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" The high altar and its appendages are enclosed by a || funds. Indeed the fine arts seem to be at the lowest massive railing, of great extent, of cast metal, said to have ll conceivable ebb. The theatre is poor, and poorly at. been founded in China, froin models sent from Mexico. Il tended. The Botanic garden is a splendid institution so The figures which ornament it are very numerous, but of poor execution and design. The metal, resembling brass, tar as its vegetable riches are concerned, but revolution is considered to be of such value, on account of the gold it and civil war have greatly cut up its revenues. The contains, that a silversmith of Mexico is said to have made

chapter relating to the trades and professions of the an other to the bishop to construct a new rail of solid silver, of the same weight, in exchange for it.

Mexicans is the most important in the volune. Some “ Divine service is celebrated here with great magni. Il parts of it we will extract:ficence. Mass is regularly said every half hour from daylight till one o'clock, exclusive of the

L" The appearance of the shops in Mexico affords no inother occasional masses. In no place are religious cere- || dication of the wealth of the city. Nothing is exposed in monies observed with greater pomp or splendour. The || the windows; all are open, in the same manner an in procession which I saw from this cathedral far exceded. || London till the sixteenth century : few have signs or even in order and regularity, in the grandeur of the vestments,

names in fiunt; and most trades are carried on in the in the costliness and value of the sacred ornaments, and in

shops in which the articles are sold. gold and silver, any thing I ever witnessed. The process

"Silverfinity' work is done here in the same tedious sions of Rome, or any other city of Europe, suffer much

manner it used to be in England. All tne ornaments are in the comparison."

finished by band; there are some good chasers, but in

general the production is clumsy and very heavy. The public attention in this country having been

quired about precious stones and pearls, but there recently occupied with the project of an Equitable were few good, and those inuch dearer than in Europe. Loan Company, it may not be uninteresting to extract

Rubies appeared to me the only jewels worth importing

from Mexico. an account of a similar institution in Mexico. It has

" The manufactory of gold and silver lace, trimmings, long existed there under the protection of the govern epaulets, &c. is carried ou in the greatest perfection, and ment :

the articles sold at a much lower rate than with 11s. It is " It occupies an extensive huilding opposite the Fran- ||

usual with our naval officers, on their arrival at Vera

|| Cruz, to lay in a swck of such requisites. ciscan monastery. I procured an introduction to the di

" The tailors here make great protit, as clothes are 300 rector, a highly esteemed ecclesiastic, who politely at

I per cent, dearer than in England, and are seldom well tended me, and explained the regulations. I was shown

made. Cloth coats are only beginning to be generally property of all kinds, deposited, as pledges, for money

I used, but will very soon supersede the printed calico advanced. A room of great extent and strength was filled

jacket, till lately universally worn. The workmen follow with various articles of value. Whole services of plate

| their employment seated on stools, and not with their lect were piled up one upon another. Massive silver vessels, dishes, crucifixes, statues of saints, pictures with silver

under them as in Europe.

" The first night of a milliner's shop must always raise a frames, articles of female decoration, diamonds, pearls,

| smile on the face of a newly arrived foreigner. Twenty or and some very fine rubies and emeralds, by their presence, impress upon the bebolder, at once, the past opulence and

thirty brawny fellows, of all complexions, with mustachios,

are exposed to the street, employed in decorating the present reduced condition of the country. Property sent

dresses, and sewing muslin gowns, in making flowers, and here remains for a certain term on the payment of a small

trimming caps and other articles of female attire; whilst interest, when, if not redeemed, it is offered for sale by

I perhaps at the next door a number of poor girls are on private contract, with the lowest price affixed to each

their knees on the door, engaged in the laborious occupaarticle; if, in a given period, it remains unsold, it is then

tion of grinding chocolate, which is here always performed put up in a monthly sale by auction, sold to the best bidder,

by hand. and the overplus of what has been advanced, after deduct

*** The drugzist's and apothecary's trades must also be ing interest and expenses, paid over to the original pro

excellent ones; their prices are exorbitant. I paid in prietor. " The establishment is open every afternoon. The

