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BRIEF NOTICES.

New Translation, Exposition, and Chronological | eminent theologians. The writer proves clearly
Arrangement of the Book of Psalms; with
Critical Notes on the Hebrew Text. By
BENJAMIN WEISS, Missionary to the Jews,
Algiers, Author of "A Christian Jew on the
Old Testament Scriptures." Edinburgh
Oliphant and Sons. London: Hamilton
and Co. 8vo. pp. viii. 539.

A few days only have elapsed since this work issued from the press, and it is but a portion of it that we have had opportunity to peruse; but we cannot allow a month to pass without mentioning it to our ministering brethren. Glad should we be to know that every one of them would be in possession of a copy before the publication of our next number. We have seen nothing of the kind so intrinsically valuable since the appearance of Fairbairn on Ezekiel; and an exposition of Ezekiel, however good, must yield in utility to one composed in the same spirit on the book of Psalms. author, who is a natural descendent of Abraham, is evidently a master of the Hebrew language, and he writes under the influence of a truly Pauline attachment to him whom he now recog

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nizes as Messiah the Prince. "Inasmuch as it has pleased Divine goodness," he says, at the close of the performance, "to open the eyes of the author of this book and shew him the Saviour of his soul in the Old Testament Scriptures (before he saw the New) in which his forefathers as he himself gloried, and as the book of Psalms, along with the prophecies of Isaiah, was that living stream that poured refreshing waters of conviction into his soul that the Messiah must have come already, and that Jesus of Nazareth was the promised Saviour, the Son of God, of whom the Psalmist and Isaiah spake, the reader will perceive how great must be his joy when seeing that the Lord has enabled him to begin and finish a work on the sweet and inspired songs of Zion." By so doing he has indeed done much to glorify the Redeemer and edify the church. His translation renders coherent and perspicuous many passages that have been thought disjointed and obscure. His notes are learned and judicious. He has studied carefully the history of David in connexion with the Psalms, and assigned to them a relationship to the events of the history which does much to illustrate their meaning, while the principles of interpretation on which he proceeds appear to us to be generally sound. No reader who can afford it will do justice to himself if he does not purchase this volume. The Seventh Chapter of Paul's Epistle to the Romans, with an Exposition and Observations. By GEORGE LAWRENCE. London: Nisbet and Co. 8vo. pp. 25.

This tract may be safely recommended to any one who is anxious to ascertain the meaning of that remarkable portion of scripture to which it refers a portion which has been abused by many persons, and even misunderstood by

that the design of the chapter is to exhibit "the embarrassment and despair of one who finds his utmost endeavours after perfection by the law to be abortive, being daily convicted by it as under its curse, and is totally unable to find rest unto his labouring soul, until he comes to God through Jesus Christ our Lord." The commencement of the following chapter has long seemed to us to render this interpretation

undeniable.

The Families of Holy Scripture. By CHARLES LAROM. London: Houlston and Stoneman. 16mo. pp. 246.

Though Mr. Larom has been more than church at Sheffield, he has not hitherto, we thirty years the respected pastor of a baptist believe, made himself known to the denomination as an author. It would have been well time to mature their minds and collect stores of for some others if, like him, they had taken motion. He has now selected a subject of thought before they set the printing press in great practical importance, and one for the illustration of which his long-continued opportunities for observation had prepared him. How greatly it would conduce to the happiness of society if all families were well regulated; if each individual knew his place and kept it; if all co-operated together for the welfare of the whole! How rich are the historical portions of imitation! Mr. Larom brings before his readers scripture in examples both for avoidance and for the families of Adam, of Noah, of Abraham, of Isaac, of Jacob, of Eli, of David; in all of which there are varieties of sin and consequent distress presented to view; but, on the other hand, he exhibits to their admiration the families of Zacharias, of Lazarus, and of the domestic life of a more mixed character. CorPhilippian jailor; with other specimens of dial attachment to evangelical truth, and desire to write what would be useful, are perceptible in every part of the book.

