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ful, because now it is offered and may this precious gift which imparts to the be obtained; but the hour of our cal

soul the realities of religion, and of lamity may, and most likely will, be religious hope, and peace, and joy? such as to shut out the possibility of Can we say that we have actually seeking such a gift. It is in our mor- made it the business of our day of tal distress that we find God's mercy grace to find out, as the most importhrough Christ to be the one thing tant of all matters, what the Gospel needful. Whether we have realized teaches, and what is our interest in it or not, we then learn the truth, its blessings ? On the other hand, either in the joys of triumph, or the have we been troubled about many sinkings, and the misgivings, and the things, and cumbered with much opening agonies of despair. But it is serving, and remained in a great dein the hour of comparative peace and gree indifferent to the safety of our composure that we must look out for souls in the coming eternity? Oh, if this mercy; for then it is that we are this be the case, to the one thing invited to come; and if we do not sit needful we are yet strangers. Let us at the feet of the Redeemer while the be assured that what we have said is day of lengthened mercy is bestowed true; some time or other we shall find upon us, we may well expect that in it to be true. Nothing is absolutely His last dealings with us in this necessary but this “one thing,"—to world, He will trample us under His be alive unto God through Jesus feet, as the reward of our negligence, Christ. Wealth, health, peace, hapand teach us by the overwhelming se- piness in this world; nay, life itself verities of His justice the value of may be dispensed with ; but if a man's that mercy which we lived only to soul is not quickened by the Spirit of despise.

God, he is nothing but a brand fitted Now, then, let us ask ourselves, for the burning; he is a child of diswith all the seriousness and ten- obedience, and a slave of Satan; and

; derness befitting such a question, put he is persisting in his ungodliness in by God's messengers of mercy to the defiance of conviction. Then, while inhabitants of a ruined world, Have hours of peace and religious knowwe obtained this one thing needful? ledge are given, oh, without delay, let have we chosen that good part? have us seek more ardently for this blesswe conscientiously, and with serious- ing. “Whosoever will, let him take ness, sat at the feet of Jesus, and the water of life freely," and drink, learned His word ? have we drank in and live for ever. from the fountain of Scripture the

Φωνη τεθνηκότος. words of spiritual life, and obtained




In six days creation was perfected, and Job's friends sat with him seven days the seventh was consecrated to rest. and seven nights; and offered seven The seventh of the seventh month, a bullocks and seven rams, seven lambs holy observance, was ordained to the and seven he-goats, for a sin-offering. children of Israel, who feasted seven The children of Israel, when Hezedays and remained seven days in tents. kiah was cleansing the temple, offered The seventh year was directed to be seven bullocks, seven rams, seven a Sabbath of rest for all things. And lambs, and seven he-goats, for a sinat the end of seven times seven years, offering. The children of Israel, when commenced the grand jubilee. Every Hezekiah took away the strange seventh year the land lay fallow. altars, kept the feast of unleavened Every seventh year there was a gene- bread seven days, and other seven ral release from all debts; and all days. Solomon was seven years in bondsmen were set free. From this building the temple, at the dedication law originated the custom of binding of which he feasted seven days. In young men to seven years' apprentice- the tabernacle were seven lamps, and ship, and of punishing incorrigible seven days were appointed as an offenders, by transportation, for seven, atonement upon the altar, and the twice seven, and three times seven, priest's son was appointed to wear his years. Every seventh year the law father's garments seven days. In was directed to be read to the people. Scripture are enumerated seven resurAnd Jacob served seven years for the rections. Out of Mary Magdalene possession of Rachel, and other seven were cast seven devils. Enoch, who years. Noah was commanded to take was translated, was the seventh after the fowls of the air into the ark by Adam, and Jesus Christ the seventysevens, and the clean beasts by sevens. seventh in a direct line. Our Saviour The ark touched the ground on the spoke seven times from the cross. He seventh month. In seven days a dove appeared seven times; and after seven was sent out; and again in seven times seven days, He sent the Holy days after. The seven years of plenty

