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A. D. 370.

B4fi!, commonly

called the Great, to diftinguish him from others of the same name, was bishop of Caefarea ; he died A. D. 378. He held the doctrine of

predestination, and afferts, That whatsoever. comes to pass, was fore-ordained by God. “ Take care, says he , how thou sayest this thing was done by chance, and this comes of its own accord; for seky a taxlov, kdey azelsov, nothing is unordained, not bing undetermined ; noching is done in vain, nothing is done rafhly.” He affirms, That not a hand nor an eye are moved but according to the will of God: the time, state, and condition of this present life, he says, are fixed and determined by God; his words are these P: “ Consider, that that God who has formed us, put the soul into us, wzv. Edoney enæsn Hoges T8 618 dagagmi, bas given to every soul its manner of living; and, indeed, to others he has fixed other terms of removing hence ; for he hath appointed this man to abide longer in the flesh, and, on the con

• Bafil. Homil. in Psal. 32. p. 201. Vol. I. Vid. ib. p. 205. Homil. in Martyr. Julitt..p. 374.


trary, hath decreed, that that man fhould be sooner loosed from the bonds of the body, according to the unspeakable methods of his wisdom and justice.” And he not only maintained a predestination of all chings in general, but of particular persons, to eternal salvation ; citing those words in John x. 16. Other feep I have which are not of this fold. He observes”, Thac "the Lord is fpeaking of them, τες απο των εθνων wegwe joueves us owine izv, who, from among the Gentiles, are predestinated unto salvation.And upon mentioning the same words a little after ", he has this following note; "The Lord thews that there is some other fold truly holy, into which the sheep of Christ are to be gather'd; namely, chey, τες από των εθνων αροω? ισμενες εις σωτηριαν, who, from among the Gentiles, are predestinated to salvation ; that is, the church in which the true worshippers worship in spiric and in truth.” He reprelencs the elect as a particular and distinct people, and as peculiarly blessed.

No man, says he', calls the people of the Jews blessed, but the people, τον απο πανίων των λαων αρισινδην εξαReymerov, which is chosen best out of all people, we are the nation, of whom the Lord is our God; we are the people whom he has


9 Homil, in Psal. 28. P: 170.

1 Al. Homil. in ib. p. 182.

Homil. in Pfal. 32. p. 208.
E 4


chosen foran inheritance for himself; a nation truly, because we are gather'd out of many nations ; a people verily, because we

are called in the room of a people cast away, 53 and because many are called, and few are

chosen; he calls "not him that is called, but him that is chosen, blessed ; blessed therefore is he whom he hath chofen. What is the cause of this blessedness? The expected inheritance of everlasting good things; or, perhaps, because, according to the Apostle, after the fulness of the Gentiles (all be come in, then all Ifrael fall be saved: first he calls the fulness of the Gentiles blessed, afterwards Ifrael, who shall be saved last; but not every one shall be saved, only the remnant which shall be according to the eleetion of grace.And in another place", he says, The blessing of the elect, in the time of retribution, he (Christ) foretold by the parable of the shepherd; Come, says he, ye blesed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the beginning of the world."

* De Baptismo, 1. 1. C. 2. p. 644.




A. D. 370.

Cyrill, bishop

of Jerusalem, died A. D. 386.4 There is but liçcle to be collected out of his writings concerning predestination and election. He signifies, that there are some who are elect, distinct from others, when he says ", That the ele&t may not be mixed cogether with enemies, be (Christ) will send bis angels with a great trumpet, and they fall gather his elect from the four winds : He did not despise one Lot, Should he despise many righteous ? Come ye blessed of my Father, will he say to them, who Thall then be carried in the chariots of clouds, and shall be gathered by the angels."

And in another place', he says, " The Holy Spirit is the greatest power, it is something divine and unsearchable ; for it lives and is rational, fanctifying, through S Chrift, των υπό θεα γεγραμμένων απανίων, all those who are written by God;" i, e, in the book of life, or are chosen by God i which agrees with our doctrine, That all

u Dallaei Apolog. p. 795.
* Cyril. Catech. 15. 9. 10. p. 216, 217,
Y Ib. Catech. 16. p. 224.


those who are chosen by the Father, and are redeemed by the son, are sanctified by the Spirit.




A. D. 370.

GRegory, bishop of Nazianzum, in Cappa

docia, commonly called the Divine, was son of a bishop, of the same name and place, a cotemporary with Bafil, an intimate acquaintance of his, and preceptor to Feroma. He died A. D. 389. Several of his writings still remain. Austin cites à passage from him in favour of che doctrine of predestination, as held and maintained by him; his words are these b: “ To these two (meaning Cyprian and Ambrose) who ought to be esteemed sufficient, we may add à third, the holy Gregory; who testifies, That to believe in God, and to confess chat we believe, is the gift of God; saying, we pray you, confess the Trinity of one Deiry; but if ye mean otherwise, fay, That he is of one nature, and God will be deprecated, that a voice may be given you by the Ho

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a Hieron. Catal. viror. Ecclefiaft. . 127.
b Aug. de bono persever. 1. 2. c. 19.


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