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vico,

FRANCISCO CARACCI.

Il preservation from all injury, by having remained ever Was the younger brother of Augustino and Annibale, since under the same custody, and the exceeding beauty and Antonio called from his deformity, Il Gobbo, was the which engravings under such circumstances acquire from natural son of Augustino. These were the individuals who age, in mellowing both the colour of the paper and the ink, formed that celebrated family of painters.

we may form some estimate of the value of such a collec“ The father of Ludovico Caracci, was a butcher, (era | tion, and the interest it would excite, should it become the macelago) and the father of Annibale and Augustino, a subject of competition. tailor. Annibale resolved to mortify the pride of Ludoho despised

ed him on account of his frequently reminding him of their low origin. Ile therefore privately painted

BARTOLOZZI, THE ENGRAVER. the portraits of the Caracci, as large as lile, in a butcher's O Almost all Bartolozzi's engravings are in red ink, and shop, and shewed his picture for the first time to Ludovico, the subjects of the whole of them are of an extremely simwhen in company with Cardinal Farnese. It is now in the

| ple and pleasing character, which would tempt us to deduce Guise Collection, at Christ Church College, Oxford. An

very favourable conclusions respecting the individual to nibale is the butcher weighing the meat, which a soldier

whom they had been the subjects of choice and preference. (Ludovico) is purchasing. Augustino stands near them. The distinguishing features of his works, are the exquisite Antonio is lifting down a carcass, which conceals his defor

truth and beauty of the drawing, and the wonderful effect mity, and the old woman represents their mother. General

produced by a few touches of the burine: none of them Guise is said to have given £1,100 for this picture, which

are at all highly finished or very elaborate. Like all men was purchased for him at Venice.".

of high talent, he was extremely indolent, and of irregular Talking of Oxford, Mr. Editor, did you ever see this

application; he felt that he could do much in little time, collection? If the old General Guise had no more taste

and overrating perhaps what he could perform within the for fighting than for painting, I would have met him and

hurry, or the spur of occasion, often performed that neglihis legions with wooden cannon. Yet, I have heard certain

gently, which, though it might please his employers, did big wigs of the University crack up the Guise Gallery!

not always satisfy himself. His reputation rather cheThey are nice social fellows at Christ Church for all this,

rished tbis reluctance to careful and minute cxecution, in believe me, Mr. Hardcastle, and men of taste; a conversa

place of rendering him studious of preserving or increasing tion on painting is brought to table in the hall there, like

it; and when his name had acquired su iticient distinction the wine-devilish well iced.

to give eclat even to his most careless ettorts, far from becoming the more cautious of the extent to which he hushed its power of indiscriminate protection to the works it sanc

tioned, he not unfrequently threw it, like the mantle of FROM MY PORTFOLIO.

Elisha, round the labours of an inferior artist, or gave the

last touches of his own hand, and the authority of his own ANECDOTES OP STRANGE, THE ENGRAVER.

