« PreviousContinue »
manner of good old Peter Sterry of Cromwellian memory; and like him and Jeremy White, espouses the doctrine of a UNIVERSAL Restle! TUTION. Art. 52. Hymns in Profe for Children. By the Author of Lef
fons for Children. izmo. Is. Johnson. 1781. The deligo of these Hymns is to impress the infant mind with early ideas of God, by connecting religion with a variety of senable objects, and with every thing that affects it with wonder or delighe; and thus, by deep, Arong, and permanent associations, to lay the beft foundation for pra&ical devotion in future lise.
Speaking of hymns in verse, adapted to the capacities of children, Mrs. Barbauld has a very judicious observation : “ It may well be doubled whether poetry ought to be lowered to the capacities of chil. dren, or whether they should not rather be kept from reading verse till they are able to relish good verse: for the very essence of poetry is an elevation in thought and style above the common standard; and if it wants this character, it wants all that renders it valuable." Art. 53. A Letter from a Catholic Christian to his Roman Catholic
Friend. 8vo. 6d. Worcester, printed.' 1780. Art. 54. An Esay on the Law of Celibacy imposed on the Clergy of the
Roman Catholic Church, and observed in all the Orders abroad; in which are delineated its Rise and Progress, from the most early ages of its Existence, down to the present Times : and the Impropriety of this Ecclefiaftical Constitution is thewn, whether it be considered in a moral, a physical, or a political Light. As also a summary Account is given of the monastic Life ; of the Prejudices which chiefly contributed to introduce it; and in what Manner these have been perpetuated, &c. Interspersed with va. rious Remarks on several other Observances of the Roman Catholic discipline. 8vo. 35. Worcester, printed.' London, fold by Rivington, 1781.
We unite these two pamphlets in one article, as they have both the same author, and their subjects are connected. In the first we find the Writer modently and handsomely apologizing for his having separated himself from the church of Rome, in which he had been educated, ordained a priest, and continued for some time to discharge the functions annexed to that character. This letter is written with an apparent candour and integrity, which does the Author honour. He still considers himself as a Christian minister. Among other remarks, he supposes the queltion to be proposed, Whether he fill intends to continue in a Itate of celibacy? To this he replies in the negative. And by this means he is led to enquire a little into the grounds of .this practice in the Romish church ; which gave rise to the second very sensible pamphlet, the subjects of which are particularized in the above title. In general, to Protestants, especially such who have used a little refection, it is unnecessary to offer much in order to prove the unreasonable and absurd conduct of the church of Rome on this point of celibacy, as well as others; and accordingly our Author remarka:
• This labour may appear, perhaps, at first sight, fuperfluous, and the whole controversy of little importance, jo a kingdom where peither the obliga:ion, nor propriety of such a law, with respect to the
númerous body of the Chriftian clergy, is admitted. But as it is a
fa&t, that these institutions are not only revered as sacred by many of til. Our fellow-citizens, who fly to a voluntary exile in foreign climates, 1 to che prejudice of their mother-country, and by thousands of either
fex in every state where the Roman Catholic discipline prevails, to the detriment of society in general, it is the interest of every indivi.
dual, of every citizen of the world, to have this matter duly canvalI sed, aod exhibited in its proper light. Thus considered, it is no
longer a subject fit merely for private speculation and debate, but be. do comes of public concern, and claims the attention of all who have ac
beart the general advantage of mankind, and are willing to promote 22. its welfare.'
To the above we may add a farther passage, in which it is said, My with is rather to be useful, by contributing to support what I really
eleem the cause of truth, than to seek unmerited and unsatisfactory Liebe applause, by advancing any opinions which may disturb the peace of
the community. On the contrary, it is in the defence of its most facred rights that I have here presumed to stand forth, without any other pretenfions to the favour of the Public, than what the merits of the cause itself may deserve. I have combated mistaken notions that bave long prevailed; but I have neither treated them ludicrously nor with contempt. Ancient prejudices deserve at all times a certain degree of respect; but our deference for them should not be carried so far as to command our silent homage, when they evidently tend to destroy the happiness of mankind.
