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ninety persons present, most of them members of the church; and when the thought occurred, These are converts from Budhism and Devil-worship, and our brethren and sisters in Christ; and when the service began, and they joined in singing the praises of the true and living God, through Christ Jesus, the

has conduced to this. Its Committee has long refrained from publishing anything but official documents, and has scarcely done anything to aid the independent efforts of its members or friends to furnish subsidiary information. "Journal of a Tour in Ceylon and India!" Such a work would have no more chance of publication by the Bap-effect was overpowering, and tears of tist Missionary Society than a treatise on algebra. "Undertaken by the request of the Baptist Missionary Society." Be it so; then it was proper to go; but as to a narrative of what was seen and heard, there are only two ways in which it is possible for it to see the light. It may be brought out by some society which will carefully expurgate it from everything peculiarly baptist; or it may be brought out by the writer at his own cost, with the probability of losing a good many pounds sterling by his enterprise.


We feel greatly indebted to Russell therefore for this volume. We earnestly recommend it to the perusal of our friends, whether minors or adults. It has afforded us much pleasure, and raised our estimate of the usefulness of missionary labours in the east. There is a freshness about the description of scenes by a visitor, that does not belong to the official statements of a resident. We seem to realize the facts as we accompany the traveller. A few specimens will illustrate this. At Ceylon, after attending worship at the English chapel in the Pettah, Mr. Russell went with Mr. Allen to the Singhalese chapel in the Grand Pass. "A sight more gratifying than the finest scenery presented itself-a native congregation. One could not help being struck with that which met the eye, the coloured skins, the white dresses, the lace jackets and ornaments of the women, and the fine forms of the men, and the tortoise-shell combs which adorned their heads. There were about


joy and gratitude started to the eye. Ranesinghe, the native preacher, began the service by reading and prayer; and then was kind enough to interpret the short discourse which I gave."

In the interior of the island, Mr. Russell visited a place called Kottigawhatta, where he found a good chapel. "There is also a preacher's house and garden. The pastor is Isaac Whytoo Naden, now fifty-one years of age. He was a heathen lad, and heard the gospel from Mr. Chater and Mr. Siers; he afterwards travelled with Mr. Daniell ; a fine grave earnest man he is. In the course of conversation he said, 'It is my wish to die in the work.' 'My great difficulty is to convey to the people a notion of sin.' The church consisted of eighty-three members; and there are connected with it no less than seven schools. We conversed with the members; gave addresses; and examined the children of six of the schools: a tolerably hard day's work, but very gratifying."

"Another day we visited Byamville, also in the Jungle, about ten miles from Colombo; and where also there is a chapel, preacher's house and garden. John Melder, the native preacher, is a fine handsome man, speaking English well; we were told that he is diligent and persevering in his work. There is a church of a hundred and seven converted natives. Many of the members met us on our way. We examined the children of the schools connected with the place; they looked very neat and answered very well. Here and at the

was broken into pieces; he then took off one of his shoes and continued to strike him with that. "Why do you do this?' Mr. Heinig exclaimed. "To convince you to convince you," was all the answer he could get. Seeing a tanna (police-office) near, he went towards it; on which, the Mahommedan fled. He went and asked the police to take him up; but afterwards countermanded it, thinking it better to forgive. The following evening he went to the chouk (market) to preach. The people had heard of the assault, and were inquiring, 'What will he do?" He stood up and preached Christ, fully and firmly, without once alluding to it. The

other stations, we had religious worship and conversation with the converts; and were fully convinced by what we saw and heard, that their piety is intelligent, and that they are well instructed in the great doctrines of the gospel. Both men and women assist in the distribution of tracts; and most of those who have families keep up worship at home. The answers to our questions were given without hesitation, and much to the purpose. One was asked, 'Do you love Christ?' He replied, I forsake everything for Christ and flee to him. I seek my own salvation in the first place, and with love I ought to seek the salvation of others.' 'If any one offends you, what ought you to do?' | Mahommedans, however, took it up 'I must love him,' he said, 'and try to win him.' They are generally very poor, getting their living by the cultivation of a small plot of ground, or a little merchandise. They give, however, when they can. 'That woman,' said John Melder, pointing to one, 'gives a dollar a-year."

