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16. Some have given excessive 9. By reading the Letany in the cause of scandall to the Church as midst of the body of the church in being suspected of Socinianisme.

many parochiall churches. 17. Some have defended that con- 10. By pretending for their innovacupiscence is no sin either in the tions, the injunctions, and advertisehabit or first motion.

ments of Queene Elizabeth, which are 18. Some have broacht out of so- not in force, but by way of commencinus a most uncomfortable and des- tary and imposition, and by putting perate doctrine, that late repentance, to the Liturgie printed, secundo, tertio that is, upon the last bed of sicknesse, Edwardi sexti, which the parliament is unfruitfull, at least to reconcile the hath reformed and laid aside. penitent to God.

11. By offering of bread and wine

by the hand of the churchwardens, or AND MOST REPROVEABLE BOOKES. others, before the consecration of the

1. The reconciliation of Sancta Clara elements. to knit the Komish and Protestant in 12. By having a Credentia, or side one, Memorandum that he be caused table, besides the Lord's table, for to produce Bishop Watkins' booke of divers uses in the Lord's Supper. the like reconciliation which he speaks 13. By introducing an offertory of.

before the communion, distant from 2. A booke called Brevis Disqui- the giving of alms to the poore. sitio printed (as it is thought) in Lon- 14. By prohibiting the ministers to don, and vulgarly to be had, which expound the catechisme at large to impugneth the doctrine of the Holy their parishioners. Trinity, and the verity of Christ's 15. By supressing of lectures, partly body (which hee tooke of the blessed on Sundayes in the afternoon, partly virgin) in heaven, and the verity of on week dayes, performed as well by our resurrection.

combination, as some one man. 3. A booke called Timotheus phila- 16. By prohibiting a direct prayer lethes de pace Eclesia, which holds before sermon, and bidding of prayer. that every religion will save a man if 17. By singing the Te Deum in hee hold the covenant.

prose after a cathedrall church way,

in divers parochiall churches, where 1. The turning of the holy table the people have no skill in such altarwise, and most coinmonly call- musique. ing it an Altar,

18. By introducing Latine service in 2. Bowing towards it, or towards the communion of late, in Oxford, the East, many times, with three con- and into some colledges in Camgees, but usually in every motion, ac- bridge, at morning and evening cesse or recesse in the church.

prayer, so that some young students, 3. Advancing candlesticks in many and the servants of the colledge doe churches upon the altar so called. not understand their prayers.

4. In making canopies over the 19. By standing up at the hymnes altar so called, with traverses and of the church, and always at Gloria curtains on each side and before it. Patri.

5. In compelling all communicants 20. By carrying children from the to come up before the rails, and there baptisine to the altar so called, there to receive.

to offer them up to God. 6. In advancing crucifices and 21. By taking down galleries in images upon the parafront, or altar- churches, or restraining the building cloth so called.

of such galleries where the parishes 7. In reading some part of the are very populous. morning prayer at the holy table, when there is no communion celebrated. 1. That in all cathedrall and col.

8. By the minister's turning his legiate churches, two sermons be back to the West, and his face to the preached every Sunday by the Dean East, when he pronounceth the creed and Prebendaries, or by their pro

curement, and likewise every holi



or reads prayers.



day, and one lecture at the least to 11. In the Rubrique for the admibe preached on working dayes every nistration of the Lord's Supper wheweek, all the yeere long.

ther this alteration to bee made, that 2. That the musick used in God's such as intend to communicate shall holy service in cathedrall and col- signify their names to the curate over legiate churches, be framed with lesse night, or in the morning before curiositie, that it may be more edify- prayers. ing and more intelligible, and that no 12. The next Rubrique to be cleared, hymnes or anthemes be used where how far a minister may repulse a ditties are framed by private men, but scandalous and notorious sinner from such as are contained in the sacred the communion. canonicall scriptures, or in our liturgie 13. Whether the Rubrique is not of prayers, or have publike allowance. to be mended, where the church

