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justifiable then the resistance of an acknowledging His Sacred Majestie his Commission to the Rt. subject for a short time. But, Mr. Speaker, these hono'ble. Sr. William Berkley Kt. Governour suggestions proceed not from any apprehensions of and Captain Generall of Virginia. danger, for I am to old to feare the greatest of them deaths, yet an imprudent criminous way to it, I

Charles the Second by the Grace of God King shall ever abhor. Show me but an honorable path, of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, Deand if, without the caution of securitie, I walke fender of the Faith, &c. To our Trustie and Welnot in it, exclude me forever from your good opin- beloved Sir Wm. Berkeley, Knt. and to such other ions. I have many more important prevalent rea- person and persons as we, in and by our Instrucsons to dissuade me from investing myselfe with lions under our Sign Manuall have named and these honours you lay before mee; those that are assigned or hereafier shall name and assigne to be acquainted with me know them, and to others they our Councill of and for our Colony and Plantation are not materiall. And now, Mr. Speaker, since in Virginia, for the time being, Greeting: Whereyou have thought me worthy to be nominated for as we are willing to give all encouragement to that your Governour, it will be noe unpardonable bold- Plantation, and minding that our Colony and Peoness, if I presume to interpose my advice to you, ple there should be regulated as well in Ecclesiaswhich is, that you make choice of one, who hath ticall as Temporall Government according to the more vigorous quallities to manage and support your

Lawes and Statutes of this our Realme of England affaires, and who hath more dexteritie to untie those which wee purpose to have established there, and knotts which I can neither unloose nor break being resolved not to impeach and hinder, but to amongst the Councill; There are many in your own promote and advance the perticular interest of such body, which are more than sufficient for it, which of the Planters there as shall conforme themselves I dare not name, because it were an injury to give as Loyall Subjects, and in all due obedience to our to any (soe equally worthie) precedence, though it Government, and to discourage such as shall be were but in the Catalogue of their names.

And found disturbers of the peace and impugners of the now, Mr. Speaker, give me leave to return where Government of said Colony, Know ye, therefore, I began, which is, to give the honorable House most that wee for the effecting the premises, and the humble Thanks for their intended munificence to better ordering, Governing, and manageing the me, which I shall the more cheerfully doe; because affairs of the said Colony and Plantation in Virthose are egredients to put an acceptable Eincture ginia, and of all the persons now inhabiting, or upon this Apologie; ffor considering my present which shall hereafter inhabit there, until we shall condition (if I had not irrefragable reasons on the find some more convenient means, upon mature Eeazines it is proposed to me to dissuade me from advice, to give more ample directions for the same, it,) I should be worthily thought hospitall mad, if I and reposing assured trust and confidence in the would not change povertie for wealih,-contempt understanding, care, fidelitie, experience and cirfor honor: But many urgent reasons obstruct the cumspection of you, the said Sir William Berkeley, way of those desired assents. But it is now time have nominated and assigned, and by these presents to begg pardon for troubling you thus long. doe nominate and assigne, you the said Sir William Your Most Humble and

Berkeley, to be the present Governour: And you, Affectionate ffriend and the said Sir William Berkeley and such other perServant

sons, as wee in and by Instructions under our Signe WILLIAM BERKELEY.* Manuall have named and assigned or shall hereafter From my House March 19th, 1659. (1660.] name and assigne, to be our present Council of and

for the said Colony and Plantation in Virginia : The Councill's Assent to the Choice of Sir Wil. Giveing, and by these presents granting unto you liam Berkeley.

and them respectively, full power and authoritie, Wee doe unanimously concurr in the Election of respectively to performe and execute the places, Sr. William Berkeley to be the present Governour powers, and authorities incident to a Governour of this Colony :

and Councill of Virginia, respectively, and to direct March 21th, 1559 [1660.] Tho. CLAIBORNE. and Governe, correct and Punish our Subjects now Rich: BENNET

Edw: Hill

inhabiting or being, or which shall hereafter inhabit W. BERNARD


Edw: Carter

or be in Virginia, or in Isles, Ports, Havens, Creeks, Geo: READE


or Territories thereof, either in time of Peace or Tho. PETTUS

AUGUSTIN WARREN. Warr; or to order and direct the affaires touching * This appears to be the “Letter” referred to in the or concerning that Colony or Plantation in those following Order of the Assembly : the advice of the late Councell and their concurrence in his forme all and every other matters and things con

