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him, that the ship and goods belonged to the French. Which, though the master and the rest of the ship’s crew resolutely denied, nevertheless, the Ostenders carried away the ship and goods to their own port. These things, upon strict inquiry and examination of witnesses, have been made manifest in the admiralty court in England, as will appear by the copies of the affidavits herewith sent your lordship. Now in regard that that same ship, called the Ann of Foy, and all her lading of merchandise and goods, belong truly and properly to English, so that there is no apparent reason why tne Ostender should seize by force either the one or the other, much less carry away the master of the ship, and use the seamen so unmercifully: and whereas, according to the law of nations, and in respect of the friendship between the Flemings and the English, that ship and goods ought to be restored : we make it our earnest request to your excellency that the English may have speedy justice done, and that satisfaction may be given for their losses, to the end the traffic and friendship which is between the English and Flemings may be long and inviolably preserved.

To the SPANISH Ambassador. The parliament of the commonwealth of England, understanding that several of the people of this city daily resort to the house of your excellency, and other ambassadors and public ministers from foreign nations here residing, merely to hear mass, gave order to the council of state, to let your excellency understand, that whereas such resort is prohibited by the laws of the nation, and of very evil example in this our republic, and extremely scandalous ; that they deem it their duty to take care that no such thing be permitted henceforward, and to prohibit all such assemblies for the future. Concerning which, it is our desire, that your excellency should have a fair advertisement, to the end that henceforth your excellency may be more careful of admitting any of the people of this republic to hear mass in your house. And as the parliament will diligently provide that your excellency's rights and privileges shall be preserved inviolable, so they persuade themselves, that your excellency during your abode here, would by no means, that the laws of this republic should be violated by yourself or your attendants.

.

A Summary of the particular real Damages sustained by the

English Company, in many places of the EAST-INDIES, from the Dutch Company in Holland.

1. The damages comprehended in the sixteen articles, and formerly exhibited, amounting to 298,555 royals d, which is of our money

£74,638. 15s. Od. 2. We demand satisfaction to be given for the incomes of the island of Pularon, from the year sixteen hundred and twenty-two to this time, of two hundred thousand royals }, besides the future expense, till the right of jurisdiction over that island be restored in the same condition as when it was wrested out of our hands, as was by league agreed to, amounting of our money to

£50,000. Os. Od. 3. We demand satisfaction for all the merchandise, provision, and furniture taken away by the agents of the Dutch company in the Indies, or to them delivered, or to any of their ships bound thither, or returning home; which sum amounts to 80,635 royals, of our money £20,158. Os. Od.

4. We demand satisfaction for the customs of Dutch merchandise laden on board their ships in Persia, or landed there from the year sixteen hundred and twenty-four, as was granted us by the king of Persia, which we cannot value at less than fourscore thousand royals £20,000. Os. Od.

5. We demand satisfaction for four houses maliciously and unjustly burnt at Jocatra, together with the warehouses, magazines, and furniture, occasioned by the Dutch governor there, of all which we have information from the place itself, after we had exhibited our first complaints: the total of which damage we value at

£50,000. Os. Od. We demand satisfaction for thirty-two thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine pound of pepper, taken out of the ship Endymion in sixteen hundred and forty-nine, the total of which damage amounts to.

£6,000. Os. Od. £220,796. 15s. Od.

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A Summary of some particular Damages sustained also from

the Dutch EAST-INDIA Company. 1. For damages sustained by those who besieged Bantam, whence it came to pass, that for six years together we were

VOL. II.

R

excluded from that trade, and consequently from an opportunity of laying out in pepper six hundred thousand royals, with which we might have laden our homeward-bound ships; for want of which lading they rotted upon the coast of India. In the meantime our stock in India was wasted and consumed in mariners' wages, provision, and other furniture; so that they could not value their loss at less than twenty hundred and four thousand royals

£600,000. Os. Od. 2. More for damages by reason of our due part lost of the fruits in the Molucca islands, Banda and Amboyna, from the time that by the slaughter of our men we were thence expelled, till the time that we shall be satisfied for our loss and expenses ;

which

space of time, from the year sixteen hundred and twenty-two, to this present year sixteen hundred and fifty, for the yearly revenue of 250,000 lib. amounts in twenty-eight

