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APPENDIX, 856. Mr. Inglis said, there would be soon a General Meeting, and suggested, thất

it might be better to defer the printing of the report, till the annual report was made, to which this report might be added.

857. Mr. Frend replied, that as this report contained so much important matter, he could not consent to the delay; and must beg leave, that the motion for printing it immediately might be proposed. Upon this it was read from the chair, and palled

with a very great majority. Thanks to the 858. A vote of thanks to the chairman was then passed, for his conduct during chairman.

the Meeting; after which a gentleman rose, and made a speech of considerable length, which could be heard only by the persons nearest the chair, and which did not end in any motion.

The Meeting was then adjourned.

At a General Meeting of the Proprietors of the S. Leona Company, the 26th of

March, 1795. 859. The chairman (Mr. Thornton,) having taken the chair, the resolutions of the last Meeting were read and confirmed.

860. The chairman desired to know, whether any person had any thing to pro

pole, and after a short pause, Mr. Frend Mr. Frend rose, and stated, that he had taken the liberty at the last Meeting, propoles, a deo of suggesting the propriety of taking some steps, both to gain redress from the tent to the French Convention, for their late attack, and to prevent similar calamities in future. convention.

Since that time, he had more maturely considered the subject, and was confirmed in his opinion, from what had transpired at the last Meeting, that there were very good grounds to expect, that, on a proper application to the French Convention, the affairs of the colony might be put upon a very respectable footing. That such application might be considered indeed by some persons, as unnecessary or in proper; but, if we took a view of the situation of the Company, and of the country at large, there would appear no prospects of future success, unless the colony could be preserved, for which there were neither sufficient capital, nor warlike preparations. As to the latter, the Company was founded upon better principles, than the politics of war, and could expect success, only by the station which it held, in the good opinion of it's neighbours. That little support could be expected from the British Government, was evident from the late ravages along the coast of Africa, the preservation of which was not a sufficient object to a minister, and the situation of the colony, rendered it liable at all times, to fall an easy prey to a flight invafion. “On these grounds,” said he,“ we muit, if we expect that our colony should succeed, look forward to gain the benevolence of the power most capable of injuring us. And, if it Mould appear, that the Convention were likely to listen to our request, could a proper perfon be lent over to negociate with it, we were fortunate at. prefent, to see among

us a gentleman, whom every person would allow to be fully competent for the Appendix. undertaking, and whose writings, then on the table, proved him to have not only the interest of Africa, but of all mankind, at heart. From having travelled in Africa, and being firmly united with the Company, in it's views of enlightening the inhabitants,' he could explain to the Convention, the real nature of the Company, and being the subject of a neutral power, he could do it with the greater propriety and effect. Ameasure of this fort was not to be undertaken, without the approbation of our own Government, and an application must be made for it's consent. He should therefore beg leave to propose the two following Resolutions. ift, Resolved, that an application be made to Government, for permission to send a person over to His propofi

France, to negociate with the French Convention, on business relating solely to the concerns of the tions

Company in Africa, and on the seas. 2d, Resolved, that if Government should not object to this measure, Mr. WADSTROM be appointed

to lay before the National Convention of France, an account of the institution of the S. Leona Com. pany, and the losses fültained by it, from the late attack of a French squadron, supposed to have acted without the knowledge or approbation of the Convention *.

861. There

* As the above propositions were brought forward by a gentleman, to whom I'made no application for this purpose, an explanation of the circumstance may not be improper. After my grief and furprize, at the calamity which had befallen the colony, had partly fublided, I began to consider, Whee ther it might not be possible for me, to contribute to it's reparation. The plan contained in the fol. lowing address soon presented itself to my mind, and, after mature confideration, I thought it my duty to submit it to the General Meeting, which had then been called to deliberate on this melancholy subject. The mode of bringing forward my plan, which seemed to me to promise most succeis, was to request, that James Martin, Esq. M. P. a subscriber, whose philanthropy, patriotisin, candour, and independent spirit, are defervedly respected by all parties, would be so good as to read it in the General Meeting. This Mr. Martin very obligingly agreed to do, provided it should be in his power to attend. But some business having intervened to prevent him, Mr. Frend's enlightened zeal in this great cause, seems to have prompted him to bring forward the above propositions, rather than fo fa. vourable an opportunity of disculling them, in a full meeting, should be loft.