Of Agra, Mr. Russell writes:-"The native city is a large, dirty, busy place, inferior to Delhi; but the English quarters stretch far beyond it, and it being the seat of government for the upper provinces, there are numerous handsome bungalows with large compounds. There are two baptist churches; Mr. Williams was still acting as pastor of one, Mr. Lish was pastor of the other; neither of them derive any pecuniary support from our society."

There are different ways of convincing men, but that which a Mussulman took in order to convince Mr. Heinig will seem to have something of novelty about it. "Our missionary, Mr. Heineg, mentioned to me, that soon after he began his career at Patna, a Mussulman, to whom he spoke of the gospel, struck him in the head and face with a long stalked fruit, which he had in his hand, so violently, that the fruit

themselves, and said, 'As the aggressor had acted without any provocation, hẻ should have a guard for two months; and when he saw Mr. H. or any European, should put his finger into his own mouth till he had passed.' Mr. H. met him accidentally a fortnight after; when he put his finger into his mouth accordingly. They were not interrupted afterwards.”

We commend the following account of an eastern custom to the special attention of those pædo-baptist writers who have wearied themselves with vain efforts to discover how or where the parties obtained change of raiment in New Testament baptisms. At Dinapore, Mr. Russell found the weather very pleasant; "the mornings and evenings rather cool, notwithstanding which, both men and women were bathing every day in the river. It must be a cold business at this time of year; and they do it in the coolest manner imaginable, as if they were amphibious. They vary indeed greatly in the modus operandi; some just splash the water over their face and limbs, and are off in a minute: others go through a regular washing, and carefully finish the toilette. They never

remove any part of their dress when | been given to a particular race. The

going in, except sometimes that which covers the shoulders; and they usually walk away with their wet clothes on, occasionally covering them over with dry ones."

We will not give any more specimens, as our readers, if they take our advice, will purchase the book:

Notes and Reflections on the Epistle to the Hebrews. By ARTHUR PRIDHAM. Bath: Binns and Goodwin. London: Whittaker and Co. 12mo.

SOME months since, we reviewed Mr. Pridham's Notes on "the Romans," and commended the volume to the attention of the Christian student. The hope was then expressed that Mr. Pridham might be encouraged to publish similar comments on the Epistle to the Hebrews. This hope is now fulfilled, and we have pleasure in noticing his work. It possesses the same qualities as its predecessor, is written in a tone eminently spiritual and child-like, and abounds in evidences of competent acquaintance with the inspired original. The two epistles on which these Notes

are written are as remarkable for their differences as for their agreement. In truth they are identical, in proof and illustration they are entirely dissimilar. Their common theme is justification and holiness, their common order is, doctrine the foundation of practice, faith of morality; and their common contrasts, God's justice and mercy, Christ's dignity and tenderness. On the other hand, the Epistle to the Romans builds the gospel on the guilt and helplessness of man, the Epistle to the Hebrews draws out the gospel from the religious observances of the Jew; the first proves it from the facts of history and consciousness, the second illustrates it from what had long since

man who has mastered the one epistle may be said to understand the gospel, the man who has mastered the other may be said to understand the law. And the man who has mastered the two has the fullest evidence of the truth and glory of both, which human nature and divine dispensations, reason and fancy, realities and types, pictures and facts, can supply. In both epistles, moreover, are found innumerable touches, both of character and of doctrine, such as afford the best materials for brief impressive exposition.

In these Notes, it must be admitted, the peculiar views of the author come more prominently before us, than in his Notes on the Romans. He thinks the common faith, that brighter and better times are setting in upon the world," a "presumptuous imagination" that sacrifices commemorative of the (p. 259). He deems it not improbable offered in the earthly courts (p. 188). one great atonement will again be And the reign of the Messiah which most believe to have commenced, when he ascended up on high, Mr. Pridham views have of course influenced the postpones till his second coming. These interpretation put upon some passages, but they are never given at length, nor are they advocated but with brotherly love. There is so much moreout the volume, that with this warning, over that is true and spiritual throughwe cordially commend it to our readers.