"Whereas, the honorable Sir William Berkeley desired fforaigne parts onely; And to execute and peracceptance of the Government, It is ordered, that he have cerning that Plantation as fully and amply as any the free liberty of treating with them, and that his Letter and Governour and Councill there resident at any time their Subscription approving his election be recorded

Hening, I. 541. within the space of thirty yeares now last past, had

or might performe. And because by the discoverie time to time proceed as well according to such inof well experienced men the Limmits and Bounds structions as are in these presents expressed, and of the said Plantation may be augmented and the alsoe according to such instructions as you or they Trade and commerce for the maintenance and en doe now or shall hereafter receive from us, or the riching of the inhabitants there from time to time Lords and others of our Privje Councill here. And residing much advanced, Our will and pleasure is, that you and they our said Governour and Counand wee doe by these presents give and grant unto cill there for the time being shall be from time to you the said Sir William Berkeley, and other the time subordinate, subject, and obedient to the Lords, persons by us nominated and assigned, or hereafter Conmissioners, and Committees here for our Planto be nominated and assigned of our Councill there tations for the time being, touching the present as aforesaid, or any four and more of you or them, Government of that Plantation, and according to whereof the Governour for the time being to be such orders and directions as they from time to allwayes one, full power and authoritie to grant one time shall conceive and sett downe. Provided alor more Commission or Commissions, or to any our wayes, and our express will and pleasure is, And subjects addressing themselves unto our said Gov- we doe hereby give full power and authoritie unto ernour and Councill for the discoverie of the said you the said Sir William Berkeley and such other Country and Ports, bounds, limits, and extents person as shall be Governour there for the time thereof: And alsoe for the findeing out what trades being, according to the true meaning of these preshall be the most necessarie to be undertaken for sents, and our intentions herein before declared, the benefit and advantage of the said Colony and that upon the death or discontinuance of any of Plantation, and the good of the People inhabiting our Council there, you the said Sir William Berkeor which shall inhabit there, both by Sea and Land : ley and such other person as shall be Governour And further upon all occasions, as you and they or there, and our Councill there for the time being, or any four or more of you and them, whereof the the greater part of them shall elect, nominate and Governour for the time being to be all ways one, appoint, such other sufficient, able, and discreet shall think fist to send out forces for the subduing person or persons in the roome and place of him of the Indians and Salvages of the said Country, and them soe dyeing or discontinuing during the and likewise make warr and peace with them in all continuance of this our present commission; And such cases as may stand with the safetie of the that you and they shall from time to time returne said Colony and our Honour, keeping always suffi- and certifie the names and qualities of such person cient forces for the holding up the places there now or persons soe by you and them to be elected, nomienjoyed. And if it shall happen you the said Sir nated and appointed in the place and roome of such William Berkeley to dye or in case your orgent of our Councill there dyeing or discontinuing as occasions allowed by four or more of our said aforesaid, unto us, or the Lords and others our Councill there shall call you thence at any time, Commissioners of Plantations here, to the end that then our will and pleasure is, and wee doe hereby such person or persons to be by you or them soe Give and grant unto the said persons by us soe elected, nominated and appointed in manner as named or to be named of our Councill there for the aforesaid, may receive allowance or disallowance time being or the greater number of them full of such their election and choice in the roome and power and authoritie upon the death or in the ab- place of such of Councill there as shall either dye sence of you the said Sir William Berkeley to or discontinue, as there shall be cause, or to us or elect, nominate and assigne one of our said Coun- our said Commissioners for Plantations here, seeme cill to be the present Governour for the said Colony meet : And our further will and pleasure is that you and Plantation in Virgioia, and soe to doe from the said Sir William Berkeley having first taken time to time as often as the case shall require. your oath for the execution of the said place, and And we doe by these presents assigne and appoint Office of Governour of the said Colony and Plansuch persons as by our said Councill or the greater tation of Virginia, for the well ordering and disponumber of them, from time to time shall be elected sing thereof according to Commission issued forth and chosen to be the present Governour, and the for that purpose, * wee doe Give you full power and said Governour and the rest of our said Commis- authoritie to administer unto the persons by us sioners by our Instructions named or to be named named or to be named, or to be elected, nominated, as aforesaid to be our present Councill for the said and appointed, upon death or discontinuance, as Colony and Plantation for Virginia, giveing and by aforesaid, to be our Councill there, and every of these presents granting unto you and them or the them the like oath, upon the Holy Evangelists, as greater number of you and them respectively full you shall have soe first taken as aforesaid, willing power and authority to execute and performe the and requireing you and them to be diligent and atplaces, powers, and authorities of a Governour and

