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And Literary Museum :


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EXHIBITION OF THE WORKS OF THE ITALIAN, || In this collection are some splendid Rembrandts, a

FLEMISH, DUTCH, AND ENGLISH SCHOOL, || few choice cabinet sea pieces, by Vandevelde ; some BRITISH INSTITUTION.

esteemed whole lengths by Velasquez and Vandyke,

some splendid; two or three Ruysdaels, and a few well VARIOUS have been the opinions as to the motives known and deservedly prized specimens of other maswhich have influenced the governors of this Institution ters; but estimating the whole collection, in compa. to make their annual display of the paintings by the rison with others which we have seen occupying the old masters, during the exhibition of the works of the

same spaces, we cannot say that this is by any means living masters at the Royal Academy. Some have

of the first order either in interest or value. Indeed not hesitated to insist that the plan originated in a

there are many pictures which have scarcely a claiin desire to excite invidious comparisons at the expence upon our admiration, or that would do credit to any of modern art. Others, ascribe it to the pompous

gallery. We noticed several that owe more to a ambition of certain individuals to make a public dis

mysterious effect acquired by time, by repeated cleanplay of their treasures in art, whilst there have been ling, and frequent varnishing, than to their superior those who from the first, applauded the scheme, under || merit; and others, which having been fretted and rubbed the conviction that it arose purely from a desire to im- || into a state of blackness and obscurity, pass with the prove public taste. We are decidedly of the latter opinion. | prejudiced for marvellous productions, in proportion Whatever may have moved the original promoters

as they are not understood. In short, although there is of the scheme, of this we feel assured, that the general much that surpasses all praise, there is as usual a much interests of artists and the arts, have increased from I greater display of accomplished execution than high the period of the opening of the first collection, even feeling--and nothing to induce us to draw general to the present hour.

comparisons to the disadvantage of the best labours of We attended with our accustomed fervor, the pri our own school. vate view of this gallery, on Tuesday last, and as usual It was our intention to have entered into a critical were delighted on finding ourselves again surrounded examen of some of the features of this collection, but with pictures of the celebrated schools of old. The we must postpone it, for want of room, to a future opmental banquet provided within these walls, is a feast || portunity. which never tires. We took a hasty survey around Wrapt in admiration as we were in being thus surand felt a renewal of our veneration for all the great rounded by the various excellencies of this display of names, thus recorded by their own surpassing hands. the talents of so many great artists of old, yet we could

We entered the gallery with veneration for genius not avoid indulging in our reflections upon the unacdeparted—we quitted it with feelings of congratulation countable predilection which our nobility and people on the thought, that we have contemporary genius, of of rank evince, for thus accumulating these ancient which we may justly be proud,—and could not but paintings, almost to the exclusion of every picture contemplate the times to come, when future genera- || wrought by a living hand, however great may be their tions shall behold some of the works now displayed on | merits abstractedly, or even in comparison with these the walls of the Royal Academy-when age has done |justly esteemed works. as much for them, as for these, that shall excite equal | These reflections obtrude themselves upon our veneration and delight!

thoughts, on reading the long list of names of their Time clothes things of the past with a poetic charm, || respective proprietors, as printed in the catalogue, from entirely abstracted of the value or merit of the object || the certain knowledge, that almost every contributor to we admire. A temple in ruins, is far more sublime, this collection, possesses a gallery of these works-and to those who gaze upon it now, than it could have that many hundreds of thousands of pounds within a appeared to those coeval with its pristine beauty; and very few years have been expended in procuring them, that costume, and locality of circumstance which af during a period when the annual productions of our fects us not in the pictures of our own day, shall be own school, supplied by contemporary talent, afforded so contemplated hereafter, with all the interesting associa much that had equal claims upon the admiration of the tions inseparable from antiquity, and when the pictures | collector of works of art. which we now behold fresh from the artist's study, shall We are enthusiastic admirers of these great masters, be mekorated, and toned down by the growing im- but our admiration is untainted with that fanaticism, provements of an hundred and fifty years.

which shuts out uf its prescribed pale, all that is wor.

