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this Appendix. The Editor, Mr. Nichols, has. with his usual industry and attention, added notes and remarks, by way of anecdote, or illustration of the subjects under inquiry.
Art. 40. London : A Satire. 8vo. Stockdale. This may be considered as a picture of London in caricatura. The · painter (but we will drop the figure, and say the Author) like Hudi
bras's Fame with her nether trump, makes an evil, and only an evil report of our great metropolis, the admired mistress of the world! According to his representation, London may be considered only as the grand receptable of knaves and fools, of every description : he Speaks of none that doeth good, no not one. If this were altogether a just report, the wonder would be that, like Sodom and Gomorrah, the capital of the British empire hath so long remained unconsumed by fire and brimstone from heaven!
Exaggerated, however, and extravagant as this farire will be deemed by those who know the city as well he does, and who may, perhaps, be more inclined to do it justice, it must be acknowledged that we have met with many good, as well as shrewd remarks, in this new kind of London Spy. The objects of our Author's unfavourable exhibition are-the City in general - the Prisons-the Sons of. Court -the Couris of Justice-oche Justices of the Peace-the Sheriff's Offi.. cers (a set of people peculiarly obnoxious to us authors)-the Women of the Town-the Pawnbrokers-the Thearres-shc Gaming houses -the Churches (or rather the clergy)-che Tower, as a depository of inftruments for the slaughter of the human species--the Customhouse-the India houfe-the Excise Office-the Bank- Bedlam-the Royal Exchange-the Mansion house, Guildhall, with the Lottery, &c.-Doctor's Commons—the College of Physicians-BridewellWestminster Abbey-and, to crown all, the Parliament, whose ediêts are, on account of the unequal representation of the people, pronounced to be, to the greater part of the inhabitants, literally the edicts of the monarch. We wish this observation were less successfully made out than it is, by this political cynic, within the compass of two or three Thort paragraphs. Art. 41. Lessons in Reading : or Miscellaneous Pieces in Prose
and Verse ; felected from the best English Authors, for the Improvement of the Youth of both Sexes. 12mo. 2 s. 6 d. Aberdeen. Taylor, 1780.
This Medley (the greater part of which is copied feriatim, without any acknowledgment, from Enfield's Speaker, Percival's Moral Tales, and other late publications of the same kind), is fo contemptibly executed with respect to type and paper; that it deserves only to be circulated by the travelling venders of godly books and ballads.
MATHEMATICS, Art. 42. The Elements of the Conic Sections, as preparatory to the
reading of Sir I. Newton's Principia. By the Rev. S. Vince, A. M. 28. 6 d. sewed. Rivington, &t. 1781..
Though these Elements are said, in the citle-page, to be preparatory to the reading of the Principia, it is necessary that the learnor should have some knowledge of the doctrine of quantities in their evanescent ftate, as delivered in that work, before he begins these Elements, For the Author has not demonstrated some of the most
Simple properties of the fe&tions, namely, those necessary to be known in order to draw tangents to them, without making ofe of the properties that arise from the relation of lines that are indefinitely near each other.
He begins with the properties that furnish the most usual method of describing the sections in plano ; and from thence deduces the equations of the abscissas and ordioates rightly applied : but he does it in an operose manner: and in the ellipiis, in order to come at the Equation, when the ordinates are obliquely applied, he firft demonItrates it to be the representation of a circle in plano. But, if it was necessary to introduce the demonstration of this, could not the book have begun here! Are not all the general properties of the ellipsis, that respe& its diameters, ordinates, and tangents, molt elegantly deduced, by thus considering it as the seation of a cylinder ? Does 'not 'every one of them, then, flow from its correspondent one in the circle given in Euclid's Elements ? As to the properties arifing from the excentricity of the ellipfis, do they not naturally follow when the others are demonstrated : Has not every ellipfis two pair of conjugate hyperbolas, entirely depending upon it, so that when the properties of the one are known, the correspondent ones in the others naturally flow from them, without laborious algebraical operations ? And would not all the molt useful leading properties of the parabola follow, from those of the ellipsis, considered with respect to its directTix ? And all this without transgrefling the bounds of the pureit geo"metrical method, or enlarging the bulk of the tra&t. Art. 43. Tables requisite to be used with the Nautical Ephemeris for
finding the Latitude and Longitude at Sea. Poblished by Order of ehe Commissioners of Longitude. The Second Edition, corrected and improved. 8vo. 55. fewed. Nourse, &c. 1781.
To the tables published with the first Nautical Ephemeris (of which fome account is given in bur Review for May 1767, Vol. xxxvi. *p. 39), some considerable alterations and additions are here made.