Ghost. In the Lord's Prayer are and the seven years of famine were seven petitions. And within the foretold in Pharaoh's dream ;-by number seven are concealed all the the seven fat and the seven lean beasts, mysteries of the Apocalypse revealed by the seven ears of full and the to the seven Churches of Asia, as to seven ears of blasted corn. Nebu- the appearing of the seven golden chadnezzar ate the grass of the field candlesticks, seven stars in the hand as a beast seven years; and he had of Him that was in the midst of seven the fiery furnace heated seven times lamps, being the seven spirits of God; hotter to receive Shadrach, Meshach, the book with seven seals; the Lamb and Abednego. By the old law, man with seven horns and seven eyes; was commanded to forgive his offend- seven angels sounding seven truming brother seven times; but the pets; seven kings and seven thousand meekness of the last revealed religion, men were slain ; seven angels bringextended his humility and forbearance ing seven plagues and seven vials of to seventy times seven. If Cain be wrath. The vision of Daniel was avenged seven-fold, truly Lamech seventy weeks. The elders of Israel seventy and seven. In the destruction

were seventy, and Christ sent out of Jericho, seven priests bore seven seventy disciples. trumpets of rams' horns seven days; There are also numbered, seven on the seventh day they surrounded thunders, seven stars, seven streams, the walls seven times, and after the seven planets, seven wise men, and seventh time the alls fell. Balaam seven champions of Christendom, prepared seven bullocks and rams for seven days in the week, seven notes à sacrifice. Seven of Saul's sons were in music, seven primary colours, hanged to stay a famine. And Laban seven great sins; and perfection is pursued Jacob seven days' journey. likened unto gold seven times puri

fied in the fire. The number seven,

tent to all civil acts; at four times with its occult virtues, tends in seven he is in full possession of his the accomplishment of all things to strength; at five times seven he is fit be the dispenser of life and fountain for the business of the world; at six of all its changes. So Shakespear times seven he becomes grave and divides the life of man into seven wise, or never after; at seven times ages, as the moon changes her phases seven he is at his apogee,-from that every seven days.

time he decays; at eight times seven In seven months a child may be he is in his first climacteric; at nine born, and live, Anciently it was not times seven, or sixty-three, he is in named before seven days, it not being his grand climacteric, or year of dancounted fully to have life before that ger,-or as much as to say he has periodical day. In seven months the one foot tottering upon the grave and teeth spring through. In the seventh the other off; and ten times seven, or year they are shed, and renewed, threescore years and ten, has been when infancy is changed into child- proclaimed by the royal prophet to hood. At twice seven years puberty be the natural period of human life. begins; at 'three times seven the fa- “May we so number our days that culties are developed, -manhood com- we may apply our hearts unto wismences, he becomes legally compe- dom."


By the Rev. HENRY WALTER, B.D.

No. 2. The second statement to which the of the Church." Whether the asOxonian addressers have “entreated sumption, that what is conceded to Her Majesty's gracious attention,” is, the Church, in one sense of the term “That the Church of which your Church, must belong to it where the Majesty is a member, has declared term has a different meaning,- be an that the Church hath authority in con- intentional sophism, or only the controversies of faith."

sequence of a confusion of ideas, As a bare affirmation of what our the logic of such an assumption is on Church has declared, in its Twentieth a level with that displayed in a pubArticle, this statement is true; but, lished letter of a living prelate to the as applied by the addressers, it is not late lamented Mr. Brandram; in true. For whereas the framers of which his lordship charged the Bible our Articles have declared that by a Society with interfering with the visible Church they mean “a con- functions of the Church; because, gregation ” of believers; and whereas forsooth, the Church is declared, in the Church, for which authority is this same Article XX., to be “a thus claimed, must be a visible Church, keeper of holy writ.” Had the bishop -the framers of this address have happened to know that the corresmade it manifest, by their sixteenth ponding word is conservatrix in the statement, where they again refer to Latin copy of our Articles, and not, the same words of Article XX.- that custos, he would hardly have ha. they intend those words to pass for a zarded such a non sequitur. But at proof, that the authority thus claimed any rate, the subscribers to this adfor the Church, is claimed for its mi-e dress should have been capable of nisters alone. And their fifteenth perceiving, that after its framers had statement is, " That from the time of told Her Majesty that she was a memthe Apostles, such a question” (or a ber of the Church of which they controversy of faith) “was never de- spoke, they could not employ the cided by any other than the bishops word Church, in the same short sen