3. That the reading-deske bee placed wardens are straitly appointed to gain the Church where divine service ther the almes for the poore before the may best be heard of all the people. communion begin, for by experience

it is proved to be done better when

the people depart. 1. Whether the names of some de- 14. Whether the Rubrique is not parted saints and others should not to be mended, concerning the party be quite expunged the calender. that is to make his generall confession

2. Whether the reading of psalmes, upon his knees, before the commusentences of Scripture concurring in nion, that it should be said only by divers places in the hymnes, the the minister, and then at every clause epistles, and the gospels, should not repeated to the people. be set out in the new translation. 15. These words in the forme of

3. Whether the rubrique should the consecration, “This is my body, not bee mended, where all vestments this is my bloud of the New Testain them of divine service are now com- ment,” not to be printed hereafter in manded which were used, 2 Ed. VI.

4. Whether lessons of canonicall 16. Whether it will not be fit to Scripture should be put into the Calen- insert a Rubrique touching kneeling der in stead of Apocrypha.

at the communion, that is, to comply 5. That the Doxologie should be in all humility with the prayer which alwayes printed at the end of the the minister makes, when he delivers Lord's prayer, and bee always said the elements. by the minister.

17. Whether cathedrall and col6. Whether the Rubrique should legiate churches shall be straitly not bee mended, where it is (that the bound to celebrate the holy commulessons should bee sung in a plaine nion every Sunday at the least, and tune) why not (read with a distinct might not it rather bee added once in voice.)

a moneth. 7. Whether Gloria Patri should be 18. In the last Rubrique touching repeated at the end of every psalme. the Communion, is it not fit that the

8. Whether according to that end printer make a full point, and begin of the preface before the common with a new great letter at these words, prayer, the curate should be bound to And every parishioner shall also read morning and evening prayers receive the sacraments." every day in the church, if he be at

19. Whether in the first prayer at home, and not reasonably letted, and the baptisme, these words,

“ Didst why not only on Wednesday, and Fry- sanctifie the floud Jordan, and all day morning, and in the Afternoone other waters,” should not be thas on Saturdais, with holyday eves. changed, “Didst sanctifie the element

9. Whether the hymnes, Benedicete water.” omnia opera, &c., may not be left out. 20. Whether it be not fit to have

10. In the prayer for the clergy, some discreete rubrique made to take that phrase perhaps to be altered, away all scandall from signifying the (which only worketh great marvails.] signe of the crosse upon the infants

great letters.

after baptisme, or if it shall seeme more were it not plaine to say, “I proexpedient to be quite disused, whe- nounce thee absolved." ther this reason should be published, 29. The psaline of thanksgiving of that in ancient Liturgies no cross was women after childbirth, were it not consigned upon the party but where fit to be composed out of proper veroile also was used, and therefore oile sicles taken from divers psalmes. being now omitted, so may also that 30. May not the priest rather read which was concomitant with it, the the commination in the desk, then go signe of the crosse.

up to the pulpit. 21. In private baptisme, the Ru- 31. The Rubrike in the comminabrique mentions that which must not tion leaves it doubtfull whether the be done, " that the minister may dip Letany may not be read in divers the child in water being at the point places in the church. of death."

32. In the order of the buriall of 22. Whether in the last Rubrique all persons, 'tis said, “ We commit of confirmation, those words to be left his body to the ground, in sure and out, (and be undoubtedly saved.] certain hope of resurrection to eter

23. Whether the catechisme may nall life,” Why not thus, "Knowing not receive a little more enlarge assuredly, that the dead shall rise ment.

again.” 24. Whether the times prohibited 33. In the collect next unto the for marriage are quite to be taken collect against the pestilence, the away.

clause perhaps to be mended, “ For 25. Whether none hereafter shall the honour of Jesus Christ's sake.” have licences to marry, nor be asked 34. In the Letany, instead of “ fortheir banes of matrimony, that shall nication and all other deadly sin," not bring with them a certificat from would it not satisfie thus, “From fornitheir ministers that they are instructed cation and all other grievous sinnes." in their catechisme.

