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feasted on my tears, and remained shut up in my room | tended controversy, in order to reply to some farther subtle whole hours, giving way to them.

evasions adduced by the disbeliever, but lowers the dignity " The birth of a son completed the measure of Charles's of truth, and brings into notice that which in a great degree happiness. He came, his heart overflowing with joy, to might have passed almost unheeded, and with its author give me the news, and I recognised in the expression of his have sunk into deserved obscurity. It is indeed dangerous, delight some of the accents of his former confidence. It was unless a man is most firmly rooted in Christian principles, the voice of the friend that I had lost, and brought painful under a false notion of impartiality, to listen to the specious remembrances back with it. The child of Anais was as arguments of those reasoners, who, upon the incomprehenbeautiful as herself. Every body felt moved at the sight of sibility of the Deity, found doubts and denials, which are this tender young mother and her sweet infant. I alone | the utter destruction of present peace, and the total annibeheld them with bitter envy. What had I done that I hilation of future hope. What is man without Religion ? he should have been brought to this land of exile ? Why is like a wandering noisome vapour, which passeth away was I not left to follow my destiny? Well, if I had been somewhither, and wastes itself to nothing-inconsistent, the negro slave of some rich planter, sold to cultivate his I sinful, and proud, he believes himself wise, but he is foolish land, and exposed all day to the burning heat of the sun, || -but with religion, his nature becomes almost celestial, and still, when evening came, and my toils were over, I should | he passes through a moment to an eternity of hapiness." have found repose in my humble cottage; I should have a sharer in them, a companion through life, and children of ||


66 WHEN we look at any work of skill, we examine into the my own colour to call me mother! They would have pressed

harmony of its parts, and the degree of exactness attained in their infant lips upon my cheek without disgust, and lain

its more minute particulars, and thence we apportion its their little heads to sleep upon my bosom. Why am I

degree of excellence; but there is no human production will never to experience the only affection my heart was made

bear the close examination, even of mortal, short-sighted for? Oh, my God! take me, I beseech Thee, from this

man: not so with the infinite variety of the creations of the world-I cannot, cannot endure life any longer!"

God of nature. There all is perfection absolute, and in no She at last retires to a convent, where her days are created thing is inconsistency or inadequacy found to conspent in religious duties, mingled with many a sad | thought of blighted affection, and bitter disappoint

To the young, and even to those who are more ad. ment. The narrator tells us that soon after his inter- || vanced in life, whose unstable dispositions and imperview with her she died.

fect resolutions, require some additional support, this

volume will be read with great advantage. Best Intentions; or Reflections and Thoughts for Youth,


* It is well known how weeds increase when suffered to Maturity, and Age. London: T. Boys, 1824. grow spontaneously. Bad habits are not of slower growth, 6 BEST INTENTIONS !"—there is something so de

but more difficult of eradication-if not opposed at their

source, they multiply and gain strength astonishingly. No lightful in the title of this volume, that we can forego evil must be permitted because it is a little one-it is the a little of professional spleen in our admiration of it. || seed of others." But there is no necessity of making any such compro


“ WHEN reading of the achievements of great men, we are mise between our duty and our inclinations. The

apt to think how readily we could have joined them in their book is a collection of thoughts on a vast variety of ardour and perseverance; we all have a conquest to make, religious and moral subjects, expressed with great sim worthy of our most strenuous exertions, and if we do but use plicity, and sent forth in the most unobtrusive manner.

them as we ought, we are certain of success; we can do no

thing of ourselves to help ourselves, but by the grace of God There is nothing very original nor very peculiar in the

and faith, no obstacle is too great to be overcome." opinions, and the few extracts we shall make, are rather as specimens of general manner than from any particular excellence:

