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&rievance of weakes SOLD cof perlonal final
gifts, the Apostles met wick the hundred
This Presbyterian Définitions examined. 84,51 jelagethico St. Pauls liberty to receive a maintenance on this Churches of his own plantation, as the other Apostles, did irou theits although he did not take it from the Corinthian Churen. It cannot be a chara&eristical mark of an Apostlein a proper fenfe ; for, then St Paul by that phrase acknowledgeth a divers lity in pffice betwikthim, and the other Apoftles. If as chers think, it relates to a freedom frony Jewith ceremonies
o Piscator, in brethren, not becoming according to his example all things to all men!! shat they might win, Tome. Neither in that jense can it beg proper mark plan Apostle, since it was 'occasionally practicable by all private Ghultage and accordingly
recommergled to the Churches, both at Rome, and Corinth. Concern ning,che third phrales, or have I not. Zeen Chris, &c. we hall add no more then what hath been said already: The fourth of last phrase, or Are not je my work in the Lord? is of all the rest the most unlikely to give a special mark of an Apostle. Since the converfion of the Samaritanes (1 like, work with that spoken of in this text) was The work ofuhe Lordpraught by Philip the Evangelift? but he was no Apoftle, and fince there hath much (not to say more then in the Apoftles lives of that work been done since their deaths. The truth therefore is, that St. Paul doth not intend in this place to give the proper marks of the Apoftolatga but accurs to some vulgar infinuations, lirged at gainst his Apostleship. And endeavours to prove that even if chole things which they magnified in the other Apostles, he was nowhit their inferious But to proceed, secondly, the Apostles de. Secondly
the Apostles rived their office unto others. This is provable by many: Scri
derived their -ptures, but we shall limit our search at this time, unto the officcanto Angle infance of Mathial, recorded, A&. 1. there we read, how orliers. Lhortly after Christs alesplion, and before the miraculous effiand twenty, and St. Peter Landing up in the" niida*ft, opens the 12 a boring the Office of Apoftate Judetul Tih with some vebemency, and among other expreflions faith, Adterth 9. 20 it must be danez. or it was by no means to be neglectroma reto. A
a a Judat , , binhim, but rrõeg a lot or part of the Churches patrimony, or per a that word, and accordingly, sis constantly ufed by the seventy ... ?
Λαβε τον κλήρον η διακονίας ταύης, εξ ης παράβι σας, και συγκαταψιού και μετά
(so farr as my observation serves mé) of the setting forth, and allignation of the Land of Canaan, unto the Isrálites
to be lotred forth, or parted by inheritance among them, according to their tribes . Thus leisured Numb. 16:55:56. Numb. 33:
54 Numb.34.13. Numb: 361, 2: Josh. 13. 6 Jolh."14. 2. Bitt fer en return weto St. Peter, and the handred and eweney; he having Tisti told them that the vacancy made by Judas in the Apostolick
Office miin be fupplied, they fall upon it, two are chosen, whole merits being equal the Apostles submit their title unto a lot, which falls upon Mathias. Out of which Hitory I colle&t two obfervables. First, that'the Apoftolical Office was derivable; and not perfonally finite atid fixed to the Fift twelve, for then Judas, which compleated the number could have no fucceffor Hut Mathias quicceeded him into his whole Office ; compare A&. 1. 17. where we read what Judas left behinde him ; for he was numbered with us, and obtained part of this ministry. ini metu gauna ma in ow, wpir, xj bna ge nawzad et Traxorias Tachis. with v. 25. 26. where we read what Mattbios entered upon, vit. That he may take part
of this Ministry and Apoftleship, from which Judas by his transgression fell; and be wis numbered among the eleven Apostles. mi disse 'Ansen. I need put no favourable gloss upon this Text, an ordinary belief of the Divine Authority of Scripture, and a liall (park of Reason will soon convince any man of reafonable piety, or parts, how far this firft Observation is confirni
