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scriptures. with admiration and rapture. He was at the experice of large impressions of the Bible, and translations into several lang guages, for the use of the poor, both at home and abroad. Have ing employed his whole life in doing good, he extended his bene: volence and charities to mankind after his death, and founded an annual lecture, with a handsome salary, for the proof of natural and revealed religion, against atheists, deists, and all other infidels whomsoever.
“ The third was a most excellent metaphysician, who inquired particularly into the powers and limits of the human understand-, ing ; an author, happy in a wonderfully clear vein of thinking and reasoning ; drew his materials not so much from books as from his own thoughts and reflections, and knew, how to dress those thoughts in easy and agreeable language ; a friend to liberty, both civil and religious, but an advocate for revelation ; wrote largely of the reasonableness of christianity ; made a most excellent paraphrase and annotations on the principle of St. Paul's Epistles, wherein he hath done more towards clearing and explaining their sense and meaning than any commentator, I had almost said than all the commentators before him ; and doubtless, would have ob. liged us with more such writings if he had lived longer, have ing dedicated the remainder of his days wholly and solely to these studies.
“ The fourth was a prodigy.indeed of mathematical knowledge There was none like him before him ; and it may be questioned; whether after him there will any “ arise like unto him.” It is said by Dr. Keil, that if all philosophy and mathematics were consi. dered as consisting of ten parts, nine of them are entirely of his discovery and invention. And his modesty, humility, and other virtues, were as great and conspicuous as his learning and knowledge. He spoke always of the supreme being in a manner becoming a philosopher; attempted to settle the chronology of ancient kingdoms conformable to scripture ; and wrote obseryations on some of the most difficult parts of holy writ, the prophecies of Daniel, and St John's Revelation ; making thus the word of God the port and haven of all his labours, and doing as every wise man should, beginning with philosophy, and ending in religion."
It is observable that bishop Newton, though a great stickler for : what he thought orthodoxy, and extremely averse to any liberal toleration of the dissenters, was himself a dissenter from the established church respecting the doctrine of eternăl punishments, which he did not believe, and expressly wrote against in one of the pieces published since his death.
*** Authorities. Life: and Works of bishop Newton, 6.vols; Svo. Monthly Review: vol. LXVIII, Sc.
MARK ÅKENSIDR was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on the 9th of November, 1721. He was the second son of Mårk Akenside, a substantial butcher in thať town, at the free-school of which he received the earliest part of his grammatical education. He was next put under the care of Mr. Wilson, a dissenting minister, who kept a private accademy at Newcastle: A't about the age of eighteen he was sent to the university of Edinburgh, with à view of becoming a dišsenting minister; his parents and relations in general being presbyterians. But it was only for one winter that he prosecuted his studies, upon this plan ; afte which he applied himself to physic. His genius, and his taste for poetry, were displayed while he was at the grammar-school at Newcastle, and during his continuance at Mr. Wilson's academy; and at Edinburgh he likewise distinguished himself by his poetical compositions. After staying three years at Edinburgh, he removed to Leyden, where he continued two years ; and there, in 1744, he took the degree of doctor of physic ; having previously, as Dr Johnson says, “ according to the custom of the Dutch universities, published a thesis, or dissertation. The subject which he chose was, the Original and growth of the Human Fætus ; in which he is said to have departed, with great judgment, from the opini; VOL. IV,
on then established, and to have delivered that which has since been confirmed and received." On his leaving Holland, he wrote the following Ode :
And lest, from any prouder aim,
Farewell the grave, pacífic air,
The marshy levels lank and bare,
While around them chaunt the croaking choir,
I go where liberty to all is known,
That sleeps upon the reedy shore.
Like mountain snows; till down their side'
To guide my lonely footsteps deign,
. III. ?,
The honors of a poet's name
? III. 2.
Fills and commands the public eye,
Hence the whole land the patriots ardour shares.
A nation holds her prime`applause,
After his return to England, Dr. Akenside published the * Pleasures of Imagination, a poem, in three books.”. This is his principal performance ; and Mr. Cooper, in his letters concern ing taste, styles it “ the most beautiful didactic poem that ever adorned the English language." And Dr. Kippis, in the Biographia Britannica, after admitting that this poem has some defects, says, “ Nevertheless, we cannot but regard it as a noble and beautiful poem, exhibiting many bright displays of genius and fancy, and holding out sublime views of nature, providence, and morality.”
Dr. Akenside published shortly after, an “ Epistle to Curio ;"? containing a warm invective, under that name, against William Pulteney, earl of Bath, on account of his political conduct. About this time, he went to Northampton, in order to settle as a physician there ; but Dr. Johnson says, that “ Dr. Stonehouse then practised in that town with such reputation and success, that a stranger was not likely to gain ground upon him. Akenside