The Author's fpirit and manner of writing are agreeable to these profefüons. He appears like an honest man, a man who feels him. self happy in being released from chains by which he once was shack. led, and at the same time does not seem to entertain any of that ran
cons and bitterness of temper which new converts, especially if halty - and intereiled, have fometimes discovered ; but writes at once like a
man, a scholat, and a Christian. It needs hardly be said, that he
bridge. By Peter Stephen Goddard, D.D. Matter of Clare-Hall.
la chese Sermons Dr. G. infits on the following topics; A true and mzalous Chriftian the greatest and best of characters; Eternal life clearly and fully revealed by the Gospel only ; Ridicule 'no teft of truth; The freedom of man's will confiftent with the grace of God; Oor Lord's treatment of the woman of Canaan explained and juri. Sed ; Needless curiosity ; A day of grace and a day of wrath ; fins of infirmity and fins of presumption; Covetousnefs idolatry ; Criminal compliance with prevailing cuftoms; Hezekiah's behaviour on receiving the message from God by Isaiah ; The duty of prayer ; Duty both of the preacher and his hearers :-To which is added, Concio ad Clerum, a Latin oration delivered in 1761.
These Thefe discourses are principally recommended by solid sense, and a tendency to improve and amend the heart ; which, after all, are the best recommendations that pulpit compofitions can have : they are not remarkable for the beauties of language, or elegance of fenciment and expression ; but they are grave, serious, plain, practical, and judicious; adapted to persuade men to attend with diligence to those objects which are of the greatest moment to their present and future welfare,
The drift and aim of the discourses is to do good to the heart; they present those weighty reflections and pertinent addresses which are likely to have an happy influence on those who will peruse them with due attention.
The Concio ad Clerum is to be regarded as an ingenious Latin oration.
SERMON S. J. Preached before the Univerfity of Oxford, at St. Mary's, No
vember 5th, 1781. By William Crowe, LL.B. Fellow of New College. 4to. I 3. Cadell, 1781.
This is a well-written discourse, and in some respects remarkable. While the Author properly celebrates the events which must ever render the 4th and sth days of November memorable in the English annals, he pleads in favour of those Roman Catholics resident among vs. from the confiderations, that their number is inconfiderable, their disposition peaceable and loyal, and farther, that the Romila power is no longer an object of dread. It may be said, in answer to this, that if the real principles of Popery have always the fame tendency, they must be unfriendly to liberty. But we will not dispute the point. We'must, however, object, as we have often done on other occasions, to the infinuation, that the late dreadful and furious havock in London was effected by the Protestant Association. No fufficient reason has yet appeared to induce us to believe this, and there is great cause to think otherwise. What renders this Oxford Discourfe principally remarkable, is the proper manner in which the Author speaks on the fubject of religious liberty, and the account that is given of the present state of our country, when he mentions our unfortunate dispute with America as 'a war of apprehension and difmay,' and fays, Surely that state cannot but be in a perilous condition, where, on one hand, corruption maintains a wide and increafing influence, acknowledged but uncontrouled, and prodigal beyond example: on the other, a people indulge themselves in idle and luxurious diflipa. tion, so to avoid reflections too serious and too distressfal, because they care not, or despair of the commonwealth. Yet these, and other practices as bad as these, are but as diseases which a sound conftitution may throw off, and again recover its priftine health. Much worse is the case, when national principles are vitiated ; when, for infance, it is asserted with a wicked boldness, chat corruption is useful and necessary to the government ; or when those plain and facred doctrines of civil liberty, which no fophiftry can perplex, and no strength of argument confute, are flandered with the injurious name of empty speculations.—These are dreadful and fatal tokens,
and and unlels lome antido:e can subdue their malignity, the conditution in which they are found will soon decline into that fa:e of agony and despair, when its evils shall be both intolerable and incurable.'
From this gloomy prospect the Preacher turns himself to that great Being who only can deliver, and with humble, earncit piety, supplie cates his guidance and his aid. And with this reverent addre's the Sermon concludes, i I]. Preached in the Cathedral at York, July 20, 1781, at the Adizes, . By Samuel Beilby, M. A. Chaplain to the Duke of Rutland, Roc. .tor of Folkton, &c. 8vo., IS. Baldwin.