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thy, great, and excellent, because it is not clothed in who behold his sylvan compositions in ecstacy, was the garb of antiquity. We freely confess that antiquity reduced to quit the genial pursuits of landscape, to has a powerful charm upon our taste-that we love | supply vanity with a likeness of itself! antiquity for its own sake, and that our predilections | Romney, whose Birth of Shakspeare-to use the cant run strong in this current; but we should feel shaine | of dilletantiship, is now immortalizing the painter with indeed, could we discover that our prejudice in favor || the mighty poet-was beholden to a print-seller, for of these examples of the genius of olden times, should | this developement of a talent, obscured by porirait render us indifferent to similar emanations of genius, || painting-and which in the more inventive department because they were contemporaneous. Yet, on perceiv- || of art, would have raised him to the skies! ing, as we do, that so much is constantly expended on | So with Reynolds, the pride of the English school; these old paintings, and so little on those which are of || had he not sagaciously chosen the path he did to forrecent date, and yet in truth no less estimable, we can tune, he might, perhaps, have laboured on in poetic not refrain from an expression of our surprise, at such poverty, and starved himself into future fame. Yet a prevailing spirit of unjust retribution, in an age did their contemporaries, as do their posterity, affect which so universally boasts its superior sense of moral to contemn portrait painting, and talk loudly to the obligation.

professors of the great and grand in art! Were the same spirit opposed to modern literature, It is now the fashionable theme with those who would which has so long prevailed against the pursuits of this art, || be thought to preside in the direction of the interests of how different had been the fate of our living authors! | art, to enlarge upon the great plans for a national galWere it the fashion to read none but black letter books, | lery. Mr. Richard Payne Knight, say these enlightened what would it avail the genius of the living to write ? personages, has left a collection to add to this proposed Who would buy the modern volume? Yet with our gallery, to the value of sixty thousand pounds! This illustrious collectors of pictures, the comparison has a magnificent bequest, and Mr. Angerstein's collectionbearing; for, for every thousand pounds that has been and Sir George Beaumont's contribution-and what bestowed on the encouragement of living talent from || His Most Gracious Majesty will supply, will doubtless be the period when the art of painting in many departments || followed up by augmentations from others influenced by had attained to a rivalry in our own school, with those these splendid examples. But what then? We look forof the past, fifty or even an hundred thousand has been ward, as well as these great personages to the glorious supplied for the importation of ancient works! display, with rich anticipations of a treat. We wish to

One apartment in this display is appropriated to the see a national gallery still more grand than that of the works of the English school. In this we behold many | famed Louvre, in its boasted day-but not to the exclufine compositions, by our pative artists, yet but a small sion of the English school, nor at the expence of that portion of what could be gathered together of equal | living talent, which is daily adding so much to the worth, which are now equally esteemed, valued, and honours it has already achieved, by the joint exertions sought by the collector, as treasures of art : but their of its inembers. ingenious authors are no more. Those noble peers, That the formation of a national gallery of the the progenitors of our noble peers, who have contri. | paintings of the old masters would greatly tend to buted to stock this gallery, -were the contemporaries improve the public taste, no one, at all conversant with of those great artists,-but they too were collectors of | art, would attempt to dispute; for it is only to the gethe works of those that had lived before, and gene neral diffusion of knowledge in these elegant pursuits, rously left their successors to appreciate—what they that the vast increase of professors in all the fine arts had not sense enough to feel, or virtue enough to re can look for support. But if age is to succeed age, in ward—the living genius of their day.

paying none but posthumous honors to genius, of what We heard certain noble peers, and others, great col. benefit will be the general knowledge thus acquired, to lectors, enthusiastic in their admiration of Hogarth, I those ingenious men, who whatever excellence ihey may Wilson, Gainsborough, Reynolds, and Romney. display in their various pictorial compositions, shall

Wilson they compared to Claude. That Wilson, | address their talent to those who are determined to ap. whose noble mind upheld his hand to paint for the preciate pictures only for their age,-for qualities not applause of posterity, in an age that suffered him to within the scope of genius to give. pine neglected-without a patron, and to die in obscu | To those who are not sufficiently learned in art, to rity and want !

be superior to prejudice, the old pictures will always Hogarth too, he of whom all would boast, and whom seem to inherit certain qualities without which a paint. none would serve, was constrained to sell, to one who || ing cannot be of sterling value; although these qualiknew naught of art, his incomparable series of paint I ties be fallacious tests of excellence. That solemnity of ings of the Marriage a-la-Mode--for one hundred | tone which pervades many of the Italian, and even pounds!

