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From Chambers' Journal.
| steads, and the poorer inhabitants of the
ville, were a simple, unsophisticated raco, THE GIVING BEE.
sociable, and primitively hospitable. Many Among some of the pleasantest of my rem- were the moon-liglit tea-drinkings, and quiltiniscences of New York state, is that of a few ing-frolics, and Dorcas-meetings, at which I months' sojourn on the banks of the Croton assisted, in company with Mrs. Jones, the River, the stream which supplies the great iniller's wife, and her gossip, the blacksınith's metropolis of the Union with the means of better half. But of all the village gatherings, cleanliness it so much requires. The country the Giving Bee gave me the inost pleasure, around my residence was wild, mountainous, and has remained the most interesting recolFoody, and haunted by half-forgotten tales of lection of my visit. love and war — traditions of the struggle Our minister "a man he was to all the between the royalist and the patriot. On one country dear”. hired,” as the native hill-side, deep in the woods, was still to be expression is, at a salary of 209 dollars a year, seen " Old Sirah's Cave,” where for upwards and a house, garden, orchard, and pasture for of forty years the half-crazed victim of an un- his horse and cow. He added somewhat to happy passion had expiated her follies and his incoine by preaching every oter Sunday sins in solitude and suffering. The old people afternoon at Salem, seven iniles off, and by of the neighboring town of Salem loved to tell instructing half-a-dozen children in branches how they remembered her coming, Sabbatla of education not taught at the district schoul. after Sabbath, to their church, and how, being The flock, however, did not consider their missed one day from her accustomed place in pastor yet sufficiently remunerated, and therothe middle aisle, she was sought at her dreary fore held an annual “ Bue,” as an assembly home, and found there dead. In a cottage, for any kind of work is sometimes termed in too, quite near us, dwelt a descendant of one the States, to supply him and his family with of the three capturs of poor André; and here a portion of thoir yearly necessaries. and there, among the surrounding tillages, the It was rather late in the afternoon of the gray and tottering ruin of many a revolution day appointed by the elders -- it was a Presary hero still existed to reward the search of byterian community, that I started with my thč curious. It was, indeed, quite romantic offering for the minister's dwelling. The ground for the New World.
December day wils dying, the Croton shut up The “ villo," on the outskirts of which we beneath ice two feet thick, and the ground lived, had risen in a pleasant spot; straggling covered deep with snow; but the air was 80 along the left bank of the rapid and stony- still and clear, that the cold was far from bedded river, and sheltered froin the cold win- being unpleasantly severe, and the rapid ter blast and the sultry suinner sun by moun- motion of the sleigh sɔ exhilarating, that the tuins wooded to their summits. At one cor- drive was delightful. The ville presented a ner of the single stroot, shaded by majestic gay scene ; vehicles of every shape and size, sycamores, stood the smithy, that, in all mounted on runners, drawn by horses decked lands, most picturesque of work-shops; a profusely with tinkling bells, and laden with little beyond, the “store” claimed attention noisy parties from the farms, and stores of
the coach-office, post-offico, and gossiping good things, were rushing in swift succession place of the neighborhood. The mill clacked towards the place of meeting; while grouped and rumbled on the opposite side, and then beneath tho bare locust-trees around tho fullowed a few pretty white houses, occupied church, were to be seen numerous empty cars, by humble mechanics and laborers, of which the horses taken out, and bestowed somewhere the fringed window-curtains and precise peat- under shelter ; where all the poor animals ness of exterior give evidence that the inmates found refuge that evening, I never discovered. resembled, in some respects at least, their On reaching the house, I was received at the near neighbors – the goud folks of Connecti- door by some young ladies, farmers' daughcut. A neat church, in summer almost ters, who for that occasion had taken posseshidden by the lofty locust-trees that grew sion of the entire domicile - the master and around it, and only separated from the min- mistress appearing in the character of guests, ister's dwelling by his garden and orchard, a delicate simulation, which put both giver terminated the village street; beyond it began and receiver much more at their ease than the heavy white line-stone walls that in this they could otherwise have felt. I was conpart of Westchester county are frequently ducted to the company bed-chamber to unwrap, used, instead of rail fences, to divide the and to deposit my little gist in the adjoining oorn-fields and meadows, and which, with tho room, appropriated to the reception of the ugly red barns and outhouses of the farms " freewill-offerinys.' It presented an odd scattered on the hills around, were far from scene of confusion ; barrels of flour anil iin proving the charm of the landscape. apples; bags of buckwheat and Indian meal ;
Buth the owners of the comfortable bomo-hams, and huge hanks of yarn for the good.