Female Scripture Biography; preceded by an Essay on What Christianity has done for Woman. By F. A. Cox, D.D., LL.D. Author of "Biblical Antiquities;" "The Life of Philip Melancthon;""Our Young Men, a Prize Essay," &c. &c. Second Edition. London: Snow, post 8vo. pp. 563.

We well remember a hope and a fear expressed by certain reviewers at the first appearance of this work, about thirty-five years ago. In the Baptist Magazine, after descanting on the production of the young author at greater length than was usual in those days, the reviewer expressed his hope:-"We hope all our readers who are able to purchase the work will do it without delay; and that those young females who regard the improvement of the mind more than the decoration of the body, and

who yet think they cannot afford it, will retrench their incidental expenses till they can.' A contemporary critic, whose severity was proverbial, after confessing that in glancing over Mr. Cox's book he had "felt a temptation, now and then, to mete out to him a modicum of praise," announced his fear,-a fear that some body of men in America would "be sending him over a Diploma in a year or two, creating him D.D." The first edition having long since been exhausted, and the honours conferred on the author having been borne very meekly, we have thought that we might without scruple acquaint our female readers with the estimate of the work formed by the men of the last age, congratulating them that it is now reprinted for their special benefit. They may find in it interesting memoirs of "holy women" belonging to the old time, and cautionary remarks on others whose lives present specimens of conduct which ought to be avoided. Having said thus much, we will take the liberty to express a hope and a fear of our own; a fear that some D.D.'s will die without having produced a work half so good as this; and a hope that male friends will remember, on suitable occasions, that this book will be to any young lady a peculiarly appropriate present.

A Lecture on the Historic Evidence of the Authorship and Transmission of the Books of the New Testament, delivered before the Plymouth Young Men's Christian Association, Oct. 14, 1851. By S. P. TREGELLES, LL.D. London: Bagster and Sons. 12mo. pp. xxiv. 120.

These are subjects with which every wellinformed person ought to have some acquaintance, and at the same time subjects the successful treatment of which requires the hand of a master. We rejoice, therefore, to find a manual for popular use compiled by a man so competent as Dr. Tregelles is to give instruction relating to them even to the learned. The information contained in this volume ought to be accessible to persons of every class, and here is, in a small compass, everything on these subjects which a man engaged in secular business will require. After some general remarks on the process of proof, the author treats of the New Testament as a collective volume, of Paul's Epistles, of the Four Gospels, of the General Epistles, of the Apocalypse, of the results of evidence, of evidence from the channels of transmission, of the claims of Rome, of the transmission of the New Testament to us, of Rome as a keeper of Holy Writ, of Rome as a witness of Holy Writ, and of the uses of such investigation. The University of London a Parliamentary Constituency. By CHARLES JAMES FOSTER, M.A., LL.D., Professor of Jurisprudence at University College, London. Published for the Committee of the Graduates of the University. 8vo. pp. 31. Price 18.

Much information not otherwise easily attainable respecting the examinations in the London University, its affiliated institutions, the number and average age of candidates, for the several degrees, and the number of graduates, may be found in this pamphlet.

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

Approved.

[It should be understood that insertion in this list is not a mere announcement: it expresses approbation of the works enumerated,-not of course extending to every particular, but an approbation of their general character and tendency.]

Funeral Services for the Rev. Thomas Lewis, Minister of Union Chapel, Islington; consisting of Theological Tutor of Hackney College; "A Good the Funeral Oration, by the Rev. J. WATSON, Minister of Jesus Christ," a Sermon by the Rev. J. LEIFCHILD, D.D.; and "The Ministry of the Dead," Sermon by the Rev. HENRY ALLON. Published

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at the request of the Church. London: J. Snow. 8vo. pp. 75.

