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Joh. Picus, Mirandulanus Comes, usus est. Hamburgi et Lipsiæ, 1715-33, 4 tomis, 4to.

6. Jo. Georgii Walchi Bibliotheca Theologica Selecta, literariis adnotationibus instructa. Jenæ, 1757–8–62–65, 4 vols. 8vo.

All who are conversant in sacred literature have borne willing testimony to the correctness and research of Walch, whose work will always remain a production, admirable for the diligence and for the extensive reading and accuracy which it evinces. The sound judgment, remarkable in other works of this theologian, is conspicuous in this publication. All possible aids for theological literature are here embraced. The whole is well arranged: with regard to many books, their contents and value are stated, and directions are given where more extensive information is to be obtained. Of many important works an extensive and accurate literary history is given. All departments of theology have a rich collection of books pertaining to them described, and abundant materials are furnished for the history of religion. The third and fourth volumes are chiefly interesting to Biblical students. How much the author of the present work is indebted to the Bibliotheca Theologica Selecta, the frequent references made to it will sufficiently attest. In 1770, Walchius published a Bibliotheca Patristica in one large volume 8vo.: it contains an excellent account of treatises on the lives and erudition of the Fathers of the Church, and on the editions of their writings. A new edition of this Work, much enlarged and improved, by J. T. L. Danzius, was published at Jena in 1834, also in one volume 8vo.

7. A Concise View of the Succession of Sacred Literature, in a Chronological Arrangement of Authors and their Works, from the Invention of Alphabetical Characters to the Year of our Lord 1445. By Adam CLARKE, LL.D. and J. B. B. CLARKE, M. A. London 1831–32. 2 vols. 8vo.

The first part of the first volume, which comes down to A. D. 345, was published by Dr. Clarke in 1821, in one volume, 12mo. The remainder of the work was composed by his son, the Rev. J. B. B. Clarke. The whole contains much important information relative to biblical and ecclesiastical literature.

8. A Course of Lectures, containing a Description and Systematic Arrangement of the several Branches of Divinity, accompanied with an Account both of the principal Authors and of the Progress which has been made at different Periods, in Theological Learning. By HERBERT Marsh, D.D. [Bishop of Peterborough.] London, 1810-1823. 8vo.

Seven parts of these Lectures have been published. They embrace almost every topic of Biblical Criticism and Interpretation, and also the genuineness, authenticity, and credibility of the Scriptures; and are particularly valuable for their bibliographical and critical notices of the principal writers who have treated on these subjects.

8*. Lectures on the Criticism and Interpretation of the Bible, with two preliminary Lectures on Theological Study and Theological Arrangement: to which are added two Lectures on the History of Biblical Interpretation. By Herbert MARSH, D.D. Bishop of Peterborough. London, 1828. Edition, 1838. 8vo.

This is a new edition, revised, corrected, and enlarged, of the first four parts of the preceding course of Lectures. The two additional Lectures on the History of Biblical Interpretation, which were published separately, contain bibliographical notices of the principal writers on that subject.

9. Illustrations of Biblical Literature, exhibiting the History and Fate of the Sacred Writings, from the earliest Period to the present Century: including Biographical Notices of Translators and other eminent Biblical Scholars. By the Rev. James Townley, D.D. London, 1821. 3 vols. 8vo.

“ The ample volumes before us comprise a rich fund of instructive and pleasing information on the subject of Sacred Bibliography. They have been compiled from a great variety of publications, many of them inaccessible to the generality of readers, and some of them of extreme rarity.”.. “ The industry and the accuracy of Mr. Townley will entitle his volumes to the approbation of the critic and the patronage of the public. They afford a more comprehensive view of the progress of Biblical Translations and of the Literary and Ecclesiastical History of the Holy Scriptures than is to be found in any other work.” (Eclectic Review, N. S. vol. xviii. pp. 386. 407.)

10. An Introduction to the Literary History of the Bible. By James Townley, D.D. London, 1828, 12mo.

This handsomely executed volume, which is a second edition of the Biblical Anecdotes published by Dr. Townley in 1813, may be considered as an epitome of his Illustrations of Biblical Literature. It contains many interesting anecdotes relative to the Literary History of the Scriptures from the earliest period to the commencement of the nineteenth century.

11. Bibliotheca Biblica: a Select List of Books on Sacred Literature, with Notices Biographical, Critical, and Bibliographical. By William ORME. London, 1824. 8vo.

