« PreviousContinue »
God hath set in bis Church, firsi Apostlès, secondarily Prophets, Transit a
thirdly Teachers. Thus they. Calvin faith, The Aposile passetb primo gradu from the firft degree to Propbets, by which name he doth not underad prophetas Siand foretellers of future events, but men enabled by Special grace to quo nominenon interprete, and wisely:accommodate Scripture unto present occasions, intelligit eos. For he prefers prophesie to all other gifts, as more edifying then", they ; cinandi polle- which commendatzon prediéiion doth not deserve. Furthermore when rent sed qui be defines the prophets work, (or at least handles what he nugbt frinfingulari, non cipally to do) he saith he must use bis whole endeavour to comfort, exmedo interpres bort, insirud; but these are distiną from predi&tion. We undersi and presentem ua therefore by propbets in this placez chiefly excellent interpreters of sum
prudenter Scriptores Tecondly men-indued with a more then ordinary prudence accommodan- dexterity,
to speak appofitely to the Churches present necessities,e be as de fcriptura, it were the messengers of the divine will. Thus he. This is gegratia polle. nerally the Protestant opinion, hence Whitaker replying to rent, nam prophetiamprent)
Bellarmine, who genseth Prophets in these Texts, as the first fera omnibus member of the objection doth, faith in scorn.(a) Í let pass bom
Clerk-like. Bellarmine understands foretellers of future events by from quia plus ædi- pbets, and this shall fuffice in answer to the firft menber of ficationis affegium in rerum futurarum predi&ionein minime competeret, deinde cum definit prophetiæ munus, . r vel saltem exa&tat quod precipue agere debeat ) docet eum incumbere in confolationem, exhortationem, & do&trinam.
Hæc autem a vaticinijs Junt diftin&ta, sunt ergo nobis prophete boc loco, primum eximiit fcriptune interpretes, deinde non vulgari prudentia, & dexte ritate prediti ad circúm Spiciendamispræfentem ecclefiæ neceffitatem,ut appofite loquantur.de fint bac ratione quasi divine voluntat is internuncii. Calv. in i Cor 12:28. ra) Miito hic quamicite, Bellarminus per prophetas 2os intelligit, qui futuro prædicant. Whitak. controu. To.a. pag: 530.
2 they were Secondly, these:Prophets were not extraordinarily raised not extraor., reformers in propri dinarily raif
> Becaufe somewhat was amifs, both in the Prophets, and in ed reformers. Because
the Church whereof they were officers, but the Apostle orders 1. Some- the reformation of both. what was a 19 First, That somewhat was amiss in the Prophet appears (bemiss in the
fide what hath been already instanced) in the many. ApoftoliProphet.
cal cautions, and rules givenfor the regular administration of his gifts, i Cori 14. per tota for: inftanec a prophetical gift, a choise, though not the only one, was the gift of tongues, conpare Act. . 2. 4. with ver. 17. 18. you will find the gift of congues conferred upon.the Apostles, to enable them to ProShefie. And Act. 19. 6. fpeaking with congues, and prophecgi: g, or gift and off.ce are coupled now in the mismploy
rat, quod clo- the obje&ion.
Obj. 3. The diffenting brethren, reduce Prophets, and Bul-fun&ionis volinger, whose wordslaupon thes Textdate.. Apofilassi Profun&ionis vf
nient of this gift, he Corinthian Prophet was delinquent, and od fi is therefore reproved by the Apostle. I Cor. 14.566. ver_541-9191s extow ver. 23. ver. 26. nos ilgis 10 Sib med to or oj bs
Ilin filozo6V Obj. Is it said the Apostle perpetually, or very frequentlyg dit:
or: ins101 ftinguisheth in that Chapter" betwixt congues and prophe Gosteifur fie.
Sol.I answer to grant it no more is gained, then that,Firk they were diverse actions, which is no bar to their performance by one and the fame person atfeveral times. Secondly, though the actions were, and might sometimes be diverte, yet they wbrane were not alwaies so, nor did the distinction consift in the fepa. rate nature of the things, but in the several capacities of the hearers : For the Linguist might at once speak with tongues, and prophesie unto intelligent persons while at the same time he scattered his words in the air, and was a 'Barbarian to the ignorant. Thirdly, a nigh obferver will easily discern the Age on a poftle evidencing in this seeming opposition, the fubserviency of tongues uinto edification, which is the Prophets principal work, thus who speaks with tongues ought to accommodate bis discourse to the capacity of his hearers. i Cor. 146. 15, i to pray that
2. The be may interpret. 1 Cor. 140 13.) and sa rule is given that others Corinthian pould do it, if the Linguist - do inoty or cannot, I Cor. 14,Church wan
Secondly, the Church of Corinthi as well as the Prophet, Paul not the stood in need of reformation, but the Apostle leaves it not un, Prophets to the Prophet, but takes course about it himself ; whether in gives orders groffer mildemeaners Itliats they might be speedily punished, about it. i Cor.5:13. or in flighter offences that they might be tolerated uštil his coming, 1 Cor. 11. 34. now had either of these things belonged to the Corinthian Prophets cognizance, either the Apostle would not have intermedled at all, or given the 3. Obj. the fpecial reason why he thus of neceflity invaded the Prophets prophetical priviledges that they might:be preserved to him and his Suca cal order eeffous for the future, and thefe aets noe hang upon the files were paralel. as presidents to his prejudice. . Thus, we dismiss the second av Reason
of diRenters? ** The third enters.