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The Eclectic Review for May, 1852. Contents:I. History of Maynooth College. II. Davidson's Introduction to the New Testament. III. Memoirs of the Whig Party. IV. Representative men. V. Voyage of the Rattlesnake. VI. Literature and Romance of Northern Europe. VII. Life of Lord Jeffrey. Review of the Month, Literary Intelligence,

&c. London: Ward and Co.

INTELLIGENCE.

AMERICA.

THE NEW POPULATION.

The Home Mission Record of our American brethren contains the following important observations:

"To reach the great masses of European peasantry, or the gentry, who worship the Host and the Virgin, has been, till lately, almost impossible. And even now, the

word of the Lord cannot have free course in any papal state on the continent. Colporteurs and itinerant preachers are doing something in a quiet, small, secret way; but the people are not addressed-the multitudes

cannot be reached there.

"Of nearly every nation God is winnowing out, as through a large and coarse sieve, the choicest families, and, perhaps, the most impressive and available, and scattering them all over our country, especially in the mighty valleys of the West. They come to us, not only from Ireland, but from France, and Hungary, and Italy, and all the States of the German confederacy. They come to our shores, as flies the dust of a summer's threshing-floor. Their arrivals are reported at a thousand a day. Already we have nearly five millions of Germans in this country, one and a half million of Irish, more than three thousand French people, and almost half a million from other nations. Of all these, probably, five millions are more or less controlled by papal priests, and have no correct knowledge of the plan of salvation by Jesus Christ; or say in their hearts, if not in so many words, "There is no God."

"This class of immigrants bring with them their ignorance, their superstitions, their prejudices, and their vices. They are not barbarians, it is true, but they are idolaters, haters of God, and children of wrath. Here, they profane the name of Jesus, desecrate the Lord's day, introduce laxity of morals and corrupting customs, and spread far and wide, the upas miasma of infidelity. If this tide of foreign influence continues to flow in upon us a few years more, and the character of its waters is not changed, like the spring of Jericho, or the well of Marah, 'death and a barren land' will be the only portion of our American Zion, and then no life-giving stream will go forth to bless the multitudes of the Eastern world.

"But this is not all. California has already received into its promiscuous population,

thousands from Pagan Asia, and idolatrous Oceanica. They have brought their gods with them, and are real heathen. Many of them will remain in this country, and become citizens, and all of them will remain long enough to afford us an opportunity to offer them the word of God, and preach to them the gospel.

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Europe, Asia, or Australia, return to their native Now, whether these immigrants from country, or become permanent residents among us, their influence upon their fatherland must be very considerable. If they are enlightened and converted, they will be enabled tually protest against popish errors and to shake the very pagodas of idolatry, effecinfidelity of free-thinkers, and licentious, superstitions, or meet the scepticism and audacious writers. Now, who shall do this foreign work of home missions? Who shall feel responsible for attempting the evangelization of our foreign population? Our Society, and our missionaries, and our churches!”

STATE-PAY COVETED.

English baptists will learn with astonishment that American baptists are desiring, nay, demanding subsidies from the state for their colleges. The New York Recorder has an article on the subject, of which the following is a portion :

"The Tribune of Saturday contained an article designed to prevent the passing of a bill giving aid to certain colleges the present year. It is understood that a bill has been agreed upon in the committee which has charge of the subject, which the friends of the various colleges applying for aid are ready to support. This bill, if we are rightly informed, provides for an appropriation in aid of Rochester and Madison universities, and also to the new methodist college at Lima, in Genesee county. There are some one hundred thousand members of baptist churches in this State, and at least five times that number who are identified with baptist principles and interests. All these persons are more or less interested in one or the other of the colleges at Rochester and Hamilton. The methodist church members in the state are alike interested in the success of their new institution, and in the passage of the bill. The bill then may be considered as demanded by the whole baptist and methodist body in the state of New

AMERICAN CRYSTAL PALACE.