DRAMA. FALSE NOTIONS. " TAKING mankind in the aggregate, it is much better i King's Theatre.-The repetition of the same pieces, and that a mind be not contaminated with the knowledge of the appearance of the same persons throughout the week, evil, more than that which is unavoidable, than that it has left us little to say about this Theatre. Of these we should depend upon its own strength for overcoming it. To || have nothing to change in the opinions we have already exall ordinary men it is certainly much the best, that they il pressed, and nothing to add to them. Indeed, the Opera should not even listen to the barefaced false assertions of is by no means a fertile field for criticism. It is only a matthe Atheist: for although a man is at present steadfast in Il ter of twice a-week. The alterations of the performance our most holy Christian faith, yet I think he is putting a do not occur more than twice a month. It is altogether a temptation in his own way, to give ear to the deceitful and business of fashion, and were the current to set strongly in sophisticated falsehoods of such dangerous Infidels.- If any its favour, the same piece might be repeated every night in man is possessed of a powerful understanding, and for the the season to crowded houses. Music, to be sure, will bear sake of the glory and service of God, undertakes to over repetition better than a sentiment or witticism, and in this throw and contravene the pernicious dissemination of the || the Opera has the advantage over the Drama. Madame poison, by the exhibition of truth and sound doctrine, that Pasta has repeated Tancredi, and continues to be a great man is fully warranted in examining into the nature of the favourite with the public. This is said to be her best chaargument, and will doubtless be rewarded by the approba | racter, and yet the music of Tancredi is not precisely adapttion of his own conscience, and does that which is an honour ||ed to her voice. But what with the tutoring of the orchestra to the cause he espouses, and that which entitles him to the || and the infinite skill with which she manages her powers, thanks and praise of his fellow men-but I think that having l she continues to make it a most delightful performance. once given a complete and decided refutation of the false no- || The great purity of her intonation and originality of her tions and opinions, first promulgated, even he, by any ex style, give her very superior advantages. One thing we greatly admire in her singing, is its chasteness. There is no upon art, to serve the private interest of the proprietors, one on the stage who is less embroidery and confectionary | by increasing the sale of their publications. than she. Her graces are thrown in at the proper times The art of printing from stone is well known to be a and places, and whilst they enrich her execution, they do modern discovery. Repeated attempts were made to bring not encumber its facility. Ronzi de Begnis, in Amenaide, I it into notice in England, without success. For altbough is full of the most exquisite sensibility. She strikes us as many artists of eminence presented a gratuitous essay, by possessing more feeling than any other singer we ever heard. sketching a loose composition upon the surface of a prepared Curioni, in Argyrio, is extremely good-and Benetti, in block of stone, at the instance of the ingenious proprietors, Orbazzano, exiremely bad.

who first brought the invention hither : yet, they were so Rossini's new opera Ugo Re d'Italia has been announc carelessly wrought, and were generally so deficient in intered in the bills as being on the eve of representation. It est, that the inatter was abandoned, and engraving on is rather late in the season for a new opera, and yet we stone, as it was improperly designated, was considered doubt if it be composed. Rossini is remarkable for his dila- ll nothing more

nothing more than an amusing novelty, that tended to no toriness. He never sits down resolutely to work until a purpose beneficial to art. few days before the actual representation of a piece. This We do not aflect more sagacity than our neighbours, in is one reason why there is so much carelessness and so many general matters of speculation, either upon the sciences or repetitions in his works. Ugo will, we suspect, be little arts; but we may aver with truth, that we had always held else than a cento from former operas. Stendahl, in his that the capacities of this new discovery were much memoirs, predicts something of that sort from Rossini. greater than they were supposed to be, by the experiments But there is room for hope.

generally made. For one of the earliest attempts that was Covent Garden.-A new melo-drama has been produced attempted upon stone in this country, A Cottage Scene in here, called the Castellan's Outh. It is a translation from | Bedfordshire, from which we saw the first impression taken, the French, and as wishy-washy as any thing we have seen Il approached in many parts so near to the effect of an etching for a long time past. The thing was successful and that on copper, both in cleanness of line and spirit, that we felt was all.

assured, perseverance and skill alone were wanting, to Drury Lane.-This house seems to be monopolized by l render the discovery subservient to some useful purposes benefits, and benefits are exempted from criticism. Liston of art. This impression from stone we have now before us, last night produced for his benefit a new piece founded on || which

// which justifies the opinion then formed. the Greek Revolution. We are unable to give any account We subsequently were presented with a quarto book of of it this week. Amongst the changes which have taken || Rustic Figures, executed on Stone, by Mr. Thomas Barker, place in the theatrical establishments of the metropolis, of Bath, which was a work of considerable merit, and useful we ought not to omit congratulating the public on the acces- I to the student of landscape painting, as it contained single sion of Mrs. F. Yates (late Miss Brunton) to the corps figures and groups, drawn from nature with great spirit, dramatique of this house. The talents of this young lady and composed with his superior feeling for the picturesque. are already favourably known to the public, and at the pre This work, we are concerned to say, for all its merit, was not sent moment, she may be considered as having no rival in justly appreciated. The art lithographic, after many efforts her line of characters.

to survive, appeared with us to die a natural death.

