Page images
PDF

ward to working in marble; he was always disposed to live | rit with the utmost candour and good will. It was never abstemiously, as well from motives of health as of reflec | his wish to be adopted as a model, or to have direct imitation, as his intense application had made him easily suscep tors, observing, that the great masters, by whom he had tible of severe stomach pains; and in his twenty-seventh been guided, were equally accessible to all, being no others year he was attacked by a violent and complicated disorder, than nature and antiquity. He was, however, obliged to which ever after threatened him from time to time with a allow that at the era of his first arrival at Rome, these two return, requiring of him great caution, and contirming him sources of instruction had been neglected, and that he had in his natural disposition for a sober and regular mode of | been the first to apply the means of improvement which living. It way his daily custom to restore his powers by a they afiorded ; but it was with the utmost caution and moshort repose after eatinx; and the friends who dined with desty that he noticed this fact, to avoid wounding the pride him always took care to introduce light and diverting topics of others, who were not very willing to do justice to his serof conversation, and to avoid subjects of the arts, or of a vices, and attributed much to themselves which was justly nature to bighly excite bis imagination or feelings; a slight || his dne... emotion having the effect of disturbing his usual repose. “Criticism likewise never produced any irritation in He seldom went from home, but passed his evenings in re

|| him; if false and violent, he wholly disregarded it ; if just ceiving his friends, with an extreme gentleness and urba and modest, he adopted the means of improvement which nity of manners, but without the slightest approach to it furnished, always, however, shewins great deference for meanneys or aflectation.

enlightened advice. When some of his friends wished to " It was his constant rule not to have pupils, at least in || reply to a certain Sig. Fernow, wvlio had publish: da pamthe strict sense of the term, and was used to assign as a phlet against him in German, from which extracts had been reason for it, that is a youth of good capabilities were to | made into the Encyclopædean Journal of Naples, be earstudy under him, the merit of his works would be attributed I nestly dissuaded them from it, saving, that it was for him to the master, who would thus derive from it the benefit to answer it, but only with his chisel, and by an improve. due to the unrequited pupil: but it was his invariable cus ment in his works; but he would listen with attention to tom, whenever a young artist evinced more than ordinary | observations on his works, even by the most uninstructed,

one of his workmen raised himself ll from which, as Virxil could extract thoughts from the verses above mediocrly, to give him every encouragement, to pro of Ennius, he sometimes obtained some useful suggestions, cure commissions for him, and even to get him to work on by which he has in some cases been led to retouch his work;

ccount, as in the instance of his causing to be ll as in the instance of his Perseus, and the group of Venus sculptured at his own expresc, to large a portion of the sta- ll and Adonis, which in its way from Naples to Geneva was tues which adorned the Pantheon, but which have, since delayed for some time in the study of the artist, and retheir expulsion thence, been received into the various gal ceived some very valuable improvements twenty-seven leries of the Capitoline museum. At any moment when years after its completion. Undisturbed by censure, he required he would leave his own work to go to the study of | was on the other hand little elated by praise, however high any artist who wanted his counsel or opinion, which he || or exaggerated. The calmness and modesty of his characgave with such cordiality, as never to wound their profes. || ter, which few have ever possessed in an equal degree, rensional pride, but, on the contrary, as always to atiord them 1 dering him equally unmoved by eulogy and censure.” aid and encouragement. To those who express surprise,

This distinguished artist died at Venice, in October, that not a single pupil of Canova can be absolutely cited, it may be answered that, if they will compare the state of

1821, aged 65. His biographer has accompanied the bis art at the era of his earliest productions with that of the memoir with an estimate of Canova's character as a present day, it will appear most convincingly that the effect || sculptor. That it is highly favourable may well be of the examples which he has afforded to all Europe in his

imagined: that it is not beyond the sculptor's merits own works. has been in tinitely greater than what could have been derived from a few precepts inculcated in his pri

we venture to assert. There is no reason why we vate study.

should transfer that critical estimate to our pages, but " He was very solicitous to instruct and adorn his mind

it is worth the general study of every admirer of in every respect that could tend to the perfect education of