man and children's stockings ; calico and " You are from the old country, madam," homespun; pickles and preserves ; a box of said a Mrs. Brown ; pray now, did you sugar; a jar of honey; a roll of flannel ; a ever become acquainted with my son Hiram?" bundle of ““ comfortables ;” cheese and crack- Never, ma'am," I replied rather emphatiers; all were heaped or scattered upon the cally. Agor, forming, it seemed to me, a year's sup- Do tell !” exclaimed the lady ; " and yet ply of clothing, and almost of food.
he's been there four years, and he is in public I guess it will be a kind of help,” re- life!" marked one of the young ladies in answer to “Indeed; in what capacity ?" my exclamation of admiring surprise ;
“ lle 's with Major Jerry Crane, the great it's amazing what a profusion of such wild-beast speculator! They travel with a articles is consumed in twelve months!” splendid caravan, as my son calls it, all over
On entering the parlor, I found a numerous the country, and make considerable money." assembly of the neighbors, rich and poor, “It is a remarkable good profession in the engaged in general conversation, and await-old country,” observed Mr. Jones, the miller, ing the summons to tea. The ladies before who sat near ; “ I guess all the wealthiest mentioned were busy preparing the meal. for gentlemen in this section have made their which they had brought every requisite from fortunes by it. That splendid hotel at Somtheir own homes, and bad taxed the house for ers, “The Elephant,' was built by one of nothing except fire, water, and a kettle. Tables tliem!'” were joined to form one that nearly filled the “I opine you have no such meetings as modest 16
keeping-room,” and was yet too this in England ?” remarked a pleasant-look-' small to accommodate at one time all the ing young fariner, as he took the seat next to members of the Bee; the seniors of the me. party, therefore, took the precedence, and • We have not," I replied; “but you are were first served, the mistresses of the cere- aware that all church matters are conducted monies attending the guests. The great very differently there from what they are in staples of the entertainment were sinoking- America." hot butter-inilk rolls, and waffles a cake in. “I hope so," said the candid gentleman ; herited from the Dutch, and made of butter ; " I reckon, too, a 'giving bee' would be conit is poured into curiously-shaped iron-moulds, siderable of a help to some of those poor and baked in the midst of a glowing fire. curates I've read about! I 'll be darned if I Great plates of butter, cheese, and thinly- could sit and look such a one in the face, shaven smoked beef, accompanied these ; while he preached “Do unto others, as ye while deep crystal dishes of various kinds of would they should do unto ye !!" preserves gave an air of lightness and ele- How our native land seems part of ourselves gance to the somewhat heavy display of good when we are far from it-I blushed as if his things. Every one was helped to everything; words were personal ! and it was amusing to see the heaped-up About eight o'clock, a general cessation of plate of each individual surrounded by a host conversation took place, and a silence of three of satellites in the form of Liliputian saucers, or four minutes was broken by the minister filled with preserved cherries, peaches, quince, rising and solemnly inviting us to join him in and ginger, all to be discussed with the beef, prayer. All rose, and stood with heads bowed cheese, and butter. There was no conversa- and eyes cast down, while he gave thanks tion during the repast, which fortunately was with all the eloquence of unaffected piety for not a protructed one; both relays had soon fin- the blessings each enjoyed. When he had ished, and the waiting-maids proceeded to ended, another brief silence ensued, and then make merry together; then, after restoring rose tremblingly, at first from a single voice, everything to its former order, and packing the sweet notes of a hymn of praise — soon all their baskets for the return-journey, they joined joined, and the sacred strain swelled full and the rest of the party.
loud. The moment it was concluded, the The evening passed pleasantly in conversa- bustle of departure began – hands were tion — the elderly folks discoursed on the hastily shaken, the inen ran out to seek their
split” which had recently taken place sleighs and horses, while the women collected among them on the subject of church govern- their baskets and wraps. The night was ment; the matrons debated domestic myste- glorious - the moon shone with the purest, ries ; and the young men and maidens talked, softest lustre, making the white ground laughed, and even dirted; while I, as a sparkle, and silvering the snow-laden trees; stranger and a Britisher,” received much and as each sleigh dashed off with its merry attention, and had to talk and listen more, it load, their ringing laughter awoke the mounsoomed to me, than was quite fair.
LITTELL'S LIVING AGE. - No. 473.-11 JUNE, 1853.
CONTENTS. 1. Abd-el-Kader on Horseback, .
Household Words, 643 2. Washington Irving, .
New Monthly Magazine, 646 3. The Preacher and the King, .
653 4. L. E. L. and the Gold Coast, .