York. In the past, these denominations have received almost nothing for colleges from the state. They have been paying The bill authorizing an organization to taxes, while the State has given immense erect a crystal palace in the city of New sums to episcopalian and presbyterian col-York, for the exhibition of products of all leges. Of this they have not complained. nations, has become a law. It was discussed But now, when they in turn are ready to in the Senate, but it passed through the profit by what the state can easily give, they House by unanimous consent, and without ask for their share of the bounty which they debate.-Albany Journal. have assisted to give to others in past time. Coming as they do to the State for aid, they are greeted by the Tribune with the courteous title of the 'HORSE-LEECH'S DAUGHTERS.' As

pass.

a baptist and a friend of this bill, we should prefer to be met by the leaders of public opinion in the political parties with some more courteous title; but we will let that If the baptist denomination, like the Catholics, were to rally its numbers at the polls in order to inflict a wholesome punishment upon whatever party of politicians took the responsibility of throwing contempt upon their applications, we should probably be met with better treatment.

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"If there is fear that the funds will not be properly appropriated, say so, and let every safeguard be thrown around them that legislative ingenuity can devise. But one trouble is, that colleges are aristocratic institutions, and that the sons of the rich may, by some possibility, receive some aid from the money given by the state. Suppose it to be so, we ask, Have the rich no rights in the public funds of the state? State property, as we understand it, belongs to the citizens of the State, whether they are rich or poor.

"Let the intelligent people of the state look this matter in the face, and they will soon learn that those who make the loudest pretensions of regard for the common schools are the enemies from which, in the end, that institution has the most to fear. Above all, let every baptist voter hold his immediate representative in the Assembly to a strict account for his vote on this bill. If we could reach the methodist voters, we would say the same to them. Colleges are organized in such a way, that they cannot exercise a direct influence upon politics. Politicians, especially those of the more unscrupulous class, have generally nothing to hope or fear from them, and hence they are not anxious to secure the good will of such institutions. If colleges had canal contracts to dispose of, or delegates to choose to National Presidential Conventions, their interests would receive the most careful attention from politicians and political papers. There is a way for us to secure our rights from the state, and if we are driven to make use of it, politicians may learn not to call us hard names, or to throw contempt on our requests when we make them."

THE MISSIONARY UNION.

closed with the last of March. The receipts The financial year of the Missionary Union for the year were about 99,000 dollars, being receipts from legacies have been less, those 3000 dollars more than last year. While the from donations have more than made up the deficiency. Truly, we have reason for profound gratitude to the great Head of the Church, for this evidence of an increase of the missionary spirit among our churches, and for an overflowing treasury to meet the demands of our enlarged missionary operations.

REMOVAL.

The Sansom street church, Philadelphia, vacant by the removal of the Rev. Howard Malcolm, D.D., to the Presidency of Lewisburg University, have extended a unanimous and very cordial invitation to the Rev. Dr. Dowling to become their pastor.

EMIGRATION WESTWARD.

tion from Wisconsin to California exceeds The daily Wisconsin says that the emigrabelief. Farms are sold for half their value by persons in haste to migrate to the land of gold.

West, were massacred in a house in DodSix men and a woman, emigrating to the dridge county, Va., last week, by another emigrating party, who put up at the same house. They robbed the murdered party of 22,000 dollars, and made their escape.

The number of slaves in the United States

has increased since the last census 711,085.

AUSTRALASIA

NEW ZEALAND.

A letter received by his family from Mr. Henry Daniell, of Nelson, New Zealand, gives some particulars concerning the formation of a baptist church in that town, of which he is a deacon. A slight reference was made to the fact in our last, but the information subsequently received is much more full.