Flemish pictures—such as we occasionally behold in the Gainsborough, whose landscapes are the daily theme || landscapes of Dominichino, Poussin, Ruysdael, and of a thousand new coined eulogies, from the great Claude, as if seen through the medium of old green glass; or that glowing splendour that is spread that glowing autumnal scale, which is rich and deep over the lights, in the mysterious effects of Rem- | enough for all the highest purposes of this delectable art! brandt, and some others, as though viewed thro ugh a transparent golden varnish; or that vitrified appear.

There are some cabinet sea-pieces by our favourite Vande

|| velde in this collection, which are pleasing specimens of ance, and admired thinness, that peculiar texture to

his pure and masterly imitations of nature. These are which custom has affixed so high a value, are the effects wrought from so simple a palette, that with his clean and of time and accident, and are not uncommonly as beautiful execution, they bave the appearance of being as

easily accomplished as though he had been drawing on remote from the intentions of, and were as unforeseen

paper with sepia or Indian-ink. There is a coolness and a by the painters, to whose works they have added so freshness pervading the works of this master, so much of much excellence in the eyes of certain connoisseurs, as daylight, that notwithstanding their general grey hue, the they are contrary to nature, or those views of art, which most splendid coloured pictures may surround them withit was the object of these esteemed painters to display. |

out the least detracting from their merits: for in whatever

collection his best works appear, the eye is delighted in Could the old masters behold many of their best

searching them out. Indeed they convey the same plealabours, thus changed by time, we venture to assert sure to the senses which is felt on opening a window and they would not know them, and were they to witness inhaling the exhilarating freshness of a breeze from the sea.

Teniers and Vandevelde diffuse a cheerfulness to every picthe rapture with which they were admired by many of

ture gallery. These masters must have been most careful the cognoscenti, with all that time and smoke, repeated

in the preparation of their pigments, and have been choice cleaning, and varnishing, glazing and picture doctor in the selection of their tools. To talk of vehicles no longer ing, had taken from, or added to their pristine state, known, which enabled the Dutch and Flemish masters to

execute so delicately, and masterly withal, is naught but an they would feel indignant at the artifices of picture

| apology for idleness. The entire secret lay in the careful craft, and smile at the ignorance of those to whom it

preparation of their pigments: they were levigated to a had been so successfully addressed.

smoothness, and consequent freedom of working, in comWhat is really estimable in certain works of the old | parison with, which the colours used by the generality of our

contemporaries, is as shingle to sea eand, or sand to wheaten schools, is too well established to leave a doubt of the

flour. Were these incomparable masters living in our superior genius and talent of many of the great masters, || time, they could not copy their own works half equal to who will be venerated by posterity, as long as time shall || their own execution, with our miserably prepared colours. spare even a glimmering of their compositions upon the

1 Backhuysen's “ Thunder Storm” makes an imposing

feature in this exhibition. The compositions of this admicanvas, which their wondrous pencils adorned: but

rable marine painter, though much more studied than that blind bigotry which receives every incoherent le- || those of Vandevelde, are yet not so faultless: there is genegend from these schools, for the true gospel of art, rally something to be found in his pictures which will not should be exposed, as it tends to pervert, rather than to bear the test of severe criticism, although every one of his

finest works display the highest powers, either in execucreate good taste, and impedes the legitimate study of

tion, chiaro-scuro, or design. Nothing that we remember painting by misleading the student, in his endeavour to to have seen in this class of painting ever united the grand imitate what is vague, questionable, and imperfect, on and the awful without an effort of the poetic in composi. the fallacious authority of an illustrious name, instead of tion, more effectively than this. The clouds have so much

the appearance of reality, that we cannot but feel the study studying nature from his own perceptions of art, by

|| for the sky of this picture was a complete imitation of nawhich the really illustrious men of old acquired their || ture. The vessels appear in actual motion, and the waves well-earned fame.

are composed with such identity of form, and are wrought Nothing in practice can be more erroneous than to with such a commanding style of execution, that we are

surprised at the powers that could thus describe so magnilabour to make a newly painted picture assume the ob

ficent a scene. Yet, when this vigorous composition is scurity of effect, and pitchiness of tone, which is so I considered with reference to the true principles of art, we prevalent in many works painted two centuries ago. find that it is mannered in its way. The boldness of the There are certain effects of colouring, too, on many | design, the truth with which each object is drawn, the feli

citous execution stand confessed in every part; but the pictures in this and other collections of celebrity which

colouring is not equally true to nature, the tout ensemble could be pointed out, that have been wrought by the

of the picture is black. arts of picture craft, namely, by the secret application "A man of War, in a Gale;' a View of Amsterdam, in of glazing with transparent pigments upon various

the distance, is another capital piece by this master. The

shipping well grouped, and the water, in which he excelled, masses, darkened by time, which had lost their ori

represented with great truth. This, and the preceding comginal glazings by repeated cleaning, and which by mo

position, are on a large scale, and may be esteemed amongst dern substitution, adds that deep, gem-like character, the finest productions of the master. which neither existed in the pristine state of the picture,