name, to those nearly completed. He could at any time STRANGE was certainly a very fine engraver, possessing leasily make ten guineas a day by his profession. It was a many of the highest qualities of the best artists in that common practice with Macklin and Dickinson, by whom department in which he excelled; but he drew ill, and his his works were generally published, to send engravings extremities are frequently coarse and unfinished. Many that were nearly finished, or had been bungled, to Madame of his engravings were published at Florence, and on his || Markfois, the chere amie of Bartolozzi, with ten gui return to this country, he resided in Parliament Street, | the artist and the same for herself, in consideration of her Westminster, where he likewise published. He afterwards influence in persuading him to correct the outline, or to removed to Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, and | give some redeeming grace to the vile daub, which in its from come freak not explained, he erased the names of own shape, could never have been ushed into existence. Florence and Parliament Street, and substituted that of | When the unsuspecting engraver threw aside his tools, and Queen Strret in their stead, so that engravings dated from sinking into sotter thoughts than copper-plates and aquaeither of three places are now of great value, partly from fortis were entitled to, sought the abode of his fair Delilah, their curiosity, and partly from the certainty of their || he was very frequently attacked with something like the being genuine and early impressions. There is a singular | following exordium: " Ah mon cher Bartolozzi, comment or currence in the life of Strange, which is, however, as || vous portez vous ? how like you dat," presenting the supauthentic as it is romantic. In the Rebellion of 1745, he piantengraving, suing in forma pauperis, “n'est il pas vary served in the ranks of Prince Charles's army as a common pratty?"-" Oh no," says he "it is baad, very baad!"soldier. After the battle of Culloden, he was pursued by a * Ah but you could make it so pratty!"_" Now, now, me party of the King's troops, when he fled " for safety and vont touch it; never saw any ting so baad.”—“ Oui, oui, for succour') into a friend's house. As there was no time but you will put in the sweet little mout and the dear little to be lost, the soldiers being close at his heels, a young lady, || dog that you do make so pratty !” In vain did he protest in the full costume of that period, viz. a dress hoop, offered that it was bad, and that he would not touch it. Madame to shelter him under the ample folds of her petticoat. To | only coaxed the more ; her own ten guineas was in depenthis strange proposal, considering all circumstances, it | dance, and a share of the bribe intended for himself was is not strange that he assented, and here, “ patulæ sub l also in expectance-need the result be told? The dog and tegmine recubans," he remained undiscovered. Either | the dear little mouth that were to do such wonders, at love or gratitude suggested the sequel: we will suppose | length were successful. Bartolozzi scraped in his name, both conjoined. Mr. Strange was then a bachelor, and land with a few hours' labour, pocketed his douceur, which when his fortunes were more prosperous, he repaid with his very generally found its way into the purse of the amiable band the protection which the petticoat had afforded ; and | Markfois. No engravings in his style would sell without we may venture to assert, that no one ever yielded to its his name being attached to them, which is the reason that government who had better reasons for their deference to his works appear so voluminous, from the number of illegiit. Mr. Strange was born in the Orkneys of Scotland. All timates of this description which he acknowledged. Barxrand-daughter of bis (his only issue I believe) is now mar- ll tolozzi was, I think, a member of the R Academy : ried to one of the Judges of the Court of Session in that this is said to have given great offence to Strange, who was country. It is said that the artist retained one copy of all unsuccessful in his attempts to be admitted a member of his engravings; and if we take into account his opportu- \ that body, particularly as it was notorious that the picture nity of selecting the finest proof for his own portfolio, the |which the former painted as the preliminary to his acade

pay for

mical honours, was either wholly executed, or at least || labour and much scientific research, we consider it a vatouched off by Canaletti.

luable contribution to the library, and trust its author will Signor ****, an engraver, and countryman of Bartolozzi, I have no reason to regret his visit to this land of liberality and used to pester him with commissions of the same illicit cha- || improving taste. racter, and presumed not a little on the yielding spirit of his ingenions friend. One day he submitted a proof from a plate that had been executed from an English engraver,

PLEASURE AND ADVANTAGES TO BE DERIVED taken from a picture by Raffaelle. It was a very heavy, so-so performance. “What! suppose you I will meddle

FROM THE STUDY OF PAINTING. with this?” enquired Bartolozzi.** Diavolo!” and falling into a sudden paroxysm of race, be held it extended from him at arm's length, and spat, or rather spirted upon it,

The following detached pieces claim a space in our with that force with which the sculptors moisten the clay, || pages, as they are selected from various high authorities, at least twenty times, with swollen cheeks and staring eyes, and are introduced in the life of Wilson, every page of until exhausted, he threw the proof from him, exclaiming, ||

| which evinces the author's friendly zeal for the cause " Code tam, sare! it smell too strong of roasta beef and porter!-take it away, and never let me see you no more!

| which he thus generously advocates. Sentiments like

these, help to inspire a love for art. EXHIBITIONS OF PICTURES.

