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man time (least fo ēminent a fervice thoteld be done without this concurrence Jaccompanied St. John upon his own authority.

And they are both said to be sent Synecdochically, becaufe onte was; or finally

when those stains of Chriftian religion, who pretend love to God,

but are envious, malicious and uitcharitable; towards their brethren, are reproved for their hypocrisie, and unnaturalness, they may plead Christs reduction of all the commandements unto twc, one of love to God, the other of Inve to our neighbour,but the latter is to be understood Synecdochically, the former of loving God, which according to his own nature, is spiritual, and invisible, being the only law performable by the new creature. But 'tis lost time to trample any longer in this mire; examine we upon what mistakes those Authors lead, and leave their party in it. Calvin saith. Otherwise Calving the word Apostle is stretched beyond Christs primary institution, and ded and exorder. Whereby if he inderstand (I know not what else he can ploded. tinderstand, or be understood to mean that Chrift ftri&ly confined the Apoftolick office in its institution, unto the number oftwelve, to that never one more was to be added to it : it equally oppugneth St. Pauls Apoftolaté,and both he and BarTtabas are called Apostles improperly, the word being stretched beyond Chrifts primary intendment, for the number of the Apoftles was compleat, Mathias being furrogated into Judas his Atead, long before St. Pauls conversion. Besides what ever Nisi forte Calvin meant by this proof of Barnabas his Evangelizaté,

he did quia Pando not long continne to have a value for it and gives sufficient rea- rat ut college son why any one of an ordinary capacity should slight, (corn, and utrumq;in petreje&t it, for in the following words, he adds, Unless because he ri officii grawo as added to St. Paul as his collegue, we'let both in the same degree du sfatuimus. of «ffice, and so the title Apostle will truly agree to Barnabas. These ritulus vere in are Calvins reasons for Barnabas liis Evangelizate. Marelius Barnabam saith, Paul was menft forward in speaking. But this is a meer competet, cracke of words, weak; and frivolous, because, First, forward- Calu. ad Ad. ness or backwardness of speaking, is no argument of the impa- 14.14. rity of Church-officers; ifit were not Christs commission, and

Marefius ordination pursuant to it, but a natural fervour, and readiness his reason is, of utterance would constitute the highest order of Church-offi- no reasoa. cers. Secondly, Marefius his argument for St. Pauls Apoftolate, rather then Barnabas's; or his forwardness of speaking is retorted upon St. Paul, by the Se&i-masters at Corintb to prove him no Apoftle. 2 Cor. 10. 10. they snarle at his defe&tive utterance, as he himself complains, For his letters say they are

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, Barnaba

meighty, and powerful, but bis_ bodily presence is weak, and his Speech is contemptible. And 2 Cor. 11. 5. 6. He is neceffitated to maintain his equality with the other Apoftles, notwithftanding his rudeness, or being an Ideot in speech. He saith, For I suppose, I was not a whit behind the very chiefest Apostles, for though I be rude in speech Coreaus vã đóz w yet not in knowledge, but we have been throughly made manifest among you in all things.

Thirdly, Barnabas hath a very high commendation in St. Lukes history, for his grace and ability to minister the oracles of God, A&. 11. 23, 24. Who when he (Barnabas read v. 22.) came, and bad seen the grace of God, he was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord, for be 2018 a good man, and full of the bly Ghost, and of faith, and much people were added unto the Lord. Besides probably the Apostles firnamed him Barnabas, or the Son of consolation, with relation to his gifts in exhortation, A&t. 4: 36. For let Bar be compounded with the Hebrew nabba, or with the Syriack nabba, either way it as well denctes, a Son ofexhortation, as of confolation, or rather a Son of confolation, by exhortation. And Barnabas, signifies both official exhortation. Aceag. Rom. 12. 8. I Tim. 4.13. and beneficial enfolation. 2 Cor. 1. 3. And exhortation by his doctrine, and he waz Barnab'us a Son of consolation by his charity. Fourthly, let Marefius his præibat in loguendo be referred, not to natural forwardness, but precedency, and power of order, so that St. Pauls speaking before, or when Barnabas held his peace, must be accounted an argument to prove the superiority of the ones, and the inferiority of the others officef; By the same reason St. Peter was inot only fupreme over, but of a diftin&t order from the other Apostles,

he very often making use of this precedency of discourse, Act. proved an "A 1. 15. AA. 2. 14. ver: 37, 38. A&. 3. 4. ver. 12. Act. 4.8. A&. postle by a 5. 3. ver. 9. A&. 8. 20. &c. fixfold Scrip- All prooftherefore of Barnabas his Evangelizate is wanting, ture teftimo- and want we may long enough, when such eminent persons as ny. Calvin and Maresius, can bring no better. But we have proof

