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degree from coagulation, and therefore this might appear to Mr. Hewson as a very speedy, though incomplete coagulation." Review, p. 342. The following comparison of our descriptions of the last Itage of the experiment will set this matter in its true light: Mr. Hewson savs,

My account runs thus, 1. The blood -- which fiow. 1. “ That blood which flowed ed when the animal became very last appeared the most viseid; or, weak, was quite fluid as it came i ---suffered a partial coagulation as from the veifels. Exp. In. 70. it flowed. Obf. p. 28.

2. “ Yet had hardly been re " Yet was the latest in coceived into the cup before it con- agulating completely, and had the gealed-And-coagulated in an in- softest craffamentum.” Ib. jant after it once began." Ib. 71.

So thai, whatever was the cause," the results” of our experiment, as you obierve, were directly contrary to each other.

The design of my litile essay has led me to take notice of the opinions of several authors whom I respect; but I have aimed at doing this with such candour as I wish to experience from others. From fome excellent writings, and a short personal acquaintance, I judged Mr. Fewson to be a person of great ingenuity and industry : and I fincerely join with you in thinking, that experimental philosophy fultained a great loss by his deatb.

Before I conclude this letter, permit me to offer one query for your confideration, Whejher it does not tend to cast obscurity on the theory of fizy blood, to speak of a change in the nature of the coagulable lymph, as a thing distinct from a change in its quantity? For if the proper definition of coagulable lymph be, that which gives tenacity to the cralfamentum, and retains a solid form, when feparared from the other constituent parts of the blood; it plainly follows, that when there is no tenacity in the craffamentum, nor any thing in the blood that retains a solid form after the separation of the serum and red globules, there is then no coagulable lymph. It is forely very unphilosophical to say, that the coagulable lymph, in such a case, remains undiminished, but has changed its properties ; for the idea we have of this fubftance is, that of something exhibiting these properties. I am, Gentlemen, your obedient humble fervant, Leeds, Jan. 27, 1780.

WILLIAM Hey. ... The receipt of a letter figned Juftus is acknowledged ; the Writer has our thanks for his hints; but we have no thoughts, at present, of printing a General Index to our monthly collections : see the last page of our Review for February. If any gentleman, or bookseller, chuses to risk a publication of that kind, we shall be far from opposing the design; and any asistance that we can lend toward carrying it into execution, may be depended on,--provided the plan be such as we can approve.

+++ A. Z. recommends to our notice a publication entitled, The Reftitution of all Things, by J. White. As we have not seen this piece advertised, we are at a loss where to enquire for a copy of it.

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ART.I. Conclufion of our Review of the new Edition of Shakspeare,

by Steevens, &c. See Review for January. TE now fit down to fulfil our engagement to the Public

by presenting them with such extracts from the annotations on Shakspeare, as, we presume, cannot fail of proving satisfactory to the admirers of that illustrious Bard.

In the first Scene, Act II. of the Tempest, Prospero says to Ferdinand,

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" for I

Have given you a third of my own life." Mr. Theobald was diffatisfied with the reading, and altered the text by substituting thread for third. - Dr. Johnson restored the old teading, and apprehends that Prospero, by calling his daughter Miranda “ a third of his own life,” alludes to some logical distinction of causes, making her the final cause. • Though this conjecture (says Mr. Hawkins) be very ingenious, I cannot think the poet had any such idea in his mind. The word thread was formerly spelt third, as appears from the following passage in the comedy of Muciderus (1619):

" Long maist thou live, and when the filters thall decree " To cut in twain the twisted third of life

" Then let him die,” &c. Mr. Tollet adopts Mr. Theobald's emendation, and observes, that. Prospero considers himself as the flock or parent-tree, and his daughter as a fibre or portion of himself, and for whose ben nefit he himself lives. In this sense the word is used in Markbam's English Husbandman (1635) “ Every branch and third of the root," &c. Mr. Steevens confirms Mr. Hawkins's observation concerning the ancient method of spelling the word thread, by a curious quotation from an old poem, entitled, Line gua, published in 1607: Vol. LXII.


6 For

! For as a fub:le spider closely fitting
“ In center of her web that spreadeth round,
“ If the least fly but touch the smalleit third

" She feels it instantly."• The following quotation, however (continues Mr. Steevens), should seem to place the meaning beyond all dispute. In Acolastus, a comedy (1529), is this paffage :-“ One of worldly Thame's children, of his countenance, and threde of his body.

Our ingenious Editor bath well illustrated a paffage in the Two Gentlemen of Verona, by a similar expression in a contemporary writer. Valentine says,

“ Disdain to root the summer swelling flower." I once thought (says Mr. Steevens) that the poet had written summer-smelling flower : but the epithet which stands in the text I have since met with in the translation of Lucan by Sir Arthur Gorges (1614), B.VIII. P. 554.

no Roman chieftainc Mould “ Come near to Nyles Pelasian mould

“ But shun that sommer-fwelling More.• The original is-ripafque æfiate tumentes, l. 829. May likewise renders it “ summer-swelled banks.”—The fummer-swelling flower, is the power which (wells in summer till it expands itself into bloom.'

