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to be present at Portsmouth, without proceeding elsewhere for selection.

Another extraordinary circumstance appears in this case, in the distance of the stations from which the Admirals were brought. There is no precedent whatever of sending to Leith (the station of Ad. miral Vashon) to provide a member for a courtmartial sitting at Portsmouth; and none within our recollection of sending for one to Plymouth, which is the station of the president. And this, by the by, is not the least singular feature in this singular trial. For in each of the cases already mentioned in this note, the commander in chief at Portsmouth was president. I have sought in vain for any case of a contrary nature. What reason can be assigned for the deviation in this instance from the general practice? It cannot be pretended that Admiral Montague was too much engaged in port duty to attend the court-martial. That is well known not to have been the fact. When Admiral Keppel was tried, Sir Thomas Pye, then commander in chief at Portsmouth, was President of the courtmartial, which did not in any degree interfere with his official engagements, although there were thirty sail of the line lying at Spithead. But such was the temper and general feeling of those times, that to have excluded a man of rank and high respectability from sitting on the court-martial, particularly in the port over which he presided, while a substitute for him was brought from a station 300 miles distant, would have excited emotions and risked consequences such as the writer does not think proper to describe.

But, without meaning to impute any thing improper to any of the members of this court-martial, who are

« All---all honourable men," one may be permitted to observe, that there is to be found sometimes among those connected with the most liberal and exalted profession, and of the highest rank too, men who are strongly infected with the mechanical disposition of looking with jealousy upon any man introduced to professional rank by any other means than the common routine; and such jealousy is apt particularly to attach itself to any individual distinguished by success. Owing to several circumstances, Sir Home Popham has outstripped the ordinary course of professional advancement. His appointment to the command of an expedition so important as that which captured the Cape of Good Hope, while so many senior officers, and particularly so many Admirals, were unemployed, might have given pain. We are aware that such a cause could not excite discontent among

such men as were members of this court, A feeling so unworthy could not find a moment's

residence in their bosom. It is impossible that we could entertain the suspicion, but it is not without the scope of possibility that such a suspicion might exist elsewhere. The Admiralty had the appointment of the court-martial.

Were I to notice the several animadversions that have appeared against Sir Hoine Popham since the trial, I should much exceed the limits which properly belong to a Preface. There are, however, some which I cannot persuade myself to overlook; and I notice them much more from a desire to mark the animus which they indicate, than from an apprehension that should urge ne to guard against any injury they are likely to produce.

Efforts have leen industriously made, the motive for which is quite obvious, particularly to connect the name of Sir Home Popham with that of Mr. Alexander Davison, berause the character of that gentleman has been recently impeached. But the connection of Sir Home Popham with Mr. Davison, is not more intimate than that which Lord Nelson had with that gentlemail---Mr. Davison was the banker and agent of both.

Several productions have appeared in some of the daily prints, which were meant as a display of wit, and an expression of ridicule, with regard to Sir Home Popham's visit to Lloyd's Coffee-house, where his reception was so truly flattering.---But the forced humour of these writers rests upon erroneous assertion.

This much-censured visit was not “ without pre“ cedent;” nor did it betray a singular vanity.” The censors forget, that that man whom censure dare not touch---whom praise could not elevate ---that Lord Nelson paid a similar visit to Lloyd's, and met a similar reception. But the enemies of Sir Home Popham are indignant that the merchants of London should testify their gratitude to a man who has opened a new and most important market for their trade! Those who are willing to persecute Sir Home Popham, feel sore to observe, that his fellow-citizens are anxious to sustain him ;---it galls the feelings of those who would crush the man, that he cannot be deprived of the esteem and approbation of his countrymen.

Among the charges particularly pressed against Sir Home Pophạm, I have heard it frequently stated, that it was quite presumptuous in him, with such a force as he had, to have calculated upon the conquest, or even upon being able to maintain his station in South America, against the population of that country.

But Sir Home had no more reason




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to calculate upon acting against the population of
South America, than Lord Hood had, at Toulon,
upon acting against the population of France. On the
contrary, both officers had the strongest assurances
of meeting a favourable disposition, and a cordial
cooperation, from the great body of the people in
those countries, which, upon such assurances, they
were encouraged to invade. Sir Home Popham
did not calculate upon being received as a person
acting against the people, but for them : and so he
was received at the outset---and so for a considera-
ble time treated. But the treachery of the Spanish
officers, seconded in its operation by the much
viler treachery of some of his own countrymen,
served to produce an abatement of the confidence
which Sir Home Popham experienced among the
Americans. The combined treachery owed its suc-
cess, in a great' measure, to an unfortunate acci-
dent:---an English vessel, which took out a number
of letters and London newspapers, was wrecked off
Monte Video, about the end of the month of July.
Among these letters were several from Lady Pop-
ham, and from Sir Home's banker; containing a
very ample detail of the means employed by the
Ministry at home to depreciate his object, expedi-
tion, and character. These letters and papers fell
into the hands of the Governor of Monte Video.
As soon as Sir Home Popham was apprised of this
mircumstance, he applied by letter to the Governor


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