Mefl. Lyon's and 'Dunthorne's methods of finding the effects of refraction and parallax are rendered easier. And in order to obtain the distance of the moon from the star or fun by a more imple operation, some of Mr. Lyon's tables are omitted, and new rules given. Infead of Mr. Dunthorne's rule, in which 'natural lines are used, a more concise one, by logarithms, is given, and so as to make the distination of cases annecessary. With this view two of his tables have been much extended.
Several useful tables have moreover been computed for, and others copied into this edition, which were not in the former ; viz. Table 6th, for · reducing the sun's declination at noon for Greenwicb, to any other time under that meridian, or to noon under any other. Tab. 16. Logarithmic, finding the latitude from two observed altitudes of the fun, and the çime between ; taken from the Nautical Almanacks for 17*1, and 1781. Table 17. Natural lines. »18. Logarithms. 19 Logarithmic fines, 'tangents, and secants. 20. Longitudes and latitudes of places, from oblervations or surveys. 21. For "yedecing the time of the moon's pasiage over the meridian of Greenwich, to that of its passage over any other meridian, -22. For reducing the moon's declination, as given in the Nautical Almanack
for for soon and midnight at Greenwich, to any other time under that meridian, or to poon or midnight under any oiber. 23. For reducing the fuo's right ascension in time, as given in the Nautical Almanack for doon at Greenwich, to any other cime under that meridian, or to noon under any other meridian.
We are here told, that the new tables, with their explanation and use, were drawn up by W. Wales, F.R. S. Master of the Royal Ma. themacical School in Christ's Hospital, a person well versed both in the theory and practice of astronomy and navigation.
By way of Appendix are added two other methods, one by the Astronomer-royal; the other by Mr. G, Witchel, F. R. S. for correcting the apparent distance of the moon from the sun, or a star, on account of refraction and parallax.
We are glad to find that this scientific method of navigation gains so much ground, .as to have exhausted the firit edition since 1767. though it confifted of ten thousand copies. Art. 44. The Nautical Almanack, and Astronomical Ephemeris, for
1786. Published by Order of the Commislioners of Longitude. 8vo. 38. 6 d. fewed. Nourse, &c. 1781.
Similar to those for former years. Art. 45. A Sexagesimal Table; exhibiting, at Sight, the Result of
any Proportion, where the Terms do not exceed fixty Minutes. Also Tables of the Equation of Second Difference ; and Tables for turning the lower Denominations of English Money, Weights, and Measures, into Sexagefimals of the higher, and vice versa. the Sexagefimal Table turned into Seconds, as far as the 1oooth Columo; being a very useful Millesimal Table of proportional Parts. With Precepts and Examples. Useful for Astronomers, Mathematicians, Navigators, and Persons in Trade. By Michael Taylor. Published by Order of the Commisioners of Longitude. Quarto. 15 s. fewed. Nourse, 1780.
The Author fays, · ebat he took the same care in correcting the press, as in the conltruction of the tables ; and hopes they will be tound as correct as any extant. They con Git of 315 pages, printed on an excellent type and paper, and are illuttrated with plenty of examples. Art. 46. 'The Question-Book : or, A Practical Introduction to
Arithmetic. Containing a great Variety of Examples in all the fondamental Rules. By Thomas Molineux.
2 s. bound. Bathurfi. 1781. This book may be very useful to all idle schoolmasters.
MEDICAL. Art. 47. Obfervations on the Dysentery of the West Indies ; .with a new and successful Manner of treating it. By Benjamin Moseley, Surgeon at King om in Jamaica. 8vo. 15. Jamaica, printed, London reprinted, for Becker. 1781.
The fubftance of this short tract is comprised in the following fommary given by the Author: “ That the dysentery is a fever of the interines ; that the cause is obftructed perfpiration; and that the cure is, - in calling back the circulation to the surface of the body, and increafing the fenfible perspiration by the moft active SUDORIFICS.'
This idea is certainly not new, though perhaps the extent to which it is pursued in practice by the Writer is a variation from the common method of treatment. The remedies principally recommended by him, are, antimonial wine with laudanum, and James's powder. He keeps up, the sweat, when begun, by wrapping up in a blanket, and giving warm diluents ; avoiding carefully any streams of cold air. He appeals to his success for confirmation of his do&rine ; and his method certainly claims the attention of those concerned in the management of the same alarming and fatal disease. Art. 48. Observations on the Diseases which appeared in the Army
on St. Lucia, in 1778 and 1779. To which are prefixed, Remarks calculated to afift in ascertaining the causes, and in explaining the Treatment, of those Diseases. With an Appendix, containing a Short Address to Military Gentlemen, on the Means of preserving Health in the West Indies. 1 2mo. 2 S Dilly. 1781.