" It was, we are told," says the author, “the perusal It has been supposed that the practice of shewing the paintings in the Foundling Hospital, first suggested the

ell of Richardson's Essay on the Theory of Painting, that plan of our annual national Exhibition. Strangers gave a ll excited the first fondness for his art in Sir Joshua shilling as a douceur for seeing the pictures presented by Reynolds, and which so inflamed his mind, that Hogarth to that Institution, not to aid the funds of the || Raffaelle appeared to him superior to the most illushospital, so that this artist may be considered as the founder

|| trious names of antiquity or modern times; a notion," of a plan by which the public taste is improved and gratified, and the interest of the painters advanced, by this favour-says his biographer, “ which he loved to indulge all able opportunity afforded annually of displaying the labouts || the remainder of his life :"> of the former year. I can assert, that in the first year in which Mr. West's pictures were exhibited, no less than || " Because pictures,' observes the author referred to, 95,000 persons visited his gallery; an enormous number if l' are universally delightful, and accordingly made one part we take into account the number of free admissions; and l of our ornamental furniture, many, I believe, consider the a demonstration of the eagerness of the public to avail | art of painting but as a pleasing superfluity; at best, that themselves of this gratification, when a regular channel | it holds but a low rank with respect to its usefulness to by which it might be enjoyed, was opened to it.

mankind.

6. If there was, in reality, no more in it than an innocent amusement; if it were only one of those sweets that the

Divine Providence has bestowed on us, to render the FINE ARTS.

good of our present being superior to the evil of it; or

whether it be or no, to render life somewhat more eligible, CHEVALIÉR WIEBEKING of Munich has just arrived in ll it ought to be considered as a bounty from Heaven, and to London; his object in visiting this country is to inspect our || hold a place in our esteem accordingly. Plcasure, however public buildings. This gentleman is the author of several || it be depreciated, is wbat we all eagerly and incessantly works on art, the most prominent are those of his Civil Il pursue; and when innocent, and consequently a divine Architecture, large folio, illustrated by plates, representing || benefaction, is to be considered in that view, and as an ingre. a parallel of the principal buildings in the world, and a | dient in human life which the supreme wisdom bas judged large work on hydraulics, arches, bridges, roads, fortifi- || necessary. cations, &c. The Chevalier is of the Privy Council of the ||

*** Painting is that pleasant, innocent amusement; and King of Bavaria, and Superintendent of the Public Works || as such it holds its place among our enjoyments. But it is in that kingdom.

more, it is of great use, as being one of the means whereby These voluminous works may be seen at Messrs. Priestley || we convey our ideas to each other, and which, in some and Weale's. The Marquis of Stafford and Mr. Thomas respects, has the advantage of all the rest. And thus it Hope have already ordered copies of the folios on Civil || must be ranked with these, and accordingly esteemed not Architecture, of this firm. We are gratified at every com only as an enjoyment, but as another language, which compliment thus paid to foreigners of science, who visit our

pletes the whole art of communicating our thoughts; one of country.

those particulars which raises the dignity of human nature To the architect this laborious publication cannot fail to || so much above the brutes, and which is the more considerbe particularly useful, as it contains perspective views, ele able, as being a gift bestowed but upon a few even of our vations or plans of the most renowned buildings in various own species. parts of the world, ancient and modern, and in almost every "• The pleasure that painting, as a dumb art, gives us, period of the art. To the enlightened scholar, and man of

is like what we have from music: its beautiful forms, taste, it is likely to be acceptable, as the numerous ex colours, and harmony, are to the eye, what sounds and amples of those structures which are so intimately inter the harmony of that kind are to the ear; and in both we woven with the history of every civilized region, are herein are delighted in observing the skill of the artist, in proporexhibited for his contemplation.

tion to it, and our own judgment to discover it. It is this The letter-press descriptions which accompany the plates, beauty and harmony which gives so much pleasure at the being in the German language, will doubtless operate sight of natural pictures, a prospect, a fine sky, a garden, against the sale of this work in England, although the prints &c., and the copies of these, which renew the ideas of them, are an universal language. If these volumes, however, are consequently pleasant; thus we see spring, summer, and should be found to interest the collector of works on art, | autumn, in the depth of winter; and frost and snow, if we which we think there can be little reason to doubt, we || please, when the dog-star rages. Nor do we barely see this should recommend an abridged translation into English. || variety of natural objects, but in good pictures we always A publication like this could only be accomplished by great i see nature improved, or, at least, the best choice of it. life.