Videtur a- sufficient for his Apoftolate, St. Luke richly furnishing us li quatenus with a fourfold. testimony, and St. Paul with a double. St. adjungendus Luke witnesserh ;

First, thar Barnabas, and St. Paul, were at the same time Bez. ad Eph. separated to the same work by one Revelation and impofiti



4. II.


on of hands. A&. 13.2. As they miniftred unto the Lord, and fafted, the holy Ghost Jaid, Separate me Barnabas, and. Paul,

unato the work wbereunto I have called them. This fingle testimony ex torted a confeffion from Beza, that Barnabas in some fort ongbt to be reckoned among the Apostles.

Secondly, that they were both Apostles. A&. 14. 14. Woich when the Apostles Barnabas and Paul heard of, they rent their clothes and ran in aming the people, crying out. They were now ar Lyon ftra, where such a Majesty of the divine power attended their joynt Ministry, and Bernabas's in particular, as the amazed people reckoned him for Jupiter, and St. Paul for Mercury ver, 12." Who knows not but that these amazed Heathens did mistake the true quality of the Apostles, however from their act is colligible, that they were so far from observing any inferio. rity in Barnabas to St. Paul, as contrariwise they accounted him the father of St. Paul (had he been Mercury) and of all other their misconceived deities.

Thirdly,they acted joyntly in Apostolick works. A&. 14. 23: And when they (St. Paul and Barnabas ; see ver. 22,) bad ordained them elders in every Church, and bad prayed, with fasting they commended them to the Lord, in whom they believed. The Ans. to dissenting brethren infer from this act of St. Paul & Barnabas that

Diflenters P. there remains a power of ordination in any two elders at this day.


. 1648. Where into the Assembly answer ; For ought our brethren have Memoed to the contrary, some of those elders might be ordiined by Paul, Some by Barnabas, and not all by both joyntly. Whereby they grant, that the faculty to do this work was distinct, and inseparable in either of them, whether associate, or asunder; consequently Barnabas did not derive his power from St. Paul, neither waz he inferiour to him.

Cap. 14. Se&t. Fourthly, at their parting Barnabas assumes Mark into the iftis autem same partnership of his work, as St. Paul took Sylas ; A&. 15. adjun&tis. 39. 40. which is a further demonstration that St. Paul had no Videmus hic: coercive power over him, and that he was no such Evangelist qualiter seas Bucanus in bis Definition, and before, Beza in his Trea- cundum oratise against Saravia, dreams of; to wit, 'One who continued no culum officia longer in imployment then till recalled by the Apostles. Suffice this inter fe diftris. for St. Lukesseltimonyin this matter, $t. Paul witnesseth that, pe ut Paulus,

Fifthly St. James,Cephas,and St. John acknowledge the joynt & Barnabas Apostolate of him, and Barnabas, and gave them the right gentium eflent hand of fellowship, as to the Apostles of the Gentils. Gal. 2. Apoftoli, alii 9. And when James, Cephas, and John who seemed to be pillars.quem Iudeo

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perceived lor.

perceived the græce which was given unto me, tbey gave to me and Barnaba's the riglathand offeltowhip, that we should go unto tbe became then, they unto the Circumcifion. Calvin upon the place deferves attention, he saith, We fee bere bono according to the Oracle, they parted offices among them ; to wit, that Paul, and Barnabas, Shoreld be the Apostles of the Gentiles, the otbers of the Jepps. But if the Oracle designed Paul, and Barnabas to be the Apoftles of the Gentiles, Calvin never consulted it, when he said Barnabas was no Apoftle, but an Evangelist.