On the continent, however, there was no lack of that

spirit of perseverance, which was wanting here, to investiENGRAVING ON STONE.

gate its capacities. In Germany and in France, many ingenious artists gave their thoughts to stone engraving,

and the result of their experiments went even farther than THERE is nothing farther from the object of our exertions, || we had ventured to anticipate. They proved, that the than that of s

or novelties in ll discovery was worthy of farther cultivation ; indeed, that art, for mere fashion's sake. "Our labours, on the contrary, Il it might become of general importance to the professors of have been directed to the exposure of every species of || the graphic arts, not only by its facilities in multiplying quackery and false pretension that has a tendency to cor- | fac similies of their original thoughts, but in spreading at a rupt the

o the upholding of whatever 18 || small expense, copies of the finest compositions, and therelegitimate in painting and engraving, and creditable to the

by diffuse more extensively that knowledge which creates, character of our native school. In short, to support all that || as well as improves public taste. is orthodox in the graphic art.

We know that the advances which have been made of These exertions, however, have not been narrowed by l late in improving this new method of multiplving prints that exclusive prejudice for what is already known and || from pictures and drawings, by the comparative case and established, which would shut out experiment in new || rapidity with which any composition is transferred to the modes of art, from the mere dread of innovation. We live in stone, has excited the anxiety of many considerate patrons an ave of improvement, and hail every new discovery, that I of art, lest its success may not be ultimately injurious, if can throw additional light upon what we already know, or not fatal to the interests of our engravers. Equally alive add anything that is meritorious in its own nature to the to every kind feeling for the welfare of our school of encommon stock of useful knowledge. It would tend to no || graving, which has such high claims to the protection of moral good, because we love our old friends, to forbid the the nation, we entertain no apprehension on the subject, approaches of new ones; so with art, it would be weak to feeling satisfied, that the more it is encouraged, the more say, we have sufficient of what is good already, and we need will it spread a love for the pursuits of art. The love of nothing more.

art will create taste-taste will improve, and the more gene. We have already reprobated that general indifference, rally sterling taste shall prevail ; in the same ratio will be which has so long submitted to be led by the cunning of || the increasing desire for collecting the more elaborate and certain printsellers and publishers, who, by puffing adver more accomplished works of art. The science of connoistisements and effrontery, have so successfully imposed seurship, like all other sciences, is an atlair of mental their specious trash upon the public, at the expense of cultivation. Lithography will help to create the science, works of real merit; and, were we not assured that this and lead it on. Its powers, however, of necessity are limisystem of impostureship is no longer a thriving game, we ted. Hence as the knowledge of fine art improves, the should express our opinions upon this discreditable as higher must be the means for its gratification. The inance which the conductors of certain periodical works have |trinsic qualities of an exquisitely finished engraving on afforded to these impostors, in opposition to all just notions copper or steel, then, of course, combining so much of these

excellencies which are beyond the possibilities of what can seurship to comprehend the painter-like spirit and intenbe wrought on stone, will secure to the distinguished cal. Il tion of the lithographic studies of horses by Mr. Ward

horses by Mr. Ward, will cographer the entire honours and superior rewards becom- || rejoice at the discovery of this new art. The same knowing his art.

ledge would lead to a commensurate admiration, on standWe learn from indisputable authority, that in populous || ing before the incomparable pictures of the noble animals, districts, in various parts of the empire, where the provin- || by this great painter, from which these lithographs are cial bookseller had hitherto met with little encouragement drawn; and the same taste would impel one thus enlightin the sale of books on the rudiments of drawing, engraved ened, to be the first to set his name on the subscription list, on copper, that a great and increasing demand has been, for proofs on India paper, were proposals issued for engrav. and still is, resulting from the works printed from stone. lling the same fine animal Ntudies, by James Ward, R. A. in These preceptive books exbibit plain and simple examples the elegant line manner by Scott.As a good horse,' to in a broad and comprehensive style, and being published at | repeat what is not new, “is of any colour," so is a work of considerable less expense, they have found their way into art estimable in any, and in every style, so that it be oricircles that hitherto had scarcely given a thought to such ginal, well conceived, and by the hand of a master. pursuits. Hence numberless young persons of each sex We have thus entered upon the subject of engraving on are cultivating the science of drawing with ardour, and the stone, with the vicw of representing fairly what are the love of art is spreading with that rapidity, which must capacities of this new discovery, what has been done by its shortly produce a new and superior æra for the cult | means, and what is likely to be the result of a more extenthe human mind. The rage for drawing is extending itself || sive cultivation of its properties, as it affects the general to the manufacturing districts, and the interest is spreading interests of the arts. Our opinion is not involved in doubt among the children of parents, whose means can supply upon the question, as we feel satisfied that if artists of supe. ample funds for works, commensurate with the improving rior capacity give their designs to the world through the taste of those in whose mental acquirements they feel a medium of lithography, that the consequences must be parental pride, and for whose accomplishments they will beneficial to the whole profession: for the more the prin. grudge no expense.