Mexico a dollar per lb. for the article used in making the crowd that filled the court attested the humble fortunes of

composition for preparink my birds, which in Europe is

sold for four-fence, and yet the ingredients are the produce the bulk of the people. We remarked that the jewellery

of the country. Plops sell here for two shillings and sixdeposits were less in proportion than any other species of

pence per ounce, and other drugs in proportion. property; and the conductor accounted for it by observing,

T: "Cabinet work is very interior and expensive in Mexico : that those Spaniards who had, or were about to return to

they have few of the tous employed in Europe, and malothe mother-country, converted their dollars into more

gany, or a good substitute, is scarcely known. Most of the portable articles, that they might convey them about their

chairs in the bst houses are inade in the United States. persons with greater security. This, too, accounts for my It will be learnt with surprise, that in this country the saw having sold the old doubloons which I had brought with

| (except a sinall hand-frame,) is still unknown: every me to the capital for twenty-two dollars, though intrinsi

plank, and the timber used in the erection of all the Spacally worth only sixteen-they alterwards fell to eighteen.

nish American cities, is hewn by Indians with light axes The discerning reader will at once perceive the difference

| from the solid trees, which make each but one board. between this establishment and the pawpbrokers' shops of

“Coachmakers excel all the other mechanical arts pracEngland: with us the distressed individual is but too often

tised in Mexico; their vehicles are firmly put together, of at the mercy of an interested person ; but the public

handsome forms and well finished: the best painters of the functionary of the Mexican Institution has no interest of

country are employed in their decorations, and the gilding his own to serve,-and perhaps a still greater public ad

and varnish equal what is done in Europe, from whence vantage accrues from the American plan, by preventink Ilha

| the handles and ornamental parts in metal are procured.". the facility with which stolen property is disposed of with us."

Persons connected with Mexico, or wishing to enOne of the curiosities of Mexico, is the Academy of l gage in commercial relations with that place, would Fine Arts, which has neither student, director, nor do well to consult this and the following chapter, con

taining much valuable information. We like Mr. || adopted by our critic, and occasionally he hits upon Bullock's facts better than his reasonings. The chap- || an ingenious interpretation, or sets some doubtful point ters on agriculture are scarcely less important, but we in a new and striking light. The general character of must pass it over, as well as that which contains all his dissertations, however, is heaviness In the midst description of ancient Mexico. Mr. Bullock paid of an essay on some character or usage of the play, great attention to the antiquities, many of which he || he starts off into some enquiry depending on the brought home with him, and of others he procured || habits, customs, or belief of Shakspeare's age, which casts. These are to be seen at the Museum, in Picca- || gives it an agreeable and instructive variety. Some o dilly, and are well deserving the attention of the curi- these digressions are very well done. It is manifest ous and learned. Mr. B.'s residence in Mexico, was that the author is well versed in the literature of that diversified by frequent excursions to the mines and age, though he has judiciously foreborne to overload antiquities in the neighbourhood of the city, and his his pages with quotations. We cannot felicitate Mr. account of them, though drawn up in a slovenly min S. on having always succeeded either in his historical ner, is not devoid of interest. His remarks upon the illustrations or his analytical surveys. Several of the state of the mines, and their vast importance, strikes essays are extremely imperf-ct, and his views common us as being perfectly correct, and we coincide with his ll place. That on the Merry Wives of Windsor is neither opinion as to the propriety of our Government recog- | new in fact, nor valuable in criticism. Both are of a nizing the independence of Mexico. He does not school boy cast. On the other hand King Lear is venture upon any political speculations. But h's no. done in a more masterly way. From a work of cri. tions, whenever they are expressed, seem to be manly Il ticisin it is not easy to make extracts into a critical and liberal. The faults of Mr. Bullock's volume are notice, but we are bound in virtue of our office to give chiefly such as arise out of habit remote from literature, || the reader a taste of Mr. Skottowe's quality. This is and are therefore to be excused. The book has many from the historical notice of the sources whence Shakvaluable points, and will serve as a pioneer to other and speare derived his Hamlet :more highly gifted travellers.

