« PreviousContinue »
mighty in metowards the Gextiles ) And when James, Cephas and Jaboninloo seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hand of fellonßip, that we Mould go unto the Heathen, they unto the circumcifior. Although the whole world was the Apostles charge, yea, because
it was so, they judge it requisite for each to betake himselfunto 32:1:1.5 a separate part, as being both moff agreeable to their corporal
si constitutions, which would not admit them to be in many places i, at once, or to travel long, or far without weariuess; and being
a readier way to fallow moreground, and further improve the 32 Lords Vineyard, then if all of them had laboured in one place,
because then they would too often plow over the same field, and leave much ground roughly, waste, and untitled.
Besides, the Apostles being separated, and limited to their several lines, each was careful not to encroach upon anothers improvement: Thus St Paul, Rom. 15:20. Tea, Jo have I strived to preach the Gospel, rdt pobére Ohrift was named, left I should build upon another mans foundation. Thishe faith he did in accomplishment of an Old Testament: Prophesie, concerning New Testament Preachers,ver. 21. Bret: as it is written to whom he was not spoken of, abey Soal fee ; and they that have rot beard, Mall understandThe word reudred ftrive, or one spesuevov, v 20. notes an ambitious ftriving, for a ftriving out of a love uxo, or defire of honour; not that S. Paul was finfully ambitious, or commends those who are so ; but he useth the phrase, to intimate his engagement in point of Apoftolical honor, to ftreighten bis work by his own line, and not to build upon another mans foundation ; or as he elsewhere phraseth it, not to stretch himself beyond his measure, 2 Cor.10.13,14,15,16. (But we will not boast of tbings wil bont our men Jure, 'bout according to tbe measure of tberule which Ged bath diAtributed untones, a measure to reach unta you for weftretch not our felves beyond our measure, as though we feacbed nit unto you; for we are come as far as to you. also, in preaching abe Gospel of Christ, not boafting of things wisbout our measure, that á efotber mens labors, biet sharing båpe when your fasthuis eacreated, that we fall be enlarged
. boy youj act ording to ou ruke abundantlitto preach tka: Gospel
in the Begions beyorodijous, and notita beat in ezotker mens line, of thiæys made ready to our hand..). Whercih upon a pious fcore, the Apo
Ale somewhat imitated the jealoglie of ambitious men, seeking The Apoftles honor, not to do anything which might bariup the way of the general charge accomplishment of their expectations. Sic bricfly confidered.
2. This leads us to a briefallwet: of another of tkie Apostles fup Colin
posed extraordinaries or their general charge; which is grounded upon a twofold wrong supposition.
1. Wrong Suppof: That the enchuching of the whole world, was a property of the Apostolick Office, lo inseparably annexed to the persons of the twelve Apostles, as it lived and dyed with then. I grant, Chrifts precept to teach all Nations, and promise of a perpetual presence, was given to those twelve; but it did not concern them either as a propriety of their Office, or exclusively of all other persons. "Had it been a propriety of their Office, S. Iames who dyed at Ierusalem, Acts 12. without any further travelling from thence (so far as is colligible by sacred Records) was properly no Apostle ; and we want a Scripture proof of the proper Apostolate of Andrew , Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthen, Lebleus, Simon the Canaanite, and Matthias ; Or' had it onely and exclusively concerned those Apofles, then
I. Others not of their order, as Philip, Acts 8. 1,2. ver.5. and not of their number, as S. Paul and Barnabas, Acts 13.1,2,3,493. could not have been employed upon this work: Which persons having undertaken it, wrought more of it, then all the rest of the Apostles: (so far as appears by Scripture) yea , one of them, or S. Paul dares (and he was directed by the holy Spirit in what he did) to put his labours of this kinde in the scale against the labours of all the other Apostles, 1 Cor.15.10. For I am the least of the Apostles, and not meet to be called an Apostle, becaule I persécuted the Church of God: But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace which was beftowed upon me, nas not in vain : but I laboured more abundantly then they all, yet not 1, but the grace of God which was with me. Elsewhere he calls himself the Apostle of the Gentiles, Rom.11.13. For I fpeak to you Gentiles," forasmuch as I am tbe Apoftle of the Gentiles : I mago nifie mina Office.
