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I Tim. 3.2. This Text concerneth one and the fame persons with A&t.20.28. This no doubt occasioned Paulinus St. Augustines

In omnibus

his diversos contemporary, & writing to him to say,That alik, & almost

nominibus, fic one uffice of teaching, seems to be handled in all these divers names. mile,& prope

Thirdly, the Church at ferusalem, convered in a Synod, is unum do&trine comprized in Apostles, Elders and Brethren. A&. 15. 2.1.4. v. officium, vide6. v. 22. A&. 16.4. This was the firft Church formed' by tur fuiße traour Saviour, and at this time not only fully conftituted, but ad Auguftin. assembled for the exercise of the highest act of Ecclesiastical pointer opera wer. And she may rather be presumed to be a pattern unto all Augustin. To. other Churches, then to derive an example from them, and al- 2 Epift. 58. ter hers, according to the diversity of their conftitution ;

Basile 2.1556. which she must do,or continue incompleat, if Apostles, Prophets, Thirdly the Evangelists, Pastors; and Teachers, were so many several orders. Church of JeBesides, let it be noted, this Synod, at Jerusalem, was conve- rusalem Synoned long after the Apostles had received the gift of Prophefie. dally conveA&. 2. 18. And after St. Peter

had Evangelized to Cornelius, ned, is com and his gentile relations. A&. 10. which notwithstanding, and postles, Elalthough in all probability others of the Apostles, especially ders, and St. Paul and Barnabas had done the like works, yet no mention Brethren. is made of Prophets, Evangelists, Pastors, or Teachers, diftin& from Apostles and Elders.

Fourthly, who ever Apoftolized, Prophefied, Evangelized, or did any other work, relative to the perfe&ing of an old, or

Fourthly gathering of a new Church, he did not receive a new order to works done do, or by doing of those works, because order preceeds of- by the fame, fice, and who ever did these works, he was an officer before he or diverse did them : Neither did he ascend any step, or degree above persons in dihis brethren and fellow-officers, ordinarily

officiating in consti- place de tuted Churches; Because, either these officers had done the fify the orders same works in the Churches where they were settled, or others of the workwhose descendants they were, had done them at the first settle, men. ment of those Churches; And because such new Apostles and Prophets, and Evangelifts would become settled officers, have their Jimics, do the common works of Governing, Feeding, and Teaching, when their converts were gathered into a Church. Indeed the table hurt be spread for Christ, iby Apoftolizing, Prom phesying, or Evangelizing, ere we entertain him, or heus, by feeding and teaching, but 'tis equally certain that the former must end in the latter, when, and so soon as the Church is con ftituted; Besides for this purpose it is very observable, that they who in Scripture are called Evangelifts, were in orders,

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or made Ministers ere they were called Evangelists. Thus Timom thy was ordained by St. Paul, and did Apoftolical works at Epbesus, long, and long before he is enjoyned to do the work of an Evangelift. Thus Philip was ordained an officer in the Church of Jerusalem (but he was a Presbyter, not an Apostle, as shall appear largely in the following part of this discourse) ere he did Evangelize at Samaria do Cæfaria. A&. 8. And for doing whereof he is called an Evangelist, A&.21. 8. Those two Evangelifts being of different orders, or of the Apoftolical and Presbyterial, makes it manifest that the Evangelizate was no diftin&t order, for although the Apostles might have done its diftin& a&ts had it been an order, because the

Apoftolate was the higheft Ecclefiaftical order, and every superiour order, eminently (at least) contains the inferiour in it. Yet Presbyters could not have done them, because if the Evangelizate was any order, it cannot be denyed to have been superiour to the Presbyterate, Neither could any presbyter be admitted to do its diftin& a&ts, without a down-right overthrow of all formal difference, betwixt the orders. If any unsatisfied Reader shall yet persist in his opinion, that the Evangelizate was a diftin&t order, we defire him to shew us its formal difference both from the Apostolate, and from the Presbyterate. And what other works the Evangelift could do distinct from those enumerated in this text. viz. the perfe&ting of the Saints, work of the Ministry, and edifying of the body of Christ. All which we have already proved to have been done by Apostles & presbyters: we may be,& have somtimes been told, that Timothy and Philip, after their former ordinations received new commissions authorizing them to be Evangelists: -But we dare not beleeve it, fince Timothy's order (ere he was bid do the work of an Evangelist) was so high and eminent, that Evangelizing must be an undervaluing to hin, if it placed him in a new and diftinct order or office, becaufe he was before appointed by St. Paul to do Apostolical works, or the distinct works of the Apoftolical office at Ephesus; which was the place whereunto the command was sent him to do the works of an Evangelift