* Francis Morrison, Henry Browne, William Bernard, a Councill respectivelie, in manner and forme afore- Thomas Pettus, Henry Perry, Edward Hill, Thomas Swann, said. Nevertheless, our will and pleasure is that Esqrs. and Thomas Ludwell, Secretary, or any three or you and they and every of you and them from 'more of them, were appointed to administer the Oath.

tendant in the execution of this our Service and suffered for and by your Subjects to ages of happiCommandement: And alsoe requiring all our love- ness: Soe for ever prayes ing Subjects there to be directed and governed by

Your Majesties most Humble you, or the greater number of you and them our

most Dutifull Loyal & Obedient said Councill in all things according to the true in

Subject, Servant and Creature tention and meaning of these presents. And lastly

William BERKLEY. our will and pleasure is, that this cur Commission

March 18, 1660, (1661.] shall continue in force untill such time as wee by From your Majesties some other writing under our Signett, Privy Seale, or Colony in Virginia. Great Seale, of England shall signifye our pleasure to the contrary : In Witness whereof Wee have caused these our Letters to be made Patents; witness ourself at Westminster the one and thirtyeth

MY CHILDHOOD HOURS. day of July, in the twelfth yeare of our Reigne, [1660.]


My childhood hours, my childhood hours,
Per Ipsum Regem.

Bright pastime early fled,

Entwined with youth's dew-spangled flowers (Sir William Berkley's Letter to the King.)

Now leafless, dewless, dead !

Oh! could my tears recall your bloom May it please your Majestie.

And woo ye back once more I have received a Commission from your Sacred

From the sear Autumn and the tomb, Ma'lie to be Governour of this your Ma'ties Col

The willing tide would flow. ony of Virg'a and doe most humbly throw myselfe at your Ma'ties ffeet in a dutifull thankfullness to To be once more what I have been ; your Majestie, that you yett think me worthy of

To tread where I have trod, your Royall Commands. It is true, may it please

And look, unconscious of a sin, your most Sacred Majestie that in a fervent desire In boyhood up to God :to doe your Majestie all the service I could with

To feel that buoyancy of heart possibility arrive to, I did something which if mis

The youthful only know, represented to your Majestie, may cause your Ma- Free from the cankering, madning smart, jestie to think me guillie of a weekness I should

Age garners up with woe :ever abhor myself for; But it was noe more, may it please your Majestie, than to leape over the fold to To bend before the holy shrine

With those I loved to kneel, save your Majesties fflock, when your Majesties enemies of that fold had barred up the lawfull en

While o'er the spirit peace divine trance into it, and enclosed the Wolves of Scisme And heavenly zephyrs steal :and rebellion ready to devour all within it. Nor To dream the dream of early years, did I adventure on this, without the advice and im- To dream and wake no more, pulsion of your Majesties best Subjects in these

Till o'er this dreary land of tears parts, (whom I believe more timely inspired with I look from Love's bright shore : the same spirit, your Majesties other Subjects after

To be—but all has pass'd away, were,) threatened me with the omission of that duty

Such thoughts are worse than vain, which I owed to your Majestie, if I neglected my

Life's early beam, its morning ray utmost endeavours of preserving all your Majesties

Can ne'er return again. then perishing Loyall Subjects in this country ; 1 have thousand witnesses of this, beside the Awful Yet must I mourn for hours by-gone, Rererence I ever had of your Sacred Majestie, When led by a fleeting joy which would never suffer me to support myself by I wandered o'er the hills of morn, an untruth, who would rather begg your Majesties With hope-a happy boy. pardon for any mistaken endeavors to doe your Majestie Service-then justifye myselfe in the

Sad memory will backward glide

Gleaning the distant past, wrong, interpreting the best way to it. But this

And o'er time's fast receding tide relation I only make your Majestie, which because

The gems of childhood cast. God is my wjiness (as farr as I am able to know my own heart) I always in all conditions had more But ah! it grieves my heart to see feare of your Majesties ffrownes then the Swords Its treasures borne away or Tortures of your Enemies. God of Heaven By the dark surge eternity turne those years of affliction your Majestie bas Rolls o'er each closing day.