The following is a summary of Mr. Daniell's statement ;

A few years ago a religious society was formed about nine miles from Nelson, adopting our views of baptism, through the exertions and under the guidance and instruction of a Mr. Horne. As, however, they differed very materially both in doctrine and discipline from the baptist churches generally, those of our denomination who reside at Nelson itself did not associate with them. Mr. Horne wrote to England, stating that a baptist church had been formed in the colony of Nelson, and that he thought they would be able to support a young minister who was without incumbrance.

the appropriate and impressive address with which he has favoured them; and that, in giving utterance to their feelings, the Session desire to declare their attachment to the great principles which have been explained and enforced, and their hope that when, at length, "instead of the fathers shall be the children," the same principles may be maintained, not only unimpaired, but with even greater fidelity, simplicity, and power.

On the Denominational Statistics. That the Session look with a devout and affectionate interest on the partial yet extended view of the Denomination which is presented by the returns now laid before them. They cherish lively gratitude to God that he has vouchsafed to that part of the body from which information has been received, a clear increase of 6,444 members,a pleasing evidence that the Denomination is, as a whole, progressive, and not bereft of that Divine blessing which has so long been granted to it. They feel, nevertheless, with serious pain and humiliation, the facts, that it is scarcely by more than one-half of the report

churches that any clear increase has been enjoyed, and that no inconsiderable number have suffered an actual diminution. They desire anew to engage themselves, and their beloved brethren throughout the country, to a solemn consecration to the work of the Lord, and to fervent prayer for the outpouring of his Holy Spirit upon their flocks, and all the labours of their hands.

This statement was inserted in the Baptist Reporter, and in consequence, Mr. Dollamore, pastor of the baptist church, Bedall, Yorkshire, was induced to proceed thither at his own expense. Mr. Horne also procured from the governor a grant of land in Nelson, for the use of the baptist denomination. Shortly after Mr. Dollamore's arrival, the society in the country was dissolved (and I suppose this to be the one whose statistics are given in your last number), and the few baptists in Nelson offered to do what they could to support Mr. Dollamore if he would remaining and endeavour to raise a church and congregation. To this he consented, and had been with them six months at the time of the date of Mr. Daniell's letter, Nov. 16th, 1851, during which time they had raised £30 towards his support. A church was formed consisting of thirteen members, to which three had been added by baptism. They had had the use of a school-room for rebut had commenced making ligious services; subscriptions for the erection of a chapel on the ground granted by the governor. Mr. Daniell says, "We believe Mr. Dollamore to be a very suitable person for our settlement: his preaching is acceptable, and I trust that he will prove a true gospel minister. He earnestly requests his friends to do what they can to procure pecuniary assistance to enable them to defray the great expenses necessary in the founding of their cause."

Mr. Crisp of Bristol, Mr. C. Daniell, Melksham, and Bell, Budden, and Co., 2, Jeffery's Square, St. Mary Axe, have consented to receive the donations which any feel inclined to make towards the object.

HOME.

BAPTIST UNION.

At the Annual Session of this Body, some account of which was given in our last, the following resolutions were passed on some of the subjects which occupy public attention at the present juncture.

On the Introductory Discourse. That the hearty thanks of the Session be given to their honoured brother, Dr. Cox, for

Persecution of Baptists in Europe.

That the Union contemplate with growing anxiety the almost universal attitude of the European governments in relation to religious liberty. Not only are the rights of conscience generally trampled on without scruple by the Roman Catholic powers, but they are also scarcely less flagrantly violated by Protestant governments. Especially have severe restrictions been imposed upon, and numerous hardships been suffered by, the baptist congregations in various parts of Germany, as in Hanover, Mecklenburg, and Prussia.

That the Union cannot but make common cause with their beloved brethren who thus unjustly suffer, for whom they feel the warmest affection and the deepest sympathy; and that memorials be presented in their name to the respective governments of Prussia, Mecklenburg, and Hanover, earnestly soliciting for the baptist congregations an uninterrupted liberty of worship.

Popular Education.

That the session, regarding with unabated interest the great subject of popular education, feel it their duty to express their sentiments in relation to the two schemes to which birth has lately been given in the city of Manchester, and to which the attention of parliament has been drawn-viz., the Man

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