An ingenious harangue against flander and detraction, from Tiius iii. 2. Speak evil of no man. At the same time recommending a
proper, manly, constitutional obedience to magistrates ;' and exhorring us to support the spirit of the gofpel with vigour and prudence, blended with meekness and moderacion. While the Preacher laments the dishonour brought on the Christian cause by the uncha. ritable conduct of many of its professors, he adds, 'Let us forget, if poflible, the late daring attempts of fanaticism to overate the legilla. ture, to destroy our senators, ard to fire the capital.' We particularize this passage, because it calls an odium on a set of people, who, pola fibly, do not deserve it, and therefore if unjust, becomes properly å slander. It has not yet appeared with any certainty, that ihe horrid devastation which lately disgraced our metropolis, was really made by the petitioners against Popery. In truth, it rather feems to have, been effected by the felons, &c. who were, by a general gaol-deli. very, let out of the prisons by the rioters, in order to set at liberty such of their companions as had been taken into custody. III. The Chriftian Duiy of cultivating a Spirit of universal Benevolence
amidst the prefent unhappy national Hoftilities., Preached July 4. 1781, ac Bradford in Yorkshire, before an Affembly of Diffenting Ministers. By William Wood. 8vo. 6 d. Johnson.
In this ingenious, lively discourse, the Preacher's aim is to per. fuade us, while we love our country, and fervently pray that pro
erity may be quithin her palaces, to be careful that we do not hate the reft of mankind.' Had it been preached before those depredators in the East Indies, who have disgraced the English name; or before others abroad and at home, whose degre and labour is to enrich and aggrandize themselves with the spoil and plunder of their own or orber countries, it had been very reasonable, and might have proved ofeful. Universal benevolence, good will and good wishes towards all men, without distinction, is, however, agreeable to the excellent Spirit of the gospel, and should be inculcated and cherished by every human being; at the same time that their more direct attention must be paid to immediate connections, and to their own country.
Though this kingdom is unhappily engaged in war with different nations, we hope that our people, in general, do not maintain a spirit of hatred and rancour even towards those who, in a more public view, may be deemed enemies. Such a spirit may indeed be politi. cally cherished among some ranks, or may be excited in those who are more immediate spectators of the calamities and cruel.ies of war; but we trust it is not generally prevalent. This Sermon agreeably recommends an oppogte temper, and urges us to be kindl, affectioned in
the whole human race, as children of one Almighty and All-gracions Parent. IV. Preached at the Anniversary Meeting of the Sons of the Clergy,
in the Cathedral of St. Paul, May 11, 1780. By John Law, D.D. Archdeacon of Rochester, &c. 4to. 18. Cadell, &c.
This Discourse, from Pfalm Ixviii. s. is well calculated for the occa. fion on which it was directly delivered. The Preacher endeavours to remove certain objections which might poflibly be urged, and then offers fome affecting and weighty considerations to enforce an attention to this charity. Particular norice is taken of a late generous benefactress, Mrs. Elizabeth Dongworth, late of Durham, who be. queathed the sum of 1000 l. which was received in July 1780. The secretary to this charity having found that his deliga, of publishing an exact list of the stewards and preachers, is approved, has now procured a more accurate account than has heretofore been given, and has affixed it to this Discourse, together with the Sums collected at the 'anniversary meetings, fince the year 1721.
CORRESPONDENCE. ... A “ Friend and constant Reader," who dates at “ Norwich, January 20th,” expresses his dissatisfaction in regard to the account of Art. 28. in our Catalogue for December, as we have therein giver no opinion of the merits of the several Thefes contained in Dr. WebAer's Collection. In our Review for February last, we mentioned the two preceding volumes of the Doctor's publication, and had our Correspondent perused that Article, he would, perhaps, have taken: our word as to the " impoffibility" of our giving more than " a lift of the subjects, with the names of the respective autbors;" and would have saved himself the trouble of writing. If this apology does not meet his comprehension, let him become a Reviewer: let him ondertake to cleanse the Augean liable fno reflection on the Work to which he alludes), and then he will be convinced that none but an Hercules is perfectly equal to the talk. - Beside, the Iliad is not to be written in a Nutshell.-Indeed were every Review a folio, we are persuaded that we should still, from the multiplicity of the new publications that come before us, be obliged to dismiss many articles in the fummary way which chis Correspondent refers to, in a single in tance.
+++ Two Letters are received, concerning the rot in lovep; with others on differens fubje&s—which will be noticed hereafter.