35. It is very fit that the imper26. Whether these words in matri- fections of the meeter in the singing mony (with my body I thee worship] psalmes should be mended, and then shall not be thus altered, [I give thee lawfull authority added unto them, to power over my body.]

have them publiquely sung, before 27. Whether the last Rubrique of and after sermons, and sometimes inmarriage should not be mended, that stead of the hymns of morning and new married persons should receive evening prayer. the communion the same day of their ARCHBISHOP OF ARMACH. marriage, may it not wel be, or upon Bp. of LINCOLNE, DR. BROWNRIG, the next Sunday following when the Dr. Prideaux,

Dr. Feately, communion is celebrated.


Dr. Hacket. 28. In the absolution of the sicke,


By Rev. J. JORDAN, Vicar of Enston, Oaon. The approbation expressed by two and systematic survey of the ecclecorrespondents of the “ Christian siastical system of the Church of Guardian,” Mr. Fynes Clinton and England, and a review of those prinK.”at pp.30 and 33 above, of a princi- ciples upon which reforms in all parts ple upon which Reforms in our Liturgy of it, might with security be effected. might be safely carried out, has en- If it may be permitted me briefly couraged me to undertake a task I to refer to myself, in order to bespeak had already proposed to myself,—that the attention of my readers, I would of presenting to the readers of the beg leave to explain to them, that the “ Christian Guardian," a connected subject I would treat of is to me no

However ger

novelty, for that during many years I are understood. Such are sidesmen, have exercised myself largely in it; questmen, assistants, and the like; and from the year 1837, to the pre- all of whom, together with the churchsent time, I have both written and wardens, should form in every parish published very extensively respecting an able and efficient body of laymen, it. The important topics referred to to assist and support the clergy in in the second column of p. 33, above, their more responsible labours. But by“ K.,” have touched a chord if the lay-officers of the Church require that vibrates powerfully within me, to be unsecularized, how much more and arouses me once more to an effort, so do the clerical. however feeble, to direct attention to man it may at first appear to the the reforms now needed in the Church functions of the christian ministry, to of England.

be engaged in administering the laws I shall first invite my readers to a relating to the poor, and to act as consideration of certain principles guardians of the poor, the duties dewhich are essential, and must be volving upon those officials are not, steadily kept in view, in all reforms I am persuaded, consonant with those that should be sought in our Church; of the parochial minister. The poorand by determining these first, we law guardian has not to administer shall be in a better position to under- charity, but a law; and a law morestand and deal with details after- over in which he must restrain his wards.

feelings, so as to act faithfully in the I. The Church must be unsecularized. disbursement of funds which are not All persons and offices in the Church, his own, but are intrusted to him for from church wardens to archbishops, a special purpose. Now although in need this reform. It is grievous to this work, as in every other amongst think how, in various ways, a well men, there is room for charity and the and wisely constituted ecclesiastical exercise of kindliness and love, yet he body, such as our Church is, consist- who should engage in it as a work of ing of spiritual officers with purely charity only, would be led to disrespiritual functions, has had imposed gard what is due to the rate-payers upon it temporal dignities and duties, as well as to the needy. In fact, in or has consented in the case of indin order to test poverty, as the poor-law viduals to assume temporal powers, guardian is bound to do, and in order which, by secularizing the persons to deal with and correct the idle and and their offices, tarnish the glory the vicious, a minister of Christ actand brightness of their spiritual func- ing as a guardian, would often have tions. Thus the office of church. to act in a manner that would enwarden is originally an ecclesiastical, tirely separate those from him whom that is, in fact, a spiritual one only. he would most desire to reclaiın; and But when in the reign of Elizabeth, place hiin in a position of hostility to church wardens were made ex officio them, when he should strive to win overseers of the poor, then began that them to repentance and reformation. system which has so entirely changed I am sure, then, that no clergyman the nature of the office,--that it is at should ever be a guardian; and it present regarded almost as a secular would be well for the ministry if they one, and only incidentally as an ec- were not only exempt, but excluded clesiastical one. But this is not all. from the charge. But how much There are other officers in the Church more forcibly do these reasons apply cognate with that of the church- to the exercise of the judicial funcwardens, dependant in some degree tions, in the office of the magistrate. upon them for their jurisdiction and The ministry of Christ is essentially powers; but which, by the seculariz- one of reconciliation and of peace, ing of the chief lay-officers in every not of judgment and of vengeance. parish, have themselves almost passed Our Master's strange work, was judginto desuetude, and where they happen ment; His glory, was mercy. “He to survive, are yet so little known, that came not to condeinn the world, but neither their names nor their duties that the world through him might be

