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And as on that day on same time, entered in
on his most blessed rest, and most sweetly delight himself in the new world of glory. which God rested, man, at the to the rest of God; so, in this other rest of God, the church having happily gone through all her toils, shall for ever enjoy, in like manner, a most holy and delightful rest. This is that (sabbatism) rest which remaineth for the people of God, that they may enter into God's rest, and cease from their works, as God did from his, Heb. iv. 9, 10. And this shall suffice concerning the
XVII. Let us now illustrate two historical types, in the first age of the world. And we have Abel among the first, who was slain by his envious brother Cain, Gen. iv. 1. Abel in Hebrew signifies vanity and emptiness; and he was called by that name, though he was a son dear to his parents, a servant dear to God, and indeed the first of all mankind, whom we read of, that was honored with the glory of heaven. Thus also Jesus, though he thought it no robbery to be equal with God, was to empty himself, upon assuming the nature of man, who is like unto vanity, Psal. Ixii. 9. nay suf fering himself to be treated like a worm, which is inferior to a man. 2. Abel was a shepherd: so the Messiah is that good Shepherd by way of eminence, John X. 14. 3. The religious service of Abel was acceptable to God; and Christ does always those things that please him, John viii. 29. 4. Abel offered the choice of what he had to God, of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat. Christ, having nothing better, through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, Heb. ix. 10. 5. God graciously locked upon Abel's offering: the offering of Christ was for a sweet-smelling savour to
*The author refers to Psal. xii. 6. where the royal prophet, as a type of the Messiah, says, Eu I am a worm, and we zien.
God, Eph. v. 2. 6. Cain, though a full brother, burnt with ungovernable envy against Abel. With the same fury the Jews were instigated against Christ, though they were his brethren on many accounts. 7. Cain conversed with Abel, with a design to entangle him in his words. How often did the Pharasees lay snares and traps for Christ by their deceitful conferences? 8. Abel at last was slain by his brother, and, by a bloody death, cut off in the very flower of his age. Nor did the Jews cease, till they had cut off Christ by an accursed death, nailing him to the cross. 9. The parricide Cain was accursed, and banished from the presence of the Lord. The deicide Jews are still under the same curse, being banished both from heaven, and their native soil: and the blood of Christ which they shed, calls aloud for the vengeance, which they, with mad fury, imprecated on themselves and their posterity: though in other respects the blood of Christ speaks better things than that of Abel, Heb. xii. 24.
XVIII. As Abel typically represented Christ in his state of humiliation; so Enoch was a type of his glori fication. 1. Enoch signifies* instructed, devoted, being one who was consecrated to God, and, from his early years, instructed in the doctrine of godliness. Compare Prov. xxii. 6. Train up, initiate (instruct) a child in the way he should go, instil into him the first principles of heavenly wisdom. If ever any one, surely Christ was consecrated and devoted to God; and when he was scarce twelve years of age, he appeared as a doctor amidst the greatest doctors in Israel. 2. Enoch walked with God, that is, according to the apostle, Heb. xi. 5. pleased God. This also Christ perfectly did, in whom the Father was well pleased. s. Enoch pro
* Ainsworth says, it is in the Hebrew Chanel, that is, dedicated Or catechised.
phesied of the glorious coming of the Lord, with ten thousands of his saints, Jude ver. 14. Christ often and very expressly foretold this, and that even when he was charged with blasphemy, and stood before the tribunal, Matth. xxvi. 64. 4. Enoch, after he had walked with God, and declared the counsel of God to the men of his generation, was taken up alive to heaven, in soul and body, without seeing death, Heb. xi. 5. for he was not to conquer it for the salvation of others. But Christ having suffered death for the elect, and purged away our sins by himself, was made higher than the heavens, and sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in the highest. 5. Enoch was the seventh from Adam; Christ the seventieth from Enoch, as appears from his genealogy in Luke. 6. Enoch was the third person, that we read of, who departed this world: Christ the* third of those who ascended to heaven. 7. As in Abel we have an instance of a violent death, in Adam of a natural; so in Enoch, an example of that supernatural change, which those of the elect shall undergo, who shall be alive at the last day. 8. And lastly, God was pleased, before the law, to give the world in Enoch an instance of an ascension to heaven; under the law, in the person of Elias, under the gospel, in Christ; to shew, that believers, in every period, become partakers of the same salvation.
XIX. Let us next, under the second period, explain two types of the same kind. The first is Noah; the second Isaac. Peter declares, 1 Pet. iii. 20, 21. that Noah the patriarch of the new world, the ark, which he built, and the waters of the deluge, had all their mystical signification; where he teacheth us, that baptism is the antitype of those things which happened un
* Enoch himself was the first, Elijah the second, and so Christ was the third.
der, and by the direction of Noah. Antitype there denotes a type corresponding in the same signification to some other type. For order's sake, we will distinctly consider three things. I. Noah himself. II. The ark. III. The deluge.
XX. As to Noah.
1. His name signifies rest. And
as that was not altogether expected in vain, so he could not bestow it fully, and in a manner that was proper to answer the import of that name. Bat Christ freely bestows this on all those, who, being burthened with the load of sin, betake themselves to him, Matth. xi. 29. and having calmed the storm of divine wrath, that was hanging over our guilty heads, he brings his church, amidst the storms and tempests of adversities, to the wished for haven of rest. 2. Noah was a just man in his generation; Christ was holy, harmless, undefiled, and separate from sinners, knew no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth; nay, he is Jehovah our righteousness. 3. Noah was a preacher of righteousness; Christ preached this much more distinctly, both that righteousness by which we must be justified before God, and that which we should endeavour after as a testimony of our gratitude. 4. Noah, in building the ark, prepared a safe retreat for his family against the impending waters of the deluge. Concerning Christ it is said, Is. xxxii. 2. And a man shall be as an hidingplace from the wind, and a covert from the tempest. 5. Noah preserved his family, which consisted only of eight souls. Christ preserves the children, whom God has given him; who, in comparison of the great number of those that perish, are but a little flock. 6. As Noah was the prince of the second world; so Christ is the Head of that new world, which was formed by means of the ruin and destruction of the former. For as whatVOL. III.
ever belonged to the former world was destroyed in the time of Noah; so whatever takes its rise from the first Adam, ought to be abolished, in order to give place to the new creature, which is from Christ. 7. Noah offered to God a sacrifice of a sweet savour; Christ offers that sacrifice of a sweet-smelling savour, by virtue of which God is reconciled to the world. 8. After God had smelled a sweet savour from the sacrifice which Noah offered, he promised, that he would no more destroy the world by a new deluge; but only collect that quantity of vapours in the air, which being beautifully painted with the solar rays, might form in the heavens the variegated rainbow. By the efficacy of the sacrifice which Christ offered, God was reconciled to his elect, and promised, that he would never punish them in his anger; but only chastise them with slighter paternal stripes, amidst which the rays of his grace would
XXI. The ark, which Noah built, signified both Christ and the church of Christ. It was a type of Christ. For, 1. As the ark secured all who entered into it, from the descending rains, and from the waters of the great abyss, as they broke out from beneath; so Christ gives a secure refuge to all who fly to him, both against the wrath of God, which is revealed from heaven, and against the rage of their infernal enemies. 2. As it appeared ridiculous to the ungodly world, who were hardened to their own destruction, that the seeds of a new universe should be preserved in such an ark; so the glad tidings of salvation which we are to seek for only in Christ, are to the Jews a stumbling-block, and to the Greeks foolishness. 3. As the ark had its just dimensions of length, breadth, and depth, and in a word, was so large as to be able to contain so many animals together, with their food: so, in like manner,