tence, as designative of a body of made greater advances from barwhich she cannot be a member, with- barism than this Saxon kingling ; for out being guilty of something very they have learnt to write ; whilst the like making a mock of their sove- priests who persuaded Wihtred to reign.

inake his grants to them secure, were 'I'he framers of the Oxonian ad- fain to write for him : "1, Wihtred, dress have, however, exposed them- have ratified what was written; and selves to a worse charge, by their not knowing letters, I have marked third statement, which is as fol- it with the sign of the holy cross, with lows, “ That Magna Charia be my own hand, +” Id. p. 193 and 198. gins by declaring, We have granted There are New Zealand chieftains, to God, and by this our charter have whose knowledge of the Gospel is too confirmed for us and our heirs for ever, superior to Wihtred's to allow them That the Church of England be free, to think as he did,- that his clergy and shall have all her whole rights invio- could wash his sins away, by offering lable ;

and among those liberties it was sacrifices worthy of God's acceptance secured by one of the most antient for him, Id. p. 192.

Did this part laws of this realm, that she should of Wihtred's creed give so much pleahave her judgments free. [Note.] Law sure to the addressers as to make them of King Withred, A. 697. Spelman, blind to the indecency of desiring out t. i. p. 194.”

accomplished Queen to be as unhesiThere is a decided unfairness in tatingly guided by the dictates of giving the imposing title of "laws Wihtred's priests as the rude chiefof this realm to ordinances, oftain who could neither read nor write, which those who enacted them only and whom they had cheated into the say, in the line preceding that quoted belief that they had power to be his in the statement, that they were “10 saviours ? But did the Oxonian adbe added to the rights and customs of dressers tell their Sovereign the truth the people of Kent,"over whom alone -or what can only be proved true, Wihtred entitled himself king. If after their manner - by the treacherthe framers of the address mean to ous art of using words in a noninsist that Wihtred's laws are still natural sense ? when they told the “ laws of this realm,” they ought to Queen, That the ancient law, pointed have transcribed the last of them for out in their note, was intended to the benefit of their fellow-subjects, secure to what is called the Church, who may not otherwise be aware to that “she should have her judgments what tremendous penalties they ex- free,” within even the narrow bounds pose themselves, in these travelling of Wihtred's rule. The book and the times, It is literally as follows, “ If page cited, are now before me, and a man come from far,” (from Oxford there Spelman has printed these Saxon into Kent, for example,)"ora foreigner, laws and his own Latin version of go out of the road, and then neither thein in parallel columns. And in shouts out, nor blows a horn, he is to that version the first enactment begins be treated as a proven thief, and as follows, - Libera sit ecclesia, fruatureither to be slain, or to ransoin him- que suis judiciis, et redditibus, seu penself.” Spelman, p. 197. Happily, sionibus. But what is the correspondhowever, we know that the framers ing Saxon text, out of which Spelman of Magna Charta were so far from has concocted these four Latin clauses? intending to ratify this specimen of It contains neither more nor less than Wihtred's legislation, that they righ- these few words, Cirice :. an freols teously and liberally stipulated that dome gafo.a.* The next words enthe foreign traveller should be pro- join the duty of prayer for the king. tected. Whilst that they meant to Now it is not a little remarkable that confirm any of Wihtred's laws-of Spelman has manifested a consciouswhich it is most probable that they ness that his translation of these laws had never heard—should be proved, instead of being assumed. There