who are,

saved.” “He came to seek and to that temporal dignity which sullies save them that were lost,” not to con- their spiritual grace. vict and to condemn. I have never For it is not only the bishops themknown a single instance of a clergy- selves who suffer from these things. man acting as a magistrate, without They carry with them their lordly losing somewhat of the spiritual in- state and dignity into their dioceses, fluence which otherwise he would not and to their visitations. They must fail to have enjoyed. Both the guar- have palaces to dwell in, and be atdianship and the magistracy griev- tended with the forms of a court. ously secularize the ministry, which They have their Courts of Judicature, needs to be relieved from their effects, and officers, who are engaged in duties and restricted to, or rather liberated far more suitable to the civil than the for, the free exercise of its own blessed ecclesiastical power. They have large and glorious functions.

incomes and powerful patronage. And But more than either of these does thus they draw around them those the higher office of the ministry, the

if not servile, at least hopeepiscopate, require to be set free from ful; and who tend, by their too ready that position in the legislature into compliance, and willing submission, which it has been unhappily cast, to to foster and encourage feelings prethe damage of its powers and the se- judicial to that humility, which is the cularization of its proper spiritual chief grace that can adorn the bishop's authority. What dignity or honour office. of man, - what title, place, or station, 2. To reduce therefore the hierarchy, amongst men,--what authority or in- and by so doing to elevate the episcofluence in the government, and direc- pacy, is the second principle I would tion of mere temporal concerns, can endeavour to maintain, as essential in ever add to the interest, virtue, grace, effecting Church Reform.

The neand glory of the bishopric of souls ? cessity for reduction, and conseFraught as the position of a bishop quently the principle to be kept in in the House of Peers is, with peril to view, require to be shewn and illusthe humility of those who occupy it; trated in various ways. The cost of with temptations to worldly pride and our own hierarchy must be contrasted display in the senate, on the one hand, not only with those of other countries, and from the fear of man, which but with other and secular offices in bringeth a snare, on the other ; de- our own; in order that on the one hand manding attention to secular affairs we may not reduce them below what from those, whose proper care is all is reasonable and right, and yet on the churches; offering them an excuse the other hand may prove the necesto engage against sin very different sity for their reduction when they are from that which the pulpit affords ; evidently excessive, as shewn by conthe peerages of our bishops, instead of trast with others. We fear, however, giving power and dignity to the Church, it must be confessed, that when comare the causes too often of its dis- pared with most other public offices honour and shame. Of late years, in the state, they are disproportionindeed, there has been some improve- ately large, and this is not the appearment in the distribution of this wealthy ance which ministers of Christ, howpatronage, and political partizanship ever noble and exalted their stations, has not been the only qualification re- or arduous their duties, should present. quired by the patron ; but some even Thus the salaries of the chief officers now there are, whose political influ- of the Crown, the chief ministers of the ence has had no small share in their State, and the judges of the land, are selection and appointment to an office, much below those of several of the which more than any other needs to bishops, while all the latter are high be free from worldly contamination in proportion to the duties imposed and restraint. The Church, then, will upon them. The only reasonable exnever be properly unsecularized until cuse for this is, that they are put to the bishops are relieved from par- much expence in appearing in the liamentary perils, and released from parliament as peers of the realm, but



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