" The French novelist, Belleforest, extracted from Saxo Grammaticus' History of Denmark the history of Amleth,

l and inserted it in the collection of novels published by him The Life of Shakspeare; Enquiries into the Originality in the latter half of the sixteenth century; whence it was of his Dramatic Plots and Characters ; und Essays on

transfused into English, under the title of The Hystorie

of Hamblett,' a small quarto volume printed in blackthe Ancient Theatres, and Theatrical Usages. By || letter. AUGUSTINE SKOTTOWE. London: Longman and Co.

“The history of Hamlet also formed the subject of a play, 1824. 2 vols. 8vo.

which was acted previous to 1589; and arguing from the

general course of Shakspeare's mind, that play influenced THESE volumes are in the true German style of ll him during the composition of his own Hamlet. But uncriticism. They analyse and decompose all the cha- ||

Il fortunately the old play is lost, and the only remaining

subject for illustration is the black-letter quarto. racters of Shakspeare, until we have nothing left but || We learn from that authority, that the happiness of a heap of incongruous and shapeless atoms. This || Horvendille, king of Denmark, excited the envy of his may be ingenious, but it certainly is very perplexing.

brother Fengon; who was, moreover inflamed by love for The old way of criticising is far more intelligible,

Geruth the queen. The villain paused not to commit a

fratricide which placed him on the throne, and facilitated though possibly not so searching and subtle. We his union with the object of his guilty passion. can, however, relinquish something of the profound, “ Hanıblet, the son of Horvendille and Geruth, was in order to obtain a little of the clear. Mr. 'Skottowe ll quick in his perception of the danger to be apprehended is not so mystical and obscure as many of the first-rate

from the murderer of his father, and sought safety in

assuming the appearance of mental imbecility. The exehigh Dutch critics-but still he has evidently a great

cution, however, of his project was imperfect: suspicion tendency to be so. There is a fair share of readable was excited; and they counselled to try and know, if matter in his book, and some curious illustrations of

possible, how to discover the intent and meaning of the Shakspeare's plots, and the usages of his times, gleaned

young prince; and they could find no better nor more fit

invention to entrap him, than to set some fair and beautiful out of abse lute or slightly known treatises. The woman in a secret place, that with flattering speeches, and object of Mr. Skottowe is to illustrate Shakspeare. For all the crastiest means she could, should purposely seek to this purpose he has sought for the sources of his plays

allure his mind. To this end certain courtiers were ap

pointed to lead Hamblet to a solitary place within the he then compares the traditional story with the drama

woods, where they brought the woman.. And surely the nic superstructure-thus estimating the originality and poor prince at this assault had been in great danger, if a ingenuity of the plot, so far as his materials are con gentleman that in Horvendille's time had been nourished cerned. He then examines the contrivance, and ar

with him, had not shewn himself more affectioned to the

bringing up he had received with Hamblet, than desirous rangement of the incidents-their dependence and

to please the tyrant. This gentleman bore the courtiers developement-the characters, their originality, proba company, making full account that the least show of perfect buty, and individual features, -and sujos up each sense and wisdom that Hamblet should make, would be essay by a general view of the particular play. Nothing

sufficient to cause him to lose his life; and therefore by

certain signs he gave Hamblet intelligence into what can be more elaborately methodical than the manner

danger he was likely to fall, if by any means he seemed to obey, or once like the wanton toys and vicious provocations || men have been so, for he is a stranger to the qualities that of the gentlewoman sent thither by his uncle; which much make ambition vice. The crown, perhaps, had not been abashed the prince, as then wholly being in affection to the absent from his hopes, and his near relation to the throne lady,' The result was that the prince deceived the cour-|| justified their indulgence. What he would highly, that tiers, who . assured themselves that without doubt he was would he holily ; ' and though not absolutely free from the distraught of his senses.' away like a whirlwind, and be forgotten for ever. The land theatrical criticism at that period. To us at pre- / lover wished that he could feel his longings and his joys

