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LONDON: TRÜBNER & Co., 12 PATERNOSTER ROW.

1860.

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1860,

BY HENRY BARNARD,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Connecticut. This Number (XX.) begins a new year (1860) and a new Volume (VIII.,) and
will be sent only to subscribers who pay in advance, for the number, ($1.50,) or for
the Volume, ($2.50,) or for the year, ($4.00.)

F. B. PERKINS, HARTFORD, CT.

CONTENTS.

PAGE.

PORTRAIT or Josiah HOLBROOK,.

1

I. EDUCATIONAL APHORIAMS AND SUGGESTIONS-Ancient and Modern,.

7

1. Man-his dignity and destiny,..

9

2. Education-its nature and value, .

39

3. Parents and Teachers-their duties,.

65

4. Early Training-home education,...

75

II. LETTERS TO A YOUNG TEACHER. By Gideon F. Thayer,....

81

Letter X. Geography,...

81

III. SCHOOL ARCHITECTURE,

91

Plans of Union Public School-house,

91

Illustration 1.-Perspective,..

92

2.-Grounds...

92

3.-First and Second Floors, .....

93

IV. MEMOIR OF CHARLES 8. Hovey, First Principal of State Normal University of Illinois, 94

Portrait,....

04

V. ON TEACHING HISTORY. By Karl von Raumer,.

101

Aphorisms-what to avoid,...

101

Correct methods,....

104

Ultimate object of this study,.

109

VI. GEOGRAPHY,

111

Rousseau's views on teaching this subject,.

111

Raumer's dialogue on,.....

112

Results of experience in teaching,.

115

United with study and reading of history,....

121

VII. INSTRUCTION IN NATURAL SCIENCE. By Karl von Raumer,..

123

Introduction,.......

123

1. Difficulties in the extent of the subject,...

2. Objections to this study in the gymnasia,.

125

3. Extent of acquirement....

130

4. Where and how to begin instruction,....

131

5. Science and art should be joined,.

134

6. Mathematics and laws of nature,..

135

7. Instruction in mineralogy,.

137

8. Characteristics of pupils,.

143

9. Instruction in botany,...i.

146

10. Necessary inconsistency,...

147

11. “Mysteriously revealed," or unavoidable obscurity,.

147

12. Natural law and moral freedom......

151

Conclusion. Devotional method of investigating nature,..

Notr. Collections or museum for teaching inineralogy,

153

VIII. GEOMETRY. By Karl von Raumer,.....

155

Geometry and Euclid synonymous,..

155

Opinion of Montücle, Leibnitz, Lorenz of Euclid's Elements,"

156

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184

Gymnastics of the Pestalozzi school,

195

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn,.......

196

History of the German Turning system,

196

The Turning institution,.....

201

Turning excursions,....

204

Objections to the Turning system,

205

Oken's answer and remedy,...

205

Passow's object of Turning,

906

Steffen's caricatures, ....

206

Harnisch--Raumer,........

207

Consequences of Sand's act,

208

4. Training of the senses,..

207

Rousseau's views.

297

Guts Muths, .

208

Raumer's aphorism,.......

208

Pestalozzi's intellectual exercises,.

212

Justus Möser,......

214

Herr Roth's suggestion,...

214

XI. CHRISTIANITY IN EDUCATION,

216

1. Pedagogy,......

216

2. Pelagian Pedagogy,

219

3. Christian training..

219

4. Evil training,....

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