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The Jewish Nation raised up for two main Purposes, which
their History has accomplished.-The Elevation of it to be
the Sovereign Empire of the World prevented by Solomon,
Jeroboam, and the People establishing Paganism among
them.-Their Division into two Kingdoms.-The predicted
and executed Downfall of these People for persisting in their
The History of the Jews presents a Series of the Supernatural
Agency of Providence in their Nation and on the Kingdoms
of the Earth.-Of two sorts, Sensorial and Intellectual.-
The latter displayed in its Operations in the Rise and Fall of
Nations, and in the Prophecies concerning them.-Review of
Recapitulation of the Objects of the former Letters.-Statement of the Subjects intended to be considered in the present Series, and of the manner in which they will be treated.
MY DEAR SON,
It is now my wish to resume our consideration of the Sacred History of the World, in order to conclude our correspondence upon it, by adding those further views and thoughts on the topics not yet contemplated which will complete my original design, and bring the Divine economy of human life before you, as fully as I may be able to delineate it.
It was the object of the preceding letters to draw such general outlines of the natural structure and composition of our earth; of its solar and planetary associations; and of its vegetable and animal systems of living beings, as would enable you to perceive, from their most important laws and phenomena, the system of their Creator in their formation. It was also attempted to present to you some views of that scheme and course of things which he had devised, and has assigned to be attached to this human race in their earthly life. Considerations were added on his peculiar construction of our twofold nature, and on the results which, in this stage of its being, he has effectuated in it. The first state of man; the change of his locality from a special Paradise into
our common earth; and the cause and nature of the diluvian commotion and desolations, which ended the first-created state of our terrestrial surface, as well as of its then existing population, were laid before you with their connected circumstances in some detail. The new order and constitution of material things which were afterward established, and which have ever since been upheld, and under which we are now subsisting, terminated our proposed review of what it was expedient for us to recollect as to our external world.
Our attention was then more particularly directed to the state and history of mankind after their renewal. Their early separation into distinct nations and distant settlements was noticed. A general sketch was drawn of the most celebrated countries of the ancient world, and of some of the most striking features of their habits and circumstances. Their transactions were not further described; but we proceeded to remark on some of those peculiar occurrences which had accompanied the formation and fortunes of the Jewish people -a race of men with whose nation, and ancient history, and writings the well-being of all human kind has been inseparably connected; and by whose future destinies it is still likely to be most essentially affected. All these topics were remarked upon with an intention of tracing from them such indications of the Divine system in the creation and government both of material nature and of our human frame and living world, as were ascertainable in them.
As it was not my intention to compose a detailed historiography of the ancient world, the sketches which were drawn of the nations that were noticed were confined to those general outlines which served to illustrate the main purpose of the work, and with these the former letters ended. It is to the topics which were mentioned in the preface to the second volume, as those which it would be desirable to review, that your present attention will be called. They are all subjects of the Divine administration of human affairs, and form important sections of the sacred history of our world; they relate to the scheme and provisions which have been made for the diffusion and perpetuation of the human race, and for their continual and sufficient support, and to the employment of human industry thence arising. They comprise the Divine plans for our social combinations and constitution; for our civil arrangements and political relations; and for our mutual inter
course both of amity and hostility. They will also lead us to trace the evolution and progress of our mental activities and improvements under the ordained system of our being, and the design and operation of this, with respect to our individual comfort, and for the general progression of human nature, as a favoured order of intellectual existence. Our task will be accomplished by an endeavour to glance, calmly and rationally, on those ulterior purposes of the Divine mind for which the system of our being has been so long upheld and carried on; and to the fulfilment of which mankind, in their various distributions, seem to be now advancing, with unequal step and in very diversified costume, but with an emulous acceleration in their most civilized societies which no prior age has been known to display.
These subjects will embrace all that it will be necessary to lay before you for the guidance of your forming mind in its endeavours to understand the Divine government of the world we are born to. But I do not wish you to overvalue what I may send you; I seek for truth; I desire to state nothing but what is such, and will not write a sentence which I do not believe to be right and proper. But neither you nor I must forget that I may err without intending it. What I send you will therefore still be, as before, only my individual impressions and deductions, grounded always, or meant to be so, on appropriate facts, and carefully reasoned from; but not possessing any other character, nor pretending to be to you or to any a deciding authority. They will be the phenomena of my personal conviction, and, as such, a series of intellectual conclusions, to be added to those which other minds have formed, and to be taken into your consideration with them when you are thinking upon this subject. It is in this way that moral truth enlarges its dominion in the human mind. New thoughts are suggested and published, which others deliberate upon and adopt, reject or modify, as seems to them most fitting. All lasting opinions and belief are but the continued acquiescence of the greater number of those who have considered them, and concur in believing them to be just.
Individual conviction, as it accumulates in such spontaneous coincidence, seems to be the foundation on which our established truths permanently rest. But this can never be forced. It must be freely given to be enduring; it is always personal and peculiar; and is the result, in every one, of thoughts,