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TABLEAU GÉNÉRAL DE LA NAVIGATION DE L'AMÉRIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE.

Depuis le premier Janvier 1769, jusqu'au premier Janvier 1770.

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Vair (Goë. | Ton. feaux letes. Deaux.

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TOTAL 1 2 32 | 34131112,662, 649 11,3141 97,807) 477 | 137 | 49,950 855 | 27 I

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App, Rev, Vol. LXVI.

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4,626 411 491 7,687
6,510 130 51 11,682,
2,076122 123 7,006

9151 871 216 15-446
14,340 269 1,0221 66,451
4151 484 16,836

47 56218,016
5,2741 1831

542 26,632

391 936
9,309 377 359 45,028
15,486 196 169) 30,688
20,652 303 363 47,237

6,415 114 376 23,076
15,2811 2191 25831,107
2,523 59 1 9,693

45 2,164
470

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The

The tenth and last volume consists entirely of general re. flections on the following subjects : religion, government, policy, war, naval affairs, commerce, agriculture, manufactures, population, taxes, public credit, the fine arts, philosophy, morals, and the effects of the discovery of America. In this part of the work, the Author unfolds his opinions at large, and without reserve: and they are for the moft part so ori. ginal and curious, and often so contrary to the notions which are commonly received, that there is no doubt of their engaging a very considerable share of the public attention, and consequently, on some future occasion paffing again under our inspection. This expectation, together with the great difficulty of making a selection from materials which are so interesting throughout, induce us at present to content ourselves with a general notice of these volumes.

To this edition of the Abbé Raynal's History is added, in quarto, an Atlas, drawn up on purpose for the work, confifting of 49 maps ; to which is prefixed a succinet analysis, explaining the maps, and enumerating the authorities on which they are constructed.

· AR T. XI. The following Correspondence was intended for the Month of

June, but came too late for Infertion.

. IT AL Y. MTATURAL history, which is now become doubly intereft. IV ing by its new alliance with chemistry and experimental philosophy, sees its votaries multiply daily, and is cultivated in Italy with unremitting ardour and succefs. A new production in this line has been lately published at Turin and Milan under the following title, Mineralogie Sicilienne, Dacia mastique et Metallurgique, &c. i. e. Sicilian, docimaftic, and metallurgical mineralogy, or an account of all the minerals contained in the island of Sicily, with a circumftantial description of the mines and quarries, and a history of all the works that have been carried on in them, both in ancient and modern times. To which is subjoined, a Sicilian minero-hydrology, or a description of all the mineral waters of that island, together with 13 tables, containing the earths, stones, falts, bitumens, metals, semi-metals, mineralizers, mineral waters hot and cold, which are known in Sicily. By the author of the Sicilian Lithology. 8vo. Price 5 French livres. 1782.

Lettres sur la Sicile et sur l'Ile de Malte, &c. i. e. Letters concerning Sicily and the Ife of Malla, written in the Years 1776 and 1777, by Count De Borch, Member of several Aca. demies, to the Count C. of V. and designed as a Supplement ! to Mr. Brydone's Travels in Sicily and Malia. 2 vols 8vo. Turin, 1782. Price 11 French livres. These letters contain some new instruction ; and Count Borch has augmenied the number of interesting observations made on this famous island by preceding travellers. This work is enriched with 27 plates, engraven by Mr. Chr. De l'Acqua, of Vicenza, an artiit of the first rate; as also with three maps, which represent ancient and modern Sicily, and the environs of Mount Ætna. All these plates and maps were engraven after the original drawings of Count Borch, except the view of the temple of Juno-Lucina, at Agrigentum, which is executed after the draw. ing of Mr. Ph. Hockert, whose productions are well known to the connoisseurs.

Opuscoli, &c. i. e. Phyfico-Chymical Treatises (Opuscula), by M. LANDRIANI. 8vo. Milan, 1981. The Chevalier Lana DRIANI is an adept in experimental philosophy and chemistry, and has already given the public several proofs of his knowledge and talents in these combined walks of science. Of the five treatises contained in the work before us, the first exhibits an account of a machine invented by him, by means of which it may be known, at a single observation, how much rain has fallen in a day, as also the time and duration of its fall. The second contains a method of varnishing butterflics and other insects, in order to preserve their form and colours. The subjcct of the third is the conversion of all acids into one. The Author undertakes to demonstrate, that all acids may be changed into fixed air, i. e. into aerial acid ; and he concludes from thence, that the acid of fixed air ought to be considered as the universal acid. The fourth treatise contains an account of all the discoveries that have been hitherto made relative to that kind of fire which exists in bodies, without giving any external mark of its presence; this matter is illustrated by new experiments and observations. In the fifth and laft, M. LANDRIANI shews, that dephlogisticated air may be obtained not only from the nitrous acid, but also from the vitriolic, marine, and arsenical acids,

Lezioni, &c. i. e. Lectures on Disorders of the Eyes, for the Use of the New University, founded by the King of Naples, in the Hospital for Incurables. By M. MICHAEL TROJA, Royal Professor in that University. 8vo. 403 Pages, with Two Plates. Naples, 1781,- The sixteen lectures, contained in this volume, are divided into three sections. The first creats of the anatomy of the eye, and of every part of it relative to vision. The second, of che disorders incident to the external parts that surround the globe of the eye. The third, of the disorders of the eye itself, and of its various membranes.

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Riflessioni, &c. i. e. Reflexions concerning the Inequality 05/09able among Men. By the Marquis F. A. GRIMALDI. 3 vols. 8vo. Naples. These reflexions contain interesting materials for a history of man, whose inequalities on diffimilar aspects this noble author confiders with respect to his phyflat, moral, and civil state. He has been carefully on his guard against the illusion of fancy and systematic prejudices in this philosophical tablature of human nature, which discovers no common degree of fagacity, judgment and learning.

Le Saros Matcorologique, ox Effai d'un nouveau Cycle pour le retour des Saisons. i. e. The Meteorological Saros, or an Essay concerning a new Cycle of Seafons. By the Abbe TOALDO, Professor of Astronomy at Padua. 15 pages 4to. This very learned astronomer, in the second edition of his meteorological efsay on the influence of the heavenly bodies, mentioned a curious discovery he had made of a period in the return oi the seasons, or a ferics, at the end of which the same terr. perature of seasons returns in regular revolutions. The illustration and proofs of this discovery are contained in the short Memoir before us. Saros is the denomination of a period, among the ancients, of which the real duration is unknown, but which fome authors suppose to have been the period of eighteen years, mentioned by Pliny and Ptclemy, which brings back the eclipfes and inequalities of the moon in the same order, and was formerly employed to prediet eclipses. The Abbé TOALDO has found this period as important for the science of meteorology, as for that of astronomy, as it has appeared to him to bring back, nearly in the same order, dry and rainy, cold and warm vears. This he proves by a table of observations, made from the year 1725 to 1781. The resemblance of the three periods, o contained in this space of time is remarkable. In the period, 1 for example, between 1743 and 1760, there are 68 lunations or months marked as very moist, and in the succeeding period, from 1761 to 1778, there is exactly the same number of months marked in the same way. There are, indeed, somewhat fewer lunacions so marked in the first of the three periods contained in this table, and this might bring up to the remem. brance of an objector the old proverb, that two swallow's de est make a summer; our Abbé, however, tells us, that the firft faros or period resembles the two others, notwithstanding this imall difference.

The months that are marked as moderately moist, correspond nearly with each other in the three periods. Of go lunations taken from each period there are more than 30 that agree perfe&tly in all the three. Our Author has more than once obferved, that a storm, or a violent guft of wind has been re

peated

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