desire of wrongly winning,' he disdained to play false' " The failure of this plot was succeeded by a new experi- || for an unlawful acquisition. On one point only is his inment. It was thought that an unrestrained expression of integrity vulnerable, and there the divinity of hell his natural feelings might be anticipated from Hamlet in assails him. Tremulously alive to superstition, be sinks an interview with his mother, and a proper knowledge of || before the assaults of supernatural agents, who inflame his his real character and views could be obtained by one con- || ambition to views which he indulges to the destruction of cealed under the arras for the purpose of hearing the con- || his innocence. But, though shaken to their base, neither versation. But the wariness of Hamlet was not inferior to || virtue nor reason are completely overthrown in Macbeth's the craft of his enemies. Entering the chamber with his mind; be is never blind to the turpitude of his deeds, nor customary air of folly, he began to crow like a cock, beating draf to the reproaches of his conscience. His march to his arms against the hangings in imitation of that bird's wickedness is reluctant, irregular, and slow, and his bosom action with his wings. Feeling something stir behind the || is the scene of a perpetual opposition of his natural reason arras, he cried “A rat! a rat!' and drawing his sword and virtnie, against ambition enflamed by superstition into thrust it through the concealed spy, whose body he cut in crime. The thought of murder, as the nearest way' to pieces and cast into a vault. Returning to the chamber, the greatness promised him, is the suggestion of his crimiHainlet replied, in an authoritative tone, to the lamenta nal passions, whilst to his reliance on the witches' word tions of the queen who bewailed her son's unbappy loss of must be referred his resolution patiently to await the deveintellect, justly upbraiding her shameless licentiousness, lopements of time: • If chance will have me king, why, and characterising in the worst of colours a woman who chance may crown me then without my stir.' Unhappily, could wantonly embrace the brother and murderer of her however, Macbeth is not suffered to repose on his own virhusband.

tuous decisions, for evil meets with a powerful coadjutor in “ Fengon now lived in daily apprehension of meeting the his all-daring, and insatiably ambitious wise. His purity same fate that had overtaken the courtier spy; and re I is already sullied by the thought of murder: the admission solving to get rid of Hamlet at once, despatched him with of its possibility, and his near and serious contemplation of letters to the king of England, containing secret solicitations || it, are the next steps in the scale of guilt; and nothing is to put the prince immediately to death. But the subtle necessary to reconcile Macbeth to bazard the joys of a Danish prinee (being at sea), whilst his companion slept, future world for splendour and pre-eminence in this, but having read the letters, and knowing his uncle's great trea an assurance that the assassination would seat bim in son, with the wicked and villainous minds of the two cour peaceful security upon Duncan's throne, without the protiers that led him to the slaughter, razed out the lettera duction of any other consequence. But such security, he that concerned his death, and instead thereof gra was aware, could scarcely, under any possibility, be the others, with commission to the king of England to hang his result of the deed be meditated. He who ascends a throne two companions; and not content to turn the death they by blood, does but instruct others against himself: the had devised against him upon their own necks, wrote poisoned chalice is reserved, by even-handed justice, for further, that king Fengon willed him to give his daughter the lips of the preparer, and the life of the usurper is to Hamblet in marriage.' Every thing fell out as Hamlet I necessarily an existence of terror and suspicion. From a desired; his attendants were executed, and himself was prospect so melancholy, the susceptible Macbeth naturally betrothed to the English princess. After a twelvemonths' turns to reflection on the enormity of the crime he conresidence in the British court, he returned to Denmark, templated; the virtues of his intended victim rise in and revenged himself on his enemies; first intoxicating his judgment against the brutality of his own thoughts, and he uncle's courtiers, and then setting fire to the banquet-ball resolves to proceed no further in the business.' As par. where their senses were absorbed in drunken sleep. He ticularly illustrative of Macbeth's character, and of Shaknext rushed into the apartment of Fengon, and gave • bim speare's skill in the use of his materials, the celebrated such a violent blowe upon the chine of his neck, that he soliloquy has been dwelt ou at unusual length. When it is cut his head clean from the shoulders.' Hamlet now dis read in Holinshed, that the prick of conscience (as it carded the cloak of folly in which he had hitherto disguised chanceth ever in tyrants, and such as attain to any estate his intellect, and, convening an assembly of the nobility, by unrighteous means) caused him ever to fear, lest he explained and justified his conduct. Pity for his mis

Pity for his mis- || should be served of the same cup as he had ministered to fortunes, and indignation at the cruelty of his oppressor, his predecessors,' no anticipation is raised of so beautifully were the sentiments of every bosom; and the title and dige poetic a paraphrase as nity of the king were conferred on Hamlet by the unani

in these cases, mous voice of the assembly."

