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First Volume of this work.

41

Chronologists

differ about
the dates of
their deatbs.

54 Evaristus

X. B. The dates denote the year in which the person died, or resigned the office.
Roman Emperors.

Bishops of Rome.*
CENTURY I.
A. D.

CENTURY I.
Augastus

14

Linus
Tiberius

Anaclitus
S7

Clement
Caligula
Claudius
Nero ...

68

Alexander Galba

69

CENTURY II. Otho... 69

A. D. Vitellius 70 Xystus or Sixtus

127 Vespasian., 79 | Tellesphorus

198 Titus. 81 Hyginus

150 Domitian 96 Pius I..

153 Nerva 98 Anicetus

162 CENTURY II. Soter

179 Trajan 117 Eleutherius.

185 Adrian 138 | Victor

196 Antoninus Pius.

161

CENTURY III. Marcus Antonious 180 Zepherinus ..

219 Lucius Verus Commodus. 192 Callistus

224 Pertinax... 193 Urban.

231 Did. Julianus 193 Pontianus

235 Niger 194 Anterns

236 Albinus 197 Fabianus

251 CENTURY III. Cornelius

954 Severus 211 Lucius..

256 Caracalla 217 Stephen

258 Macrinus 218 Sixtus II.

259 Heliogabalus 222 | Dionysius

270 Severus Alexander 235 Felix ..

275 Maximio..... 237 | Eutychianus

285 Gordian I. II... 237 Caius Marcellinus..

296 Babianus and Balbinus.. 238

CENTURY IV. Gordian III.

244 Marcellinus Philip the Arabian.. 250 Marcellus

S09 Decius..... 252 | Eusebius...

311 Gallus and Volusianus 255 | Melchiades..

313 Æmilianus 253 Sylvester..

SS5 Valerian 259 Mark

336 Gallienus. 268 Julius

S52 Claudius II. 270 | Liberius

367 Quintillius 270 | Damasus.

S8+ Aurelian 275 Syricius

398 Tacitus

975

CENTURY V. Florianus

276 Anastasius Probus 282 Innocent.

417 Carus 183 | Zasinius

418 Numerianus 284 Boniface I......

423 The succession of the Bishops of Rome is an extremely intricate affair. But the following catalogue, which is according to the learned Bishop Pearson, will, perhaps, be sufficiently accurate to serve the purpose of assisting the readers of this history,

304

402

Roman Emperors.

Bishops of Rome.
CENTURY IV.

A. D.
A. D. Celestine I...

432 Dioclesian and Maximin 305 | Sixtus III.

440 Galerius .... 311 Leo the Great

461 Constantius. 306 Hilarius

467 CONSTANTINE the GREAT 357 Simplicias

483 Maximin and Licinius 312 Felix III.

492 Constantine II. 338 Galasias

496 Constantius 361 Anastasias II,

498 Constans

350

CENTURY VI. Julian the Apostate 363 Symmachus I.

514 Jovian 364 Hormisdas

523 Valentinian 375 John I....

526 Valens. 378 Felix IV..

529 Gratian 383 Bouiface II.

531 Valentinian II. 392 John II.

535 THEODOSICS the GREAT 595 | Agapetus I.

536 NB. The Roman Empire at this time Sylverius....

540 divided into Eastern and Western.

Vigilius

555 CENTURY V. Pelagius I.

558 Emperors of the West. (Rome.) John III.

572 Honorius 423 Benedict I.

577 Valentian III. 455 Pelagius II.

590 Maximus.

455 GREGORY the GREAT, who is properly Avitus..

456

termed the Pope or l'niversal Bishop. Majorianus

461 Severus

Popes after Gregory the Great.

465 Anthemius

472
Sabinianus

605 Glycerius

474
Boniface III.

606 Julius Nepos

475
Boniface IV

614 Angustulus....

476
Deodatus

617
O DOACER
Boniface V.

625 took the title of King of Italy,

Honorius I..

638 and pat an end to the Western

Severinas I.

493 Empire until the reign of Char.

John IV.

641 lemagne in 800.

Theodore I.

648 CENTURY VI. Martin I.

655 Kings of Italy. Engenios I.

656 Theodoric 526 Vitalianus

671 Atbalaric 534 Adeodatus

676 Theodatus 536 | Domnus

678 Vitiges... 540 Agatho I.

682 Lombard Kings. Leo II,

68% Alboinus.

571
Benedict II.

685 Clephis 573 John V.

686 Apiharis 590 Conon

687 Emperors of the East. (Constanti- Sergius I.

701 nople.) John VI..

705 CENTURY V. John VII.

707 Arcadios... 408 Sisinnius

708 Theodosius II. 450 Constantine

714 Marcianus 457 Gregory II.

731 Leo I. 474 Gregory III.

741 Leo II. 474 Zachary

734 Zeno Isaurias... 491 Stephen II..

752 CENTURY VI. Stephen III.

757 Anastasias 518 Paul.....

767 Justin I. 527 | Stephen IV.

772 Justinian. 565 | Adrian...

795

639

586 Leo III.

A. D.

795 816 817 824 827 827 844 847 855 858 867 872 832 884 885 890 896 397

Emperors of the Eust.

Popes of Rome.
A. D.

CENTURY IX.
Justin II. ...

578 Tiberius II. CENTURY VII.

Stephen V. Mauricius

602 Pascbal I. Phocas

610 Eugene II. . Heraclius

641 Valentine Constantine III.

641

Gregory IV. Heraclianus

642

Sergius II. Constans II.