2. Nɔ conversion-work, or turning of the Gentiles unto the Lord, could have been left undone at the death of the twelye Aposties, or at the death of their coævous helpers. But the contrary is easily proved, by a recurrence to the original of many Churches now in being, who had remained covered over with the gross darkness of Heathenism until this day, if the Commisfion to teach all Nations, had expired with the Apostles and their Contemporaries. Besides, there is no hcres of the converfion of the Americans, Turks, Tartars, Persians, &c. unless the Church have yet a power to employ and feud forth Officers upon that service,
3. The Commiffion to teach all Nacions, would not have been dire&ted to them, with whom Chrilt promiseth a perpetual presence, while they preach and baptize, into the worlds e:d : But it is so directed, Mat.28. 19,20. Now can any one imagine, that that Text concerns onely persons then in being, since all of them are gathered to their Father's many hundred years ago; and fince the world is not yet ended, nor all the Nations converted, nor the necessity of the works of preaching and baptizing discontinued: Indeed the Apostles and Primitive Minifters (so many of thein as went abroad) were authorized to teach all uinconverted Nations exclusively, i.e. All Nations, in opposition to the proud
couceic of the Jews, that they were the onely beloved Naricn: OğNatio:is, because the Apostles were to balk none, how barbarous or inhumane foever they were, but to go chearfully whitherfoever God did send them. But to teach als Nations inclusively, or to make Disciples of all, and every Nation under
Heaven, is a work impossible to be done by the primitive Church quifq; ad, hec Officers, and muft admit of Successors, or it can never be done. particula de Calvin upon these words, Lo I am with you to the end of the world, not at non folis iaith, This particle den tes that this was not onely spoken to the Apostles, Apoftolis boc because the Lord promisėtb his affistance,not unta one age, but unto all quia non in ages unto the end of the world: Maldonate the Jesuit (whose teftimounam modo ny l'therefore alledge, because as I liave proved before, Papists diatem sedufq; in behalf of the Papacy, as Calvinifts in favour of their Conad finem mun- fiftories, allow the distinction betwixt ordinary and extraordinaIuum auxiliary Officers, and niake the Apofles general charge to be one note am plomirret. of it) upon the same words Taith, Christ showeth, that he speaketh Calv.in loc. not onely with his Apostles, but with all who jould succeed tbem in Indicat fe non tbeir places, whom also be signifies, that they should be future Apocum folis , Apo-Ales. Besides, Calvin in another place grantetli, that an Apodle Stolis, sed cum omnibus
might be constantly resident at one place, aud feed, govern and qui in eo
preservethe Church therein, without any derogation to his Aporum locum suc-itleship: "Tis in his Commentary upon A&ts 21.18. where S.Paul çeffuri erant, is obferyed to meet with S. Iames, and all the Elders ar Ierufalem. etiam Apofto. Upon which Text, Calvin gives us this note, Altbough it were los foruros fig. commonly enjoyned to this Apoftle, with the rest of his Collegues, to nificat. Maldo.travel over other parts of the world, yet there is no doubt, but it w.16
so lotted out among themselves, that be should reside at Ierufalem, Quan quam
whither daily there was a confluence of many strangers :' and that was ergo huic ApoMolo commune cum reliquis collegis mandatam erat alias orbis partes luftrare non tamen duium,fic inter se parriros effe,ut Ferofolyme refidenel quo folebant multi quotidie aduene conflubre; Ideinm perinde erat ac
fic Evangelium Longe lateq; promulgaffet in locis remotis. Calv. ed Ad.21.76.
Havethey Gerhard de
kell one, as if be bad
promulgated tbe Goppel far and wide in remote places. Whence is evidently colligible, that the Apostles were not so absolutely necessitated by the unchangeable sentence of a Divine command, to travel personally the world over: But that upon the intuition of reafonable confiderations, they were at liberty to take upon them a particular,certain and fixed refidence.