We have thus nobler and finer ideas of men, animals, | implying some provocation sufficient to excite it, A conlandscapes, &c. than we should, perhaps, have ever bad. || siderable crowd had collected; apology for the violence was We see particular accidents and beauties, which are rarely useless when it could not avail the sufterer; recrimination or never seen by us; and this is no inconsiderable addi would not be listened to when the party aggrieved was intion to the pleasure.

capable of defence. Compassion, like every other feeling "I will add one article more in praise of this noble, de- | acting in a crowd, is catching; and the co-relative senti

, and useful art, and that is this: the treasure of all timent of resentment against the injustice which ha nation consists in the pure productions of nature, or those it forth, was beginning to shew itself in a way which memanaged or put together and improved by art: now, there naced punishment, in a much more summary form than is no artificer whatsoever that produces so valuable a thing | Mr. Martin's well meant acts. “Why don't you kill un at from such inconsiderable materials of nature's furnishing as vonce,' was vociferated by a host of draymen and coalthe painter; putting the time (for that also must be con heavers, accompanied by some very pithy expletives of sidered as one of those materials) into the account, it is language. He seemed to listen with as much deference to next to creation. This nation is many thousands of pounds the natural magistracy of the mob, as to the mandates of the richer for Van Dyck's band, and which is as current || the Bench-he lifted the mangled and quivering creature money as gold in most parts of Europe, and this with an by the hinder legs, and while I turned away, I heard the inconsiderable expence of the productions of nature: what crashing blow which terminated at ouce his miseries and his a treasure, then, have all the great masters here and elsewhere given to the world!

"• How great a variety soever there may be in men's I am delighted at this moment with the cry, under my tastes of pleasure, and what unhappy mixtures soever they window, “Buy my sweet Primroses,' which brings back may make, this will be generally allowed to be delightful. | | a flood of recollections of the sunny days of childhood, And there is one particular which I will remark, because I l when I sought them amo

thickets believe it is not commonly taken notice of, and this is the native place, and which along with the sweetness of the vast advantage the sight has above the other senses with || loveliest flower of Spring, are associated with the boundrespect to pleasure. Those receive it, but it is by starts || less, careless liberty of that blissful period. How well do and flash 9, with

id 1
intervals, and frequently I

remember the Primrose Crier in the "London Cries,” worse ; but the pleasures of the eye are like those of the very shape of her basket, decked round its edges with heaven, perpetual and without satiety; and if offensive ob- || her nosegays-and my own triumphant criticisms on the jects appear, we can reject them in a moment..*

execution of the print, which after all, perhaps appeared on all hands,' observes Mr. Hume. ' that ll the

the very masterpiece of the graphic art, and the little a delicate and refined taste must always be a desirable book itself the choicest part of my library. Poor Will quality, because it is the source of all the finest and most | Primer, the Bookseller of the Village, I yet see his coaxing innocent enjoyments of which human nature is suscep look of invitation as I passed his low dark shop, in which tible. In this decision the sentiments of all mankind are he held his treasures-his patient resigned look while I agreed. Whenever you can ascertain a delicacy of taste || rumpled and turned over his little penny books, examining it is sure to meet with approbation.'t.

their gilt and marbled sides, as eager and difficult of choice 66. A man of polite imagination,' the author of the Spec among their mottled covers, as the most curious Bibliomatator, very justly remarks, is let into a great many plea niac, among the rare copies of an Elzevir.-I should like to sures that the vulgar are not capable of receiving. He hear any good reason why the “Calls" of every place are can converse with a picture, and find an agreeable com so unintelligible; there is either common consent or nepanion in a statue; he meets with a secret refreshment cessity in this, for the old women of Edinburgh, like their in a description, and often feels a greater satisfaction sisters of the metropolis, bave an equally incomprehensible in the prospect of fields and meadows than another does jargon. It would not surprise me to find, that many of in the possession of them ; it gives him a kind of property these calls were of great antiquity, both in point of words, in every thing he sees, and makes the most rude and and of the kind of musical intonation in which they are uncultivated parts of nature administer to his pleasures, conveyed. The manners of the lower classes of all capitals so that he looks on the world, as it were, in another exhibit less of change than elsewhere, partly from the light, and discovers in it a maltitude of charms that con vanity which persuades them they are models for the ceal themselves from the rest of mankind."