£700,000. Os. Od. 3. We demand satisfaction for one hundred and two thousand nine hundred and fifty-nine royals, taken from us by the Mogul's people, whom the Dutch protected in such a manner that we never could repair our losses out of the money or goods of that people, which lay in their junks, which we endeavoured to do, and was in our power, had not the Dutch unjustly defended them. Which lost money we could have trebled in Europe, and value at

£77,200, Os. Od. 4. For the customs of Persia, the half part of which was by the king of Persia granted to the English, anno sixteen hundred an:1 twenty-four., Which to the year sixteen hundred and twenty-nine is valued at eight thousand royals; to which add the four thousand lib. which they are bound to pay since sixteen hundred and twenty-nine, which is now one and twenty years, and it makes

up

the sum of £84,000 Os. od.

years to

.

From the first account

£220,796 15s. Od.

Sum total.

£1,681,996 15s. Od.

The interest froin that time will far exceed the principal.

LETTERS WRITTEN IN THE NAME OF OLIVER

THE PROTECTOR.

To the Count of OLDENBURGH. Most Illustrious Lord, By your letters dated January twenty, sixteen hundred and fifty-four, I have been given to understand that the noble Frederic Matthias Wolisog and Christopher Griphiander were sent with certain commands from your illustrious lordship into England; who when they came to us, not only in your name congratulated our having taken upon us the government of the English republic, but also desired that you and your territories might be comprehended in the peace which we are about to make with the Low Countries, and that we would confirm by our present authority the letters of safe-conduct lately granted your lordship by the parliament. Therefore in the first place we return your lordship our hearty thanks for your friendly congratulation, as it becomes us; and these will let

you know that we have readily granted your two requests. Nor shall you find us wanting upon any opportunity which may at any time make manifest our affection to your lordship. . And this we are apt to believe you will understand more at large from your agents, whose fidelity and diligence in this affair of yours, in our court, has been eminently conspicuous. As to what remains, we most heartily wish the blessings of prosperity and peace,

both

upon you and your affairs.
Your illustrious lordship's most affectionate,

OLIVER, protector of England, Scotland,

and Ireland, &c.

To the Count of OLDENBURGH. Most Illustrious Lord, We received your letters, dated May the second, from Oldenburgh, most welcome upon more than one account; as well for that they were full of singular civility and goodwill towards us, as because they were delivered by the hand of the most illustrious count Anthony, your beloved son; which we look upon as so much the greater honour, as not having trusted to report, but with our own eyes, and by our own observation, discerned his virtues becoming such an illustrious extraction, his noble manners and inclinations, and lastly, his extraordinary affection toward ourselves. Nor is it to be questioned but he displays to his own people the same fair hopes at home, that he will approve himself the son of a most worthy and most excellent father, whose signal virtue and prudence has all along so managed affairs, that the whole territory of Oldenburgh for many years has enjoyed a profound peace, and all the blessings of tranquillity, in the midst of the raging confusions of war thundering on every side. What reason therefore why we should not value such a friendship, that can so wisely and providentially shun the enmity of all men ? Lastly, most illustrious lord, it is for your magnificent present* that we return you thanks; but it is of right, and your merits claim, that we are cordially, Your illustrious lordship s most affectionate,

OLIVER, &c. Westminster, June 29, 1654. Superscribed, To the most Illustrious Lord, ANTHONY

GUNTHER, count in Oldenburgh and Delmenhorst, lord in Jehvern and Kniphausen.

OLIVER, Protector of the Commonwealth of ENGLAND,

SCOTLAND, and IRELAND, 8c., to the most Serene Prince, CHARLES GUSTAVUS, King of the Swedis, Goths, and VANDALS, Great Prince of Finland, Duke of EstHONIA, CARELIA, BREME, VERDEN, STETTIN in POMERANIA, CASSUBIA, and VANDALIA; Prince of Rugia, Lord of InGRIA, WISMARIA, as also Count Palatine of the Rhine, and Duke of BAVARIA, CLEVES, and Monts, ģc., Greeting.

Most Serene King, Though it be already divulged over all the world, that the kingdom of the Swedes is translated to your majesty with the extraordinary applause and desires of the people, and the free suffrages of all the orders of the realm; yet that your majesty should rather choose that we should understand the welcome news by your most friendly letters, than by the common voice of fame, we thought no small argument both of your goodwill towards us, and of the honour done us among the first.

* The horses which threw him out of the coach-box.

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