The Gospel and the Great Apostasy; or,

Popery contrasted with pure Christianity, in the light of history and scripture: especially with reference to its present character and pretensions. Prize Essay. London: Religious Tract Society. 12mo. pp. 262.

THIS essay obtained the prize of £100, which, about eighteen months since,

when the papal aggression had excited universal apprehension and indignation in our land, was laudably offered by the Religious Tract Society for the best treatise on popery, which should forcibly contrast its great leading errors with the pure Christianity of the bible, and by its powerful appeals, clear statements of facts, and simple illustrations, should be especially adapted to the common people. We have read it with much pleasure, and general, if not unqualified approbation, and we think it calculated to awaken an intelligent and wholesome hostility to the most subtle and dangerous enemy of the gospel of Christ: it has also reminded us of some essentially popish features of our own establishment and even of dissenting communities. The writer, several years a resident in southern India, has had ample opportunity of becoming acquainted with the practical working of the church of Rome, and has also availed himself of those writings which elucidate its spirit and operations. The subject is treated first analytically and historically, and then controversially. The characteristic features of popery, the secret of its strength, its leading errors, their incipient forms, and the sources to which they may be historically traced, are marked out with clearness and general accuracy. The conditions of the argument between popery and pure Christianity are well put. The opposition of the infallibility assumed by the Church of Rome to the word of God; of the power of the priest

and the supremacy of the pope to the sovereignty of Christ; of the sacrifice of the mass and the idolatry involved therein to reason and the atonement of Christ; of the sacraments and rites of the Church of Rome to justification by faith alone and sanctification by the word and Spirit of the Lord; and of the maxims and practices of popery as idolatry, deception, and persecution to the moral law, is forcibly argued, whilst the belief and practice of the Church of Rome on these several points are indisputably proved. The accordance of popery with the predictions of inspiration is also shown, and one can scarcely fail to perceive in the fainter developments of popery in the early or Nicene age of the church, the fulfilment of the language of Paul, "Now the Spirit speaketh expressly that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils; speaking lies in hypocrisy, and having their conscience seared with a hot iron; forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats;" or, to recognize in the permanent characteristics of full-grown popery that system of iniquity predicted as the "Man of sin, the son of perdition, who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God or that is worshipped, so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God showing himself that he is God. . . . whose coming is after the working of Satan, with all power and signs and lying wonders, and with all deceivableness of unrighteousness."


Memoirs of the Lives of Robert Haldane of Airthrey, and of his brother, James Alexander Haldane. By ALEXANDER HALDANE, Esq., of the Inner Temple, Barrister-atLaw, London: 1852. 8vo., pp. xvi., 676.

Robert and James Haldane were two of the

most remarkable men of the last generation. Connected by birth with influential families, inheriting property of considerable value, possessing more than an average share of physical and intellectual power, they gave themselves in early life to the pursuit of one object, and in seeking it they co-operated together harmo

niously throughout a long series of years. From 1795 to 1841 it was their constant business and delight to labour with all earnestness and diligence to promote the interests of the Redeemer's kingdom; and though more must remain to be revealed hereafter, much of their success was visible to themselves and their contemporaries. Their hearts were brought under the influence of the gospel at about the same time; their judgment was generally coincident in respect both to principles and to practical measures; and in the changes which they experienced as increasing light broke in upon them, they went on in general with nearly equal steps. Robert, the elder, being by far the wealthier, and having less routine duty to perform, was the more prominent of the two, and was generally regarded as the leader; but in the council chamber, we apprehend that the influence of the younger brother was usually predominant. The history of the senior is better known than that of the junior, ten years having clapsed since his death, while the removal of the latter did not take place till February, 1851; but the biographer has done wisely in weaving their stories together, for they and their exertions were connected inseparably. They well deserved that an octavo volume should be published about them, though they were but fallible men. It seemed to some

of their contemporaries as though a stronger consciousness of their own fallibility would in some cases have imparted an additional charm to their admirable character. Muscular in body, in mind, and in creed, they were rather fonder of wrestling than to some of us southerns seemed pleasant; but the love of the truth was very strong in them, and they were conscientious in all things. The biographer, who is the eldest surviving son of Mr. James Haldane, has fulfilled his duty in a manner for which the public will thank him. We cordially commend the work to the attention of readers of all classes, but especially to those to whose care many talents have been entrusted.

