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37 The sons of Reuel; Nahath, Zerah, point at which the narration of events was Shammah, and Mizzah.
broken off, at the close of the last chapter 38 And the sons of Seir; Lotan, and of the Second Book of the Kings. A period Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon,
of more than three thousand years is comand Ezar, and Dishan. 39 And the sons of Lotan; Hori, and
prised within the space of a few pages;
the 7 Homam: and Timna was Lotan's sister.
largest portion of which is included in the 40 The sons of Shobal; 8 Alian, and
first chapter of this Book on which we now Manahath, and Ebal, 'Shephi, and Onam. enter. We shall offer a few reflections as And the sons of Zibeon; Aiah, and Anah. they are presented to our mind in the review. 41 The sons of Anah; Dishon. And the
How rapid is the course of time! Thousons of Dishon; "Amram, and Eshban, and
sands of generations may be brought within Ithran, and Cheran. 42 The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and Zavan,
a very short space. The age of the world, and "Jakan. The sons of Dishan; Uz, and
like the life of man, soon passes away. “A Aran.
thousand years in thy sight are but as yester43 | Now these are the kings that reigned day when it is past, and as a watch in the in the land of Edom before any king reigned night.” (Ps. xc. 4.) Never lose sight of this over the children of Israel; Bela the son of startling fact. Time passes rapidly away. Beor: and the name of his city was Dinhabah.
Life is speedily drawing towards its close. 44 And when Bela was dead, Jobab the
Yet a little while, and every man living will son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.
be no more.
A few more short years, per45 And when Jobab was dead, Husham of haps, and the world itself shall cease to the land of the Temanites reigned in his exist. That great day will have come,
time shall be no longer; and all will be 46 And when Husham was dead, Hadad
swallowed up in one vast eternity. The the son of Bedad, which smote Midian in the
wicked will be shut up for ever in hell. The field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the
righteous will be received into that eternal name of his city was Avith.
47 And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of kingdom and glory, which God hath prepared Masrekah reigned in his stead.
for them before the foundation of the world. 48 And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of (Rev. x. 6.) Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead. In looking over this list of names, we 49 And when Shaul was dead, Baal-hanan
may select some, here and there, for prothe son of Achbor reigned in his stead.
fitable reflection. Can we think of the first 50 And when Baal-hanan was dead, "Hadad reigned in his stead : and the name of
man, Adam, and not call to mind our original his city was '* Pai; and his wife's name was
creation, as taken from the dust of the ground; Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the our original purity, as first created in the daughter of Mezahab.
image of God; our grievous fall, in the sin 51 | Hadad died also. And the dukes of
of the first who sinned; the lamentable conseEdom were; duke Timnah, duke " Aliah, duke Jetheth,
quences which ensued, in the loss sustained, 52 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke
the sentence passed, and the death incurred, Pinon,
both of body and soul, in time and for ever? 53 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,
or can we forget the remedy provided, in the 54 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are person of the promised Redeemer, then first the dukes of Edom.
made known to the world, who is emphati(1) Or, Diphath, as it is in some (7) Or, Hemam, Gen. xxxvi. 82. cally styled the “Second Man," the "Lord
(8) Or, Alvan, Gen. xxxvi. 23. (2) Or, Rodanim, according to (9) Or, Shepho, Gen. xxxvi. 28. from heaven ?" (1 Cor. xv. 47.) Viewed in some copies.
(10) Or, Hemdan, Gen. xxxvi. 26. (3) Or, Mash, Gen. x. 23.
(11) Or, Akan, Gen. xxxvi. 27. this light, one word embodies the whole sub(4) That is, Division, Gen. x. 25. (12) Or, Hadar, Gen. xxxvi. 39. (5) Or, Hadar, Gen. xxv. 15. (13) Or, Pau, Gen. xxxvi. 39. stance of divine revelation; and profitably (6) Or, Zepho, Gen. xxxvi, 11. (14) Or, Alvah.
reminds us of all the great and essential truths
of the gospel of our salvation through Christ The two Books of Chronicles contain a sort
our Lord. of brief compendium of the whole of the Or, can you read the name of Enoch, and sacred history, from the first creation to the not be reminded of the man that walked with
God, and was not found; for God took him ; 2 Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, and thence learn the unspeakable happiness
Gad, and Asher.