Having, at your last Meeting, with inexpressible concern, heard the dreadful Report read, concerning the late unexpected attack upon the colony of S. Leona, by the French, I feel myself too sensibly interested in the preservation and object of the colony, not to offer, on this critical occasion, the result of that experience, which I have ob:ained, by having been hitherto incessantly, and not unfortunately, employed, in the cause of oppreffed Africa.

Not to occupy your time unnecessirily, I will endeavour, gentlemen, in a few words, to lay before you a plan, in the execution of which, I Hatter myself that I may still be rendered wetul to the cause of humanity, and the Campany be effentially benefitted, in the present precarious ftuation of their colony.

There is reason, gentlemen, to-believe, that if a proper representation of the real obje&t and principle of the S. Leona Company, together with a full and impartial account, of the late sui prize and attack of the colony, were laid fairly before the National Convention, by fome person not immediately con.


APPENDIX. 86.4. These resoluti ns were feconded by Mr. Highmore, who enlarged on the

propriety of the application, particularly. as it was brought forward in such a naines

as could not offend any party. debated, and 8ở2. Mr. Elliot objected to the measure, as interfering with the Government at

home, to which he did not see how we could consistently apply; lince all, intercourse, between the two states, was forbidden. But he admitted, that, if the meafure ihould be adopted, Mr.'Wadlirom was a very proper person to carry it into

execution. objected to 863. Several others objected very strongly to the resolutions, chiefly on the

grounds, that it would be indelicate to apply to the Minister; that an affair of this fort should be left entirely to the Directors, who would undoubtedly manage it with the greatest propriety; and that the Company was assembled to chuse Directors, and not to transact any other business, which indeed would be improperly introduced.

864. On the other hand, it was contended, that this was the proper mode of bringing forward a question, in which the Company was so much interested; that, with respect to the future Directors, they were not at present known, and therefore no slight could be meant to them; that the great end of all these Meetings, was to vive an opportunity to individuals, to suggest what might be for the general good, and to keep up a proper intercourse between the Directors and the Company,

865. Mr. Frend observed, that he rose in consequence of the chairman's request to all subscribers, to bring forward any measure which they might have to propose.

866. Mr. Granville Sharp hoped, that no difference might appear upon this question, and, for the sake of the inftitution, that Mr. Frend, whose motives he doubted not were founded on the best principles, would consent to withdraw his (motion, and another person suggested the propriety of some amendment to it.

867. Mr. Frend said that his fole view was, to suggest what appeared to him most beneficial to the Company; and that, if the end! was obtained by any mode whatever, in which the Meeting agreed, it was the same to him, whether his resolu

cerned in the undertaking, security might be obtained, against the repetition of such a cataftrophe, and probably fome compensation might be offered for the injury already sustained.

The proper design of the colony, as it respects the annihilation of the Nave-trade, and the enlightening of Africa, ought therefore to be laid before the Convention, together with an account of the recent events, so contrary to the interests of humanity at large, and which must be presumed to have been the consequence of a compleat ignorance, of the real intention of the colony, in the Squadron which so unfortunately ruined it.

Being the subject of a neutral power; having been likewise, throughout my life, actively engaged in the cause; and presuming myself qualified, in some degree, from my experience and knowledge, in what concerns the interests of Africa ; I should be happy, if, by my personal service with the French Convention, I could contribute to the welfare of the Company, and through it, to the happiness of the inhabitants of a great continent.

tions were entirely withdrawn, or amended by any other person, so as to meet the APPENDIX. wishes of the Company.

868. The withdrawing and the amending of the resolutions were opposed in a and rejected, desultory conversation, and at last the first resolution was proposed, and on a shew of hands, there appeared to be a very fmall majority against it. Of course the se. cond sesolution was not put to the vote.

869. This business being settled, Mr. Williams, Solicitor and Secretary to the Election of Court of Directors, got up and faid, it has been proposed and seconded, that new Directors, H. Thornton, Esq. (the present chairman) be the chairinan for the next year, requesting those who were for the motion 10 hold up their hands, which being done, those of a contrary opinion were desired to hold up their hands, No hand was held up, and the chairman was declared elected. Mr. Williams then repeated nearly the same words for the next candidate in his lift, and proceeded in this way till all the thirteen Directors were unanimously re-elected, except one, who having refigned, another gentleman (Mr. Hunter) was chosen in his room.

Note CC. See § 537, No.7, alfo Ø 180, 181. 870. It is somewhat curious that both the S. Leona and the Bulama Affocia Impolític contions should have been betrayed into transatlantic errors, in their agricultural con. dition publish

ed by the Buse

lama Allocia. * The following, as far as I have been able to learn, is the latest intelligence received from S. Leona. tion. I apprehend it was inserted, by authority of the Directors, in the Daily Advertiser of Friday, May 29th, 1795, from which paper I have copied it.