Il genius. The biography itself, though neatly drawn an artist; he rrad himself, but more often caused to be read to him, while at work, the classical Grecian, Roman, and || up, is a mere sketch. It forins an appropriate intro. Italian writere, particularly Polybius and Tacitus, whom he | duction to the elegant work of Mr. Mose: a work conuidered most luminous and characteristical of the times, | which does credit to his own talents, and we hope which they so masterly describe. His own style in writing

likewise to the state of public taste and liberality. was always simple and ingenious, although bis letters serve to shew the progressive correctness of his language, so that the latter part of them without losing their original force and freedom, and uncorrupted, on the other hand, by the | Ilustrations of Mickleham Church, Surrey. By P. F. obscure affectation of modern style, are more elegantly

ROBINSON, Architect, London : Carpenter and Son. written than those of an earlier date.

MR. ROBINSON, who is already known to the world " His susceptibility and active fancy gave great quickness

of art for his interesting volume on Ornamental Cot.

or and enerzy to his invention, prompting his imagination || tage Architecture, &c. having been employed in his spontaneously, and without effort, to reach the great and profe-sional capacity to enlarge and repair the ancient excellent in his designs. He usually threw his first thoughts

church at Micklebam, in Surrey, and discovering on paper in a few slight outlines, which he often varied and retouched, and then sketched in clay or wax, in small di

that from the decared state of the fabric it would be mensions : with this he studied the composition of his sub necessary to rebuild the whole of the nave and part

of the tower; with that respect for the genius of our del, and perfected with all the resources of his genius and

forefathers, and prevailing good taste which charac. art. Hi tranquillity was never in the slightest degree disturbed by jealousy of the suceres of others, but, on the

' || terise so many of our living architects, determined contrary, he always spoke of his rivals and of artists of me. || to preserve a record of the sacred building as it stood

in 1822. This has been done in a style creditable to expectations of that plodding ignorance, which has so the talent and research of the author.

|| long enquired, “ of what use are these vanities?" The second title to this agreeable quarto informs us | Lately we saw a number of a very fine topographical that it is an attempt to ascertain the age of the church work, publishing at Birmingham, descriptive of Warof Mickleham, in Surrey, with remarks on the archi. I wickshire. A similar work on the county, is issuing tecture of that building. We have looked into this from the city of Oxford, and we could name mapy work, and are so much pleased with the arrangement, || fine works publishing, or preparing for publication in the comparative specimens of ancient ornaments, and various parts of the kingdom, other pictorial embellishments, that we shall next week The truly classic little work before us, the Greek afford it a very particular notice.

Islands, &c. has issued from what our northern friends

are prone to designate the modern Athens-It is worthy Design for the New National Scotch Church, adopted by

of the Scottish press. We are delighted to see the the Committee, May 6, 1824. By ROBERT WALLACE,

rapid growth of taste on this long sterıle soil. Rivalry Architect.

in arms between the south and the north is, we trust,

for ever hushed by the benignant guardian of our isle; This is a rich and elegant front and tower of a la

a more congenial contest has succeeded, a rival emulachurch, designed in a goth.c style, accompanied by all tion for honors in the field of arts.

, pri ted quarto pamphlet, intended to expose the injustice | The drawings for this publication, which is to be of the cominitiee to the architect, after adopting his plan, || composed of six parts, each containing six plates, are by vote, in preference to those of a numerous body of || by Mr. H. W. Williams, of Edinbro'. who is well other ingenious candidates. We are of opinion, on

ll known for his travels and researches in the ancient a careful perusal of this pamphlet, that Mr. Wallace

classic regions of which he treats. Mr. Cockerell con. has made out a complete case, and that he is justified in

tributed the opening subject, “ the Restoration of ihe taking this public method of exposing the flagrant

Parthenon," and the plates are engraved by Messrs. injustice of the parties concerned in what appears W. Miller, J. Horsburg, and James Stewart. The letso entirely a job. We shall next week offer our sen.

ter press illustrations, if they may be so called, are timents at length upon the disgraceful proceedings of

Greek and Latin quotations, selected and translated other committees, on the subject of public buildings,

for the work, by Mr. J. Patterson, of Edinburgh: so which are a reflection upon the country and the age.

that the whole is of the manufacture of this modern We have felt no small degree of surprise, after so much