3 The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, of having fellowship with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ; and how we ought to
and Shelah; which three were born unto him
of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. be looking forward to the coming of that
And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in day, of which he spake, saying, “Behold the
the sight of the LORD; and he slew him. Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
4 And Tamar his daughter in law bare to execute judgment upon all, and to con- him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of vince all that are ungodly among them of all Judah were five. their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly 5 The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and
Hamul. committed, and of all their hard speeches
6 And the sons of Zerah; *Zimri, and which ungodly sinners have spoken against him?" (Jude 14, 15.)
Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and 'Dara:
five of them in all. Or, can the name of Noah meet your eye, 7 And the sons of Carmi; “Achar, the and not recall to mind the wickedness of the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the world, the destruction by the deluge, and his thing accursed. wonderful preservation in the ark? Does it
8 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah. not also remind you of the sudden and un
9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born
unto him ; Jerahmeel, and 'Ram, and Cheexpected manner in which the Son of man
lubai. shall come to judge the quick and the dead;
10 And Ram begat Amminadab; and in what an awful state the ungodly world Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the will then be found ; and how inexpressibly children of Judah; dreadful will be that desolation which will 11 And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma sweep away the wicked for ever into the pit begat Boaz, of woe? (Matt. xxiv. 36-39.)
12 And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat
Jesse, Or, can you read the names of his three
13 | And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, sons, and not tremble at the consequences of
and Abinadab the second, and 'Shimma the filial impiety exhibited by one of them; and third, likewise praise God for enlarging Japheth, 14 Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, to whom we belong, and bringing us into 15 Ozem the sixth, David the seventh : Shem's tent, to love the Saviour whom his 16 Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abidescendants rejected, and to enjoy the salva
gail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, tion and privileges which they cast off?
and Joab, and Asahel, three.
17 And Abigail bare Amasa: and the These are but a few among many of the
father of Amasa was 'Jether the Ishmeelite. reflections which are suggested to mind, in
18 | And Caleb the son of Hezron begat looking over the substance of this chapter. children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: But these may teach you how to read names; her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and and what use you may make of those parts Ardon. of the Word of God which some would pass
19 And when Azubah was dead, Caleb over as if they were of no avail. “Every word
took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur.
20 And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat of God is pure;” and “all holy scriptures
Bezaleel. are able to make us wise unto salvation."
21 | And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead,
whom he married when he was threescore CHAPTER II.
years old; and she bare him Segub. 1 The sons of Israel. 8 The posterity of Judah by Tamar.
22 And Segub begat Jair, who had three 13 The children of Jesse. 18 The posterity of Caleb the and twenty cities in the land of Gilead. son of Hezron. 21 Hezron's posterity by the daughter
23 And he took Geshur, and Aram, with of Machir. 25 Jerahmeel's posterity. 34 Sheshan's posterity. 42 Another branch of Caleb's posterity. 50
the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, The posterity of Caleb the son of Hur.
and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. THESE are the sons of 'Israel ; Reuben, All these belonged to the sons of Machir the
Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and father of Gilead. Zebulun,
24 And after that Hezron was dead in
(3) Or, Darda.
Caleb-ephratah, then Abiah Hezron's wife
48 Maachah, Caleb's concubine, bare Shebare him Ashur the father of Tekoa.
ber, and Tirhanah. 25 | And the sons of Jerahmeel the first- 49 She bare also Shaaph the father of born of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah.
and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of 26 Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose Caleb was Achsa. name was Atarah; she was the mother of 50 | These were the sons of Caleb the Onam.
son of Hur, the firstborn of " Ephratah ; Sho27 And the sons, of Ram the firstborn of bal the father of Kirjath-jearim, Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker. 51 Salma the father of Beth-lehem, Ha
28. And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, reph the father of Beth-gader. and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, 52 And Shobal the father of Kirjath-jearim and Abishur.
had sons; "Haroeh, and half of the Mana29 And the name of the wife of Abishur hethites. was Abihail, and she bare him Ahban, and 53 And the families of Kirjath-jearim ; Molid.
the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shu30 And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and mathites, and the Mishraites; of them came Appaim: but Seled died without children. the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites.
31 And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And 54 The sons of Salma ; Beth-lehem, and the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children the Netophathites, 14 Ataroth, the house of of Sheshan; Ahlai.
Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the 32 And the sons of Jada the brother of
Zorites. Shamimai; Jether, and Jonathan: and Jether 55 And the families of the scribes which died without children.
dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeath33 And the sons of Jonathan ; Peleth, and ites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites Zaza. These were the sons of Jerahmeel. that came of Hemath, the father of the house 34 | Now Sheshan had no sons, but
of Rechab. daughters. And Sheshan had a servant, an (1) Or, Jacob.
(9) 2 Sam. xvii. 25, Ithra an Is
(2) Or, Zabdi, Josh. vii. I. Egyptian, whose name was Jarha.
(11) Or, Ephrath, ver. 19. 35 And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha (5) Or, Aram, Matt. i. 3, 4. (12) Or, Reaiah, ch. iv. 2. his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai.
