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It would give the author great pain, if in delivering his free, but conscientious, opinions on subjects so very interesting to humanity, his language fhould unfortunately be misunderstood; especially fo misunderstood, as to suggest the repetition of Colonial attempts, on principles, merely pecuniary, mercantile, or, in short, mercenary. His meaning is to reprobate such principles. The impolicy and the inhus manity of acting, exclufvely, on them, in colonial undertakings, he hinted at, in his pamphlet published in 1789, and has endeavoured to fhow, more at length, throughout the present work. The period indeed seems fast approaching, if it has not yet arrived, when other principles will be acknowledged and acted upon ; when persons of property, discarding all false commercial maxims, and adopting those of benevolence, which is but another word for true policy, will successfully labour to reconcile self interest with the interefts of mankind.
The author would respectfully intimate, that, from the lat mencement of the work, and the tardy and sparing communication of materials which he reasonably expe&ted from persons, who once appeared to favour his undertaking, he, at last, found himself very much hurried, and circumscribed in point of time. These circumstances, which he could not control, have embarrassed him much; and, it is hoped, will sufficiently account for the delay of the publication, be. yond the time he proposed; as well as for such inaccuracies as, he fears, may have escaped him. It is hoped, that the candid reader will easily perceive, that his fincere intention, throughout, is to improve, not 10 offend.--DELECTANDO, pariter que monendo, will be allowed to be a more proper motto for a literary essay, than for one intended to promote arduous undertakings.
Perhaps the reader will not be displeased, at finding the subject much more fully treated, than was promised in the proposals ; nor at the interspersion of many particulars, perhaps more interesting than known, in addition to such remarks as arose from the author's Dd
own travelling experience. On the extension of the plan, a change of the title became necessary: hence the present one (" An Essay on Colonization,' &c) has been fubftituted for that which was announced in the proposals. The enlargement of the work, also gave rise to it's division into two parts, corresponding to the important diftin&tion be. tween the Colonies already established, or attempted, in Africa and it's iflands, on the principles of commerce—and those now forming there (hy the British and the Danes) on the principles of humanity. (See the Contents).
To the whole, will be subjoined an appendix, consisting of papers and documents, illustrative of the 'work; also a nautical map, and fome other engravings, one of which will include a likeness of a gentleman whose modest and unaffected, but ardent, unwearied, and truly Christian beneficence has long been (and long may it be !) an ornament to the Britifh nation, and to human nature itself.
* A table of errata, &c. will be given in the second part.
E S S A Y
PARTICULARLY APPLIED TO THE
WESTERN COAST OF AFRICA,
WITH SOME FREE THOUGHTS ON
CULTIVATION AND COMMERCE;
OF THE COLONIES ALREADY FORMED, OR ATTEMPTED, IN AFRICA,
INCLUDING THOSE OF
SIERRA LEONA AND BULAMA.
C. B. W ADSTRO M,
Illustrated with a Nautical Map (from Lat. 5° 30' to Lat. 14° N.) and other Plates.
PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR,
BY DARTON AND HARVEY, GRACECHURCH-STREET.
DANSON, Voyage au Senegal, $ 49, 88.
und in Westindien. Copenhagen, 1758, Octavo.
. Instit. pour un Nouv. Code de Loix, Ø 750.