Object. -Ibis propofition might bave been thus dismissed, but Obje&. learned Gerhard, whose works are deservedly valued by learned men, maintains flifly, That the Apostles personally, or at least by themselves and others, preached to the whole world during their life time : For this be alledgetb two Texts, viz. Rom.10.18. But I say, Have they
Minifter. Eco not heard ? Yes verily, their found went into all the earth, and
cles.fe&. 225. their voyce unto the ends of the world: Col. 1.6. which is come to yong as it is in all the world, &c. And perbaps there are other texts alike worded, but this learned man confines bis enquiry unto those two ; and unto them we shall particularly direct an answerg which we trust will be of force to answer any others of like nature, when objected.
Our answer is 1. The term World is equivocal in Scripture, and is taken :
1. For the whole habitable creation, and all the creatures in it: thus i Sam.2.8. The pillars of the eartha are the Lords, and he Austo. 2. bath set the world
had so peremptorily asserted his opinion, especially ance,
For the first, on Rom. 10.18. Pareus is the most enclineable
Answ. 2. and I believe most of them idle words, he concludes, But this is in medio reline to be left in the neiddle, or to each mans judgement. Calvin is noto quendum. Par. rioufly his Opposite: he saith, Into all the world, that is, God in Rom, 10j6.
In omnem ter- fram the beginning of the world had manifefted his Divinity, although ram hoc eft Donat by the preaching of men, jet
, by the Miniftery of his own creatures: 11. mundi ju sand although the Gospel was then filent among the nations, get rrite am gentibus withftanding, all the workmanship of beaven and carub puke and divinitatein gave their teftimony to their Creatur. Thus Etsius,Hemians not in manifestavit. bis, viz. Ihe Apostles time, the Gjell wis forest abroad aming all rum predica people, but that it begin tben ix is good mafiere, and by little tisne; Creatu- and little was completed, for as yet it dotb not appear tú be slrarum Juarum together finished. This Alapide, who cites Augustine, S.Anselm, tamen Mirijte- and Origen, and cthers of the lane opinion, laich, By little and 113, namiji little pris fuilfilled , and even to this day, is this prophecy of Davids evangeiium iunc inter ip
to be futrited, the preier tenle being afier the prophetick manner, jas filebat to bere pui fir the future, for the grester certainty.oj' tbe tbing. And ium nisil omi- moreoever, lre adus, In all this the Apostle proves as I said, that nius cæli; & the Gospel wou preached, or Jhuuld be at some time preached, not onely izre opificium to the Jews, but also to the Gentiles. loquebatur ac authori fuo reddebat, Calv.ad Rom.10.18. Non vult fuo i.e. Apostolorum tempore permaRajse evangelii predicationem in omnes populos orbis terrarum , sed id. jam tudin magna parte ceptum fieri & paala tim impleri num nec hodie complerum id omnino videtur. Eith. ai Rom. 10.18. Paulatim enim impletum eft, & etiam num impletum eft hoc Davidis varicinum, preteritum bic ponitur per futuro: propbetico more ob rei future certitudinem, Atay tisce enim omnibus probat Apoftolus ut dixi non solis Judeis sed, omnibus gentibus preti catum aut prædicandum quandoq; fe Evangelium A Lapid. Rom.10.18. In toto fere For the second Text, Zanchy iaith, the Apostle means by the orbe. Zan. in term,In the whole world, almost in the whole world. Eithius faith,
There is a kinde of Hyperbole in the Text. Bishop Devenant faith, Hyperbole quadam Erth. The term is to be expounded by a fynecdoche of a part for the whale. Í ju loc. could adde more to this answer, as also in confirmation of the Exponenda, invalidity of this firft Proposition : But of this more largely (if per Synechode God will) in the Tract concerning Apostles. What hath been
said, we hope is sufficient to evidence the fallhood of the firft fupmundi parte. polition," concerning the Apoftles general charge. The
2. Falle Szeppof. is, That each Apostle had, and exercised a Col.1.6. jurisdi&io:i over the whole Church, formed into Gospel-order.
:: The contrary whereof is evident by the former inftances, but especially by the following, namely, When the Apostles came to seccled Churches,they were liable to the directions, yea reproofs (as occafion was) of her affixed Officers : Thus S. Paul coming from another Church, to the Church at Jerusalem, he is there directed by S.Iames, how to behave hinilelf, left he scandalized the Church at Iersefalem, Ads 24.18. at fin. And the day follow