The implacable hatred that Shakspeare bore to Sir Thomas Lucy, the gentleman who prosecuted him for stealing deer out of his park at Charlcott in Warwickshire, hath been frequently taken notice of. His commentators are agreed in fupposing that the poet hath burlesqued the Knight in the character of Justice Shallow, in the Merry Wives of Windsor. He hath given the same arms to both : and indulged himself in a vein of Jow humour on the fimilitude of the sound between luce and loufe. [Vid. the first Scene.] : Mr. William Oldys (Norroy King at Arms, and well known from the share he had in compiling the Biographia Britannica) among the colle&tions which he left for a Life of Shakspeare, observes that," there was a very aged gentleman living in the neighbourhood of Stratford (where he died fifty years since) who had not only heard from leveral old people in that town, of Shakspeare's tranfgreffion; but could remember the first stanza of that bitter ballad, which repeating to one of his acquaintance, he preserved it in writing; and here it is, neither better nor worse, but faithfully transcribed from the copy which his relation very courteously communicated to me:

* Pope in his Essay on Man describes the exquisite delicacy of the fense of feeling in the spider in a manner exaaly fimilar to that of the old poet.


66 A par

to A parliamente member, a justice of peace,
At home a poore scare-crowe, at London an 'asle,
“ If low sie is Lucy, as fome volke miscalle it,
" Then Lucy is lowlie whatever befall it.

“ He thinks himself greate

Yet an aff: in his state ;
We allow by h's ears, but with alles to mate.
“ If Lucy is lousie, as some volke miscalle it,

“ Then sing lowlie Lucy whatever befall it." • Contemptible (says our Editor) as this performance must now appear, at the time when it was written it might have had sufficient power to irritate a vain, weak, and vindictive magistrate ; especially as it was affixed to some of his park gates, and consequently published among his neighbours.-Ic may be remarked likewise, that the jingle on which it turns occurs in the first scene of the Merry Wives of Windsor.

' I may add, that the veracity of the late Mr. Oldys hath never yet been impeached; and it is not very probable that a ballad should be forged, from which an undiscovered wag could derive no triumph over antiquarian credulity.'

Mr. Steevens thinks it not improbable that Shakspeare, in the character of Falstaff, might have aimed some strokes at the corpulence and intemperance of Ben Jonson. Mr. Oldys, in his MS. additions to Langbaine's Account of English dramatic poets, introduces the following story of Ben, which was found in a memorandum-book, written in the time of the civil wars by Mr. Oldisworth, who was Secretary to Philip Earl of Pembroke.

“ Mr. Camden recommended him to Sir Walter Raleigh, who crufted him wich the care and education of bis eldest son, Walter, a gay spark, who could not brook Ben's rigorous treatment: but perceiving one foible in his difpofition, made use of that to throw off the yoke of his government. This was an unlucky habit that Ben had contracted, through his love of jovial company, of being overtaken with liquor, which Sir Walter of all vices did most abominate, and hath most exclaimed against. One day when Ben had taken a plentiful dose, and was fallen into a found sleep, young Raleigh got a great basket and a couple of men, who laid Ben in it, and then with a pole carried him to Sir Waiter, telling him that their young mafter had sent home his tutor."

The expression, delighted spirit,' in the speech of Claudio, in Measure for Measure, hath been a fubject of much conjece ture amongit the critics. Sir Thomas Hanmer altered the word to dilated, “ as if because the spirit in the body is said to be imprisoned, it was crouded together likewise, and so by death not only set free but expanded, which if true (says Dr. Warburton) would make it less sensible of pain.” Dr. Johnson ac.


knowledges knowledges that “ the most plausible alteration is that which fubftitutes

- the benighted spirit,' alluding to the darkness always supposed in the place of future punishment. But however plaufible this correction inight appear, the learned Critic is not disposed to adopt it. He rather approves of an amendment proposed by Mr. Thirlby, who would substitute delinquent for delighted. Mr. Steevens, in the present edition, adopts Dr. Warburton's reading, and remarks that, by delighted spirit, is meant the foul once accustomed to delight, which of course must render the sufferings, afterwards described, less tolerable. Thus our Author calls youth, blesid, in a former scene, before he proceeds to thew its wants and its inconveniences.” If Dr. Johnson's ingenious conjecture, that Shakspeare writ blasted and not blessed youth,' be well grounded, Mr. Steevens must look elsewhere for an illustration : and we think he hath not far to go for it. The' sensible warm motion (mentioned in the preceding line) is as much' in contrast with the kneaded clod, as the delighted spirit with fiery floods. In this connection the meaning is perfectly obvious. The body, now warm with life, and active in its motions, will be reduced to a cold unanimated mass; and the spirit now delighted or pleased with its fituation and enjoyments in the body, will exchange it for the regions of unknown and unutterable horror.

We have heard of some ingenious conjectures relating to the passage in question, that are not mentioned by any of the Editors of Shakspeare, and which we think carry more plausibility in them than the dilated of Sir Thomas Hanmer, or even the delinquent of a greater critic. A gentleman of great ingenuity hath proposed the following alteration :

Aye, but to die and go we know not where;
To lie in cold obtruction and to rot :
This sensible warm motion to become
A kneaded clod; and the delated spirit

To bathe in fiery floods,' &c. Delated is a law-term for arraigned or accused. We think this correction a very elegant one. It gives a grandeur to the expression, and we should be very ready to adopt it, if we were not convinced that delighted was the original word, and that it admits of a very just and natural interpretation.

Another curious and ingenious gentleman, who thinks himself at liberty with the rest of the readers of Shakspeare, to fpeculate on a disputed passage, offers a modeft query in the following manner : “ May not delighted bear the same meaning as the word alighted. If so, the sense is obvious, and fignifies a spirit discharged from the body,”.


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