(6) Or, Caleb, ver. 18, 42.
(13) Or, half of the Menuchites,
(7) Or, Salmon, Ruth iv. 21; or, Hatsi-bammenuchoth. 36 And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan
(14) Or, Atarites, or, crowns of the
(8) Or, Shammah, 1 Sam. xvi. 9. begat Zabad,
37 And Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat Obed,
We have again, in this chapter, another long 38 And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat list of ancient names. We will seek to Azariah,
gather some improvement from them. As 39 And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat Eleasah,
before, we will select some here and there 40 And Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Si
for this purpose. samai begat Shallum,
The first is Israel. This is another name 41 And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Je- for Jacob. He obtained the birthright, and kamiah begat Elishama.
wrestled for the blessing. From that time 42 | Now the sons of Caleb the brother
his name was changed; and “ Israel ” was of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn,
to be the future, designation of his family and which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.
people. Why so? Not merely because of 43 And the sons of Hebron; Korah, and
their being descended from him ; but because Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema.
they ought to be like him, as all the true 44 And Shema begat Raham, the father of people of God are. Hence they were called Jorkoam : and Rekem begat Shammai. “Israelites;" that is, men who, as princes, had 45 And the son of Shammai was Maon:
power with God and prevailed. For many and Maon was the father of Beth-zur.
years this was the common designation of the 46 And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare
ancient church of God; as Christians, after Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.
the name of Christ, are now termed; which ,
to us implies, that we should be what we Jotham, and Gesham, and Pelet, and Ephah,
are called; that is, Christians indeed; men and Shaaph.
interested in the salvation of Christ, loving
Matt. i. 4.
house of Joab.
his name, and rejoicing in his salvation. be “Holiness to the Lord upon the bells of You remember the case of Nathaniel. It the horses." (Zech. xiv. 20.) Not a furrow illustrates the remark before us.
will be struck; nor a journey taken ; nor a him under the fig-tree; and knew what he load carried, nor a bargain be made, but it was doing there. It is very probable, that shall be in the spirit of the gospel, and to he was then wrestling in prayer to God the glory of God. Let us pray for such for some special blessing, as Jacob ages times. Let us pray that the earth may no before had done. And therefore our Lord
longer groan under man's iniquities, but addressed him in these words: Behold render unto the Lord the just revenue of Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!" praise and glory due to his name. May the (John i. 47.) In this manner, also, such Lord pour out his Spirit upon all flesh ! expressions as the “house of Israel,” and,
“ the earth be filled with the knowthe "seed of the house of Israel," and such ledge of the glory of the Lord as the waters like, are often to be understood ; not merely cover the sea.” (Ruth ii. 4; Habak. ii. 14.) as denoting Israel according to the flesh; but Israel after the Spirit; the seed of Israel, who are like their progenitor when the name of Israel was given to him. This distinction
CHAPTER III. will throw a wonderful degree of light upon
I The sons of David. 10 His line to Zedekiah. 17 The
successors of Jeconiah. large portions of the Word of God; and make many passages plain which otherwise NOW these were the sons of David, which might appear involved in great obscurity.
firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; Just as, when the apostle says,
“ We are the the second 'Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess: circumcision,” he means, not we, who are 2 The third, Absalom the son of Maachah descended from Abraham according to the
the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur : the flesh, to whom the rite was first enjoined; fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith : but we, who "worship God in the Spirit, and
3 The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the
sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife. rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confi
4 These six were born unto him in Hebron; dence in the flesh." (See Phil. iii. 3, with and there he reigned seven years and six Rom. ix. 6-8.)
months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty There are two names further on of a dif- and three years. ferent description. Of one it is said, he was
5 And these were born unto him in Jeruevil in the sight of the Lord; and the
salem ; 'Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, Lord slew him. Of the other, he was the
and Solomon, four, of 3 Bath-shua the daughter
of 4 Ammiel: troubler of Israel; who transgressed in the
6 Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet, thing accursed (v. 7). How long after men 7 And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, are dead may the crimes they have committed 8 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphebe recorded against them! Indeed, time let, nine. can never efface any man's sins.
If they are
9 These were all the sons of David, beside not blotted out in the blood of the Lamb,
the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their
sister. they will all be forthcoming in the last day,
10 I And Solomon's son was Rehoboam, when the judgment shall be set and the
1 Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his books opened. (Rev. xx. 11-15.)
son, Here is also the name of Boaz, the man 11 Joram his son, & Ahaziah his son, Joash who blessed his reapers in the name of the Lord, and who was blessed by them in the
12 Amaziah his son, 'Azariah his son,
Jotham his son, same spirit in return. Might not our farmers
13 Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Maand labourers learn a profitable lesson from the
nasseh his son, field of Boaz? When such a spirit and such
14 Amon his son, Josiah his son. language as, “The Lord be with you,” and, 15 And the sons of Josiah were, the first“ The Lord bless thec,” shall prevail in our born Johanan, the second "Jehoiakim, the fields between master and men, there will soon third '? Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.
