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his Apostles Bishops, as S. Augustine in his Questions upon the old and new Testament, takes for most affured, whereas Presbyters onely Jupply the places of the seventy twn Diseiples, as. Pope Anacletus teacheth. I cite the words ofumy Author, but let no man boggle at them, for Popery was not what is now, when Anacletus was Bishop of Rome, and instances fhall not be wanting in the tract of Apostles, that this was not Anacletus his fingle opinion : Learned Doctor Davenant late Bishop of Salisbury, after a brief view of the Schoolmens opinions, saith, It sufficeth us, (ibis skirmish- Nobis fufficit ing of words being dismissed) to sew that those wbi appropriately ( hac verboare called Bishops, have a higher Dignity, a greater Power, and more rum velitatieminent offices annexed to them, then have other Presbyters'; and that one fepofita ) not opposed by the word of God; but we have said too little in affirm-cos

, qui approing that it is not opposed by the word of God; for 'tis easie to demon- priate vocanstrate that this eminencie of Bishops above Presbyters is adumbrated, jur, Episcopos delineated, and established by the Apostles in the word of God. In habere digni

tatem altorem the sanie determination a consulter of the place may observe

poteftatem mahow he proves this Affertion by Analogie from the Jewish forem bemiChurch, and positively by the institution and pra&ice of Chrift nentiora officia and his Apostles. And furthermore he adds; That there are three fibi annexa, proper Ornaments of Bishops, whereby they are easily distinguished quam habent from other. Presbyters, and may be acknowledged to be superiour un- ri idque verbo to them, Viz.

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repugnante. Sed parum est quod dicimus non repugnante, nam in verbo divino adumbratam delineatam, & ab Apoftolis ipfis constabilitam fuille hanc Épiscoporum, fupra Presbyteros eminentiam, facile * eft demonftrare. Dav. deter. quaft.quaerimus Theol. q. 42.

Tria autem sunt infignia Episcoporum propria , quibus facile a cateris Presbyteris diftinguantur ceterisque superiores agnofcantur.

First, When many Presbyters were created in large and populous I. Quod in cicities, the Apostleş ordained onely one Bishop, upon whose decease

vitatibus nother singly succeeded.

ainplis do populosis in quibus plures Presbyteri creabantur, unicum tantum Epifcopum ordinarunt Apostoli cui decedenti, alius fingulariter in eadem sede succedebat.

Secondly, Right and power of Ordination, transmitted by the A-2. Jus & popostles unto Bisops, and denied unto inferiour Presbyters.

test.ss ordinan

di Apoftolis ad Episcopos transmilla, Presbyteris autem inferioribus denegata est.

Thirdly, Power of Jurijui&tion, whereby beth Clergy and Laity 3. Jurisdi&tiwere subjected by Apojiolical Institution unto Bishops.

oris poteftas.

Non modo fupra Laicos, sed supra Clericos, etiam Apostolica inftitutione Episcopis subje&tos. Id ibid.

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I readily acknowledge this learned may doth not call Episcopacy an Order (for what reasons he himself knew best.) But whether to lay ;. Bishops appropriately so called, have an bigher dignity, a greater power, and more eminent Officers annexed to them by Christs institution, and Apoftolick practice : All which he afterwards particularly enumerates (as hath been already hinted) do not import

and imply as much, as if he had called them a distinct Order I leave to judicious men to determine,

since the essentials of Order, or superiority over inferiours, Tipooblees by and right power of doing distin&t Office-works, is thereby a

Todo mos ex lowed unto Bishops. But to proceed. secunda Apo

Thirdly, That the Church of England in this annulling of logia Athan.

Presbyterian Ordination, as she kept close to her own conftituofficina Con-tion, fo followed the faireft Copy of least questioned Antiqui

ty; when Aerianisme (or modern Presbyterianisme call it which you will, for 'tis one Tragedy acted by several persons, upon divers Stages) first sprouted in the arrogant practice of Collythus, who being a Presbyter and no more, and presuming to ordain Presbyters, the Patriarchal Synod gathered out of Egypt, Thebais, Lybia, and Pentapolis, and and assembled at Alexandria, declare all his Ordinations null, all ordained by him to be reduced among the Laity for this only reason, or becaufe Collythus died a Presbyter ; nay more, the second Coun

cil of Spain upon relation of a certain Bishop (ihen dead) who by Relatum eff reason of a pain in his eyes (in his life time) did only lay on hands nobis de qui-. in the ordination of one Presbyter and two Deaconis, suffering a bare bufdam clericis quorum