ciples of taste are diffused, the greater will be the demand Were the knowledge of the fine arts more generally dif || for examples of every species of art, which will be appresuscd, what would it avail the unprincipled publisher to ciated in the exact proportion which the superiority of their speculate in graphic impostorship? The fraud would ex respective authors may merit. Paintings and engravings, pose itself. The success of such speculations has entirely of sterling merit, among true connoisseurs, will ever be depended upon the prevailing ignorance of the public in estimated like precious gems, each according to its intrinsic matters of taste. The lithographic press may be made, value! and indeed already has been instrumental to the dispelling Mr. Ward's series of lithographic studies of horses is now much of this ignorance--and should it become more general before us, and we are gratified in having another opportuamongst artists of talent, to transfer suitable compositions nity of expressing our adıniration of these masterly evito stone, we shall soon behold a rising generation of ama dences of the utility of this style of multiplying the compoteurs, from whom we may expect an extent of connoisseur sitions of a distinguished painter, by the ingenuity of his ship, that will furnish patronage to the full measure of the || own hand. J: is proclaimed abroad, to the reproach of our talent of every professor of merit, in every department o school, that drawing in England is neither practised nor the English school. We repeat then, that this new art may well understood. In the delineation of the horse, however, create that taste, which will naturally induce a desire for we have long been able to boast of the superiority of our still higher intellectual gratification; and that those who painters over those of all nations, ancient or modern : for commence by collecting the spirited emanations of the artist that anatomical knowledge of the noble animal, without in lithography, will become the best supporters of the higher which the strength, character and beauty of his proportions excellencies manifested in the inimitable works of our able can never be truly and gracefully represented, originated professors of the calcographic art!

Il with the English school, in the taste and scientific research The lithographic works of Prout, alone, we feel assured, of the late Mr. Stubbs, whose magnificent folio volume on have created a very extensive love for topographical draw. the horse, engraved by himself, is a production that stands ing. The bold and picturesque features of these masterly alone in art. We must allow in candour to foreign artists, imitations of his pencil sketches are too obvious to be mis bowever, that this work is held in no less estimation by understood. Many young persons, the children of the them than by ourselves. This publication by Mr. Ward, wealthy, diffident of their talents, who would not have dared | will, in like manner, assist in spreading the same of Engto attempt to copy more elaborate works, struck with the lish art to foreign nations! simplicity of his style, have set sedulously to work “ to draw from Prout;', and from these their willing essays, having exceeded their own expectations, and those of their

THE PANORAMA. friends, have proceeded with a zeal and interest in the pursuit, that has led them to attempt to draw similar objects from nature and have thus become enthusiastic in the de We have in a former number ascribed the invention lightful study of topography. Amateurs like these become of the Panorama, to Sir George Beaumont, Bart, and the friends and patrons of the professors, and purchase their

until some one steps forward with indisputable prefinest pictures and drawings, to improve themselves in art. Those, moreover, who commence by admiring the pic

tensions, to claim the honours of a previous discovery, turesque charms of these bold sketches, will proceed, until || the merit will of course continue to appertain to this they feel the refined sentiment, and comprehend the beauty || distinguished gentleman. and skill displayed in the elaborate engravings of the

The late Thomas Girtin, of topographical fame, of Cookes, the Le Keurs, of Pye, and many others of our school of engravers, whose faithful and elegant calcographic copies

whose works we have so frequently spoken, was one of of the compositions of our most distinguished painters, are the first who painted a panoramic scene: though, constantly adding invaluable treasures to the portfolio of indeed not properly so denominated, as the picture did the virtuoso and the connoisseur!

not comprehend an entire circle. The subject which The more cultivated the taste, the more numerous will be the sources from which the amateur will derive delight. Is he chose for pictorial representation, was the British He that is sufficiently advanced in the science of connois- | metropolis, as viewed from the top of the Albion

by every barbarian.