Athens. experience of the want of integrity and honourable

The plates are of a very diminutive scale, but so feeling of many comınittees we could name, that any

intelligent and correct in execution, and so beautiful architect of reputation can be found to enter the lists,

in effect, that we feel no deficiency of space, and parfor so precarious a reward—as that which seems to be

ticularly recommend those whose vision is not very the order of the day to hold out, by building commit.

acute, to look at them through a magnifying medium, tees, and committees of taste.

by which they may discover an accuracy and taste surpassing expectation,

THE PARTHENON restored, drawn by Mr. Cockerell, is Select Views in Greece. By H. W. WILLIAMS. London:

exquisitively minute, and forms a curious historical comHurst, Robinson and Co.

position. It is to be regretted, however, that the plates EVERY year, nay almost every month now, brings

have no descriptions sufficient to elucidate the subjects;

for however agreeable the elegant scraps may be to the forth from the united efforts of the painter, engraver, classic scholar, the convenience of the general reader and the printer, a variety of elegant and interesting | should be consulted in a work like this. publications upon the fine arts, many of which, from

The Parthenon in its present state, is a melancholy sub

ject-the ruin of antiquity itself! It is too faithful a re. their superior graphic illustrations, are sought with

presentation of that dilapidated pile, and awakens associaavidity by the foreign collectors, from their admiration

tions that seem to justify the severe reflections that have of our book prints, which have of late acquired the been made upon so sacrilegious a spoliation. reputation of excelling those of any other country. CORINTH, backed by its lofty mountains, is a romantic To the value of these tasteful and meritorious orna.

scene, excellent in effect, and tastefully engraved ; it is a

sweet print. ments to our literary productions, must be added the

DELPHI. CASTALIAN FOUNTAIN, ON MOUNT PARNASSUS. beauty of the printing, and the elegant arrangements A magnificent scene, full of interest, and admirably enof the press, altogether, which have stamped a current

graved.

TEMPLES OF JUPITER, PANAELLENIUS, ÆGINA. A classic value upon English books of a certain class, that renders

composition, and equally well engraved; the foreground them a marketable commodity among the enlightened, || is a trait of 'most delicate and tasteful execution : indeed all over the world. We have long expected the event, the whole of the twelve plates are clever, and highly creand the time is fast approaching, when it will be found

ditable to the talents of the Scottish school.

ATHENS FROM THE East, by Stewart, and THEBES, by that the fine arts will be productive of commercial

Horsburgh, are agreeable in effect, and equally finished advantages to this country, immeasurably beyond the with the preceding, which are by Miller, to whom has been

allotted the most imposing subjects. The cover should || stranger caught as the campaigners rushed out, sat a lady not pass unnoticed, as it bears the title in an ornamental whose face and figure would have been concealed by a black

rith the most chaste and classic feeling: Il mantle and hood, intended to have folded over the head and we have not seen a composition of the kind more con person, had she not, through the alarm and terror of the genial to our taste. It is drawn and engraved by W. H. moment, shaken off the covering, and exposed to the cyes Lazars.

of our veteran friends a face and form well calculated to It is due to all parties concerned, notice that this

is || have called up the recollection of ardent hopes, and gratisecond part is generally superior in subject and in execu- ||fied though departed happiness, in hearts however seared tion to the first, and we may safely recommend the work, | with disappointment or chilled with age. as entirely deserving of public patronage.

" Apparently just entering into womanhood, the expression of the heedless, volatile, elasticity of youth was yielding to the calm and anxious thoughtfulness, which the expe

perience that life is not an uninterrupted, unclouded sumREVIEWS.

mer day gives to the countenance even of those whose spirits seem equal or superior to the most bitter calamities

which checquer our pilgrimage through this world. Her Tournay; or Alaster of Kempencairn. By the Author of

leyes were light almost to a fault; but they were in perfect

accordance with her yellow hair, and still more in unison the Fire Eater. Elinburgh: Anderson, 8vo. 1824. | with her pale and bloodless cheeks. Except that her Of the Fire Eater we spoke in terms of praise,

lips retained the vivid brightness of the richest colouring,

and a watery light streamed from her half-closed cyes, you amounting almost to extravagance. It was a narrative might have believed that the animating spirit had Aed, and full of interest and pathos, and excited the highest | that all which remained was the mortal frame, still in expectations of future excellence. The present tale || death, glowing with the faintest of the fading hucs of life" is by no means a justification of those hopes. It is ||