Sixthly, Barnabas had (as St. Paul) a power to abstain from working, and to expect a maintainance from the Churches, as the other Apoftles did, i Cor. 9. 4,5,6. Have we not power to eat, and to drink; have we rot power to lead about a fifter, a wife, As well as other Apostles, and as the brethren of the Lord, and cea phas? or I only, and Barnabas, have we not power to forbear working?

Barnabas is therefore an Apostle, no Evangelift, and he, and St. Paul are to be reckoned among those Apoftolick paires, who travailed, and wrought together as fellow labourers. And that we may at last put a period unto this exception, I repeat, and again fay; No one while affociate in the works of ordination, cenfitres, &c, with Apofles, is in reference to such affo ciation called in Scripture, or can thence be proved to be an Evangelift. Beit granted, that none after Barnabas is called an Apoftle, (which perhaps 2 Cor. 8. 23. Rev. 2. 2. and several other places will deny) yet since we have so oft before received an accoulțit of Chrifts Inftitution, and the Churches practise in this case; rcafon wills us to esteem fuch associates of the fame order, and office, and give them the same apellation, or title, with those who associated with them ; wherein we fhall not weaken the authority of holy Writ, or add any thing to the mind of its author, but evince tlie self confiftency of Scripture, and the Apostles uniformity in their Church-proceedings. Be fides, after so many exprels instances of Apostles, associating with Apostles, Presbyters with Presbyters, to question the order of the one, when both wrought the same work, is all one as to doubt whether St. Paul, St. Peter, or St. John, or any other Apostles more frequently mentioned in Scripture, do continue Apoftles, if in any place we meet their name without that title, when to another making fo fond an inference, our selves would reply, Scripture doth it to avoid taytologies : Suffice this for the fecond Exception.

Third Exception. We deny Calvins Warrant; font Epl: 4 1. Luka J a 16 or either of them; to faffen an Evangelizareup

Third Ex on Lake, Timothy, and Titw.. for bue in one of those Texts, cept. Luka the word Evangelift is barely used; in the other neither' word, ius no Évannor matten agreable to Calvins Definition of the Evangelli ; and gelists. in neither of them is tkeleaft mention of this-Triumvirate, or of any one of them; Besides, Eph. 4. 11. which mentions Evangelists, also mentioneth Apostles, Prophets; Paftors, and Teachers.

And any one of equal confidence with Calvin, may láy, Lukes Timothy, and Titus, were as truly Apostles, or Prophets; or Pastors, or Teachers, as Evangelifts. Besides if those three perfons'who neither there, nor elsewhere are called Evangelifts, be notwithstanding Evangelists"; because the name Evangelifts is used in that Text, then may we affirm what we lift, of whomsoever, or whatsoever, whose bare name we find in Scripture, and be it true or false, out-face gain-layers with a pretended Scriptureauthority, but in the mean time prove nothing but our selves to be ridiculous, or if common fame mount us up to a higher sphear, make our beleever's to be so; we in the mean time basely employing the excellencie of our parts and fplendour of our reputation to make a Pack-horfe of our brethrens modesty and credulity, wherewith afterwards-we will break their backs, if galled they wince, and will not stand still under every arbitrary, and mostimportable load ; ! confefs Timothy is onde bid to do the wark of an Evangelift, in what sense weforbear to enquire in this place, and turn over its confideration to the cight Ex. ception, and our separation of the Equivocal senfes of the word Evangelift, but admit it any sense; at the liking of the impofer ; what doth that concern Luke or Titus? of whom the word is no where used, or ifit were, it could nor concern all ofthem, in one sense, St. Luke was a Pen-man of holy Writ, fo were neither Timothy nor Titus; Timotby; and Titus conftituted new; or conserved old Churches, and exercised Apoftolical authority, in the adminiftration of the several powers of ordination, and censures, but what Scripture proves the like of St. Luke? Sufn fice this for the third Exception.

Fourth East Fourth Exeeption, Sylas, Timotheus, Titw, were no Evan- cept. Splas; gelists, though Spanhemius say it, neicher dare we cake his Titus no E. word forit,leaft we incur a note of partiality,for excufing in hini angelifts. what we accuse in Calvin; because he proves it as Calvin doth, by bare, and impertinent quotations; viz. Eph. 4. 11. 1 Cor. 12.

senters pa& 9,10. But in good time our Afembly steps forth to Spanbemi


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