more interesting. It details the zealous and successful efforts made by Dr. Chalmers on behalf of West Port, a district of Edinburgh, which had been notorious for filth, crime, and ungodliness, but in which now the habit of attendance on public worship is as general as in any part of the city, while it is not known that there is a single child of any family resident in it who is not at school. Pleasing illustrations are afforded also of his domestic habits, and of his peculiarities in social intercourse, down to the Lord's day evening on which he retired to rest, waving his hand and saying, "A general good night." In the morning, "The expression of the face undisturbed by a single trace of suffering; the position of the body so easy that the least struggle would have disturbed it; the very posture of arms, and hands, and fingers, known to his family as that into which they fell naturally in the moments of entire repose,-conspired to show, that, saved all strife with the last enemy, his spirit had passed to its place of blessedness and glory in the heavens."

A Letter of Example, Exhortation, and Reproof to the Seceders from his Church; together with a Brief Notice of Some Passages in the Ministerial Life of his late Curate, Mr. Richard Jones Temple, alias Richard Jones, &c., &c. By ROBERT L. HILL, M.A., Incumbent of St. Barnabas, King Square, London. London: Eglington, 1852. 8vo., pp. 78.

No one should pass over this pamphlet who wishes to study the history of the Rev. Richard Jones, alias Risiart Johns, alias Richard Pritchard Jones, alias Robert K. Jones, alias Richard Jones Temple, who is said to have been expelled from the independent college at Manchester, discharged from the baptist pastorate at Whitchurch, Hants, ordained by the bishop of Cashel to a curacy in his diocese, engaged for a short season at St. Sepulchre, Northampton, and then admitted to be assistant Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Thomus to the writer of this pamphlet at St. Barnabas, Chalmers, D.D., LL.D. By his Son-in-King's Square, London. Independently howLaw, the Rev. WILLIAM HANNA, LL.D., Vol. IV. Edinburgh: Constable and Co. London: Hamilton and Co., pp. 610.

The complete biography of the kind hearted Scottish giant, whose eminence as a theological teacher was acknowledged while he vet lived by all protestants throughout the civilized world, is now before us. Some who well deserved to be held in remembrance have soon after their decease sunk into oblivion, because their history was never written; and some have suffered greatly in their posthumous reputation through the incompetence or unfaithfulness of those who

undertook to describe their career; but these volumes will transmit to posterity a view of Dr. Chalmers so ample and so correct, that he will be regarded with reverence and affection by thousands who are yet unborn. A full account of the steps which led to separation from the ecclesiastical establishment of those ministers who formed the Free Church, and of the infancy of the Free Church itself, is given of course in this last volume; but there is much else in it which to many readers will be

ever of those who may be anxious to make themselves acquainted with the life and adventures of this personage, there are two small classes of readers who should peruse it. We recommend it very cordially to all dissenters who imagine that the Church of England is an asylum from those evils which are supposed to arise from the democratic constitution of our churches, and to all bishops of the Ecclesiastical Establishment who are inclined to confer what they call "Holy Orders" on renegade dissenting


Education for God: or, "The Pure Word of God" A Record of Real Life. The Memorial of A. M. R. R., who fell asleep in Jesus, aged Nineteen. By the Author of "The Morning Visit." London: Seeleys, Fleet Street, and Hanover Street, 1852., Pp. 244.

Notwithstanding all that has been written on this subject, there is room for much improvement in the training and education of the families, and especially the daughters of pro

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