Ducholly prevents his soldiery from taking the in every respect inferior to its predecessor. With | young cavalier's life, and whilst engaged with his many good qualities, and some fine passages, it is still || men, the prisoner makes an escape :a tale of comparatively slight interest, and told in a

4. all “ The glow of humanity which had gleamed in Ducholly's slovenly manner. The greatest fault is a failure in || face, and which, notwithstanding his declaration, he had embodying the conceptions of character, to which the || felt at his heart, gave way to the resolute expression of pretensions are excessive,

deadly purpose. He saw that the stranger bad taken ad. The story is a relation of certain events, supposed to

vantage of the expostulation with Donatus, and had fled

when Ducholly had thought that he had surrendered. He have taken place principally about that period of

pointed to the Hongrois,--two of his men levelled their Marlborough's Campaign in 1709, which was occupied muskets, and with their aim steadily followed the fugitives. in the Siege of Tournay, and ended with the Battle of At this moment the horses were abreast. The stranger's Malplaquet. The leading personage is a Major

arm encircled the waist of his companion. Before them

ll was the morass. Another bound would place in safety the Ducholly-a Scotchman, who having been unfortunate

person whom he held dearer than life or freedom. He in his domestic life, had turned military adventurer, turned his head, and saw the soldiers with their fingers on and now found himself a Major in a Highland regi. the triggers; but as he drew up his horse, and threw himment in Flanders. His wife, some twenty years ago,

self almost off with his exertion to shield his companion

with his body, John Lomm touched Ducholly's arm. had suddenly abandoned her home under suspicious

“ Eighteen years syne,” he calmly said, “ your fair-haired circumstances, taking with her his only child-a lassie was put into her father's arms. Did those pale blue daughter. In the course of one of his subordinate ex een and gouden tresses bring nae sorrowfu' thoughts to peditions he meets with the following adventure:- :

your heart? Thaetwa bairns have also parents. Du

cholly, shall I say Fire ?' for I see, by the trembling of “ Before them stood a young man, easily recognised, your nether lip, that words are denied you, or shall I---shall

his peculiar garb, to belong to the Cavalerie Hon. Il strike up the muzzles?' And John drove groise. His doublet was tight; and the closeness with aside, just in time to direct their discharge to the right, and which the sleeves cluny to his arm, formed a striking con allow the fugitives to plunge into the covert edging the trast to the fashion of the day, where they would have con canal, and the next moment to be scarcely discernible, toiltained almost the body of the wearer. Buskins, which, with-ll ing through the morass, which spread, almost without inout grenouillieres, just reached the knee and were fastened to terruption, to the horizon. shoes shaped off with small iron heels, received, in accumu “Ducholly for a time made no answer or observation. lated folds, the culotte or pantaloon. His mantle scarcely The indignation which had brought tbe blood to his forehead touched his girdle, and his long tapering cap, bordered with disappeared. The glare of his eyes passed away; but a fur, was ornamented with a narrow drooping plume. A baggard, deadly hue spread over bis face. It was difficult richly embroidered pouch hung by a sling-belt from his to say whether the expression was that of the compunctious shoulders: and at his side was suspended by long and visitings of nature after crime, or of the corroding emotions narrow leathern thongs, a Turkish cimiter, a narrow sword, of grief, concealed for years, but never mastered. shaped lik a lance, stretched from the shoulder to the 6. It was eighteen years you said, John Lomm? croupe of the horse, which, in costly housings, stood within Eighteen years,' he at length observed, in a low and broken a few feet, pawing the ground, and as if watchful to observe voice, 'Ay, right. Your memory is good. You might have the least signal from its master. His right breast was co added eighteen this very day, this very hour. Pshaw! am vered with overfolding plates of vermillon d'argent, the I a child again? Let me rouse other recollections. Yes, badges which his courage and daring had won in the field, now I have strung my nerves.' And Ducholly knitted his and testified that his services were not to be measured by brow, and hoarsely ordered his men to form into marching his youthful appearance and bearing.

order and proceed, the sternness of his countenance only Close behind him, on a horse, the bridle of which the varying with a bitter smile, as is in contempt of himself for

[ocr errors]

having been betrayed into a moment of unmanly weak- | compass the red and green tufts that decorated his grenaness.

dier cap.