We still have judgment here; that we but teach Another specimen from the notice of Macbeth. It ||

Bloody instructions, which, being taught, return

To plague the inventor: this even-handed justice is necessarily a mere fragment, and therefore unjust to

Commends the ingredients of our poison'd chalice the author, but it may aid the reader in forming some To our own lips.' sort of opinion as to his manner :

In Holinshed the passage stands as the motive of a tyrant " Shakspeare's adopting of the gentle disposition of ll to tyranny; but Shakspeare has converted it into the disDonwald, instead of the cruel nature of the historic

I passionate language of reason, weighing the consequences Macbeth, is a distinctive feature never lost sight of. The

of a contemplated, but, as yet unresolved enterprise, and uncorrupted nature of the bero of the scene exhibits an

Macbeth's conclusion is accordant with his just and saluassemblage of the noblest qualities. Heroically brave,

tary reflection." his valour is conspicuous in every act becoming the dignity | The lover of Shak speare, whether he be a severe of man : his brandish'd steel' smokes with bloody ex

enquirer, or a mere general reader, will find Mr. Skot. ecution' on his country's foes, but the milk of human kindness' circles with generous profusion in his breast. || towe's book of some use, though it certainly is not of He is, indeed, ambitious, but ambitious only as the best of any high excellence. There are few literary men who

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could have written just as good a one, and there are with great originality of thought, or puts old sentiments many who would have written one a great deal better. into new and forcible language :Hazlitt's “ Characters of Shakspeare" are infinitely

". How immensely, my dear friend, do you err in beabove it in ingenuity, originality, and acuteness The lieving that a work, the first prcsentation of which is to till essays of Mrs. Montague, of Dr. Johnson and Richard the whole soul, can be produced in broken hours scraped son are many, many degrees above it-and to the dis

together from other extraneous employment. No, the poet

must live wholly for himself, wholly in the objects that decovery of Schlegel it bears no sort of resemblance.

light him. Heaven has furnished him internally with preBut then Mr. Skottowe has mixed up his facts and his cious gifts; he carries in his bosom a treasure that is ever criticisms so well, that he has made two very pleasant, of itself increasing; he must also live with this treasure, if not very ingenious volumes.

undisturbed from without, in that still blessedness which the rich seek in vain to purchase with their accumulated stores. Look at men, how they struggle after happiness

and satisfaction! Their wishes, their toil, their gold are Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, a Novel, from the Ger

ever hunting restlessly; and after what? After that which man of Goethe. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 3 vols, the poet has received from nature; the right enjoyment of Svo. 1844.

the world; the feeling of himself in others; the harmo

nious conjunction of many things that will seldom exist To scholars Goethe has long been known as the first || together." Dame in German literature, and very nearly the first

* What is it that keeps men in continual discontent name in the literature of modern Europe. Unlearned

and agitation? It is, that they cannot make realities cor

respond with their conceptions, that enjoyment steals away persons have sometimes doubted his claims to such

from among their hands, that the wished for comes too high eminence, and have referred the decision of their late, and nothing reached and acquired produces on the doubts to such of his works as may have been trans

heart the effect, which their longing for it at a distance led lated from their original language. Nor have these

them to anticipate. Now, fate has exalted the poet above

all this, as if he were a god. He views the conflieting doubts been altogether unwarranted. The best of tumult of the passions; sees families and kingdoms raging Goethe's works are of a very untranslateable kind, and in aimless commotion ; sees those inexplicable enigmas of their higber merit often depends upon their relation to

misunderstanding, which frequently a single monosyllable

would suffice toexplain, occasioning convulsions unutterably and influence upon the literature and mind of Ger

baleful. He has a fellow-feeling of the mournful and the many. Such is the case with Faust, Werther, and joyful in the fate of all human beings. When the man of above all with the novel before us. A common reader the world is devoting his days to wasting melancholy, for will be surprized that any corner of a great man's