Childhood, dear childhood ! in thy name

Nature's Gems, or American Wild Flowers IN THEIR Is writ the bliss of time

NATIVE HAUNTS. By EMMA C. EMBURY. With 20 Thy loves were constant, still the same,

plates of plants caresully colored after nature, and landPure as thine own pure clime.

scape views of their localities from drawings on the

spot, by E. Whitfield. New York, D. Appleton, & Co. Now friends are false and breathing lies,

Philadelphia, G. S. Appleton. 1845. Their hearts are cold and dead;

We noticed this beautiful annual some months ago, as And through their sordid earth-bound eyes we had the pleasure of seeing it before completed and could A soulless glare is shed.

speak of its promise; but its examination since finished

has afforded higher gratification than we ever expected. The requiem o'er a universe

The binding is beautiful, being of cream-colored morocco, Of cloudless love and light,

embellished with flowers, birds, plants and vines, all richThe woful workings of a curse

| ly gilt. The letter-press is very good, and the matter

much superior to that of the annuals we have seen for the That burns to scathe and blight,

year. The stories are well-written, pointed and just long

enough. Those by the editor, Mrs. Embury, bear the im. The scintillations of a heart,

press of Nature's sweet influences on the heart of the That deemed earth's joys were pure,

gifted authoress. She has evidently lingered osten in the Waking and writhing 'neath a smart

deep shades of the wild wood, watching bird and flower, It must for aye endure :

and filling her soul with the mystic and thrilling voices of

Nature heard in wind and stream. She has been assisted These have been mine, and these are mine, by Tuckerman, Hoffman and others, but most of the volume Dim light and darksome shade

is from her own pen. The designs are well executed and

pleasing, being drawings of some wild flower in its native That now, with buried bliss, entwine

home, which is a landscape view of some spot famed The grave false hope hath made.

either for beauty or sublimity in nature. They embrace

several of our most beautiful scenes, such as Passaic Falls I sorrow for the morn of life

and views on the Hudson and Juniata, &c. The coloring The love its brightness wore,

might and doubtless will be improved in the future Gems Ere yet with bitterness made rife

Mrs. Embury promises. We have derived great pleasure I left its orient shore.

from the volume, and we trust some daughter of the South

will follow this example of her Northern sister, and we And if I weep, is it a shame?

shall have the gorgeous and splendid flowers of our own E'en let the heart's flood flow;

bright portion of this fair garden of America thus fitly repIts waters bathe a cheerless name

resented. The South is proverbially the land of flowers,

and almost all hearts teem with thrilling associations, conAnd wear a living wo.

nected with many flowers of our clime. We have selected In the long vista of dark years

as a specimen of the book, The Elfin Exile, by the editor,

a story which is beautifully associated with the subject of Perhaps the sunlight sleeps,

the work. The choice was difficult, as many are almost That shall exhale these early tears

equal in originality and execution. And give the bliss it keeps.

This annual, so appropriate for a Christmas or New

Year's present, may be found at Nash & Woodhouse's, It is a hope, a lure at best,

But still the heart will cling
To ashes for a beam of rest,

A balm for suffering.

(Fairy Flar; Passaic Falls, N. J.) My childhood hours, your loss I mourn ! Bright pastime early fled,

'Tis but a fancy, born 'mid woodland dells, From thee and sweet existence torn,

Nurtured within the sound of tinkling brooks, How aches my heart and head !

And fed from flowery chalices with dew

Perfumed and honey sweet. Ballimore, Md.

You say we have no fairies in America—it is true the race are not found here, but did you never hear the story of the gentle Mimosa ? Let us sit

down on this mossy old root, and while the brook THE RISING MOON.

tinkles pleasantly at our feet I will tell you what

befel the Elfin Exile. Hail beauteous orb! bright Queen of the night, Who even o'er darkness shedst a mellowing light!

The fairy Mimosa was one of the sweetest and All pale with emotion like a beautiful bride,

tenderest of creatures; not beautiful, if bloom and Just risen, thou com'st from the depths of the tide- radiance are essential to beauty, but so gentle, so in the gay colors which her sisters often assumed. the tale. Titania was in a particularly ungracious A vesture of dark green, bound to her slender waist mood, for one of the stateliest of the fays, whom by a girdle of silver thread drawn from the web she would fain have kept at her feet until he had which the wood-spider weaves beneath the moon- won some favor, flew off at the precise moment when light, was her usual garb; but the sinless purity of she had decided that it would not be inconsistent her nature was her chief ornament, while she was with propriety to allow him to kiss her hand. Unalways decked with the ever-changing but ever der such circumstances the tale of Oberon's misprecious gems of good and kindly thoughts. Though conduct was received with double indignation. one of the most sensitive of the fairy tribe, she had The elfin monarch obtained timely notice of the yet guarded her heart from elfin love. A vague gathering storm from his faithful Puck, and spreadterror took possession of her when she looked upon ing his winglets on the night-breeze he was soon the affection of others, and with trembling haste beyond the reach of conjugal anger. The gentle sbe closed her sympathies, even as a flower shuts Mimosa, conscious of her innocence, but outraged its petals from the fervid sunbeam.