Presbyter to give the blessing unto them against ecclesiastical order. dum unus ad They decreed, if the Bishop had been alive, be cught to be accused, Presbyterium and condemned for this boldness, and that the Presbyter and Dearum minifteri- cons so ordained, should loose the degree of the Priesthood, and Deaconum sacraren- ship, which they had perversely obtained. tur. Episcopus oculorum dolore detentus, manum suam fuper eos tantum impofuißt?, Presbyter quidam ilfig contra ecclesiasticum ordinem benedi&tionem dedise, qui licet propter taniun audaci. Am poterat accusatus damnari, tamen quia jam ille examini divino relixtus humano judicio sccufæri non poteft, hi qui supersunt gradum sacerdorii, vel Levitici ordinis, quem perverse adepti funt, amittant. Concil. Secund. Hispalen. canis. ex sum Concil. edit. per CaranPam Rothomag. 1633.

Thus warranted our Church of England acted at home to maintain her constitution, and to give her testiniony against the contrary ; and was she afraid, or ashamed to do it abroad ? no, but fending several of her renowned Sons to assit in the Sinod

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of Dort, where the Orders of Church-officers were Presbyterially defined : She entered this solemn protestatior against it, unto which no answer was then given, nor is any like to be given unto the worlds end. Viz. In the mean time he declareth (viz. Interea 14the Bishop of Landaffe, in the name of himfelf, and of his Reven men de disci

plina paucis lend. Collegues, Bishop Hall, Bishop Davenant, Doctor Goad, Doctir Ward, and Doctor Belcanqual) in a few words, that a Parity never took place in Christs time, for then the twelve Apostles were fia obtinuisse Superiour to the seventy Disciples ; not in the Apostles time, nor in the ministrorum following ages; neither is the reason used in this confession of any

paritatem;

non tempore force ; to wit, that all are equally the Ministers of Christ, for the Christi ipsius seventy Disciples were the Ministers of Christ; but therefore they t unc enim were not equal to the Apostles, and all men are equally men, but duodecim Athence doth not follow, that one man ought

ought not to be subject to ano

poftoli erant ther. This he professeth to have declared not in offence of these discipulis su

Jeptuaginta Churches, but in defence of the Churchef of England.

periores. Non

Apostolorum ætate ; non Jubsecutis sæculis : nec valere rationem in hac confessione usurpat am,nempe quia omnes sunt eque ministri Christi; nam septuaginta discipuli erant ministri Chrifti, non iamen Apostolis æquales, do omnes omnino homines Junt eque homines, non tamen inde homo homini subesse non debet, hecnon ad hurum ecclefiarum offensionem; sed ad nostré anglicane defensionem, monuiffe profeffus eft. Synod. Dordracen. Jej. 145. Sec the joynt attestation of the English Divines, Anno 1626.

This Doctrinethus professed, pra&ticed and protested both at home and abroad, was so deeply rooted in English mens minds, that our Assembly of Divines durft not in their confession of Faith, revive the distinction betwixt ordinary,& extraordinary officers, or so nich as nameit. I take notice of ther advice,afterwards presented to the Parliament abólic Church Government. It being attempered unto Policy, and the then State of affairs, but not

In the fifth Juftifiable by Scripture Rule, or the antient Ecclesiastical

Exception. Practice. This the Dissenting brethren abundantly prove, who (as we have heard) call the Presbyterian Government, a Govern

reacons a ment not established upon a Jus divinum, but settled by the State, gainst the And prove it to be (a)irrational, and (b) worse then Episcopal, or Presbyterian Papal. Do any say, the Asembly omitted all treaty of Church- government officers in their confession of Faith. I answer, that contradi&ts. Their preanot what I said, but such their omission may beget a question, the subordiwhich themselves only can resolve, namely why their confessi- nation of on, repugnantly to the confessions of all other Churches, makes standing Sy-. no mention of the Ministry, Sure I am, their Scotish brethern, nods. Is it is give a solemn caution about it ; they say, Least our intentions, what the Presand meaning be in fome particulars misunderstood, 'tis hereby exprefly byterian ; and

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provided, and declared, that the not mentioning in this confeffim of the several forts of Eccleßaftical Officers and Afremblies, Mall be az

prejudice to the truth of Cbrift, to be expregled fully in the Directory Ad of ge of government. The result of all this is, that the Church of Engneral Aflem Land was, and is one of those reformed Churches, who doch to our Affem- not own this distinction betwixt crdinary, and extraordinary blies confefli- Officers, and gives her reasons why the doth not; till which are on of faith, answered, the favourers of the distinction complain

) unjustly of their disfatisfa&ion, or of our fcandalizing of all reformed Churches. But did I say the Church of England doth not own the distinction ? I must say more ; she needed not to own it, because her Reformation was effected by ordinary Officers, as the Ark used to be carried upon Levites shoulders; neither was any noise, or tumult heard within all her borders, except the joyful, hearty, and universal acclamations of the people, every where crying grace, grace , unto it. We proceed to the last

Objection. we give the Obj. 3. Not only Calvin, &c. but the whole Reformation is Roman Syna- hereby et bare-brefted against the fiery darts of Roman blasgogue occasi- phemies. on to blaf pheme.