« On Monday last dispatches were received from Sierra-Leona, dated the 14th of March, by which it appears, that the colony had materially recovered from the effects of the late depredations of the French, although no fupplies had lince that time arrived fiom England: a cargo of necessaries had, however, been purchased from an American ship which called there. Great and successful exertions bad been made by the settlers in opening and cultivating new farms, as well as in pushing their trade with the neighbouring parts. A delegate from the society of the Friends of the Blacks, in Rhode Illand, (a black man of intelligence) had arrived at Freetown, with whoin it was agreed, that about 10 or 12 free black families, from Rhode Island, should be permitted to migrate to Sierra Leona ; proper testimonials of their character being given. The utmost harmony prevailed in the colony, and the neighbouring natives continued to thew the molt friendly disposition. Some deaths had happened won after the departure of the French, in consequence of the hardships which were then suffered; but both the blacks and whites were in general restored to good health, before the date of the dispatches, and all the necessary buildings were nearly finished. - The Company's ship, the Amy, was met at fea within two days fail of Sierra Leona, which carried out a supply of necessaries and several passengers, among whom was Mr. Dawes, who is returned to the colony as Governor."

The same conveyanee also brought some interefing accounts of a journey, partly by land, partly by water, made by Mr. Watt and Mr. Gray, to the river Cazamanca, and the adjacent country. The particulars I have not been able to learn ; but I have been lucky enough to procure their route, which the reader will find traced on the large map.


APPENDIX cerns. Whatever may have caused this remarkable coincidence, 'I fcruple not to

predict that the effects would be deplorable; for, if the W. Indian mode of culuiva..
tion should be e{tablished at S. Leolia, the labourers would become spiritless, . hope.
lefs, abject drudges; and, if land-monopoly, managed by agents, should be an article
of the constirution of Bulama, the colony would comain in it's vitals the principle
of it's own decay or ruin.--The condition quoted (j 537, No. 7) if oltimately adopt-
ed, would be neither more nor less than a permission to a few greedy speculators ir
Europe, to make their fortunes, by obstructing the population, the making of roads,
the means of defence, the improvement of the foil, and consequently of the climate;
in a word, by cramping, in every possible way, the progress of the colony. For how
can any colony thrive, if monied drones, living in a distant part of the world, be suf.
fered to-vest sums of money in it's land, for the notorious purpose of letting it lie
waste, till the resident colonists, by cultivating the surrounding country, shall have
ftamped a new value on this desert, which the speculator, or his heirs, can then

leisurely sell at an exorbitant profit?
Probably sug 871. The condition just mentioned appears to me so glaringly absurd and impolitic,
gested by some that I cannot help suspecting that some speculator in American or W. Indian lands has

found means to elude the vigilance of the Trustees, and to foift it in among the terms
of the Bulama Association. But, having already touched on this subject ($ 180, 181)
I have only room to obferve, that I can now add another respectable authority to
those I there cited : I mean, that of the learned Dr. Browne of Jamaica, who very

properly exposes the folly and injustice of this practice. (Civil and Nat. Hift. of
it's effects ex- Jamaica printed 1789, p. 12.) As an instance, he mentions a tract in St. James's pa-
emplified in

rish, held by about 120 monopolists, though nearly equal in extent to Barbadoes,
where land-monopoly never prevailed, and which, in 1676, was peopled by about
70,000 whites and 80,000 blacks. It still contains about 100,000 of both com-
plexions, and the population of Jamaica exceeds not 300,000; so that the little
Island of Barbadocs may be said to contain about one-third of the population of the
extensive Island of Jamaica, on a surface equal to that which, in the latter, is held

by about 120 monopolists!
and would ru. 872. The application to Bulama is easy. That island may be nearly equal in ex-

tent to one-third of Barbadoes. Now the question is simply this: Whether it
would be most desirable that it should be occupied by 40,000 or 50,000 inhabit-
ants, or by 40 or 50 monopolists, or rather their agents, who perhaps may conde.
scend, when it suits them, to sell the land for double or triple the price it cost
them? But I presume enough has been said, to convince every impartial man that
the condition in question is compleatly repugnant to the interest of any colony,
whether considered as a distinct community, or as an establishment intended to
promote the civilization of the natives in it's vicinity.

in Bulama.

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