668 Leo IV. Constantine IV.

685

Benedict III. Leontius ...

698 Nicholas I.. Tiberius III.

703 Adrian II. CENTURY VIII.

John VIII. Justinian II.

711 Marinus II. Anastasius II.

714 Adrian III.... Theodosius III.

716 Stephen VI. Leo Isaurius

741 Formosus Const. Copronymus

780 Boniface VI... Porphyry

797 Stephen VII. Irene

802

CENTURY X.
Emperors of the West, of the house of Theodore II. .
France.

Johu IX..
CENTURY IX.

Benedict IV..
Charlemagne .....

800 Leo V... Lewis the Debonnair 814 Christopher Lotharius I.

840 Sergius III. Lewis II...

855 Anastasius III. Charles II. or the Bald

875 Landon Lewis III. or the Stammerer 878 John X. Charles Ill. or the Fat 879 | Leo VỊ. Arnold....

887 Stephen VIII. Lewis IV.

899 John XI.
German Emperors.

Leo VII.
CENTURY X.

Stephen IX.
Conrad I. ...

912 Marinus III. Henry I. or the Fowler 919 Agapetus II. Otho I. or the Great... 936 | John XII. Otho II. or the Bloody 973 Leo VIII. Otho III......

983 Benedict V.
Emperors of the East.

Jobn XIII...
CENTURY IX.

Domnus II.
Nicephorus.....

802 Benedict VI... Stauracius

811 Boniface VII.. Michael Curopalates.

811 Benedict VII. Leo V....

813 John XIV. Michael II. the Stammerer .. 820 John XV. Theophilus

829 John XVI. Michael III.

842 John XVII. Basil

866 Gregory V.. Leo the Philosopher.. 886 Silvester II. CENTURY X.

CENTURY XI. Alexander

911 | John XVIII. Constantine Prophyrogenitus 912 John XIX. Romanus Lecapene

919 Sergius IV. Christopher ...

Benedict VIII. Constantine restored. 944 John XX..... Stephen ...

Benedict IX. Romanus the Young

959 | Gregory VI...

901 901 905 905 906 906 910 912 913 928 929 931 936 939 943 946 955 963 964 965 972 972 974 975 984 985 996 996 996 999

1003 1003 1009 1012 1024 1034 1044

A.D.

1048

1054 1057 105 4 1061 1073 1086 1668 1099

Emperors of the East.

Popes of Rome.

A. D.
Basil and Constantine 963 Clement II.
Nicephorus Pbocas

963 Damaias II. John Zimisces ..

969 St. Leo IX.. Basil II. and Constantine the Victor II. Young restored...... 974 Stephen X... CENTURY XI.

Nicholas II. Romanas Argyropolas...... 1028 Alexander II.. Michael the Paphlagonian .. 103Gregory VII.. Michael Calaphates.. ... 1041 Victor III. Zeo and Theodora.. ... 1042 Urban II. Constantine Monomachos.... 1042 Paschal II. Theodora....

... 1054

CENTURY XII.
Michael the Warrior. ... 1056 Gelasus II..
Isaac Compenos

... 1057 Calixtus II...
Constantine Ducas .... 1059 Honorius II.
Romanas Diogenies ... 1068 Innocent II.
Micuael Ducas .. ... 1071 | Celestine II.
Nicephorus Botoniates...... 1078 | Lucius 11.
Michael Dncas & Constantine

Eugenius III. Alexius Comnenas

1081 Anastasins IV. CENTURY XII.

Adrian IV. Joanos Comnenus .......... 1118 Alexander III. Manuel Comneous ........ 1143 Lacias IIL. Alexius Comnenos the younger1180 Urban III. Andronicus Comnenus...... 1183 Gregory VIII. Isaac Angelas

1185 Clement III. Alexius Angelus, called the Celestine III. Tyrant..

1195 Innocent III.
Emperors of the West.

CENTURY XL.
St. Henry II. sarnamed the
Lame

1002 Conrad II, the Salic

1024 Henry III, the Black. 1039 Henry IV. the Old..

1056 Rodolph I.

1077 CENTURY XII. Henry V.

1106 Lotharins II.

1125 Conrad III.

1139 Frederick I. Barbarossa

1150 Henry VI.

1193 Philip...

1199

1112 1119 1174 1136) 1143 114+ 1145 1153 1154

1159 • 1181 .. 1185 .. 1187

1183 1191 119:

INTRODUCTION.

THE rise and progress of the Christian religion,-its influence on every state and kingdom by which it has been embraced, and the amelioration of the condition of the human race, through its means, by the conversion of rude barbarians to a degree of improvement unknown to classic ages,-all concur to render an impartial account of it almost as interesting to the philosopher and the politician as it is to the sincere disciple of the Saviour.

The History now offered to the public, has, lowever, been compiled with a more direct and special view to the intormation of the latter class of readers than of either of the former; and it may not be without its use, before we enter immediately on the subject itself, to pause, and take a cursory view of the actual state of the world in the age in which the Gospel dispensation had its commencement. Christianity claims an heavenly origin, and professes to have conterred, and indeed still to confer, blessings on mankind to which no other religion has any pretensions. What, from age to age, it is doing für ourselves, few of us need to be told; but without reFerting to the condition of our species at the time of its first promulgation, and distinctly marking its progress in the subversion of the idolatrous rites and absurd superstitions of Paganism, we can never apprecime, as we ought to do, the extent of those benefits which have resulted from the introduction and establishment of this VOL. I.

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