full of kindly affections, so exquisitely sensitive to Thou com'st at the soft tranquil hour of E'en When the bright god of day no longer is seen;

all tender and good impulses that her face beamed When the Morning Star wearied has retired to rest with a loveliness far better than mere beauty. And the lone Star of Evening keeps watch o'er the bles'd. 'Simple in all her tastes, she never decked herself

and degraded by the insolence of the king, appeared Now the fairies, though a gentle, are also a most with downcast eyes before her enraged mistress. freakish race, and Titania, their que'en, the love- All the gossips of the fairy court gathered round liest and the noblest, is also the chiefest in elvish her to witness her disgrace, and they who would whim. Long before the time when she quarrelled have given their crowns to win one kiss from their with her petulant lord for the little Indian change- monarch, now turned up their eyes in holy horror, ling, (the story is told in the veritable pages of one and fluttered their wings with virtuous indignation. William Shakspeare,) she had troubled his repose The end of the matter was, that Mimosa was by a jealousy, which, sooth to say, was not always tried and convicted of lèse majesté; but the queen, causeless. King Oberon, like most other mon- who now affected magnanimity, commuted the archs, loved sometimes to lay aside his dew-gemmed punishment of banishment into imprisonment for crown and rest his head upon a lowly pillow. The three moons in the green leaf of a primrose which stately beauty of his regal bride did not always the skill of the mason caterpillar soon converted suffice for the happiness of a spirit which shared into a prison house. some of the weaknesses of that humanity to which It may be that Titania would have relented when it was linked by invisible bonds.

she recovered from her fit of ill-humor, but unhapOne midsummer night, the fairies had met to cele- pily, she was deprived of the opportunity of showbrate an elfin marriage, and gaily was the dance ing mercy by a strange freak of human affection. kept up in the charmed ring, while sweetly did the There was a certain young and lovely lady, who had harebells chime their soft music to the tiny feet of wedded the object of her heart's best love, and the merry troop.

now forsaking parents and friends and country, she Oberon, wearied with the gayety, withdrew from was about to embark on the broad sea, to find a the midst of the joyous fays, and as he wandered new home in the wilds of America. But with that listlessly away, he espied Mimosa half hidden be- caprice of human will, which, while it makes great neath the shadow of a cowslip leaf.

sacrifices, yet pines over small wants, she who Believing herself safe from the eyes of her gay had willingly resigned all the blessings of kindred, companions, she had loosed the clasps of her dark now sought to bear with her to a strange land some robe, and the rich, soft moonlight fell full upon her blossoms from the soil which her infant feet had ppturned brow, while it seemed to nestle tenderly irod. A sister's care, therefore, sought out a clump upon her half-veiled bosom. Oberon was in one of of English primroses, and placing them, together those moods of idlesse which always leave the with the earth to which they clung, in a garden heart or the senses dangerously free. He gazed vase, she enclosed them beneath a crystal canopy, upon the loveliness of the half sad, half dreaming to protect them from the blighting sea-breeze, until fairy, until a sweet bewilderment took possession they should reach the land of promise. Strange to of him, and with a sudden impulse he glided like a say, out of all the vast field of flowers that makes ray of light to the feet of Mimosa. Starting from England a garden, the girl, unconsciously, selected her reverie, and hastily folding her robe around her those in which Mimosa was immured. shrinking form, the fairy sprang from her graceful Enclosed in her narrow cell, with the light coming repose, but she escaped not until Oberon had tasted dimly to her eyes through the green walls of her the sweets of a kiss stolen from unsullied lips. prison-house, Mimosa was weeping over her un

It happened, most unluckily, that a cross, gnarled- merited punishment, when suddenly she felt the looking old fairy, who had never, in her whole life, earth convulsed around her. The slender limbs of been pretty enough to tempt a lover, or good enough the plant swayed as if a mighty tempest had burst to win one, had, just at that moment, peered out upon them, and the timid fairy swung at the mercy from her covert in the poisonous foxglove's bell. of the blast, without power to discover the cause of Her keen eyes beheld the whole affair, and with this unwonted disquiet. Every fibre of her tender the speed of malice, she had flown to the queen with 'frame felt the vibration of this sudden disruption of

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