Home deep disappointment; or in the ebullience of joy is

going out to meet his happy destiny, the lightly-moved and fame should rest upon such a foundation. But the

e | all-conceiving spirit of the poet, steps forth, like the sun fact is, that Wilhelm Meister is the production of a from night to day, and with soft transitions tunes his harp powerful mind, and contains vast stores of original to joy or woe. From his heart, its native soil, springs up thought, and has exercised an immense influence over

the lovely flower of wisdom; and if others, while waking the literature of Germany. The translator says of it:

dream, and are pained with fantastic delusions from their

every sense, he passes the dream of life like one awake, " written in its author's forty-fifth year, embracing and the strangest of incidents is to him a part both of the hints or disquisitions on almost every leading point in past and of the future. And thus the poet is at once a life and literature, it affords us a more distinct view of

teacher, a prophet, a friend of gods and men. How! thou

wouldst have him to descend from his height to some his matured genius, his manner of thought, and favorite

paltry occupation ? He who is fashioned like the bird to subjects, than any of his other works. Nor is it hover round the world, to nestle on the lofty summits, to Goethe alone whom it pourtrays : the prevailing taste feed on buds and fruits, exchanging gaily one bough for of Germany is likewise indicated by it. Since the year

another, he ought also to work at the plough like an ox;

I like a dog to train himself to the barness and draught: or 1795, when it first appeared at Berlin, numerous edi.

perhaps, tied up in a chain, to guard a farm-yard by his tions of Meister have been printed : critics of all ranks, barking?'» and some of them dissenting widely from its doctrines 66 Poets have lived so,' exclaimed Wilhelm, ' in

1 times when true nobleness was better reverenced: a have loaded it with encomiums : its songs and poems

should they ever live. Sufficiently provided for within, are familiar to every German ear; the people read it,

they had need of little from without; the gift of communiand speak of it, with an admiration approaching in cating lofty emotions and glorious images to men, in melomany cases to enthusiasmı."

dies and words that charmed the ear, and fixed themselves Wilhelm Meister is a merchant's son, who is in love

inseparably on whatever objects they referred to, of old en

raptured the world, and served the gifted as a rich inheriwith Mariana, and with theatres. The former he tance. At the courts of kings, at the tables of the great, seduces, the latter seduces him. Nearly a hundred beneath the windows of the fair, the sound of them was pages are filled with talk about Meister's fondness for heard, while the ear and the soul were shut for all beside ;

and men felt, as we do when delight comes over us, and we puppet shews, with hardly a single passage brightened

stop with rapture if among the dingles we are crossing the by any gleam of common sense. But this is the way | voice of the nightingale starts out touching and strong. with the Germans, and Goethe is not always exempt || They found a home in every habitation of the world, and from the faults of meaner intellects. His mistress is ||

the lowliness of their condition but exalted them the more.

The hero listened to their songs; and the conqueror of the false, and he turns from plays to poetry, and tom poe- ll earth did reverence to a poet, for he felt that without try to business. On all these subjects Goethe writes pocts, his own wild and vast existence would pass

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sent it possesses a very inferior merit. But it is about so variedly and so harmoniously as the poet's inspired lips bad skill to shew them forth; and even the rich man

plays and players that nearly all the novel is concerned, could not of himself discern such costliness in his idol | and therefore the general reader will find it a duil grandeurs, as when they were presented to him shining book. Nor is there enough of story in it, to interest in the splendour of the poet's spirit, sensible to all worth, || those who will be wearied with its disquisitions. More and exalting all. Nay, if thou wilt have it, who but the

persons will throw it down in disgust than are likely poet was it that first formed gods for us, that exalted us to them, and brought them down to us.'»'

to read it through, but of those who read it througin In one of his excursions from home, he meets with

some will discover its beauty and value. It contains a little girl, Mignon. The translator in his preface,

much that is sagacious in its glances into life, and

much that is new and profound in its philosophical has given so eloquent and just a description of this creature that we cannot do better than quote his

discussions. The story, perplexed, objectless, and

discursive as it is, has something like a conclusion. words :

Meister finds that he has been abused respecting the “This mysterious child, at first neglect'd by the reader,

infidelity of Mariana, he discovers his child, and he gradually forced on his attention, at length overpowers

marries some one else. Shapeless and intricate as the him with an emotion more deep and thrilling than any poet since the days of Shakspeare has succeeded in producing.