country, and partly from the greater population, which as it were prevents a practice from escaping when once fairly settle damong them. The author of "Peveril of the Peak,

who with a facility that converts every thing into gold that SKETCHES FROM THE CAUSEWAY. he touches, describes so happily, the manners of the age in

which he has fixed his tale, represents the watermen on THE TERRIER DOG.

the Thames calling out, "Oars, Oars," and holding up In passing along the Strand I saw a small terrier lying in their hand to Young Peveril, after bis affair with the Bully the kennel, draggled and covered with mud, and whining || in the streets, and the same usages of words and action, most piteously. Its master bad (as I was informed by the lare at this day observed by the same fraternity. Some of bystanders) reduced it to this condition. In a paroxysm the Cries of London have been lost, because the occupation of rage, he aimed a large paving stone at the poor animal, || which they designated has arisen a stage higher, and which was but too well directed, and completely paralyzed quitted the streets for a genteeler workshop. One of the the hinder parts of the wretched creature. It might have characters in Ben Jonson's Play of “ Bartholomew Fair," taught a lesson of kindness and forgiveness to any thing ex- || is a Corn Cutter, who bawls out, “Have ye any Corns?" cept its brutal owner: even after this barbarous usage, it || -and though the necessity for this class of artists, if I may crawled to his feet, and looked up to him as if it would try ll judge from myself, is the same as ever, yet we would in to reconcile him to himself, for he seemed to feel the indig | vain seek for relief in the present day from a pedestrian nation which his conduct had excited, and to think that the Æsculapius of this description. In one of the crowded continuance of a determinate air of ferocity in his counte streets of the suburbs, a board painted in glaring characnance might be supposed to explain the first outrage, by térs, announces that “ Mr. Speed removes Corns, and all

Diseases of the Feet, and Mrs. Speed, undertakes nearly • Richardson's Theroy of Painting. !

the rest of Human Ills," so that they may very properly + Hune's Essays. Addison

divide the practice between them.

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BRITISH INSTITUTION, PALL-MALL. THE GALLERY with a SELECTION of the WORKS

of the Italian, Spanish, Flemiah, Dutch, and Eglish Schools, is OPEN to the Public from Ten in the Morning uutil Six in the Evening.

Admission, 1s. Catalogue 1s.

(By Order) Jour Yorg, Keeper. The Subscribers to the print from Mr. Wesi's Picture of Christ Healing the Sick in the Temple," who bave not already receised their impressions, may receive them upon payınent of the remainder of their Subscriptions at the British Gallery, Daily,

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This day is published in 12mo. price 4s. CAROLINE AND ZELITE, or TRANSATLANTIC

TALES taken from real Life, dedicated to Col. Darid Stewart, of Garth, by Anna White Smith

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Published by WETTON, 21, Fleet-street.

DODSLEY'S ANNUAL REGISTER, 1823.

This day is published, price ]6s. boards. THE ANNUAL REGISTER, or a View of the History,

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• Several of the early volumes having been reprinted, complete Sets of the Work may now be had ; and the General Index is very nearly completed,

This day is published, 8vo. price 48. THE CZAR; an Historical Tragedy.

- Veris falsa remiscet."

Hor. By JOSEPH CRADOCK, E-9. M. A. F. S. A. This Tragedy forms the commencement of a Publication that may extend to four octavo yolumes. All original Papers and Letters are consigned to Executors, as the Author is at a very advanced age, and it is his chief wish that nothing unauthenticated may be given to the Public after his decease.

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Just published. AN ACCOUNT of all the PICTURES EXHIBITED in 21. the Rooms of the BRITISH INSTITUTION from 1913 to 1823, with remarks critical and explanatory. Arranged and brought into view, so as greatly to facilitate the knowledge of the different Masters and Schools of Painting, from examples acquired and preserved in the cabinets of the British nobility and gentry.

This publication will be essentially useful to the Professor, the Collector, and the Man of Taste.-A thick 8vo. volume, price 98. 6d.