" Gencral Grumbkow, although there is no intention of Of course this young lady is Ducholly's lost daugh- || disparaging his clothing in the matter of size and embellishter, as we learn in the sequel of the story. She had

ment, still presented a less finished appearance. His horse,

thrown almost entirely on its haunches, had perpetually been brought up in the family of a thickheaded Dutch

spect of an animal retreating from the pain created by man, whose son, Donatus, (at once a spy to the French the ponderous lever of a massy bit, or as if preparing to and the Allies,) pesters her with his love-but she take a leap at which very serious repugnance was enterprefers the young cavalier. This is Duplessis, a gay,

tained. The General sat with his person so far back, that

Bayill the stiftest curls of his wir, formins a series of spiral cues light hearted, accomplished, and brave French officer, || stuck on the cantle of the saddle. One of his hands, with and after a multitude of alarming chances and escapes, fingers spread as if intimating the perfect mastery he held she finally becomes his wife. The Major experiences ll over the horse, alternately supported the bridle, or was some perilous vicissitudes himself:-s suspected of

pressed on the hilt of a strait sword reposing on the toe of

his boot. His coat was closely buckled at the neck; and a being a traitor by the English, after having nearly lost

profusion of shirt-frill drooped in soiled abundance through his life in defeating the French. There is a Captain the yawning waistcoast, which gaped almost from top to Andover of the Guards, who falls in love with the | bottom, perhaps as much from the General's practice of deComptesse Treillade, known in the annals of French

positing in his breast his snuff-box and handkerchief, as

from the sometimes difficult puzzle of persuading the innugallantry as la petite Treillade, whom he carries off

merable buttons to slip into their intended receptacles. from a nunnery and espouses. This episode, if it may His shoulders were studiously puckered, and the waist so be called, is one of the best parts in the book.

drawn so tight as to cast the cloth into innumerable wrinkles The author's talent at description may be gathered

Öll over the haunches, exhibiting, although perhaps very faintly,

the origin of the present costume of his countrymen in arms. from the following rather lengthy extract:

He was listenings with much attention to the Earl, and

seemed to be mouthing the words in which he intended to “ The scene would have been a curious spectacle to a mi convey his opinion; but, when Orkney concluded, the Gelitary person of the present day. The Earl, a well-made,

neral calling to his attendants, der teurelled them for not dark-coloured man, was mounted on a heavy black horse,

having his pipe prepared, and craved his lordship to concovered with foam, and more jaded by its own restless im tinue. patience than from any speed which it had been obliged to || 66 Two Dutch officers, alighted from their horses, and exert. He sat erect on a high cantled saddle, placed on a | leaning on their saddles, were, with unmeaning expression, long and formidable bear-skin. His coat, without collar,

Il gazing on his lordship, their great trunk-hose and tightlybut richly laced and adorned with a profusion of buttons, drawn girdles presenting, in rich perfection, Hogarth's un. dropped, almost like a surtout, to his heels. The sleeves

dulating line of beauty. The private soldiers were scattered hung like sacks on his arms; and ruffles of the finest lace

about, some already half-asleep on the grass, others gaswelled from beneath an enormous pair of embroidered

thered in a groups, participating in a draught of such cuffs, and almost concealed the hand, which held a tele

refreshing beveraxe as their canteens supplied; their scope pointing in the direction of the object of conference.