For many of his titles and notices of books, Mr. Orme has been indebted to the present Work, to which he has honourably acknowledged his obligations. “The theological student cannot fail to derive much advantage from it; and the more learned divine will find it an excellent supplement to the Bibliotheca Theologica Selecta of the laborious Walchius, or to the erudite Bibliotheca Sacra of Le Long.” (British Critic, N. S. vol. xxii. p. 486.)

12. Bibliothèque Sacrée Grecque-Latine; contenant le Tableau Chronologique, Biographique, et Bibliographique, des Auteurs Inspirés et des Auteurs Ecclésiastiques, depuis Moïse jusqu'à Saint Thomas d'Aquin. Ouvrage rédigé d'après Mauro Boni et Gamba. Par Ch. Nodier. Paris, 1826. 8vo.

A convenient summary of biblical and ecclesiastical Bibliography. The author first gives a concise biographical notice of the sacred and ecclesiastical writers, and then specifies the principal editions of their works. A List is then subjoined of the Collections of the Canons and Acts of Councils and of the Canon Law, of Ecclesiastical Biographers, and of the Works of the Greek and Latin Fathers, and other Ecclesiastical Writers, and of the Greek and Latin Christian Poets.

13. Bibliotheca Sussexiana. A Descriptive Catalogue, accompanied by Historical and Biographical Notices, of the Manuscripts and Printed Books contained in the Library of His Royal HIGHNESS THE Duke of Sussex. By Thomas Joseph Pettigrew, F.R.S. &c. &c. London, 1827. Imperial 8vo.

This magnificent Publication has a special claim to be noticed in the present Catalogue of Biblical Works, on account of the diversified and important information which it communicates respecting Editions of the Holy Scriptures, and which is not to be found in the bibliographical treatises already described.

The first portion of the Bibliotheca Sussexiana is appropriated to MANUSCRIPTS, the number of which amounts very nearly to three hundred : these are arranged according to languages, viz., in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, German, Dutch, English, Irish, Arabic, Persian, Armenian, Pali, Singhalese, and Burman.

The second part treats on Printed Editions of the Holy Scriptures, disposed under the following titles, viz. Polyglotts of the Old and New Testaments and of detached portions thereof; - Hebrew Bibles, Hebrew and Hebrew-Samaritan Pentateuchs, and portions of the Old Testament in Hebrew; - Greek Bibles, Greek Pentateuch, and portions of the Old Testament in Greek; — Latin Bibles, and parts of the Old Testament in Latin : forming an aggregate of four hundred and ninety-nine articles, many of which are among the rarest and most valuable in Sacred Bibliography.

Much as has been accomplished by preceding authors who have treated on Sacred Bibliography, the laborious researches of Mr. Pettigrew have enabled him to contribute large and important additions to this branch of literature. He has accurately and minutely described the several editions of the Scriptures, and his Bibliographical Notices correct the errors, and supply the deficiencies, of former writers. Curious specimens of metrical Versions are introduced, besides numerous biographical and critical anecdotes of authors and editors. The numerous engravings are executed in the highest style of the chalcographic art. Credit. able as the work is to Mr. Pettigrew, in a literary point of view, it would be injustice to the distinguished owner of this magnificent library, not to acknowledge the very liberal facility with which His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex permits it to be consulted by scholars.

There are copies of this Catalogue in small folio, the typographical splendour of wbich is unequalled.


Holy Scriptures.





BISHOP WALTONI, Carpzov?, and particularly Le Long, have treated at great length on the various editions of the Hebrew Scriptures. These have been divided by De Rossi and others into Masoretic and Non-Masoretic editions,—a distinction, the utility of which is not perceived. In the present section, Dr. Masch’s improved edition of Le Long's Bibliotheca Sacra3 has been chiefly followed. The various impressions of the Hebrew Bible may be divided into the four following classes, viz.

(1.) Editiones Principes, or those first printed.

(2.) Editiones Primariæ, or those which have been adopted as the bases of subsequent impressions.

(3.) Editions, the text of which is accompanied with Rabbinical Commentaries.

(4.) Editions, which are furnished with Critical Apparatus.

§ 1. EditionES PRINCIPES. 1. Psalterium Hebraicum, cum commentario Kimchi. Anno 237 (1477). 4to.

The first printed Hebrew book. It is of extreme rarity, and is printed (probably at Bologna) with a square Hebrew type, approaching that of the German Jews. The text is without points, except in the four first psalms, which are clumsily pointed. The commentary of Rabbi Kimchi is subjoined to cach verse of the text in the rabbinical character, and is much more complete than in the subsequent editions, as it contains all those passages which were afterwards omitted, as being hostile to Christianity. Prof. Jahn states that it is incorrectly printed, and that the matres lectionis are introduced or omitted at the pleasure of the editors.