I answer, First, I grant this crafty Adversary fingles out our 1. An. Reformists opposition unto truth (if any be) or contradi&tion concellion' one unto another, as the fittest place to raise his battery against how far Pa the whole Reformation. But, pifts may take

Secondly, The whole Reformation is not concerned in this 2 Ans. Ne- charge, for the reasons expressed in the last Paragraph of our angation that swer unto the second Obje&tion: and if any part ofthe Reformawe give it.

tion be chargeable, must we conceal their weakness, that the Adversary may securely make his breach, and enter at pleasure ? To.what purpole shut we our eyes against what they fee? unless their eyes be covered under our lids: Doth not the Lion see the silly beast when he hides his head, and doth not see the

Lion? Who writ Ministromachia, and how long fince is perStanislaus

fectly known to any, who is but moderately acquainted with Rescius.

our controversies : Doth the Roman Synagogue blaspheme? Are they to be blamed who gave the occafion, or those who endeavour to take it away? When will webe, if we be not yet, sensible what advantage the Pope hath gotten, by the seldome agreeing together of some nien, but when they fight himı? And might not the miserable ends of the seditious Captains at Jerusalem, when besieged by Titus Vefpafian (if we wanted an experiment) tell us what would be the issue?. This we shall

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not question, but can resolve, that the different constitution be-
twixt the Reformed Church of England,and others also dignified
with the same Title, hadlong since been observed, and(I doubt
not) highly improved to the advantage of the Papacy. Gualte-
rus' the Jesuite conld ask the French Reformists before I was
born ; By what lap of truth or reason, they dare call the Ministers
of England their brethren, who have Bishops, and Archbishops an
mong them, so far superiour to common Ministers, that no comparison quanam veri-
may

be made betwixt them; Now muft we suffer those Rabshakey's fcientiæ lege, to proceed in their reproaches , and close our lips, leaft speaking fratres apelwe wake a sleeping Fa&tion? What do all men of different lare audent judgments,tenderly suffer their diflenting brethren to go on an- miniftros molefted in their own wayes? Did we never hear of Calvins

Angliæ, qui

babent inter Discipline in England ? cr hath our Church received no preju- se episcopos, co dice by any of his Emissaries ? If he be right lets close with him, Archiepiscoand hold together the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace ?pos, eosq; fim

plicibus miniIf he be wrong, 'tis a shame to us not to be as free, diligent, and open in the maintenance of truth, as he, or his are for the thoritate, do propagation of errour; how lustily he, or his party endeavour poteftate supeit, and that with explicite abhorrency, and overt expreffions riores, ut nulo to render all contrary constitutions odious, appears so frequent la propemo ly in their writings, as it would favour of no industry to tran- dum inter och cribe particular quotations: Let me only add to this Se&ion, ratio exiftat. that all the labours of the fociety of Jesuites, since the first Gualter. Tu. foundation of their Order, have not so much settled the triple bul. ChronoCrown upon the Popes head,or difsettled the reformed interest, graph. pag. as the tepidness of some luke-warm defenders of the Discipline of the Church of England, whilft it stood, and the violence and rage of ignorant Zealots against it, fince its shaking. We know who said it; Because they received not the truth in the love of it, that they might be saved, God Mall send them strong delusion, tbat they would believe a lye. 2 Theff. 2: 10, 11. But,

Thirdly, What do_the Factors of the man of Sin take 3. Ans. reheart, and resolve that Rome shall once again be the only mart tortion upon for trading, since the Reformists, or some of them are guilty the Papists. of such indirect and unhandsome dealings; may they know, she will get little by the bargain, because much of this Ware lyes upon her Merchants hands already; for instance, did notHildebrand the root, and foundation of the present Papacy, a man of far greater repute with them, then any of the forementioned are with us, profess his election to be extraordinary, and of St. Pe

Nancler, ters choice, when he intruded upon the Papacy without the will of generat. 36.

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