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prepared and promised by God.Thus did this brave champion for truth, at once both honour the Father and the Son, by assercing the special and early provision of grace, life and salvation, made in Christ by the Father before the world began; and by proving and maintaining the eternity and proper Deity of the Son, his undertaking, from eternity, to suffer for us, and the satisfaction he has made, in time, for fin, to the justice of God. Dr. Whitby v refers to one passage in this writer, in favour of free-will, which will be attended to under that article,




A. D. 360.

a It appears


Hllary, bishop of Poi&tiers, in France,

was banished for his orchodoxy, A. D. 354. and died A. D. 371. from his writings which remain, That he held that there is an election of particular persons to the heavenly glory ; and that the number of God's elect is determinate and certain : having cited those words in Ifa. Ixv. 15. which he reads thus : Ye shall y Discourse on the five points, p. 97. Ed. 2. 95. Dallaei, Apolog. p. 783. E




leave your name with joy to my chosen. He observes ', That “the speech is to carnal Ifrael, with respect to time to come, who are upbraided that they should leave their name to the elect of God. I enquire, What is thaç name, to wit, Ifrael, to whom the word was then ? Moreover, I ask, Who is Israel now? The Apostle truly testifies, That they who are in the Spirit, and not in the letter, who walk in the rule of Christ, are the Israel of God.”

And having mentioned the text on Deut. xxxii. 9. Jacob is the portion of the Lord, and Israel the lot of his inberitance. He adds “, “ This was chosen to an eternal inheritance; and because he was the Lord's portion, therefore the rest were reckon'd as unknown ; for these were chosen by the privilege of the portion": Which must be understood as before, not of literal, but mystical Israel; since they are said to be chosen to an eternal inheritance ; and that there is a certain number of

persons thus chosen, he clearly afferts, when he says, “We are all, in one, Abraham ; and by us, who are all one, coelestis ecclesiae numerus explendus, the number of the heavenly church is to be filled up; wherefore every creature waits for the revelation of the chil. dren of God; therefore ic groans together

Hilar. de Trinitate, 1. 5. p. 56. c Enarrat. in Pfal. 143. p. 629. • In Matt. Can. 18. p. 301.


and grieves, that the number which, by Alpba, is added to Abraham, and which, in Rho, is finished in Sarah, might be filled up, by an encrease of believers, for the heavenly constitution.” And in another place”, he says, « That this must needs be understood as referring to the people of the church: He adds, I will number them, and above the sand pall they be multiplied. Is their number uncertain, who are written in the book of God? wherefore there's no difficulty in the number of them whose truch remains in writing.” Moreover, nothing is more evident than that this Christian Writer thought that election is an eternal act of God, or that ic was from eternity; for which purpose he frequently cites, or refers to the famous passage in Epb. i. 4. “ The Father, says he , absolutely calls the Son God, meaning in Hof. i. 7. juft cited by him, in whom be hath chofen us before the world began; and becaufe God is innascible by none, we are given to the Son by God the Father for an

inheritance.” Again, speaking of the will 9 of the Father and the Son, he has these

words h; « That he wills the same, he shews without ambiguity ; saying, Father,

€ Enarrat. in Pfal. 138. p. 610. Vid. Etiam in Matt. Can. 9. p. 272. & Can. 10. p. 277.

* Ib. in Psal. 60. p. 399. & in Psal. 62. p. 406. & in Psal. 67. p. 437. & in Pfal. 143. p. 633. 8 De Trinitate, I. 4. p. 45.

" Ib. 1.9. p. 143.


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whom thou hast given me, I will, that where I am, they may be with me ; seeing therefore the Father wills chat we should be with Christ, in whom, according to the Apostle, he hath chofen us before the foundation of the world; and the Son wills the same, namely, that we be with him : the will, with respect to nature, is the same, which, with respect to nativity, is distinguished in the person willing.” Once more; “ God, fays he, is wonderful in the saints, whom, when he ihall have made conformable to the glory of his body, by him who is the Mediator, will also assume into the unity of the Father's Majesty : and whilst the Father is in him by nature, and he again is in us by the fociety of the flesh, whom he will place to obtain the kingdom prepared for them before the foundation of the world; to whom, death being swallowed up, he will give an immortal and eternal life."

Vofius *, and, after him, Dr. Whitby', cites a passage from this father, in favour of God's predestinating of men to life, from a] prescience that they would live piouly, believe and persevere to the end, which is this į “ Because many are called, and few chofen, therefore, says he “, there is not a fewness in the invited, but a scarcity in the elect: for in the inviter there is the huma. nity of publick goodness; but in the invited, by a right judgment, the election is of probity.” To which, they might as well have added another passage, occasioned by a citacion of the fame words, where he says “, “ The elect are conspicuous in the wedding garment, and splendid in the pure and perfect body of the new nativity, meaning the resurrection : wherefore, election is not a thing of undistinguished judgment, but the distinction is made from the consideration of merit ;” by which, as in the other passage, he means not that election he so often speaks of, as before the foundation of the world, but an election in time, after vocation ; and, indeed, no other than that

i Enarrat. in Psal. 67. p. 439, 440.
* Hift. Pelag. 1. 6. Thes. 8. p. 543.
· Discourse on the Five Points, p. 101. Ed. 2. 100.
* Hilar. in Matt. Can, 22. p. 313:


will be distinction and separation which & made at the day of judgment, in the resurrection morn; when the saints will appear distinct from all others, having on the wedding garment, and in their glorious risen bodies, and so will be singled out from the rest, and placed at Christ's right hand.

n Enarrat, in Psal. 64. p. 412.

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