b. Onice to va
cabula, do and Evangelists, are names ofre come functions and thoughoupasiones, quamvision. meet at lasi in ané orderzfice or officer.jim ji ob 03 Inovasbrg in i recidunt. 9 *
371, nowokspisan Bullinger ad. G 2
Firft Eph.4. 11.
Firft the 1) Birtye Ang This plaister is not broad, enough to cover the works affign- fart, formere. Prophets and Evangelists of the fanie order, both ed to the E-.,, of them did, or might perform the same Office-works: But not admit the ctie former Definitions assign the Evangelist fuch works as the Prophet to a Prophet,could not do any paralel, or equal to them. For were parity. the Evangelists the Apostles vicars over all Churches, the Pria
phets whatsoever office they bare in the Church muft of necessity be inferior to them, a on ui
Secondly,Our Asembly urged by the diffenting Brethrenthere. Secondly,,, in diffenting froin themselves to prove by Scripture, the subdisallow the ordination of their several Courts, to wit, Confiftories, classes, parity. Provincial Synods and general Assembly's ; because as they say, the
inferiority, and fuperiority of officers were so distinguished in the Apostles time, as they prove by this text, Ephes
. 4. JI. Ans. to din, bout the parallelnels of the orders, betwixt the Prophets and the p: 141 London 1648. Evangelists, fhape them this answer : That
for ought there appears, the Evangelift might as well be of a parallel order with Pastors and Teachers, as with Prophets. The consequence whereof must be both a plain denyal-ofthe.objection, which the assembly also doch ware) a dire& confutation of Calvines and consequently of their own) opinion of the Evangelists nextness to the Apostles; This text being fingły alledged by him in proof of that notion, for were the Evangelists next to the Apostles, so as to apply their places , in conftituting, or governing all, or many Churches;. 110 question can be made whither they and Paftons be of a parallel order, unless Pastory as well as Evangelists be extraordinary : and this text treat onely of extraordinary Officers, for the
yet continuing Paftor (or Presbyter , for of him onely Calvinists understand that term) is not as they say, the Evangelift war, next in
office to the Apostles, and doth not fupply their place in con*195:o ftituting, or governing all, or many Churches. But if he be, 19/076291.. then the middle wall betwixt ordinary and extraordinary officeers The five
is taken down, and all offices are laid in common. rerms, Apoftles, Pro This notion therefore about the parallelness of the orders, phets, &c. ex- betwixt the Prophets and Evangelists, will not unty, but more inPoundede u rangle, the knot of this diffically concerning the Presbyterian lo
addnication of the Evangelistshowevecit adviseth to a true exposition -Furgt pen" gatively they
of the five rerms Apoftlen, Prophets, Evangeliftsg,&c. we shall do were not feveit, or endeavour to do it, with all possible brevity, and pla inness. rat orders: ia Firft. Negatively, shewing what they were not.
Secondly, Pcfitively declaring what they were. First, Negatively, they were not several orders of teaching Chuch-officers. The affirmative is maintained by Beza, Zanchius, Piscator, and Henderson (as we have before heard) but other reason, either there, or elsewhere in their writings, befides their bare say-lo, they do not give. This might be turned off, with as bare and peremptory a denyal ; but we study the Readers satisfaction, and will allign reasons why we cannot even
ded Christ raorders, with the terms Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists Hified only cc.