* The mark ... is used by Spelman to denote

some indistinctness in the Saxon MS. in that are New Zealand chieftains who have

place. FEBRUARY -1851.


was not quite defensible; for at the Archbishop Wake, when high-churchend of them he has subjoined a note, ism was not the road to favour, the which begins as follows:-“Consti- decrees of Saxon councils were again tutiones istas Withrædi, Regis Cantii published with a more careful transSaxonicé scriptas, et a nemine (quod lation, by Dr. Wilkins, the learned sciam) hactenus aut in lucem datas, curator of the library at Lambeth. In aut expositas, nos pro tenui facultate his transcript, Ciricean forms one nostra in Saxonico idiomate Latinas word, the plural of Cirice ; and the fecimus, sed de versione dubii ad magis Saxon mark equivalent to our 8; in hoc genere literatos provocamus. appears between dome and gafola ; so Spelman, p. 198. This too humble as to justify his rendering the whole, way of speaking of his attainments is Ecclesia fruatur immunitate et triobviously too like an excuse for hav- butis. ing wrested the meaning of the Saxon Now, it is very possible that the to secure the purposes of party. If framers of the Oxford address may only those as learned in Saxon as he, have been quite ignorant of Saxon, might criticise his version, the writer but they could not possibly be stranof this letter would feel himself very gers to literary criticism of such a low in the list of the excluded; but very humble character, as would have taking Spelman's Saxon text, he can sufficed to make them suspect that see that Cirice is Church; he could Spelman could not fairly elicit his suppose that if the indistinctness four clauses from but five Saxon noted by Spelman were removed, an words. If they wished to take good might be part of the wanted verb; care to speak the truth, in a statement and he can see from Manning's Ed. which was to form one of the grounds of Lye's Sax. Dict. that Freols dom, for requiring their Sovereign to put there cited from this very law, is narrower limits to her prerogative, and freedom. For dom after a noun sig- for charging her councillors, by implinifies office, state, or condition, cation, with having deliberately viola(Introd. to same Dict.); gafola is tedour national Church's rights, should tribute. So that though the Saxon they not have been careful to asceris elliptical, the rendering which tain whether Wilkins' translation conwould most naturally suggest itself, firmed a rendering so little likely to would be, “ Let the Church have ex- be correct? They did not neglect to emption from tribute." And this consult Wilkins; for their very next would correspond with Latin charters note. belonging to the very next statewhich his priests induced Wihtred to ment is, Wilkins' Concilia, ii. 445, grant generally, or to particular mo- where that work is cited to give a conasteries, as printed by Spelman, who lour of authority to another grievous has thus headed the last of them, departure from historical truth. What

Privilegium Withrædi regis Cantii, can we conclude but that they only quo ecclesias suæ ditionis liberas passed by Wilkins, in statement the facita tributis, &c.” And how far the third, because a reference to him &c. reaches, appears from the sub- would have shewn, that the words joined text, which is, “ut ab omni “ have her judgments free,” were not exactione publica tributi, atque dis part of what they had spoken of to pendio vel læsione a præsenti die et Her Majesty as “one of the most tempore, liberæ sint,” p. 198. If ancient laws of this realm?” They these things be so, the introduction, might have had recourse to another by Spelman, of the words, “fruatur- source of information ; for amongst que suis judiciis ”into his Latin ver- the names appended to the address, sion of this Saxon law was but a dis- appears J. Earle, M. A., Fellow of creditable specimen of the way in Oriel, and he is there styled, Professor which a high Churchman, who de- of Anglo Saxon. Let him tell the sired the patronage of Laud and public how Spelman's Saxon text can Charles I., could forget what was due be so construed as to bring out the to truth. It so happens, however, words, “ have her judgments free.” that in the days of George I., and of I was purposing to omit all notice


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