and myself appearance of well dressed females at the balconies; the almost a stranger in my own country. I wandered elegance of the numerous coffee and ice shops, exhibit an then about Italy, adding fresh information to old re

ensemble of contrast, confusion, and bustle, to which I have

seen nothing equal in any other part of Europe. The collections; and from both, I now exhibit a sketch, I

naturally clamorous habits of the Neapolitans are strengthhope not altogether uninteresting."

ened by the continual noise which obliges them to vocile. The hopes of the author will not, we are sure, be rate loudly, in order to be heard even by their immediate disappointed, for it is not easy to name two volumes

companions. With all this, Toledo atiords a very curious

appearance to a stanger by the variety of motley groups about Italy which contain so much “fresh informa

with which it is thronged; priests in black, friars in white tion,” and awaken so many“ old recollections." and grey, officers in gay military unilorms, paglietti or With a judgment which deserves some praise, Mr.

| lawyers in their professional costumes, rober citizens

dressed in suits of a variety of colours, blue, green, brown, Vieusseux has almost entirely abstained from treading

16 || yellow, and grey; women, some in the old Neapo the beaten paih of Italian travellers, and has left the

manto, a black silk gown and hood; others in the modern de criptions of ruins and relics to his predecessors. costume, which they have adopted from the French; those He tells us of the moral state of Italy, of the charac- l of the lower class, either with handkerchiefs tied round

Candill their heads, or with the Sicilian peddeme, a piece of calico ter of its people, their habits, opinion:, politics, and ||

thrown loosely over the head and shoulders, and half naked religion. Those who wish to know the dimensions of || lazzaroni having no other garment but merely their shirts a church-or the age of a monument-who revel with || and trousers. I can bardly think myself in a civilized a canine joy over the bare bones of antiquity, must

country, but feel as though transported to some of the

European settlements on the coast of Africa. Toledo is turn to other sources: but those who are anxious, to

adorned by many palaces, although most of them not of learn something of the men and manners of Italy as

the best architectural taste; the principal ones are those she now is—will find in the pages of Mr. Vieusseux of Maddaloni, Angri, Stigliano, Cavalcanti, Berio, and abundant information. His opinions are on the liberal | side, and they are expressed with a freedom which The environs of Naples, which after all, form the never transgresses the limits of decency. His style, for great charm of this charming place, and are described a foreigner, is singularly fresh and vigorous—and ex. | with much enthusiasm. Indeed it is impossible for

litan

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any one who has a taste for natural beauty, or whose their means, all the secrets of their masters and mistresses memory is imbued with associations caught from his. I are made known to the world. Still the difficulty of finding tory and poetry, not to feel deeply and ardently at the

better servants, and the danger of changing for the worse,

make their employers put up with them. If threatened to sight of these beautiful and storied spots. The pages i be turned out, they answer with the greatest impudence, of Mr. Vieusseux has freshened our own recollections in that their masters will not be the better by the change; it an uncommon degree. Those who have already is a general saying amongst them that they can give the

law to their masters. Foreigners generally provide themvisited these scenes will be delighted with his glowing

selves with servants from the North of Italy, who have a descriptions, and those who have not, will burn with better reputation for honesty, most of the custom-house eagerness to visit them. His estimate of the Neapolitan porters are also from that part of the country. A disposicharacter is very elaborate, and generally, as we think,

tion to laziness prevails in the inhabitants of Naples, and

this is a source of vice and indigence: In otia nata Parcorrect:

thenope. Work is done in a bad and slovenly manner; the " A peculiar feature which strikes me in the character of ll principal object of workmen seems to be to cheat their the Neapolitang, is their seeming indifference to the opi- || masters, and labour as little as they can for their wages.-nion which strangers may entertain of their countrymen. A stranger can hardly form an idea of the poverty which The first expressions I heard from natives on my entering the interior of poor Neapolitan sainilies exhibits. Several the barbour, and which I have since beard frequently generations are huddled together on the naked floor in a repeated, were violently abusive of their own nation, garret, or on the ground floor; old and young; healthy and accusing their countrymen of want of honour, faith, and infirm; males and females, to the utter destruction of charity. A Neapolitan will often express his disdain of his health, morals, and all remains of rationality. Some live own countrymen in the presence of strangers, so as to actually in the streets, many in the boats, and these are puzzle these about the manner how to behave on such an the best off. Such is the state of the lower classes, includunexpected occasion.-The only explanation of this pheno ing most of those who live by daily labour, and who constimenon seems to be, that these people being really per tute perhaps one third of the inhabitants of this city.-The suaded of the inseriority of their moral state, hy the daily men of this country are a stout good looking race. As for experience they have of it in their intercourne with their the women, there is less beauty among them than in any ntrymen, and by comparing their behaviour with that ll other part of Italy. One sees but few pl