I narrative is, it possesses in some passages very consiThe danghter of enthusiasm, rapture, passion, and de derable pathos. The pieces of poetry which stud spair, she is of the earth, but not earthly. When she

these volumes, are well known to German scholars, glides before us through the light mazes of her fairy dance,

and are very popular in that country. The following or twangs her cithern to the notes of her homesick verses, or whirls her tambourine and hurries round us like an will be recognized as the original of Byron's Opening antique Mænad, we could almost fancy her a spirit; so to the Bride of Abydos :pure is she, so full of fervour, so disengaged from the clay

66 Know'st thou the land where the lemon-trees bloom ? of this world. And when all the feartul particulars of her |

Where the gold-orange glows in the deep thicket's gloom? story are at length laid together, and we behold in con

Where a wind ever soft from the blue heaven blows, nected order the image of her hapless existence, there is,

And the groves are of laurel and myrtle and rose ? in those dim recollections, those feelings so simple, so Impassioned and unspeakable, consuming the closely-shroud

Know'st thou it?

Thither! O thither, ed, woe-struck, yet etherial spirit of the poor creature,

My dearest and kindest, with thee would I go. something which searches into the inmost recesses of the soul. It is not tears which her fate calls forth; but a feel Know'st thou the house, with its turretted walls,

tears. The very fire of heaven seems | Where the chambers are glancing, and vast are the halls? miserably quenched among the obstructions of this earth. Where the figures of marble look on me so mild, Her little heart, so noble and so helpless, perishes before As if thinking: 'Why thus did they use thee, poor child?' the smallest of its many beauties is unfolded; and all its Know'st thou it? loves, and thoughts, and longings, do but add another

Thither! O thither, pang to death, and sink to silence utter and eternal. It is

My guide and my guardian, with thee would I go. as if the gloomy porch of Dis, and his pale kingdoms, were realized and set before us, and we heard the ineffectual Know'st thou the mountain, its cloud-covered arch, wail of infants reverberating from within their prison Where the mules among mist o'er the wild torrent march? walls for ever.

In the clefts of it, dragons lie coil'd with their brood; " The history of Mignon runs like a thread of gold || The rent crag rushes down, and above it the flood. through the tissue of the narrative, connecting with the || Know'st thou it ? heart much that were else addressed only to the head.

Thither! O thither, Philosophy and eloquence might have done the rest; but || Our way leadeth : Father! O come let us yo!" this is poetry in the highest meaning of the word. It must be for the power of producing such creations and emotions, ||

And this song of the harper is very beautiful in the that Goethe is by many of his countrymen ranked at the Il original :side of Homer and Sbakspeare, as one of the only three || men of genius that have ever lived."

666 What notes are those without the wall,

Across the portal sounding? Meister buys Mignon of an Italian rope dancer,

Let's have the music in our hall, She is educated under his care, and becomes a beautiful

Back from its root rebounding.' and accomplished, though strange and incomprehensi So spoke the king, the hencbinan Mies;

Flis answer heard, the monarch cries: ble girl. Meister is mixed up with actors once more

Bring in that ancient minstrel. reads Shakspeare, and admires his genius. The cri.

66 • Hail, gracious kink, each noble knight! ticisms on Hamlet are singularly fine, and have done a

Each lovely dame, I greet you ! great deal to spread the fame of Shakspeare in Ger. What glittering stars salute my sight! many. Meister at last goes on the stage as an actor,

What heart unmoved may meet you ! and plays Hamlet. Goethe's object in writing the

Such lordly pomp is not for me,

Far other scenes my eyes must see: work, being in a great measure to reform, or rather

Yet deign to list my harping.' to create the German stage-all this part of the book

6. The singer turns him to his art, must have been extremely interesting to his country.

A thrilling strain he raises; men. Its value can be appreciated by those only, who Each warrior hears with glowing heart, were acquainted with the condition of German acting,

And on his loved one gazes.

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