The utility of local observations on Diseases has been evinced by so many excellent modern Publications, that it is needless to confirm by argument, what experience has eltablished. The amazing extension of the commercial and military operations of this country bas rendered such communications peculiarly necessary and useful in our days, as so many new sources of danger from unwholesome climates, and cousual diseases, have unfortunately been opened. Every attempt, therefore, to add to the stock of knowledge in this respect, delerves attention and indulgence.
The Author before us, who figns himself John Rollo *, has very concisely described the island of St. Lucia, with a view to the degree of falubrity of its several parts; and has, with equal brevity, given a history of the diseases which prevailed there among our troops, for about six months. Though neither the morbid phenomena, nor the mode of treatment, offer any thing materially different from what has before been observed in fimilar climates, the Work may, however, be usefully consulted by medical gentlemen employed on the same service. The concluding Address to Gentlemen of the Army contains fome advice which they would, doubtless; fod advantage in following:
RELIGIOUS. Art. 49. Two Sermons. 1. At St. Bridget's Church, before the
Lord Mayor and ihe Governors of the several Hospicals, in Easter Weck, 1780. lI. At St. Paul's, Sept. 2. 1980, being the annual Commemoration of the Fire of London. By Eat Apihorp, D. D. Rector of St. Mary-le-Bow. 4to.
I s. Law. The first discourse gives a short historical account of the origin of hospitals in this country, after the dissolution of the monaiteries ; and pays a juít tribute to the munificence of their founders, and the exa cellence of their inftitution.
The second confils of pious and candid reflections on the condae of Divine Providence, particularly with respect to that terrible event which this Sermon was designed to commemorate. The leading object of it is to enforce the principles of humility and relignation that
• Surgeon in the Royal Artillery, now in the West Indies.
under the in Auence of the former we may improve our mercies, and by the aid of the latrer may derive benefit from our ami&tions. Art. 50. Every Man's Monitor ; or the Universal Counsellor.
In Prose and Verse. Being a Collection of select Sentences, choice Maxims, and divine Precepts; suited both for Youth and Age of every Sect and Denomination, as long as Time endures. By John Coliman. Svo. 2 s. 6 d. Buckland. 1781.
Among the choice maxims' of this book, the following is the sheiceft.
• Poverty is a creature of the fancy;' Counsellor Coleman would deserve a fee, if he could make good bis
maxim' to the satisfaction of 'half-Itarv'd hackney sonnetteers, and-us, poor Reviewers ! - But alas! all our riches lie in fancy, and our poverty is the terrible reality we have to complain of — just at dinner-cime ! Art. 51. A serious and affeclionate Address to all Orders of Men;
ada pued to ibis awful Crisis. In which are earnestly recommended the Works of the laie Rev. William Law, A.M. To which are added Three Letters written by Mr. Law to the Author. 8vo. 1 s. Robinson. 1781..
The Author of this perious and, affeionate Address,' is a great admirer of the mystic writers, and confiders Mr. Law's works as the quintessence of that ' divine philife phy which marvelously unfolds all ibe myfteries of nature and grace, and immutably establishes the Cbriftian religion on its own self-evident and eternal principles.'
The Author hath recorded the last words of this truly pious and excellent man. “ Away with these filthy garments, said this dying saint:-1 feel a sacred fire kindled in my foul, which will destroy every thing contrary to itself, and burn as a flame of divine love to all eternity.' In such a triumph of holy joy did this extraordinary fervant of God mot devoutly reign bis blessed spirit into the hands of his beloved Lord and Malier, at the place of his nativity, the town of King's Clift, in the county of Northampton. And in the Churchyard of that parish he lies interred under a handsome comb, erected to his memory by a particular and dear friend, who lived many years with him, and therefore had ļong known, and highly and juftly elteemed his fingular worth.'
The inscription on his tomb is as follows: " Here lieth the body of the late Rev. William Law, A M. who died April 9. 1761, aged 75. He was known to the world by a number of truly Chrillian, pious writings ; exemplified by a life (pent in a manner suitable to a worthy and crue disciple of his heavenly, divine, crucified Master and Saviour Jesus Christ, who lived and spoke in him and by him. In his younger days he fufficiently distinguished himself by his parts and progress in human literature. Afterwards taking the advice of our Saviour to the rich young man, be totally renounced the world, and followed Chrilt in meekness, humility, and self-denial : and in his last years he was wholly absorbed in love to God and mankind; so that virtue in him was nothing but heavenly love and heavenly flame."
The Author of this Address seems to have imbibed the sentiments of the core amiable myftics; he expresses himself somewhat after the