Mills, a lofty structure so called at the eastern corner of Burford's brushes. The scene is absolutely alive, vivid, the Surry side of Blackfriar's Bridge. This, however, and true; we feel all but the breeze, and hear all but the though admirably painted, was not sufficiently illusive

dashing of the wave. Travellers recognize the spot where

they plucked grapes, picked up fragments of tiles, and fell in effect, nor on a large scale.

sick of the miasmata; the draughtsman would swear to the To Messrs. Barker and Son, who erected the great very stone on which he stretched himself into an ague; the building in Leicester Square, for the subsequent exhibi

man of half-pay, the identical casa in which he was fleeced tions of these circular pictures, must be awarded the

into a perfect knowledge that roguery abroad was as expen

| sive as taxation at home. entire honour of making grand panoramic scenes effec “ All the world knows the story of Pompeii; that it was tive, not only by the vast scale on which they designed a little Greek town of tolerable commerce in its early day; their subjects, but by the bold and masterly style with

that the sea, which once washed its walls, subsequently left which they were painted, leaving nothing that could be

it in the midst of one of these delicious plains made by na

ture for the dissolution of all industry in the Italian dwelwanting to render the scenes thus brought to view, pero ler, and for the commonplaces of poetry in all the northern fectly illusive, and as satisfactory to the critical eye of || abusers of the pen ; that it was ravaged the painter, with all bis science, as to the gaze of those,

who in turn was called a conqueror on the Italian soil, and

was successively the pillage of Carthaginian and of Roman; who knowing nothing of the principles of linear per

until at last the Augustan age saw its little circuit quieted spective, might more easily be surprised by power into the centre of a colony, and man, finding nothing mor ful effect, from not being able to develope the cause. to rob, attempted to rob no more.. The Panorama, doubtess, may be reckoned among the

" When man had ceased his molestation, nature com

menced hers; and this unfortunate little city was, by a most interesting and astonishing of all human inven

curious fate, to be at once extinguished and preserved, to tions.

perish from the face of the Roman empire, and to live when We were about to enlarge on this subject, when re Rome was a nest of monks and mummers, and her empire collecting that in the number of Blackwood for April,

torn into fragments for Turk, Russian, Austrian, Prussian, there was a paper upon the exhibition of POMPEII, we

and the whole host of barbarian names that were once as

the dust of her feet. In the year of the Christian era 63, sought it, and opening at page 472, again read, what an earthquake shewed the city on what tenure her lease was will bear to be re-perused by our readers, should they, held. Whole streets were thrown down, and the evidences like ourselves, have seen it before, for it is a sketch

ll of hasty repair are still to be detected. drawn by the hand of a master :

From this period, occasional warnings were given in slight shocks; until, in the year 79, Vesuvius poured out

all his old accumulation of terrors at once, and on the clear" Panoramas are among the happiest contrivances for ing away of the cloud of fire and ashes wbich covered Camsaving time and expense in this age of contrivances. What pania for four days, Pompeii, with all its multitude, was cost a couple of hundred pounds and half a year half a cen gone. The Romans seem to have been as fond of villas as tury ago, now costs a shilling and a quarter of an hour. | if every soul of them bad made fortunes in Cheapside, and Throwing out of the old account the innumerable miseries the whole southern coast was covered with the summer of travel, the insolence of public functionaries, the roguery palaces of those lords of the world. Vesuvius is now a forof innkeepers, the visitations of banditti, charged to the midable foundation for a house whose inhabitants may not muzzle with sabre, pistol, and scapulary, and the rascality wish to be sucked into a furnace ten thousand fathoms of the custom-house officers, who plunder, passport in deep; or roasted sub aere aperto; but it was then asleep, hand, the indescribable desagremens of Italian cookery, and had never flung up spark or stone from time immemoand the insufferable annoyances of that epitome of abomi rial. To those who look upon it now in its terrors, grim, nation, an Italian bed.