“The three Portraits,” No. 53, 54, and 55, on the west

side of the north room, by Vilasquez, are grand specimens nor can be deemed compatible with the true principles

of the style of this great artist. The dogs are worthy of of art.

Rubens or Snyders. Such practice, however, cannot be urged but by pre “ Landscape and Figures," by Gaspar Poussin, is a comjudice and presumption ; for the deeply skilled in the position, so rich in herbage, so sequestered, and so well felt,

that it would serve as a school in itself, for the study of the philosophy of painting know, that the finest works of the

picturesque.. greatest colourists of old, however gorgeous in tone,

• Landscape, with a Fall of Water,” No. 59, by Ruysdael, assumed no more than a representation of nature, on l is equally pictorial. It is nature pourtrayed with the hand

of a master, and an excellent subject for the contemplation || who cannot iina sine any other motive for our visits to that of the student in landscape.

country, than a preparation for hostile invasion, or a search “ Landscape, with a Corn Field,” by the same, is a de | after treasures among the ruins of antiquity, and whose sus. lightful peep at the back of a village; one of those scenes picions of this nature are of course most strong in the prowhich captivates from its rural charm. This picture is an vinces which, like Asia Minor, are the least frequented by us. illustration of what we have observed in a former paper, that If the traveller's prudence or good fortune should obviate the vicinity of every homestead, or humble farm, remote all these difficulties, and should protect him from plague, from a great city, affords ample scope for the landscape | banditti, and other perils of a semibarbarous state of society. painter. He need not seek for rocks and mountains, deep || he has still to dread the loss of health, arising from the woods, and expansive lakes, for the exercise of his pencil. Il combined effects of climate, fatigue, and privation ; which The most humble, the most artless scene is sufficient theme || seldom fails to check his career before he has completed his for imitation, provided he has a due knowledge of his art, || projected tour. Asia Minor is still in that state in which a and feeling to represent nature, as she appears in her own |disguised dress, an assumption of the medical character, garb.

great patience and perseverance, the sacritice of all Euro“ Philip, the Fourth of Spain, on Horseback,” No. 32, pean comforts, and the concealment of pecuniary means, by Vilasquez, cannot fail to delight all those, who are sensi are necessary to enable the traveller thoroughly to investible to the charms of colouring and effect. There is an inten- || gate the country, when otherwise qualified for the task by sity of tone in this little picture,-a gem-like, inherent rich- || literary and scientific attainments, and by an intimate ness, which cannot be described in words. It inust be seen || knowledge of the language and manners of the people.” to be duly felt.

| Colonel Leake has brought together in the volume "Moonlight,” by Vanderneer, No. 23, is enchanting in effect. The moon reflected in the wateris bright and lumin

before us, the results of his own travels, together with ous, and yet as pure in colour, as the orb thus seen in na all that is correct and useful in the volumes of former ture dancing on the wave.

travellers. The preface contains a notice of the different “ The Water Doctor," by Teniers, No. 67. The great Johnson regretted that his illustrious friend Reynolds

works which he has placed under contribution, and should have been constrained to trust the record of his

also the aids which have been furnished him in the genius, to the frail memorial of painting. Had the philoso construction of the very elaborate matter which acpher seen the works of Teniers, he might have spared him

companies his volume. self the reflection. In this admirable little picture, we have || the thoughts of the painter, as fresh as they emanated from

Colonel Leake's travels date as far back as the year his mind, and were thus transmitted to the canvas. Teniers || 1800. We are not aware that the character of the peowas master of the arcana of the palette. So was Wouver- l ple, or the appearance of the country has undergone mans, and many others of the old Flemish and Dutch Ilany material change, and his account of both therefore schools. When the pigments are carefully combined with that pure menstruum, which is no secret with the painters of ||

I will even now be perused with interest. Not far froin the present day, we should aver, considering the thinness Constantinople, he met a Mollah, whose mode of traof the covering surface, that nothing was more imperishable | velling appears to be pleasant enough :than paint. This picture is as vivid, and pure as the hour