(4) Or, Eliam, 2 Sam. xi. 3.
16 And the sons of Jehoiakim : 13 Jeconiah Who can read the name of Amnon, and not his son, Zedekiah his son.
shudder at his horrible impiety? Who can 17 [ And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, "Sa
hear the name of Absalom, and not be relathiel his son,
minded of the fearful doom of rebels and 18 Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and She
traitors? Does not his sad end teach all chilnazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah. 19 And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerub
dren to honour their parents; all subjects to babel, and Shimei : and the sons of Zerub- obey their king; all young persons to beware babel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and She- of pride and vanity, when they remember lomith their sister :
how he was caught by the hair of his head 20 And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Bere
(of which he was excessively proud,) in the chiah, and Hasadiah, Jushabhesed, five.
boughs of an oak; and there was slain, in 21 And the sons of Hananiah ; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons
the very act of rebellion both against God, of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of
his father, and his king? Or can you read Shechaniah.
the name of Adonijah, who usurped the 22 And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: throne before his father's death, and not and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, learn what a great crime it is to desire the and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six. death of others, whether parents or not, that 23 And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai,
you may inherit their possessions? In the and " Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.
24 And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, family of that devoted servant of God, how and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and many wicked sons were found! How many Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven. things must have grieved him from day to day!
Yet, although his “house was not so " with (1) Or, Chileab, 2 Sam. iii. 3. (9) Or, Uzziah, 2 Kings xv. 30. (2) Or, Shammua, 2 Sam. v. 14. (10) Or, Jehoahaz, 2 Kings xxiii. 30. (3) Or, Bath-sheha, 2 Sam. xi. 3. (11) Or, Eliakim, 2 Kings xxiii.34.
God as he desired, how happy was it for him (12) Or, Mattaniah, 2 Kings xxiv.
to be enabled to say," he hath made with me (6) Or, Flishua, 2 Sam. v. 15. (6) Or, Beeliada, ch. xiv. 7. (13) Or, Jehoiachin, 2 Kings xxiv.
an everlasting covenant ordered in all things (7) Or, Abijam, 1 Kings xv. 1.
6; or, Coniah, Jer. xxii. 21. (8) Or, Azariah, 2 Chron. xxii. 6; (14) Heb. Shealtiel.
and sure. or, Jchoahaz, 2 Chr. xxi. 17. (15) Heb. Iliskijahu.
This is all my salvation, and all my
desire.” Is such the case with you? Is
the great covenant of redemption and salWe have still before us the recapitulation vation by Jesus Christ sure and certain to of names. The family of David, in his line
you; all your salvation and all your desire ? to Zedekiah, and onwards through the de- (2 Sam. xxiii. 1-5.) scendants of Jeconiah, is the subject of the The name of Solomon should teach you to present chapter. Some of these names we offer Solomon's prayer; and ask the Lord to shall select for improvement.
bestow upon you the blessing vouchsafed to On the mention of David, are we not re- him. To feel your ignorance, and to pray for minded of many things in his history replete an“ understanding heart,” are hopeful signs. with instruction for our good ? Ought we “If any man lack wisdom, let him ask of God, ever to forget the sweet psalmist of Israel, and it shall be given him.” At the same time, by whom the Spirit of the Lord spake, and let it also teach you to avoid Solomon's sins. whose word was in his tongue ? Is not his Keep close to the Lord. Never let your heart early career brought before us?
be divided. Let no idolatrous attachment forget his anointing by Samuel, the lion and to the world, or sinful compliance with any the bear, the sling and the stone, his per- other object, ever draw you away from the secutions by Saul, his wonderful preserva- simplicity of the truth as it is in Christ Jesus. tions, his miraculous escapes, his subsequent Pray for wisdom to direct you. Pray for possession of the throne, his long and pros- grace to keep you. If he had great experous reign, his declining years, and peace- cellencies, he had, also, great faults. If he ful death? How many things are associated rose to great eminence, he, also, sunk down with a single name in the sacred Word! to great depths of disgrace. Pray the Lord
If you look into his family there are some to keep you from these things; and from names mentioned among his sons, which are every thing likely to lead you to them. calculated to teach many awakening lessons. Forbidden indulgences are always danger