2. Biblia Hebraica, cum punctis. Soncino, 1488, folio. The first edition of the entire Hebrew Bible ever printed. It is at present of such extreme

1 Prolegom. cap. iv. De Bibliorum Editionibus præcipuis. 2 Critica Sacra, pars i. cap. 9, pp. 387-428.

3 Bibliotheca Sacra, post. Jacobi Le Long et C. F. Boerneri iteratus curas ordine disposita, emendata, suppleta, continuata ab Andrea Gottlieb Masch. Halæ, 4to. 1778–85-90. 4 vols. with Supplement. The account of Hebrew editions is in the first volume, pp. 1–186. 331–424. De Bure's Bibliographie Instructive, tom. i. (Paris 1763), and Brunet's Manuel du Libraire, et de l’Amateur de Livres, (4 vols. 8vo. Paris 1820, 3d edit.) have also been consulted occasionally.

rarity, that only nine or ten copies of it are known to be in existence. One of these is in the library of Exeter College, Oxford. At the end of the Pentateuch there is a long Hebrew subscription, indicating the name of the editor (Abraham Ben CHAJIM), the place where it was printed, and the date of the edition. This very scarce volume consists, according to Masch, of 373 (but Brunet says 380) folios, printed with points and accents, and also with signatures and catchwords. The initial letters of each book are larger than the others, and are ornamented. Dr. Kennicott states, that there are not fewer than twelve thousand verbal differences between this edition and that of Van der Hooght; his assertion is quesjioned by Masch. The researches of biblical critics have not succeeded in ascertaining what manuscripts were used for this Hebrew Bible. It is, however, acknowledged that these two very antient editions are equal in value to manuscripts.


BASES OF SUBSEQUENT IMPRESSIONS. 1. Biblia Hebraica, 8vo. Brixiæ, 1494.

This edition was conducted by Gerson, the son of Rabbi Moses. It is also of extreme rarity, and is printed in long lines, except part of the Psalms, which is in two columns. The identical copy of this edition, from which Luther made his German translation, is said to be preserved in the Royal Library at Berlin. This edition was the basis of, 1. The Hebrew Text of the Complutensian Polyglott; 2. Bomberg's first Rabbinical Bible, Venice, 1518, in 4 vols. folio; 3. Daniel Bomberg's 4to. Hebrew Bible, Venice, 1518; 4. His second Hebrew Bible, 4to. Venice 1521 ; and, 5. Sebastian Munster's Hebrew Bible, Basil, 1536, in 2 vols. 4to.

2. Another primary edition is the Biblia Hebraica Bombergiana II. folio, Venice, 1525, 1526, folio.

This was edited by Rabbi Jacob Ben Chasim, who had the reputation of being profoundly learned in the Masora, and other branches of Jewish erudition. He pointed the text according to the Masoretic system. This edition is the basis of all the modern pointed copies.

§ 3. Editions of the Bible with RABBINICAL COMMENTARIES. Besides the Biblia Rabbinica I. et II. just mentioned, we may notice in this class the three following editions ; viz.

1. Biblia Hebraica cum utraque Masora, Targum, necnon commentariis Rabbinorum, studio et cum præfatione R. Jacob F. Chajim, Venetiis, 1547– 1549, 4 tomis in 2 vols. folio.

This is the second of Rabbi Jocob Ben Chajim's editions; and, according to M. Brunet, is preferable to the preceding, as well as to another edition executed in 1568, also from the press of Daniel Bomberg.

2. Biblia Hebræa, cum utraque Masora et Targum, item cum commentariis Rabbinorum, studio Joannis Buxtorfii, patris ; adjecta est ejusdem Tiberias, sive commentarius Masoreticus. Basileæ, 1618, 1619, 1620, 4 tomis in 2 vols. folio.

This great work was executed at the expense of Lewis Kænig, an opulent bookseller at Basle: on account of the additional matter which it contains, it is held in great esteem by Hebrew scholars, many of whom prefer it to the Hebrew Bibles printed by Bomberg. Buxtorf's Biblia Rabbinica contains the commentaries of the celebrated Jewish Rabbins, Jarchi, Aben Ezra, Kimchi, Levi Ben Gerson, and Saadias Haggaon. An appendix is subjoined, containing, besides the Jerusalem Targum, the great Masora corrected and amended by Buxtorf, the various lections of the Rabbis Ben Ascher and Ben Naphtali. Buxtorf also annexed the points to the Chaldee paraphrase. The Tiberias published by Buxtorf, in 1620, was intended to illustrate the Masora and other additions to his great Bible.