• We met a Mollah travelling in a Taktrevan, lounging it came from the easel. (To be continued.)

upon sost cushions, smoking his Narghile, and accompanied by splendidly-dressed attendants on horseback. His baggage horses were loaded with mattresses and coverings for

his sofas; with valises containing his clothes; a large assortREVIEWS.

ment of pipes; tables of copper, cauldrons, sauce pans, and

a complete batterie de cuisine. Such a mode of travelling Journal of a Tour in Asia Minor, with comparative Re

is undoubtedly very different from that which was in use

among the Turks of Osman, and Orkhan. The articles of marks on the Ancient and Modern Geography of that tbe Mollah's baggage are, probably, for the most part, of Country. By William Martin LEAKE, F. R. S. &c. Greek origin, adopted from the conquered nation in the London: Murray. 8vo. 1824.

same manner as the Latins borrowed the arts of the Greeks

of a better age. In fact, it is in a great degree to Greek lux. COLONEL LEAkE is already known for a treatice uries, with the addition of coffee and tobacco, that the preon the language, and some sketches of the topography

sentimbecile condition of these barbarians is to be ascribed ; of Modern Greece. The present is a more compre

|| and“ Græcia capta ferum victorcm cepit," applies as well

to the Turk as it once did to the Roman; for though hensive and useful work on another quarter of the Grecian art in its perfection may be degraded by a compaEastern regions. We have no complete description of Il rison with the arts of the Byzantine Greeks, yet in the Asia Minor. The difficulties in the way of travelling

Il scale of civilization, the Turks did not bear a higher in that country, have hitherto prevented any one from

V proportion to these than the Romans did to the ancient

Greeks.' giving a full and accurate account of it. These difficulties are thus detailed :

The descriptions of the towns and country are

almost too antiquarian and learned for general perusal. " In Asia Minor, among the impediments to a traveller's

Some of them are drawn up with great variety and success, may be especially reckoned the deserted state of the country, which often puts the common necessaries and

| extent of research, and must be studied rather than conveniences of travelling out of his reach; the continual | read. Occasionally a less classical manner is adopted, disputes and wars among the persons in power; the preca and as these occasions are very rare, we will give one rious authority of the government of Constantinople, which rendering its protection ineflectual, makes the traveller's

extract as a specimen :success depend upon the personal character of the governor

" At Konia we are comfortably accommodated in the of each district; and the ignorance and the suspicious tem

|| house of a Christian belonging to the Greek church, but per of the Turks, who have no idea of scientific travelling ; || who is ignorant of the language, which is not even used in the church service : they have the four Gospels and the Prayers || after the melting of the snows upon the surrounding printed in Turkish. At the head of the Greek community mountains, the lake is swollen with immense inundations, is a Metropolitan bishop, who has several dependent which spread over the great plains to the eastward for nearly churches in the adjacent towns. As it is now the moon || fifty miles. At present there is not the least appearance Ramazan, when the Turks neither take nourishment nor of any such inundation, the usual autumnal rains having receive visits till after sunset, we are obliged to defer our failed, and the whole country labouring under a severe visit to the Governor of Konia till the evening. He is drought. The gardens of konia abound with the same a Pasha of three tails, but inferiori