two orders of First, Ascended Chrift ratified those, and only those orders officers. of teaching Church-officers, whom he constituted while de fcended, because he who'ascended is also the same who defcen
See my ded, and in both capacities, He gave fome Apoftles, oe. Eph. 42 Charors force 8, 9, 10.11. But delcended Chrift appointed only two orders
Legislatorship of teaching Church-officers, The twelve Apostles Mat.10.1.and the
pag.sgkat joy. seventy Disciples,Luk. 16. 1. Now if the number be augmented. after the Afcenfion, how can he who descended, and he who ascended be the same. This no doubt Calvin eyed when he cabulum infaith, The word give intimateth this is not an invented command, nuit, non effe but Cbrifts bóly institution, that the Church be governed by preach- mandatum sed ing of the Word, for neither the Apostles created tbemselves, but sacrosanctam were elected by Christ. Thus he. But certainly to vary the or-Chrifti inftiders of teaching Church-officers, by making them more or less, furionem,quod according to the several states of Christs afcendiugand descen- fia verbi prading, muft imply the addition of power in one ftate, which he dicatione newanted in another, and consequently that he who descended, que enim Apoand he who ascended is not the same in power, and virtue; Aoli, se ipfi neither will this text be of any force againft the Neftorians,
crearunt fede (though Jerom use it) to prove that the Son of God, and the Chrifto. Calv. Son of man are not distinct persons, but both one, because Sc. ad Eph. 4.11. Paul saith, he who descended, and he who ascended is the same. But
Vid. EArather those hereticks are in the right, fince the highest refor thium in Toca mists (or those who would be accounted such)' vary, and alter the orders of Church-officers according to those several estates of Christ. Besides this confining the teaching Ministry unto two orders is not my private înference from those Texts, Demasus Bishopof Rome (St. Jeroms contemporary) gives this very reason for the unchairing of the Chorepiscopi, or Rural Bishops. He saith, Those Chorepiscopi are probibited as well
ni tamen au
Chorepisco- sacred See (Rome) as by the Bishops of tbe whole world, for their inpi ram
ab hae ftitution is overmuch improbous, and wicked, because although they quam ab epif. Presume to do somewhat appertaining to the chief Sacerdotalo Minicopis totius or- Stry, yet they want all authority. For we have not known any more bis prohibiti then two orders among the disciples of the Lord. i.e. the funt, nimise twelve Apostles, and seventy two disciples, whence the third nim eorum inAitutio impro
proceeded we are ignorant. And what is void of reason of ne, ba eft G pra- cessity must
be extirpated. va quia etfi de Secondly, Every here mentioned work of perfe&ting of the Saints, summo sacer, working in the Ministry, and edifying of the body of Christ which dotii minifte contain a complear discharge of the whole office of Apostles, rio aliquid Prophets, Evangelists, Pastors, and Teachers, or St. Paul would nepresumantsom
ver have said, that Christ gaye the officers for that end, were thoritate ca- done by one or other of those two orders, even Apoftolical, or rent nam non Presbyterial. The Apostles perfonally discharged them all, the amplius quam word receta gospoorendred perfecting, is a Metaphor translated duós ordines from the natural to the mystical body; properly it fignifies the inter dicipulos domini effe
concinnation, compactness, apt, and orderly disposition of all cognovimus i. the members, in a conpleat and perfect body, and their sete duodecim ţing in joynty-when any of them are dislocated by casual vioTepinapin lence, tralacjõully as in this Text it imports the gathering, go ta duorum dif- verning, forming, and reforming of the Church. Thus to percipulorum. fe& the Saints was the Apostles work., A&. 1. 26. A&. 2. 42. Unde ifte ter- A&. 6. 1, 2, 3: Act. 8. 14, 15, 16.. Act. 14. 23. Act. 16.4. tius procefle 1 Cor.5, 3. 1 Cor. 11. 34, 3, Epift. Joh. v. 10. Neither was mit ignoramid this alone an Apoftolical
work, for so was the
work of the Minione Caret ex ftry, Ad, 20:24. And so was the edifying of the body of Cbrift. tirpure necef 1 Cor. 3. 1.0. The four remaining terms ; Prophets, Evangelists, Se est famafus Pastors, and Teachers, are so far from constituting several orapud fertiti
ders, or relating to special, and distinct works, as the works decret dia, denominating them are not proper, or distinct, either to the AAin&t. 68. poftolical, or Presbyterial order, but common, to both, Apostles Prophesien, Aa. P.
18., which to the end 36, fodid Presby ters. A&. 15.32. This Text.congerns. Judy and Sylus, whole Presbyterate ihall be evinced in the fourth exception. The Apostles Evangelized, Rom. 1. 15. Rom. 15. 20. 1 Cor. 1. 17. 1 Cori 9.16. So did Prefideix. Ac. 8. 1. V. 5. V.35. This concerns Eyangelift Pbilipa whare Presbyterate shall be marifefted, in the explication of my own definition of the Evange; lift
. The Apostles fed. Cor.9. 7. 1 Pet. 511. Co did Presbyters. A&. 20 28. This concerns the Ephesine Elders, whose Presbyterate will be readily granted by Presbyter:. The Apostles taught, Gior. 2.4.2. trim.fi! judi boyuylong
an. 1. libro').