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CH A P.

IX.

Сн А Р.

IX.

SPECIFIC PROPOSITIONS APPLIED TO THE CASE OF A NEW COLONY.

Si quid novisti rectius iftis,
Candidus imperti; si non, his utere mecum. HOR. DE ART. POET.

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172. IN

N the seventh chapter, I have made such observa

tions as appeared to me useful and expedient, for the first establishment of a new colony in Africa; and in the eighth, I have delivered my opinion respecting some of the permanent regulations. Still some of my readers may perhaps expect a more specific and practical plan than what I have yet proposed; for most men are much affisted in comprehending and deciding upon a subject, by having it reduced to something like a system. It hath been well observed, by Dr. Watts, that method and system, though lately too much neglected, are nevertheless excellent auxilliaries to the mind, in forming an adequate idea of any subject that comprises many mutually dependent parts. And, if there be any subject in which system is peculiarly necessary, the science of government is certainly that subject. To gratify (therefore the lovers of order) I insert, with a few necessary alterations, the following Propositions, which I had the honour to lay before the subscribers to the Bulama Association, for their consideration, at a meeting held on the 29th of April 1794.

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PROPOSITION I.

173. That those who may be disposed to subscribe to such an undertaking, form themselves into a company

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FOR

CH A P.

IX.

FOR CULTIVATING AND RAISING

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TROPICAL PRODUCTIONS
on the western coast of Africa, between the 6th and the 14th
degrees of north latitude*.

174. That such company select from among themselves a
court of directors to manage the whole concern; to sell
land; to engage colonists; to receive money or commodities;
to pay money, and dispose of commodities; to appoint their
own officers and agents, both in Europe and in the colony;
to send out vessels, to trade wherever it may be found be-
neficial for the whole concern, &c. and to lay a proper and
satisfactory account of their proceedings, before a general
meeting of the subscribers, every year.

175. The directors of this court ought to consist of two classes.—The first class should have the care of the cultivation of the people, or the introduction of morals and civiliz

* My reasons for sele&ting this part of the coast, for the subje&t of my book and map are-1st, That it is much nearer to Europe than any equally productive portion of the coast.-adly, That owing to the trade-wind and currents, as well as the smaller distance, voyages to and from this part, can be performed sooner than to parts lower down, and incomparably sooner than to any island in the West Indies (see $ 6, note)—3dly, That the harbours are better on this part, than any known harbours on the Western coast of Africa.--4thly, That this part of the coast is more fertile than any part convenient for European navigation, and particularly than the tract of coast immediately to the northward of it.—5thly, That the inhabitants appear, upon the whole, to be more disposed to peace and industry, than on any other portion of the coast.—6thly, That very little of this portion of the coast is occupi. ed, or claimed, by European powers.—7thly, That this part is less infested by the Nave-trade, than any other portion of the coast, where that traffic is at all carried on.-8thly, That, on account of navigable rivers and the good disposition of the the inland people, the interior countries are more easily accessible, from this part of the coast than almost any other.

IX.

ation, together with every thing that regards moral order CHA P. and regulations. The second class should have the care of the cultivation of the soil of the colony, or the raising of productions, it's management, and the disposal thereof.

176. If six directors were established for each class, the business being more systematically divided, would be more easily managed. Each director should be placed at the head of his particular department, and become answerable to the whole court of directors, as the whole court of directors should be responsible to the subscribers and the colonists at every general meeting.

177. By this mode of arranging the business, it will become necessary to have a general meeting, of the whole court, only once a quarter. Each class might meet once a month, and every director, as the head of his particular department, might manage the business in such a manner as may best fuit his convenience.

178. It seems to be the indispensable duty of every director, not to reject any pétitions, or propositions, that may be presented to him, but to lay the same before the meeting of his class, with his own opinion thereon: and all such petitions or propositions, presented before that class to which they belong, should be included in a report to the next quarterly meeting of a general court of directors, who are to decide upon the same, and which court should direct that all such papers fhould be properly digested and entered in the general reports, which every year should be laid before the subscribers.

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THE FIRST CLASS,

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CH A P.
IX.

which regards the cultivation, civilization and order of the
people, and their preservation in the colony and it's de-
pendencies. This Class may be divided into the two fol-
lowing divisions, and each of these into three departments.

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Promotive with respect to morals.

FIRST DIVISION.
1. For promoting regular marriages in the colony, as the

foundation of all social order and true religion.
This head depart. includes three kinds of duties.
1. The adjustment of differences between married partners.

See
2. The promoting and encouraging the marriage of young men.

,
3. The promoting and encouraging the marriage of young women. S153.
2. For promoting education and instruction, which is the

second object of importance, and without which
no civilization can take place. This department
includes also three duties, viz.

1. The preparatory or family educat. of children under 10 years. See
2. The education of boys, separately, above ten years

3. The education of girls, separately, above ten years of
3. For promoting useful occupations or employments in the

colony. This is of essential consequence, next to
the two before mentioned, in order that the colo-
ny may flourish. The objects for this depart. are,

1. Children.

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2. Men.
3. Women.

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See $ 1516

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SECOND DIVISIO N.
1. The executive department of the laws, viz.

1. The laws of justice.
2. The laws of police, and polity, (see § 166.)

See 9 152, &
3. The Economical laws.

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Executive with respect to order.

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2. The executive department for the performance of the

healing art, as comprehending

1. The Medical.
2. The Surgical. } See $ 162.

3. The Pharmaceutical.
3. The executive department for the performance of exter-

nal worship, particularly in the three essential ordi-
nances, viz.

1. Baptism.
2. Confirmation

See § 161.
3. The holy fupper,

}

THE SECOND CLASS,

CH A P.

IX.

which regards the cultivation of the soil and the preserva-
tion of the colony. This Class, like that on the opposite
side, may be divided into the two following divisions, and
each of these into three departments.

FIRST DIVISION.
1. For promoting the production of raw materials in the co-

lony from the three natural kingdoms, viz.

1. Animal,
2. Vegetable, See 163
3. Mineral.

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Premetive with respect to practical

2. For promoting the internal trade and manufačtures of the

colony, or the formation and the employment of
the before mentioned raw productions for, the
immediate use of the colony, reducible to

1. Food,
2. Cloathing,

See $ 164
3. Building
3. For promoting the commerce of the whole colony, viz.

Their interior or colonial trade,
The trade of exportation,

See Ø 165.
3. The trade of importation.

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I.

Executive with respect to peace.

SECOND DIVISION.
1. The executive department for the defence of the colony

when attacked

By land, 2. By fea,

See $ 166, 6
3. By ferocious animals.

Seq.
2. The executive department of colonial finances for defray-

ing the expences of

1. Public charities
2. Public works

3. Public defence
3. The executive department for all those political affairs,

whereby the colony must maintain its connection

1. With its government or direction,
2. With other companies or colonies,
3. With it's neighbouring African nations.

}

See $ 170.

}

See § 1710

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