blasted, and lifting up its sooty forehead among the piles of Now the affair is settled in a summary manner. The perpetual smoke that are to be enlightened only by its mountain or the sea, the classic vale or the ancient city, is || bursts of fire, the very throne of Pluto and Vulcan together, transported to us on the wings of the wind. And their lo no force of fancy may picture what it was when the Roman cation here is curious. We have seen Vesuvius in full roar | built his palaces and pavilions on its side. A pyramid of and torrent, within a hundred yards of a hackney-coach three thousand feet high, painted over with garden, forest, stand, with all its cattle, human and bestial, unmoved by || vineyard, and orchard, ripening under the southern sun, the phenomenon. Constantinople, with its bearded and zoned with colonnades, and turrets, and golden rools, and turbanned multitudes, quietly pitched beside a Christian || marble porticos, with the eternal azure of the Campanian thoroughfare, and offering neither persecution nor prose sky for its canopy, and the Mediterranean at its feet, glitlytism. Switzerland, with its lakes covered with sunset, Il tering in the colours of sunrise, noon, and evening, like an and mountains capped and robed in storms; the adored of infinite Turkey carpet let down from the steps of a throne, sentimentalists, and the refuge of miry metaphysics: the all this was turned into cinders, lava, and hot water, on Demisolde of all nations, and German geology-stuck in a (if we can trust to chronology) the first day of November, corner of a corner of London, and forgotten in the tempting Anno Domini 79, in the first year of the Emperor Titus. vicinage of a cook-shop; and now Pompeii, reposing in its The whole story is told in the younger Pliny's letters; or, elumber of two thousand years, in the very buzz of the if the illustration of one who thought bimself born for a deStrand. There is no exaggeration in talking of those things scriber, Dio Cassius, be sought, it will be found that this as really existing. Berkley was a metaphysician; and l eruption was worthy of the work it had to do, and was a therefore his word goes for nothing but waste of brains, handsome recompense for the slumber of the volcano. The time, and printing-ink; but if we have not the waters of the Continent, throughout its whole southern range, probably Lake of Geneva, and the bricks and mortar of the little felt this vigorous awakening. Rome was covered with the Greek town, tangible by our hands, we have them tangible ashes, of which Northern Africa, Egypt, and Asia Minor, by the eye-the fullest impression that could be purchased, had their share; the sun was turned into blood and darkby our being parched, passported, pummelled, plundered, ness, and the people thought that the destruction of the starved, and stenched, for 1200 miles east and by south, world was come. could not be fuller than the work of Messrs. Parker's and At the close of the eruption, Vesuvius stood forth the naked giant that he is at this hour—the palaces and the rock; and that again covered with two villages and a royal gardens were all dust and air-the sky was stained with palace; and the whole under the protection of a still surer that cloud which still sits like a crown of wrath upon his guard, Neapolitan stupidity, poverty, and indolence. The brow-the plain at his foot, where Herculaneum and Pom Panorama gives a striking coup-d'ail of one of the two great peii spread their circuses and temples, like children's toys, excavations of Pompeii. The Forum, the narrow streets, was covered over with sand, charcoal, and smoke; and the the little Greek houses, with their remnants of ornamental whole was left for a mighty moral against the danger of ll painting, their corridores and their tesselated floors, are trusting to the sleep of a volcano.

seen, as they might have been seen the day before the " All was then at an end with the cities below; the po eruption. The surrounding landscape has the grandeur pulation were burnt, and had no more need of houses. The that the eye looks for in a volcanic country. Wild hills, Roman nobles had no passion for combustion, and kept || fragments of old lavas, richly broken shores, and in the aloof; the winds and rain, robbers, and the malaria, were centre the most picturesque and sublime of all volcanoes, the sole tenants of the land; and in this way rolled fifteen Vesuvius, throwing up its eternal volumes of smoke to the hundred years over the bones of the vintners, sailors, and heavens." snug citizens of the Vesuvian cities. But their time was to come; and their beds were to be perforated by French and Neapolitan pick-axes, and to be visited by English feet,

ARTISTS' BENEVOLENT FUND. and sketched and written about, and lithographed, till all the world wished that they had never been disturbed. The The following Address was read at the Anniversary Dinner first discoveries were accidental, for no Neapolitan ever of the Artists' Benevolent Fund, June 5, 1824, by F. Balstruck å spade into the ground that he could help, nor barboured a voluntary idea but of macaroni, intrigue, monkery,