Published by Priestley and Weale, Library of Works on Art, No. 5, High Street, Bloomsbury; of whom may be had just imported from the Continent, Rossini's large prints of Roman Antiquities, 101 in number, just received from Rome, price 121, 128.- Piranesi Works, the whole complete, 29 vols. with text, Atlas folio, 13098, Musée Francaise, 5 vols. Atlas folio, first impressions 1151. 108.and Musée Royal, 40 livraisons, tirst impressions, 631.

THE AID TO MEMORY, being a Common Place,

Book u on a new Plan, (with an Alphabetical Index,) consisting of upwards of One Hundred and Fifty Headls, such as oreur in General Realling, and ample rooin for other Subjects. Suited alise to the Student, the Scoolar, the Man of Pleasure, and the Man of Business. By J. A. Sargant. Ruled with faint Lines. Large 4to. 108. 61. fcap. 4to. 68. boards.

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A book of this nature has long been a desideratum with medi. cal practitioners and students. There are few men who have not.in the course of their practice, occasionally met with cases of peculiar interest, which, on some future period they have been most anxious to recal to their minds, but without success. A few intelligent practitioners, have already rendered great service to the medical profession, by keeping faithful records of the cases that bare been unler their inspection, and many important discoveries we are convinced would be made in the nature of the disease, if such a practice were to become more general. The present work is proposed with the view of enabling those gentlemen who are thus desirous of benefiting themeelves and the public, to accomplish this desirable object without difficulty and with little trouble ; great pains hare been taken in the selection of the most useful terms, that oecur in the extensive duties of a general practitioner. The leading term in the Practice of Phy-ic, Surgery, Midwifery, Chemistry, &e, will be found arranged alphabetically, and under each list, a blank space has been left for the insertion of any additional names that may be hereafter found necessary. Such a book kept by a hospital pupil, under the direction of the visiting surgeon and physician, would be a highly useful and valuable work to the students, and its publication be productive of great benefit to society in general.

To shew the use of this work, we will suppose a sargeon meets with a case of bronchocele, in the treatment of which he is eminently successful, and alter the patient is discharged, he thinks it might be useful to him at a future period, if he were to make a few memo. randuine of the symptoins and treatment of the disease, which he does. In the course of a few months, perhaps, a patient with a si. milar affection coines to him. He then wishes to find the note: he ina le in the former case, hut for want of a properly arranged book he is unable to succeed-had such a one as the present been in his possession, he would bare looked in the index, and at the word brouchocele, hare marked down the number of the first blank page. and on it have written down bis account of the case. At any subsequent period, however distant, if he had occasion to refer to it, it might have been found, without the slightest difficulty, or loss of time,

In addition to the above, which applies equally to gentlemen in practice, and to medical students attepling hospitals and dispensa. ries; we wish to point out to the latter, the great benefit they would derive, in carefully noting down any circumstance connecter with their profession, which they may bave heard or seen in the course of their day's study. It is a practice much censured by public teachers, for pupils to take notes during a lecture, as they most unavoidably lose one part of the discourse, while writing down another. But, if in the course of thir daily studies, any thing in Surgery, Chemistry, &c. should particularly strike them, on their return bome, they can set it down in their common place book, marking the page to its proper head in the index, which will enable them to tind it with ease, whenever they may have occasion to rerur to the subject. This will be productive of great advantage in alfording thein an opportunity of describing in their own words, the principal points connected wit their profession, and give them an excellent opportunity of exercising their memory.

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OR, WeekLY MISCELLANY OF FINE ARTS, ANTIQUITIES, AND LITERARY CHIT CHAT. No. XLIII. By Ephraim Hardcastle.

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and

WORKS ON THE FINE ARTS.

sion of the first production of this group, he was surrounded | by Cadea, Volpato. Battoni, Gavin Hamilton, Puccir

many other distinguished artists and critics, who contemThe Works of Antonio Canova, engraved in Outline. By plated the work with silent astonishment, not daring to Henry Moses. Prowett, parts 20 and 21.