counteof the numerous strangers who visit their country, cannot || nances among the young women; the expression of their help expressing what they feel on the subject, with all their features is in general far from agreeable; their looks are natural vivacity. Shame, the last lingering attendant of too bold and daring; their voices coarse and masculine; virtue, seems to be lost in the general corruption, and and their complexions very sallow. Corpulence seems to patriotism to have fled from the soil. There is a strony be bere an appendage of beauty.-Apathy and carelessness prejudice in other parts of Italy against the Neapolitans; are prevailing features of the Neapolitan character. These many of the latter seem to be so convinced of this, as to people only live in the present; they drive away the idea appear unwilling, when abroad, to acknowledge themselves ll of futurity as an unwelcome monitor, and whatever they do as such.-Decency and delicacy are not conspicuous in the l is marked with thoughtlessness and want of foresight. If a manners of the inhabitants of this country. Every thing is || funeral passes by, although it be that of a friend, salute a done in public; the conversation runs upon the most ex noi, long life to us, they exclaim, shrugging up their traordinary topics, and with as little disguise as possible. shoulders with undisguised selfishness.-17 they are in Boys are seen running about the streets, especially near want of cash they contract debts which they have not the the sea, in a state of nakedness, or nearly so. The en means of ever acquitting, without reflecting that this course trances and stairs of the houses and palaces are filled with will lead them ultimately to prison or to an hospital. They every kind of nuisance. The windows and balcon

cat as if they were taking their last meal; it is a common generally left open, so that every thing is to be seen which occurrence on Christmas eve among poor people to pledge is going on in a neighbour's house. Neapolitans of almost || or sell their clothes, their scanty furniture, and even their all classes, when they come home, during the summer, beds, to be able to regale themselves on the following day.that is to say, six months in the year, take off their coats || A war

A want of decorum and good breed and neckcloths, and sit down to dinner with their shirt manners. They are noisy and disorderly in their parties, sleeves tucked up to their elbows. This takes place also indiscreet in their questions and reflections, indelicate and at the restaurateurs or cating-houses. Ladies perform vulgar in their language, vain, boastful, and exaggerating. their toilet with the doors of their dressing rooms ajar, in || Their broad stare in the streets is peculiarly oflensive to a sight of servants and visitors. All this, however, admits || stranger.-From what I have said, it will appear that I of some excuse, as the heat of the weather is in a great || look upon Naples as one of the most corrupt cities in measure one of the principal causes of such indelicate cus Europe. It is, however, a corruption different from that of toms. The greatest familiarity prevails between masters l other capitale, such as Paris or London; it is a mixture of and servants. The former often joke and laugh with the the rudeness of a people half savage, for such is the state of latter, and talk confidentially of their affairs and intrigues the lower classes, with the vices of luxury and civilization before them; some even play at cards with them: it is fostered among the upper ones. natural, therefore, to expect no reverence nor subordina “Having been obliged, by a regard to truth, to trace tion from domestics who are the contidants of all their mas. some unfavourable features of the Neapolitan character, I ter's foibles or vices. This renders Neapolitan servants proceed to the more pleasing task of stating what I have perhaps the very worst in the world. They are dirty, lazy. collected on its fair side. And first, as I have already said, and careless; insolent and unfaithful. They are in general there is a great quantum of joviality and gaiety of temper notoriously dishonest, so as to steal the paltriest things in these people, especially in the middling classes. When that fall in their way. Most of them, especially when out not under the immediate pressure of want, the Neapolitan of livery, would think it beneath them to carry a bundle, Il is good-tempered, communicative, and social. Considering or any thing in their hands through the streets, and will the state of ignorance and misery of the lower classes, actually refuse to do so, and employ a porter for the pur-Ill heinous crimes may be said to be rare in Napleg.- Avarice pose. Gambling, sleeping, and defaming their masters, is not the prevailing vice of this country-the people are are the pastimes in which they spend the greater part of rather inclined to its opposite extreme, and most of them the day, while loitering in idleness in the ante-roams. By live beyond their income. They are very fond of parties,

s observa

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