657 5. Lord Byron's Autobiography,
661 6. The Spirit Rappings,
Journal of Commerce, 603 7. The Dead, as described by Homer,
666 8. Lamartine's Historical Work, .
Chambers' Journal, 673 9. Wanderings through the Cities of Italy,
Spectator, . . : 676 10. Poetry of Walter Savage Landor,
Chambers' Journal, 679 11. The Lost Messmate,
083, 12. Lady Lee’s Widowhood - Part II.,
Blackwood's Magazine, 687 POETRY: An Incident - Ohs, 641 ; Give me a Home - Noiseless Wheels, 642 ; St. Stephen
and his Cherubs, 656 ; Time, 678 ; The Secret of the Stream - An April Rhyme, 703 ;
The Children - Dirge, 704. Suort ARTICLES : Leather - The Great Salt Lake of Utah, 652; Last Moments of Rob Roy, 662 ; Nicknames, 672; The Pine-Apple – Life without an Aim, 678; Too much Reading
Harmonic Rapping, 682. New Books : 665.
RY WILLIAM SYDNEY THAYER,
Her fair curls toss in wild delight,
Her sweet eyes are of changeful blue,
Has touched them with a deeper hue.
At the calm features thou hast viewed,
Art linked in strange similitude.
Of care and mirth, of smiles and tears ;
Unchanging through the eternal years.
From the Ladies' Companion.
The Spring is breathing on the earth
Its soft warm gales of scented air,
The joy of Nature everywhere.
The lilac purples in the hedge,
Leans with young boughs beside its edge. The bush, that in the winter long
Tapped dolefully against the pane, Is gladdened by a golden throng
Of blossoms brimmed with evening's rain. But here, while all is joy and hope,
In Death's mysterious slumbers bound, Lies one, whose eyes shall never ope
To the gay scene of life around. On the cold wrinkled face a smile
Tells that the soul, exempt from change, Has sailed for some serener isle,
In happier fields than ours to range. As free and light, as if the breeze
Had blown her from the odorous west, A child, wreathed with anemones,
Glides towards the aged form at rest. CCCCLXXIII. LIVING AGE. VOL. I. 41
BY THE LADY EMMELINE STUART WORTLEY.
0! that I hearkened to each clock's advice,
0! that calm Memory, of our deeds and days And then what else can heart desire in home -
A little library of spirits rare ;
Who teach us wisdom — industry - content ; 0! that each sigh we heave — and who but with such a Home, 0, who would enry wealth ! sigbs?
With such a Home, and competence and health ! Could lift the deep heart nearer to the skies ! 0, give me such ! no marbled dome should rise 0! that we read the World's great story right, A truer temple grateful to the skies !
• Passing away with all its pomp and might. 0! that all strong affections, that have power In feeling hearts through Life's brief, flying
From Punch hour, Might be with noblest trusts and thoughts en
NOISELESS WHEELS. twined Pure as the first dreams of an infant's mind !
THERE is a rumor and a talk 0! that our dear ones but our bliss might
Of an invention that 's applied, share
Not to the use of those that walk, Lighten — but never languish with our care !
But to the use of those that ride.
In loud advertisements appeals !
What makes this noise ? The “noiseless
wheels." Give a home with garden lawn around —
A subtle meaning may be found The sweet grass mingled with the flower-decked Where 't is not looked for by the throngground,
A“ noiseless wheel !” Thus, free from sound, Let it slope gently to the soft-breathed south,
The wheel of Time revolves along. And quaff its warm draughts with a thirsty No voice is heard to note its speed, mouth ;
Silent and swift it onward steals ; Let a green valley fair before it spread,
'Tis only by its loss we heed And through its mead a bright blue stream be
The flight of Time — with “ noiseless wheels." Let high hills rise beyond, and a calm sky
Under the sun there's nothing new ; Bend o'er and hide the neighboring town from
Whatever is, has always been : eye; And be it roofed with thatch, or slate, or tile
Invention can but bring to view It matters not - so it has rustic style ;
Things that would else remain unseen. Let a small wood behind it lift its leaves,
The law of Nature — far and near At a healthy distance — yet above its eaves ;
The principle at once reveals ; And let a winding path amid the trees
The world, the seasons, year by year,
Go round and round, like "noiseless wheels.”
The blood that warms the mortal frame
In circulation will be found ; And hark the nightingnle at evening shut ;
The air about us does the same, And then within let woman fair be found
In silent currents twirling round. Queen of the Hearth — with household honors
The head itself will often swim ; crowned
The brain occasionally reels ; The Lady of the Board — supremely sweet
And round will come the lot of him
Who's helped by fortune's “ noiseless wheels."