ed or infirmed by it. However, to leave no fcruple in any brest, Sit ordinatio' which I am able to foresee or remove, let me adde the ensuing jual de legiti- exposition of S. Cyprian upon these Scriptures : He faith, That na, que omni, ordination is just and lawful wbich Ball be examined by the judgem um fuffragio e ment and Juffrage
. of all, (in this he hath reference to the Jewith judicio fuerit. Ecclesiastical Policy, ere the Incarnation) and after it he adds, quod poftea J?- Wbish
afterwards according to the Divine Precept, is öberitd in the cundum divi- Acts of the Apostles, when Peter Speakerh' of ordaining a Bishop instead na magifteria of JudasWhence note, alibus mod Firft; That Bishop and Apoftle, #ore terms convertible in S. Dolorum quan. Gyprian's time and did fignifie one and the tome Officer of the Lo de ordinans Apoftolical Order : for of thát Order Matthing was, whien he do in locumzu, was ordained Bifhop in the flead of Yudio. Thorst de Epifcopo Secondly, That in S. Gjprian's Jadgement the Apoftoate tras Berfus loqui som to protetta derivable Office, and fixed in the Church, otherwife'héwould 1. Epiß.4: E-never have said Matthias was ordained Bifhop in the dead of]*
das, much less would he'llave drawn that ordination into a pre
fideix (as he doth in that Epiftle) to be observed in following are. dinations.
Thirdly, That the fubftantial Rules about ordination are invariable, or always one and the same, before, in, and after the Apoftles time. And this leads in our second observeable from the Text. 31.6
Secondly, Revelation and Ordination had primitively divers operations, and the Church could do her ordinary work without fuch extraordinary assistances. The Apostles without confulting any other then their own priviledges, and the Churches Matthias his
ordination by present necessity, cleat, or cause to be elected two Candidates Lot expoundwhich of the two should carry it. "I well know that this giving forth of Lors, and the event * Vid. Piscat. thereof, the prize falling to Matthias, is made an * argument to ed All. ut. prove the extraordinariness of the whole a&ion. But let the
Prled. in Devisers and Befenders of that opinion consider, that three Matth. tge 16. things ate to be eyed in every ordination. 35. Furtic 1042. 1. The fubje& matter.
i 1999 2. The form. 3. The circumftances in its adminiftration.
1. The subje&t matter : which is a perfoli meetly qualified, and so adjudged by those who have authority, to be the Admiminiftratory of Holy things.
2. The form: which is either internal or external internal, or Christs pronrise to continue the Ministry; external, to coliti-nue it by the ordination of Minister's. For 'tis with you (Apo--Attes, Ministers)"he promiseth to be present into the end of the world, i.e. in a minifterial succession, for
, he cannot be present with what is not, and no man or individual number of men, continue perpetiially
, upo: carth. Both these concurred in Matthias his person and preferment, the subject matter, Ad. 1. 21, 22. . Wherefore of those men, which have accompanied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went out and in among us, beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from 15, mist one be ordained with us, to be a witnesnf bis resurretion. The internal form, A&.1.20. For it is written in the book of the Psalms, Let bis babitation be defolate, and his Bishoprick let another take. The external form, Vers:23,24,25. And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabus, who was Sirnamed Justus, and Matthias, and they prayed and faid, Thou Lord which knoweft the bearts of all men, there sphether of these two thou hast . chosen , zbár be may take part with us
in this miniftry and apostleship, from which Judas by bis tranfgreffion
In the circumstance of Matthias his ordination ? this was ad as M casting of Lots, A&. 1. 26. but did not make him an extraordiรว 113 2::
1. Because the Apostleship, or the Office thereunto he was ob sb admitted, was settled in the Church long before shele Lots were
given forth : for the Apostles and hundred and twenty never with a conta questioned the continuance of the office, ere they put it to loc
wao whether Matthias Thould be the officer, which unless they had * .' been fully perfwaded of Chrits minde for the bixation of the OF