MANNO, Esq. the Honorary Secretary. or the gaming-table. The spade struck upon a key, which, ll It may be proper to state for the information of some here of course, belonged to a door, the door had an inscription, present, that the Artists' Fund was finally established in and the names of the buried cities were brought to light, to the year 1810, after many preceding attempts bad failed. thboundless p?rplexity of the learned, the merciless curi An association was then formed for the laudable indepenosity of the blue-stockings of the 17th century, and all dent purpose of insuring each other against distress, arising others to come, and the thankless, reckless, and ridiculous | from those calamities to which all mankind are subject-it profit of that whole race of rascality, the guides, cicerones, was named THE ARTISTS' Joint Stock Fund, supported abbes, and antiquarians,

by subscriptions from members, all being professionally " But Italian vigour is of all things the most easily ex artists. hausted, where it has not the lash or the bribe to feed its This admirable association took its rise for the purpose of waste, and the cities slumbered for twenty years more, till, rescuing the profession from the necessity of applying to the in 1711, a duke, who was digging for marbles to urn into | public for relics, should unlooked for

public for relics, should unlooked for calamity overtake mortar, found a Hercules, and a whole heap of fractured them—and wisely formed :-for how often is it we see the beauties, a row of Greek columns, and a little temple. highly gifted and delicate mind, rather pine in secresy and Again, the cities alumbered, till, in 1738, a King of Naples, sorrow, and even descend into the grave than consent to on whom light may the earth rest, commenced digging, make an appeal to public liberality, or even to private and streets, temples, theatres opened out to the sun, to be friendship. Many cases in point will occur to all, yet so at rest no more.

differently, sometimes, will different minds view the same 466 So few details of the original catastrophe are to be found || subject, that this very institution, formed for the sole purin historians, that we can scarcely estimate the actual hu- | pose of rescuing the

ndent Artist from man suffering, which is, after all, almost the only thing to such necessity, has been condemned, as being beneath the be considered as a misfortune. It is probable that the po dignity of the profession-and but for the wisdom and pulation of, at least, Pompeii had time to make their escape. firmness of its early friends, might have been overturned. A pedlar's pack

all the valuables left in Pom- / In such an association it may be supposed that a limited peii; and the people who had time thus to clear their pre number only were blessed with the gifts of fortune, and miscs, must have been singularly fond of hazard if they || they followed the counsel of judicious friends, in establishstaid lingering within the reach of the eruption. But some ing a Benevolent Fund, for the relief of those they might melanch

| leave behind them. Acting on that advice, (after having, ful. In one of the last excavations made by the French, from the most independent motives, rescued each other four female skeletons were found lying together, with their || from ever being burdensome to the public, by means of the ornaments, bracelets, and rings, and with their little hoard || Joint Stock Fund,) they acceded to the proposition, and of coins in gold and silver. They had probably been sufto- || consented to receive donations and subscriptions from the cated by the sulphureous vapour. In a wine-cellar, known || public for the relief of their Widows and Orphans, and as a by its jars ranged round the wall, a male skeleton, supposed | beginning, one and all agreed to cubscribe annually to that to be that of the master, by his seal-ring, was found as if he || fund also! We are now met for the purpose of celebrating had perished in the attempt at forcing the door. In and

or. In another, Il the Fifteenth Anniversary of the Benevolent Fund, and a male skeleton was found with an axe in his hand, beside a || when we refer to our subscription lists, and find enrolled so door which he was breaking open. In a prison, the skele- || many eminent names, in every rank of life, from Royalty tons of men chained to the wall were found. If it were not downwards-when we see Anniversary after Anniversary like affectation to regret agony that has passed away so long, l) patronized as they always are, and certainly none more it might be conceived as a palliation of that agony, that it || brilliant than the present, with that illustrious Prince in was probably the work of a moment, that the vapour of the || the chair, who is united to us by every tender tie-when eruption extinguished life at once, and that these unfor we see that transcendant Artist, whom the unanimous tunates perished, not because they were left behind in the || voice of his contemporaries and our gracious Sovereign has general flight, but were left behind because they had per-|| | placed at the head of the arts of an admiring country, at

tending, enforcing, and inciting by his generous example; 66 A large portion of Pompeii is now uncovered. This can we doubt that this institution is founded on sound prinwas an easy opera

covering was ashes, them- | ciples, and dispensing more general benevolence than its selves covered by vegetable soil, and that again covered by unassuming title might seem to convey? It has been open verdure and vineyards. Herculaneum reserves its deve- || to every Artist of merit in the United Kingdom, foreign or lopement for another generation; its cover is lava, solid as native, since its first establishment in 1810; all have been,


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