censure what, although at variance with the style then fol

|| lowed, commanded their admiration, and revealed the We have already directed the attention of our rea brightest prospects. The embarrassment of the youth at ders to this beautiful publication, and the present arti this juncture was extreme, and he frequently spoke of it cle will be confined to an account of Canova's bio

afterward, as of one of the most anxious moments of his

life ; from this state he was, however, soon relieved, by the graphy, contained in the parts before us. It is from

friendly and paternal address of Gavin Hamilton exciting the pen of the Count Cicognara of Venice, a poble him to unite with so exact and beautiful an imitation of man celebrated throughout Europe for his patronage nature, the fine taste and beau ideal of the ancients, of of artists, and his taste and knowledge in art.

which Rome contained so many models, predicting at the Canova was born in 1757, at Possagno, a village Illimits which had been reached by the moderns ; but the

same time, that by such a course he would greatly pass the situated amidst the Asolani Hills, at the foot of the censure which he overheard from one who stood behind Venetian Alps. His father and grandfather were both || him, was more agreeable to the young artist than any direct sculptors of some repute, but the former dying when

eulogium: this Aristarchus observed, that from the effect

produced on the observer by the naked forms so carefully the young Antonio was only three years of age, he

finished in this group, they must have been taken froin the was indebted for the rudiments of his art to his grand life, when in reality they were wholly the result of his sefather, Pasino. He was thence placed under the care vere study of the human form, entirely unassisted by meof the best Venetian sculptors, and from finding a

chanical means: this greatly encouraged the young artist,

and convinced him that he had already raised himself above patron, made such progress as at an uncommonly early

the mediocrity of his contemporaries age to surprise the connoisseurs :

“ From the moment of his arrival at Rome he had com

menced a severe and profound study of the great models of “ His first effort was a group of Orpheus and Eurydice ancient art, without however neglecting the fruits of his in the natural size, taken at the moment when forgetting previous close observance of nature, the expression of the cruel prohibition, he sees his mistress separated from which he always proposed to himself to make a distinguishbim for ever; a subject which is, perhaps, more suitable to ing quality in his works. He had a profound contempt for the canvas than to marble, from the smoke and flames in all conventional modes in the arts, and was led, even in that which the figures are usually involved. - The statue of Eu early age, by a correct taste, rather than by instruction, to rydice was completed in his sixteenth year, while passing prefer, among the monuments of ancient art, those which the summer at the villa of his patron, having previously were of the age of Phidias, in which the losty conceptions studied the model at Venice : that of Orpheus was begun of the artist are most closely united with truth of expresthe following year, in a study which he then occupied on on; a decision which has since been fully confirmed by the ground floor of the inner cloister of St. Stephano. This the exhibition made to Europe by the British Museum, of composition, in soft stone, was publicly exhibited in Venice, || the first certain monuments of the arts of that era.” on the occasion of the festival of the Ascension, and first awakened the admiration and ambition of his countrymen, Previous to the arrival of Canova at Rome, the arts who then began clearly to foresee the meridian glories an

had received a marvellous impulse in the path of imnounced by so bright a dawn. These two statues are now

provement. The different Courts of Italy, and the preserved in the Falier palace at Asolo."

leading cardinals and princes had afforded them great At the age of twenty-three, he was sent by his patron encouragement, and the numerous works published by Falier, to Rome, where the Venetian government al scholars and critics, together with the discoveries made lowed him a pension of 300 Venetian ducats for three at Rome, Herculaneum, and in Greece, all combined to years. Of his progress here, Count Cicognara shall be supply great resources to the enterprising artist, and to the narrator :

diffuse extensively the models full of taste and genius. “On his first arrival at Rome, Canova had experienced | Canova was one of the first to profit by this, and his the kindest reception from the Venetian ambassador, and career was constantly progressing towards excellence. had free access to his splendid mansion. This enlightened || It is not our intention to trace that career as pointed and accomplished nobleman soon becoming impressed with

out by his elegant biographer. It is now too well a high sense of the merit and powers of the young sculptor, procured from Venice a cast in plaster of the group of Dæ known to the world, but the following sketch of his |dalus and Icarus, which he had executed in that city, for || personal character is worth extracting :the purpose of exhibiting it to the artists and connoisseurs at Rome. The house of the ambassador was, indeed, a " The personal habits of Canova were throughout his kind of Athenæum, and frequented by all those most dis- | life regular and moderate ; he rose early, and immediately tinguished by talents and genius in that city. On the occa- || applied himself to his designing or modelling, and after

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