3. Biblia Hebraica Magna Rabbinica. Amstelodami 1724—27. 4 vols. folio.

“ This is unquestionably the most copious and most valuable of all the Rabbinical Bibles, and was edited by Moses Ben Simeon of Frankfort. It is founded upon the Bomberg editions, and contains not only their contents, but also those of Buxtorf's, with additional remarks by the editor.” Bibl. Sussex. vol. i. part ii. p. 188. In pp. 189–195. there is a copious and interesting bibliographical description of this edition.

§ 4. Editions with CRITICAL Notes AND APPARATUS. 1. The first edition of the Hebrew Bible, printed by Bomberg, and edited by Felix PRATENSIS, (Venice, 1518,) contains the various lections of the Eastern and Western recensions; which are also to be found in Buxtorf's Biblia Rabbinica.

2. Biblia Hebraica, cum Latina Versione Sebastiani MUNSTERI. Basileæ, 1534, 1535. 2 vols. folio.

The Hebrew type of this edition resembles the characters of the German Jews : the Latin version of Munster is placed by the side of the Hebrew text. Though the editor has not indicated what manuscripts he used, he is supposed to have formed his text upon the edition printed at Brescia in 1494, or the still more early one of 1488. His prolegomena contain much useful critical matter; and his notes are subjoined to each chapter. This is the first edition of the Hebrew Bible printed in Germany.

3. Biblia Sacra Hebræa correcta, et collata cum antiquissimis exemplaribus manuscriptis et hactenus impressis. Amstelodami. . Typis et sumptibus Josephi Athiæ. 1661 ; 1667, 8vo.

An extremely rare edition of a most beautifully executed Hebrew Bible. The impression of 1667 is said to be the most correct. So highly were the labours of the printer, Athias, appreciated, that the States General of Holland conferred on him a gold chain with a gold medal appendant, as a mark of their approbation. Athias adopted the text of Rabbi Chajim's edition, printed at Venice in 1525–26 ; but he avoided his errors, and rejected several of the readings which are peculiar to that edition. (Jewish Expositor, July, 1828. vol xiii. p. 58.)

4. Biblia Hebraica, cum notis Hebraicis et Lemmatibus Latinis, ex recensione Dan. Ern. JABLONSKI, cum ejus Præfatione Latina. Berolini, 1699, large 8vo.

De Rossi considers this to be one of the most correct and important editions of the Hebrew Bible ever printed. It is extremely scarce. Jablonski published another edition of the Hebrew Bible in 1712 at Berlin, without points, in large 12mo; and subjoined to it Leusden's Catalogue of 2294 select verses, containing all the words occurring in the Old Testament. There is also a Berlin edition of the Hebrew Bible without points, in 1711, 24mo., from the press of Jablonski, who has prefixed a short preface. It was begun under the editorial care of S. G. Starcke, and finished, on his death, by Jablonski. Masch pronounces it to be both useless and worthless.

5. Biblia Hebraica, edente Everardo VAN DER Hooght. Amstelodami et Ultrajecti, 8vo. 2 vols. 1705.

A work of singular beauty and rarity. The Hebrew text is printed after Athias's second edition, with marginal notes pointing out the contents of each section. The characters, especially the vowel points, are uncommonly clear and distinct. At the end, Van der Hooght has given the various lections occurring in the editions of Bomberg, Plantin, Athias, and others. Van der Hooght's edition was reprinted at London in 2 vols. 8vo. 1811, 1812, under the editorship of Mr. Frey, and is executed with great beauty.

6. Biblia Hebraica ex aliquot Manuscriptis et compluribus impressis codicibus ; item Masora tam edita quam manuscripta, aliisque Hebræorum criticis diligenter recensita. Cura ac studio D. Jo. Henr. Michaelis. 1720, 2 vols. large 8vo. There are also copies in 4to.

This edition has always been held in the highest estimation. The text is printed from Jablonski's Hebrew Bible (Berlin, 1699); and there were collated for this edition five manuscripts in the library of Erfurt, and nineteen of the best printed editions. A selection of various readings, and parallel passages, both real and verbal, is subjoined, together with brief notes on the most difficult texts of the Old Testament. Michaelis has prefixed learned prolegomena to this edition, the type of which is bad and unpleasant to the eye.

7. Biblia Hebraica secundum editionem Belgicam Everardi VAN DER

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