. And since Philip, after the mention made of him, A&. 6. is not noted in Scripture to have receited any new or

der, or commiffion to do the works received A&. 8.' And for 2 Paper doing which (as hath been said.) he is called an. Evangelist, A&. for your Ma: 21. 8. the Wight Divines do voluntarily allow us, that, Apotion of the E. f les, Propbets, Evangelists, &c. are distinguished by their callings, piscopal go- and commissions, but not by their works; which they endeavour



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Act. 8.

to prove by this text, or Eph. 4. 11.! But without success; neither are they, nor any of their partizans like to be succefseful init till it shall be Scripturally evidenced, that ChriftAdid Commissionate diftin&t orders of Church-officers; and did not: noraire appoint every of them their proper and diftinct works, which if proved, will destroy the very nature and essence of ordery which consists in the distinct and separate works, or trufts committed to the ordained. And as for the Wight Divines allega-b- , tion of the aforesaid Eph. 401 E in proof of their notion, we hope enough hath been, and will be said in this, and the following reasons, why the Evangelizate was neither a distinct order, or degree of, and in Ecclefiaftical offices, to convince any impartial Reader, of its unaptness to maintain their cause, or differve our opinion. 21.07 21 Fifthly, When any setled Church fent forth any Łof her offi

s. When cers to constirute a new Church, she kept úthers of the same fome officers order at home to preserve her self. Thus the ocher" Apostles went abroad sent forth St. Peter , and St.John to settle.a Church at Sama-' to constitute ria, among Pbilips converts, themselves remaining and con-Others of the


, Luciu, Şimeon, and Manaen,emitting St. Paul and Barnabas, to staid at home Evangelize to the Gentiles, themselves said at home with the to preserve Church at Antioch.A&.13. 1, 233. The ground of this pra&tise is the old one. evident in reason, for otherwilethe Church would be alwaies planting, never planted, the enchurching of one would be the unchurching of another people. Christian religion (as?tis faid of the Sea) would lopłe as much at one place, as she gained at another. A planted Church must have her officers con ftantly defidings to dress feedy and gave in her ; that vineyard would be foon overrjun with weeds, if at anyo time the wanted those fpiritual Huisbasid memit A propagated Chuchi muft alla have her affixed offices, but they are not of as different kind from officers in conficuted Churchessbecauserhe miniftry is but one, & new Ministers are cmade by old ones,iis virtue of Christs promise fuccessively to contime the fame Minilay unto his church Whence it follows that the ministers whether in a con ftituted, or propagated Church are both of one order, and nas ture, because both are derived from one original, but being of different growth's, they fall under answerable denominations. These are hopeful grafts, while they are fruit-bearing trees; these Apostolize or Propbefy they feed; these Ewangelizegthey teach;

-99.181 their root is one, their fruit one, but their plantations are several. H


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Sixtbly, Balingery as hath been instanced, saith.tbe three- first: 6. Bullinger

titles are name ofme finition, whichomuft be the Apostolate, fince reduceth the three first the Apofties are firft mamed, the Presbyterate of the other two, terms to one may not be questionody-fmce the Apostle comprehends both tin order, and

der the one name of Teachers. I Cor. 12. 28. Suffice this in deSt. Paul re

monftration of the reasons, why the five terms do not compreduceth the other two unto hend an equal, number of 'Church-officers of several or one other or-ders. der.

Secondly, Negatively, The five terms do not constitute, a like number of degrees, or dignities, of officers of fewer orders.

• The affirniative is Calvins, and the general Presbyterian opi2. Neg. they were not

on. But therein their wariness, or (shall I call it) their wiliseveral de

ness is remarkable; to call them several orders, would too degrees grolly exceed the number of Christs instituted orders, and too The.