variety of fruit-trees which we remarked in those of Isaklu of Kutaya, who has the title of Anadol-Beglerbeg, or Ana and Ak-hehr; and the country around supplies grain dol-Valesi, and who has the chief command of all the Ana and flax in great abundance. In the town carpets are matolian troops when they join the Imperial camp. Our nufactured, and they tan and dye blue and yellow leather. visit, as usual among the Turks, was first to the Kiaya, or Cotton, wool, hides, and a few of the other raw materials Deputy, and afterwards to the Pasha. The entrance into which enrich the superior industry and skill of the manucourt of the Serai was striking ; portable fires of pine-wood facturers of Europe, are sent to Smyrna by the caravans. placed in a grating fixed upon a pole, and stuck into the The low situation of the town and the vicinity of the lake ground, were burning in every part of the court-yard ; a Il secm not to promise much for the salubrity of konia ; but long line of horses stood ready saddled; attendants in their we heard no complaint on this head; and as it has in all ages gala-clothes were seen moving about in all directions, and been well inhabited, these apparent disadvantages are protrains of servants, with covered dishes in their hands, bably corrected by the dryness of the soil, and the free showed that the night of a Turkish fast is a feast. Thell action of the winds over the surrounding levels. The building had little in unison with these appearances of most remarkable building in Konia is the tomb of a saint, gaiety and magnificence, being a low shabby wooden edifice, highly revered throughout Turkey, called Hazret Mevlana, with ruinous galleries and half-broken window frames; but the founder of the Mevlevi Dervishes. His sepulchre, it stands upon the site of the palace of the ancient sultang which is the object of a Mussulman pilgrimage, is surof Iconium, and contains some few remains of massy and mounted by a dome, standing upon a cylindrical tower of a elegant Arabic architecture, of an early date. The inside bright green colour. The city, like all those renowned of the building seemed not much better than the exterior, for superior sanctity, abounds with Dervishes, who meet with the exception of the Pasha's audience-chamber, which the passengers at every turning of the streets, and dewas splendidly furnished with carpets and sofas, and filled | mand paras with the greatest clamour and insolence. Some with a great number of attendants in costly dresses. The of them pretend to be idiots, and are hence considered as Pasha, as well as his deputy in the previous visit, received entitled to peculiar respect, or at least indulgence. The us with haughtiness and formality, though with civility. || bazaars and houses have little to recommend them to The Pasha promised to send forward to Karaman for horses

notice." to be ready to carry us to the coast, and to give us a travelJing order for konaks upon the road. After passing through The third chaptör contains an elaborate illustration the usual ceremony of coffee, sweetmeats, sherbet, and per of the ancient geography of the central part of Asia fumes, which in a Turkish visit of ceremony, are well

Minor. The other chapters are devoted to the consi. known to follow in the order here mentioned, we return to our lodging. Nothing can exceed the greediness of the

deration of the geography of the rest of Asia Minor, Pasha's attendants for Bakshish. Some accompany us |

ll and are absolutely crammed with quotations and rehome with mashallahs, (the torches above-mentioned,) and || ferences. None but a professional student can manage others with silver wands. Soon after our return to our

to get through them. As a matter of course there is a lodyings, we are visited by a set of the Pasha's musicians, || who seemed very well to understand that after our fatigues

profound investigation into the site of Troy, and Cowe shall be glad to purchase their absence at a handsome || lonel Leake agrees with Chevalier, Gell, Hawkins and price; but no sooner are they gone than another set make || others, that what is now Burnabashi was formerly their appearance; the Kahweji, the Tutunji, and a long || Troy. The notes are equally learned and unreadable. train of Tchokadars : and these being succeeded by the people of the town, who come simply to gratify their curi

1 Colonel Leake's volume is in many respects a valuaosity, it is not till a late hour that we are at liberty to retire ble one, but its value must be confined principally to to rest.

the estimation of scholars. To all other readers it is " The circumference of the walls of Konia is between

a sealed book. two and three miles, beyond which are suburbs not much less populous than the town itself. The walls strong and lofty, and flanked with square towers, which at the gates are built close together, are of the time of the Sel- || The Brides of Florence; a Play, in Five Acts, illustrative jukian kings, who seem to have taken considerable pains to of the Manners of the Middle Ages; with Historical exhibit the Greck inscriptions, and the remains of architec

Notes, and Minor Poems. By RANDOLPH Fitz-EUSTACE. ture and sculpture belonging to the ancient Iconium, which they made use of in building their walls. We perceived a

London : Hurst, Robinson, and Co. 1824. :reat number of Greek altars, inscribed stones, columns,

The author of this play informs us, in the preface, that and other fragments inserted into the frabric, which is still in toierable preservation throughout the whole extent.

it “is an effort at the renovation of the ancient drama." None of the Greek remains that I saw seemed to be of a This is not a very precise expression, and we have not very remote period, even of the Roman Empire. Well been able to understand it any better, even after perusobrerved in several places Greek crosses, and figures of

ing the work. To the ancient classical drama, it has lions, of a rude sculpture, and on all the conspicuous parts of the walls and towers, Arabic inscriptions, apparently of

no sort of resemblance, neither in form, materials, nor a very early date. The town, suburbs, and gardens around manner; and to the modern ancient-that is, the drama are plentifully supplied with water from streams, which of Elizabeth's age-it is unlike in everything but flow from some hills to the westward, and which to the

quaintness of phrase, and irregularity of plot. How north-east join a lake, varying in size according to the season of the year. We are informed, that in the winter and far the “ renovation'' of these two qualities may be de

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