For clattering wheels are oft preferred
Rare is the man his carriage owns,
Who modestly his state conceals ;
He'd rather rattle o'er the stones,
From Household Words. journey for two or three successive days. ABD-EL-KADER ON HORSEBACK. We started from Saida towards eight in the Some curious particulars respecting Arabian morning, (au dohha), in order to fall upon horses have lately been given to the world,
the Arbâa, who encamped at Aaïn-Toukria from no less authoritative a source than |(among the Oulad-Ajad, near Taza), and we Abd-el-Kader himself. General Daumas has reached them by break of day (fedjer). Yon published a work, entitled Les Chevaux du know the country, and aro acquainted with
the road which we had to traverse. Sahara, and it contains the answers furnished by the Arab chief to a list of inquiries that in the Arabian horse, and for proofs of his
III. You ask me for instances of abstinence had been expressly addressed to him. The emir's letter was translated into French by power of enduring hunger and thirst. M. Buissonnet, its original form being scru- mouth of the Mélouïa, we made razzias in the
Know that when we were stationed at the pulously retained ; and many of our readers may be gratified by the sight of an English Desert. On the day of attack, we pushed
Djebel-Amour, following the route of the version of the document, even if it be not likely to afford them any very great practical without taking breath, completing our excur
our horses on for a gallop of five or six hours instruction.
sion thither and back in twenty, or at most November 8, 1851 (the 23d of Moharrem, five and twenty days. During this interval the first month of 1268).
of time, our horses had no barley to eat, exGlory to the One God. His reign alone is cept what their riders were able to carry with eternal.
them — about eight ordinary feeds. Our Health to him who equals in good qualities horses found no straw to eat, but only alfa all the men of his time, who seeks only after and chiehh, or besides that, in spring-tiine, good, whose heart is pure and his discourse grass. Notwithstanding which, on returning accomplished, the wise, the intelligent Lord, bome again, we performed our games on General Daumas, on the part of your friend, horseback the day of our arrival, and we shot Sid-el-Hadi Abd-el-Kader, son of Xahi-Eddin. with a certain number of them. Many which
Behold the answer to your questions. were unable to go through with this last ex
1. You ask how many days an Arabian ercise, were still in good travelling condition. horse can travel without resting, and without |Our horses went without drinking, either for being made to suffer too much.
one day, or for two; once, no water was to be Know that a horse, who is sound in all his found for three days. The horses of the members, who eats barley which his stomach Desert do much more than that : they remain requires, can do whatever his rider wishes about three months without eating a single him. On this subject the Arabs say Allef grain of barley ; they have no acquaintane : ou annef. “Give barley and overwork.” But with straw, except on the days when they go without overworking the horse, he may be to buy corn in the Teli, and in general b made to travel sixteen parasanges every day nothing to eat but alfa and chiehh, and sr.me(a parasange is a measure of distance times guetof. Chiehh is better than alfa , and originally Persian — equal to a French league guetof is better than chiehh. The Arat s say, and a half, or three and three quarters Eng- Alfa makes a horse go, chiehh makes him fit lish miles, as near as may be); that is the for battle.”. And “Guetof is better than bardistance from Mascara to Kondiah-Aghelizan, ley.” Certain years occur in which te horses on the Oued-Mina; it has been measured in of the Desert go without tasting a single drúa (cubits). A horse performing this dis- grain of barley during the whole twelvenonth, tance (of sixty miles English) daily, and eat when the tribes have not been received in the ing as much barley as he likes, can go on Teli. They then sometimes give dates to without fatigue for three, or even for four their horses ; this food fattens tiem. Their months, without resting a single day. horses are then capable both of travelling
II. You ask what distance a horse can and of going to battle. travel in one day.
IV. You ask me why, when the French do I cannot tell you precisely; but the dis- not mount their horses till they are four years . tance ought to be not much less than fifty old, the Arabs mount theirs at an early parasanges (one hundred and eighty-seven age. miles and a half), as from Tlemcen to Mas- Know that the Arabs say that horses, like cara. We have seen a very great number of men, can learn quickly only in their child-, horses perform in one day the distance from hood. These are their proverbs on that suh-. Tlemcen to Mascara. Nevertheless, a horse ject : “ The lessons of infancy are engraved which has completed that journey ought to on stone ; the lessons of maturo age disappear be spared the following day, and ought only like birds' nests." They also
say. to be ridden a much shorter distance. Most young branch rises straight up again without of our horses could go from Osran to Mascara great difficulty : but the timber troe never in one day, and would perform the same rises up again.'