Luddenly engage them upon the dispute of the nature, and diffeAbsurdity

rences of those orders (the affured break-neck of their cause but to call them several degrees, or dignities, 'would furnish impudent Wranglers with a fophiftical diftin&tion to oppo e truth, and portwadeeafie and tractable Readers, that there is fome notorious official difference betwixt the past, and preferit Ohurchofficers, because their leaders say, one is of one degree or dignity, the other of another, and because thenfelvesknos not what degree, or dignity means, or wherein their divérfoie from order confifts. But Calvin, and the rest, iniftend of avoiding rush at another door into the same inconvedienoe of exceeding the number of Christs instituted orders : For when order andedegree, are used of men in societies (as biere) concerning their fun&icns, employnients, or honours, diffevenciiĝ then one from another, they import one, and the felffame thingWho is fo of a different degree, is also of a diffevert order, ando contrariwise, hence the promiscuous use of these two words, for one and the same thing, is very freqnent

in noft-polite and accurate authors. I am well acquainted Vid. Cice

withohe nfually aligired difference betwixt order and degree, ronis opera

Ordor being referred to a distinc power in special acts, degree to fipaflim. periority without power. But thofe Figleaves will not cover the

Definers nakedness, becaufe thoughthey call the Evangelizate a degree, yet they allow the Evangelift diftin&t acts of office, as

Ehe vicariate charge of all. Churches, ordination of Ministers, Dange exerciler of Centures in, and aver all, or many Chmches. rouíne's of the affirma- Where is as they take the cffice a distin&t order, so it is a inn



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question not easily resolved, Whether they might not more fafely and agrešbly to their own Principles, herve Called Apot Attes, Prophets, Evangelisks,

be reveal orders wacker thien forex ral degrees, extend they degrees, either to Tomewhat diffe Tent from order, or to an higher step in the fame ordeto

If they accept it in the former latitude ... etori 191

Then Chriks Legislative power is impaired, and the heat-switch Testament Church-state is not introdited by one Légifot, *"

istimo but by many Legislating Commissioners; Because the Evangelio polaco : 0 lift,who according to Beza, Faius,and Spanhemius Founded, or -5;"10,97c4? cânstituted Churches, were not of the fame order with the Apostles, and consequently acted under another order and cohti 01.09

- Vil91 279) mission, then that which Christ gave to this Apoftles. 1s:forlys

-El rior's os vi Ifthey take degree in the latter fignification. Ther, pourt -nim

First, the Apostolate (to which the firft word in the ricata 50,21751 Jogue or Apofties appertaineth) was both the higheft order and S.,2018" degree in the Church's but if Prophelytag, Evangelizing Teaching, and Feeding, altered the degree of order of thote who discharged them,

then the Apoftles to offls they wrought any of these works, descended into a lower fate or condition then that wherein Chrift had conftituted them.

Secondly, all the former Definitions are faulty, and vicious in the non-affignation of thë e Evangelis dider wlaether it were the Apoftolate of the Presbyterates wherein"hts de gree differed from other officers of the fame order??${ud

Thirdly, the distin&tand separate Definition of the Evangelift, as neither an Apostle nor la Presbyter, bnt inferior to the one, and fuperiourtoieke other in Office-works, is intro ductive of a third order, for such inferiority, and superiority are the plaineft, and moftiuible characters of order and fubordination. Hence the Wight Divinej tell us roundly, that: vangelizate was a distinct office wiOS 11.8.AM RIMONI - Fourthly, the Didna of Presbiterianisme, or the parity of all i. Paper. officerigi of the fame order is in danger to be defpiled, and her Se&.to that nia gnificence destroyed, for every degree fath respe&t to firpe- and Titus. riority, and inferiority. This is not only ours, but the joynt opinion of Calvin, and Aretius, who sayse Tbe Evangelifts were inferiour unto, and less then the Apostles: 3

The Reader is now expe&ant to hear what we think of these five terms and wills 'ús not to take thelçer at the safe, and usual retreat of hazardous undertakers, viz. a denyal of the verity of the cpinions of other men. We are content co endea

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