stockings clogged with the mud through which they had The pendulous flaps of his waistcoat, even more luxuriantly 1 toiled, and their long and dangling coats, and deeply reworked, reached so low on his breeches as very much to i turned cuffs and facings, tarnished and stained with their supersede, as far as appearance went, the use of that va- | l service in the field. luable article of dress; and a pair of boots, as stiff as if they “ A party of English grenadiers, with breeches just turning had been turned out of the knarled oak, thrusting up their

over the kneepan, and shoes clinging round the ancle, had tops far above the knee, reposed in stirrups scarce able,

dofted their tapered, zany-looking, sugar-loaf caps, to relieve notwithstanding the breadth of the leather and double

their heads from the oppressive weight; and, chuckling with irons, to support the great square toes and heavy armed

delight at the anticipated pleasure awaiting them in the bubheels which clanked and beat against the horse's side. A|| bling pipkin in which they had deposited the remnants of wig, of no ordinary dimensions, floated on his lordship's || their stores, saw, with undisguised consternation, the fire back and shoulders, and crisped and curled under a small ||

which they had kindled kicked into the air, lest the smoke but fiercely-cocked bat, surmounted with a gallant corkade,

should betray their presence to the enemy; a feat which, from and fringed with an absolute hedge of feathers. On bis

being performed by a foreign officer, gave the honest breast he wore the badge of bis nobility, and at his side the

fellows the comfort of at least venting their indignation less sword by which it had been won. He was speaking with

mentally than an interference from a countryman would that degree of affected merriment which we often see as

have rendered prudent. While, at a short distance, a knot sumed at the moment of disappointment, being the most of Sotchmen, huddled round one of the guides, listened agreeable, and certainly the most polite" mode of atlording

with intense interest and beating hearts to the plaintive escape to such keenness and warmth as may not be serious

notes of an instrument common in that part of Flanders, enough to assume a graver form. His delivery, however,

and which, in some of its notes, bore a similarity to the kept no pace with his vivacity, on account of an unfortunate music with which almost every association of happiness and hesitation of speech, creating a lively contrast to the ear of home in the breasts of the mountaineers was inseparably nestness of his manner and to the rapidity of his gesticu.

| united.” lation.

“ Near him was also mounted his aid-de-camp, Colonel Hamilton, in the plain uniform of the Royal Scots, the

There is an account, and an affecting passage it is, ample fringe of his broad white gash hanging almost to his l of Miriam's revisiting many years afterwards the knees. A few paces farther oft stood Captain Andover of lonely and deserted ruins of her ancestral seat. It is the foot-guards, somewhat a beau in his dress, and alter- Il beautifuly written and equal to the best part of the Dately busy brushing away the sparks of mud, (which, besides soiling the green lining of his coat, had bespattered

Fire Eater. The description of the victory of Malbis red breeches and stockings,) or plucking into fuller || plaquet, is almost too technical to be generally interesting. The writer seems to understand military matters jurious to the romance of the thing. The portrait of Gussufficiently well, but that is no reason why he should

tavus Adolphus, the only ornament which Frederick ad

mitted into his bed-room, has been allowed to remain. deluge us who do not understand them at all, with his

The apartment which was appropriated to Voltaire is the accomplishments in this way. Repeating our objec most vulgar of all. The walls are covered with flowers and tions to the loose and rambling developement of the garlands, coarsely carved in wood, and bedaubed with story, and the too frequent carelessness of the style,

glaring colours. I know not wbo selected this style of

ornament; but the crowd of wooden parrots, perched we are obliged to say that none but a very clever

among the wooden chaplets, proves either the bad taste! person could have written the better portions of this of the poet, or the satirical' humour of the king. Soine volume.

other apartments are splendid in their architecture and decorations, but there are more splendid things of the

same kind in fifty other palaces. We do not visit Sans A Tour in Germany, and some of the Southern Provinces Souci because it is a palace, but because Frederick the of the Austrian Empire, in the Years 1820, 1821, 1822.

Great lived in it.

• The grounds are not extensive. In that part of them London : Hurst, Robinson and Co. 2 vols. 1824.

which lies immediately below the palace, and was the là

vourite resort of the nionarch, all is rich, shady, and tran(Continued from p. 245.)

quil; you would believe yourself a thousand miles removed

from the bustle of men. Even the French horns of the OUR former lengthened observations preclude us

Jager Guards, swelling from the barracks below, instead of from making any remarks upon the notices of discurbing only sweetened the ropose of the scene. Those Dresden, Leipsig, Hanover, and the smaller Duchies parts of the grounds again, which are thrown open indisof Northern Germany. They are written with the

criminately to the public are merely shady, sandy prome

nades, commonly terminated by a small building, either an same acuteness, spirit, and freedom which mark the