fice, they ofight not to have done bus rather to have put it to los and
sought a clear dire&tion ficni the Lord whether Judens should have a Successor, yea or nict. 2. This casting of Lots was not conftitutive of the
conftitutive of the office, but a visble Rite whereby Matthias his defignation to it was intima
, rat this
time, and to be used on this and like'occasions, but it was öfed it, che ditcretion
of the eleven Apostless becaule S. Paul and
Barnabys were ordained into the Apostolate by aúother and different ceremony Vit, by impofition of hands, A&, 13-17, 313 cod 19062,971,197
he truth is bothLots' and Imposition of hands were arbitraryen and prudential celsmonies, ziot conftitutive, but declarative of Chilch Officers and their feveral'usages in the
same cale, Cviz, ordination of divers
Officers of the same Order)
is evi&tivë not of the extraordinariness of the ordained, but of the ordainers authority and power in the contrivance, continuance
discontinuance of those Rites, or of any of them for as they cout not both of them be appoiuted by revelation, or Chrilts positive inftitution, because one of theni would nullifie the other ; two revelations would be biought into competition which of them should continue the manner of ordination; and the Church would be left at incertainty whose part to take : fo neither did the Christian Church stand in need of fuch diving and superna
c Com. iri
ourthird Affertion and
tinal dire&ions, either ceremony being ufed by her elder Sider
ercitat. Evan. dies were placed, and their several placer aligned by lor, 1 Ghxon.
lib. I. ca.7. 24. 31. 1 Cbrón.-25.8. Nebem. 10.34. compared with v. 1: and
b Lightv.8, 9. where also we may observe who gave fouth, and num-foots hårmony bred the le Lots - This custom continued tillionei Saviours time, ad Ashgah. for Zacharias the father of John the Baptift, was of the course or
Jervice of God 1oţof Abiah. Luk 1:25. But not withftanding that lots shath this
at religions ecclefiaftical use under the old difpehfation, yet impofition of assemblies, hands by a triumviráte, tor three Elders, Wass the post sual pag. 66. Way of ordaining of Jewila Officers. (b) And that the Apostles had respeçt unto Jewish customs in the usage of both. these ce-a Serm. de l'emonies of lors and imposition of hards, is the opinion of na- Mathia. ħy fathers, schoolmen, and learned Interpreters zo thus (0) St. ef in loc. Ferime; ) St. Auguftine, (e) St. Cbryfofton, (f) Bedas (e) The 82. 2. que m.fl Aquinas, Ch) Baronius, (1) Dionyfius Carthufianus, and (k) had an.
"Alll2 Gorhinus. To these fo far'as concerns imposition of hands may be Chrifti 45. Added (1) Calvin, and (m) Bezas Suffice this in evidence of Se&. 34.8 the second instance, and therewith i we will not only conclude ad an. 34. tiçal ordination pallively considered, or their own ordination by i Inflitut: Chrift. Proceed we to the fecond member of the distinction lib. 4. ca. 3, about Apostolical ordination, which is to g. 910 9:sibi Se&l. 16..
In com. ad Secondly. Apoftolical a&ive ordinationor their Ørditation of others; of which alfo we say, it did not make those :: Whom.ng
2. Member the Apostles ordained temporary: The affirmative is princi- of the diftinpally hutended by Zanchy, when he niakes the Apoftolical ordi- &ion,or Apo pation of those whom he calls
Evangelists to be a main reason of ftolical active the discontinirance of their office. But this is a more infirm their ordinathien aby of the formere: That a following Revelation should This did not také a fother by the heel, and fupplant aït, is but an equal make those
whom they matchi, it serving God againit God, ando ane Revelation to
ordained gether by the ears with another. That Officers immediatly temporary. ordained by the Law-giver were temporary, might be true, The danger if he had any where told us that he made them upon fuch of the affirma: terms ; but that Officers ordained by the Apogles (who chem-tive. felves were ordained by Chrift!) were temporary, is most falle and dangerous; it secting majt againft God, the Administrator against the Legislatory and annihilating divine Revelation, and institution, by humane ordination. Besides this absurdity, will thenee unavoidably follow, that all offices into which the