European oriental, or a modern antique. Frederick 1 ould preceding quotations, and will be read with equal not give his subjects and visitors much varied scenery, or pleasure. The political speculations respecting Hano many picturesque glimpses; but he gave them a profusion ver, belong to a higher order of competition, and

of pillars and pediments. He seems to bave been foudly

tied to every thing which contributed to his picarures; anu speak strongly in favour of the author's political ac

no great monarch's pleasures were ever nore simple and quirements, and habits of reflection.

innocent. His generals do not appear to have stood higher The second volume is principally occupied with || in his heart than his dogs. A number of the latter are buPrussia, Silesia, Bohenia, and the Austrian dominions.

ried in the grounds, and honoured with tonıb-stones. Be

Il side them lies the horse which Lore him through many a From this our extracts will be few and disjointed. It || hard-fought field in the Seven Years' War." is thus he describes Sans Sousi:

From the estimate of Vienna, a single extract, and “ Sans Souci, bearing its name, like Wilhemshohe at we shall have done. It is not very lenieut, but it is Cassel, in bad taste, but gold letters, on its front, stands on | an eminence close behind the town. It is a long low build. Il y Jus. ing, destitute of architectural parade, although adorned " There cannot be a more dissolute city,-one where with a double circular portico, a beautiful object in itself, || female virtue is less prized, and, therefore less frequent. but much too magnificent for the main building. The pros- || A total want of principle, the love of pleasure, and the love pect is confined; it has, however, as much oi what is plea- || of finery are so universally diflused, that wives and daughsant as could be found in this country. It takes in a large ters, in not only what we would call confortable, but even portion of the Havel, spreading out its lakes among green || attluent circumstances, do not shrink from increasing the fields and wooded eminences, and here and there diversified || means of their extravagance by forgetting teir duty. They by a passing sail. Were it less pleasing than it real who would not gaze upon it with interest, when be reflected || interest. You will probably find in Naples or Rome as tbat Frederick loved to dwell upon its leatures, and sought || many faithless wives, who are so from a temporary and vain them the only repose which he allowed himself to | riable liking, as in Vienna; but you will not find so many enjoy from the dangers of the field and the labours of the || who throw away their honour from the love of gain. The cabinet ? Even the bad humour into which a stranger is | advantage seems to be on the side of the Italian. Worththrown by the mean and disgraceful, but privileged, extor- || less as both are, even a passing liking is something less de. tions of the attendants, gives place to the respectful interest || grading than the mere infamous calculation of pounds, shil. with which he lingers among the scenes that supplied the Jings, and ence, without even the excuse of poverty. The simple pleasures of, not only a great, but a wonderful man. girls of the lower classes grow up to licentiousnese; the

“ The apartments of the king himself are extremely rags for dress and luxury is no less strong among them than simple. Like the rest of the palace, they are hung with among their superiors; and though it certainly looks like a very mediocre French pictures, which, it is to be hoped, || harsh judgment, it is not too much to say, as a general iruth, for the sake of Frederick's taste, he took no pleasure in || tlat, from the time they are capable of feeling this love of looking at. He had more fitting companions in sonce an- || show and easy living, they consider their person as the fund cient busts, set up in a long narrow gallery, in which he that is to supply the means of its gratitication. It is not se. used to walk, when the weather denied him this exercise || duction; it is just a matter of sale: nor are mothers out of doors. The library, a small circular room, contains || ashamed to be the brokers of their daughters. There is no his books as he left them. They are all French, but many want of purchasers. of them are translations of the great productions of other “The quantity of licentiousness is commonly smallest in countries. Frederick's bell, his inkstand and sand-box, the middle class of a people. It is not so in Vienna, at least his sofa and little table, still retaint

n their place. The bed ll among the men. To hear the nonchalance with which a has been removed from the chamber where he died, and party of respectable merchants or shopkeepers speak of a writing-desk occupies the place of the old chair in which their amours, you, would think them dissolute bachelors; he breathed his last; triding alterations, no doubt, but in- ||

are husbands and fathers

vided all cir

Je

« PreviousContinue »